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1. (WO2015103168) DEVICE FOR ACCELERATED AGING OF WINE
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CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A device for accelerating the aging of wine, said device comprising:

(a) a direct-current electrical potential circuit comprising a solid-state voltage controller, a positive electrode, and a negative electrode;

(b) an electrical power input that is adaptable to an external power supply; and

(c) a switch, in operable communication with said electrical power input, configured to pass electrical current from said external power supply to said positive and negative electrodes,

wherein said positive and negative electrodes are each capable of being at least partially immersed in a selected volume of wine for accelerated aging.

2. The device of claim 1, wherein said solid-state voltage controller is a light-emitting diode, a silicon diode, or a zener diode.

3. The device of claim 2, wherein said solid-state voltage controller is a light-emitting diode having a forward voltage drop that is configured to control voltage to said positive and negative electrodes.

4. The device of claim 1, wherein said solid-state voltage controller is configured for fixed direct-current voltage control.

5. The device of claim 1, wherein said solid-state voltage controller is configured for variable direct-current voltage control.

6. The device of claim 1, wherein said direct-current electrical potential circuit further includes at least one resistor element.

7. The device of claim 1, wherein said positive electrode and negative electrode each independently include one or more materials selected from the group consisting of graphite, glassy carbon, carbon fibers, gold, nickel, titanium, cobalt, and transition-metal oxides.

8. The device of claim 7, wherein said positive electrode and negative electrode each consist essentially of carbon.

9. The device of claim 1, wherein said external power supply is a battery.

10. The device of claim 1, wherein said device is portable.

11. The device of claim 1 , wherein said device includes, or is linkable directly or wirelessly to, a microcontroller board and/or a programmable micro-processor chip.

12. The device of claim 11, wherein said device further includes one or more output ports on said microcontroller board or said programmable micro-processor chip, configured to provide both control and electrical power to said device.

13. The device of claim 11, wherein said device further includes one or more input ports on said microcontroller board or said programmable micro-processor chip, configured to sense the aging condition of said selected volume of wine.

14. A method of accelerating the aging of wine, said method comprising:

(a) selecting a volume of wine to be aged;

(b) providing a direct-current electrical potential circuit comprising a solid-state voltage controller, a positive electrode, and a negative electrode;

(c) at least partially immersing said positive and negative electrodes into said volume of wine;

(d) passing electrical current from an external power supply to said positive and negative electrodes, to induce free-radical formation at an electrode surface; and

(e) treating said volume of wine for an effective amount of time to age said wine.

15. The method of claim 14, wherein in step (d), direct-current voltage is less than 3.0 volts.

16. The method of claim 15, wherein said direct-current voltage is about 2.4 volts or less.

17. The method of claim 16, wherein said direct-current voltage is about 1.8 volts or less.

18. The method of claim 14, wherein said solid-state voltage controller is a light-emitting diode.

19. The method of claim 14, wherein said free-radical formation is effective to remove tannins by precipitation or other chemical reactions.

20. The method of claim 14, wherein said free-radical formation is effective to remove sulfites by disproportionation or other chemical reactions.

21. The method of claim 14, wherein said volume of wine is a glass of wine, and wherein said electrical current in step (d) is selected from about 20 μΑ to about 100 μΑ.

22. The method of claim 14, wherein said volume of wine is a bottle of wine, and wherein said electrical current in step (d) is selected from about 1 mA to about 40 mA.

23. The method of claim 14, wherein said volume of wine is a barrel or vessel of wine, and wherein said electrical current in step (d) is selected from about 1 A to about 5 A.

24. The method of claim 14, wherein said effective amount of time is from about 1 minute to about 60 minutes.

25. The method of claim 14, said method further comprising sensing an aging condition of said volume of wine.

26. The method of claim 14, said method further comprising retrieving, from a remote database, recipe instructions or control parameters pertaining to one or more of steps (b) to (e).