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1. WO2014175976 - DIRECT CARBON FUEL CELL AND STACK DESIGNS

Publication Number WO/2014/175976
Publication Date 30.10.2014
International Application No. PCT/US2014/030287
International Filing Date 17.03.2014
IPC
H01M 8/06 2006.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
06Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues
CPC
H01M 2008/1293
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
10Fuel cells with solid electrolytes
12operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte
1293Fuel cells with solid oxide electrolytes
H01M 4/8621
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
86Inert electrodes with catalytic activity, e.g. for fuel cells
8605Porous electrodes
8621containing only metallic or ceramic material, e.g. made by sintering or sputtering
H01M 8/0656
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
06Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues
0606with means for production of gaseous reactants
0656by electrochemical means
H01M 8/1213
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
10Fuel cells with solid electrolytes
12operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte
1213characterised by the electrode/electrolyte combination or the supporting material
H01M 8/1233
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
10Fuel cells with solid electrolytes
12operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte
1233with one of the reactants being liquid, solid or liquid-charged
H01M 8/124
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
8Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
10Fuel cells with solid electrolytes
12operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte
124characterised by the process of manufacturing or by the material of the electrolyte
Applicants
  • THE TRUSTEES OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PHILADELPHIA [US]/[US]
Inventors
  • GORTE, Raymond, J.
  • OH, Tae-Sik
Agents
  • CALDWELL, John, W.
Priority Data
61/815,30224.04.2013US
Publication Language English (EN)
Filing Language English (EN)
Designated States
Title
(EN) DIRECT CARBON FUEL CELL AND STACK DESIGNS
(FR) PILE À COMBUSTIBLE AU CARBONE DIRECTE ET CONCEPTS D'EMPILEMENTS
Abstract
(EN)
Disclosed are novel configurations of Direct Carbon Fuel Cells (DCFCs), which optionally comprise a liquid anode. The liquid anode comprises a molten salt / metal, preferably Sb, and a fuel, which has significant elemental carbon content (coal, biomass, etc.). The supply of fuel is continuously replenished in the anode. In addition, a stack configuration is suggested where combining a large number of planar or tubular fuel elements.
(FR)
L'invention concerne de nouvelles configurations de piles à combustible au carbone directes (DCFC) qui comprennent éventuellement une anode liquide. L'anode liquide comprend un sel fondu/métal, de préférence du Sb, et un combustible qui possède un contenu important en carbone élémentaire (charbon, biomasse, etc.). L'alimentation en combustible se fait par remplissage continu dans l'anode. L'invention concerne également une configuration d'empilement dans laquelle on combine un grand nombre d'éléments combustibles plans ou tubulaires.
Also published as
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