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1. WO2016051159 - MUCOADHESIVE CARRIERS OF PARTICLES, METHOD OF PREPARATION AND USES THEREOF

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS

1. A mucoadhesive (e.g. particle) carrier, characterized in that it comprises:

- a nanoscaffold (or matrix) carrying or comprising at least one substance or API (e.g. in the form of particles), and

- a mucoadhesive (layer),

wherein the mucoadhesive (layer), on at least a part of its surface, can adhere (to a mucosa) or overlap with the nanoscaffold.

2. The mucoadhesive carrier according to claim 1, characterized in that:

a) the nanoscaffold contains or has pores having the size of from 10 nm to 1,000 μιη and/or is a nanofibrous layer of a thickness in the range 0.1 to 1,000 μιη; or

b) comprises a layer of biocompatible polymers or a mixture thereof.

3. The mucoadhesive carrier according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that:

a) the mucoadhesive layer (at least partially) overlaps the nanoscaffold, an edge of the mucoadhesive layer overlaps an edge of the nanoscaffold and/or the mucoadhesive layer surrounds the nanoscaffold along an edge; or

b) it is adapted for application onto a target mucosa, the nanoscaffold faces the mucosa (e.g. in the same direction as the mucoadhesive) and/or part of the mucoadhesive layer overlapping the nanoscaffold is adapted to adhesively fix (adhere) the mucoadhesive carrier to the target mucosa.

4. The mucoadhesive carrier according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that it further comprises a cover layer (suitably not having mucoadhesive properties) which does not allow permeation of the substance;

optionally wherein the order of the layers is either nanoscaffold - mucoadhesive layer - cover layer,

or the nanoscaffold is adjacent to the cover layer (over at least part of its surface) and/or the mucoadhesive layer is adjacent to the cover layer over at least part of its surface.

5. The mucoadhesive carrier according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that it further comprises an intermediate layer (preferably not having mucoadhesive properties) which does not allow permeation of the substance therethrough,

preferably said intermediate layer being deposited or located between the nanoscaffold and the mucoadhesive and/or cover layer (to which it is may be attached).

6. The mucoadhesive carrier according to claim 4 or 5, characterized in that the cover layer and/or intermediate layer (e.g. water) are insoluble or are prolonged or sustained release layer(s).

7. The mucoadhesive carrier according to any preceding claim, characterized in that the particles are in the form of, or comprise, liposomes, nanoparticles, microparticles or macromolecules and are suitably anchored to, adsorbed or located in (the nanofibers of) the nanoscaffold.

8. The mucoadhesive carrier according to claim 7, additionally comprising at least component that is (at least one) excipient, preferably an absorption accelerator and/or excipients that may facilitate release of the particles (carried to the mucosal surface) and/or an excipient that may facilitate penetration of the particles through a mucin layer and/or an excipient that may facilitate penetration of the particles into (deeper) layers of the mucosa.

9. The mucoadhesive carrier according to any preceding claim, characterized in that the nanoscaffold comprises nanofibres, whose surface is preferably modified by physical or chemical treatment, or treatment with a chemical oxidizing agent, or a process which is plasma treatment, sodium hydroxide solution treatment, hydrophilic electroneutral polymer modification, adsorption of surfactants and/or influence or modification of the surface charge or the degree of particle wettability.

10. A mucoadhesive delivery system comprising:

a) a matrix comprising at least one active pharmaceutical ingredient (API); and

b) a mucoadhesive (or adhesive means) capable of adhering the system to a mucosa.

11. A system according to claim 10 wherein:-

a) the matrix comprises a nanoscaffold, preferably comprising biocompatible polymer(s), and optionally having pores of from 10 nm to 1000 μιη;

b) the mucoadhesive is a layer or adhesive portion and/or is capable of, or adapted to, secure, attach or adhere the system to a mucosa;

c) the mucoadhesive layer (at least in one part thereof) overlaps the matrix, so as to expose part of the layer to the mucosa; and/or

d) the API is in the form of particles.

12. A method for preparing a mucoadhesive carrier or system according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a nanoscaffold is joined or contacted with a mucoadhesive layer and/or a cover layer, and preferably an intermediate layer is inserted between said layers (usually before joining the layers).

13. The method according to claim 12, characterized in that the mucoadhesive layer and/or the intermediate layer and/or the cover layer is formed first, preferably by an electrostatic spinning method (e.g. in the form of nanofibres) or by (polymer) spraying, and optionally then the layers are firmly joined in the desired order, and preferably the nanoscaffold is prepared in situ onto the mucoadhesive layer and/or the cover layer and/or the intermediate layer.

14. The method according to claim 12 or 13, characterized in that a substance and optionally at least one excipient is deposited onto the nanoscaffold, either after its preparation or after joining all layers of the mucoadhesive carrier, preferably said substance and/or excipient being in the form of a solution, colloid or suspension.

15. The method according to claim 14, characterized in that the mucoadhesive carrier with the substance is then lyophilized.

16. The mucoadhesive carrier or system according to any one of claims 1 to 11, characterized in that it is adapted for administration manually or by a delivery device (suitably by pressure directly to the target mucosa) preferably so that the nanoscaffold faces or adheres to the mucosa.

17. The mucoadhesive carrier or a system according to any one of claims 1 to 11 for:

a) use as or with a vaccine, preferably for delivery to mucosal surface(s), especially for sublingual vaccination and/or immunotherapy; or

b) delivery of therapeutic particle(s) preferably with local and/or systemic effect.

18. A mucoadhesive carrier or system according to any of claims 1 to 1 1 for use in medicine and as, or in, a medicament.

19. A mucoadhesive carrier or system according to any of claims 1 to 1 1 for use in a method of treatment and/or diagnosis of the human or animal body.

20. A mucoadhesive carrier or system according to any of claims 1 to 11 in the manufacture of a medicament or vaccine for the prophylaxis treatment of a disease or condition in a human or animal.

21. A mucoadhesive carrier or system substantially as herein described with reference to the Examples and/or Figures/drawings.