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1. WO2014173813 - CATALYST AND METHOD FOR THE DIRECT AROMATISATION OF METHANE

Publication Number WO/2014/173813
Publication Date 30.10.2014
International Application No. PCT/EP2014/057908
International Filing Date 17.04.2014
IPC
B01J 29/076 2006.01
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
29Catalysts comprising molecular sieves
04having base-exchange properties, e.g. crystalline zeolites, pillared clays
06Crystalline aluminosilicate zeolites; Isomorphous compounds thereof
076containing arsenic, antimony, bismuth, vanadium, niobium, tantalum, polonium, chromium, molybdenum, tungsten, manganese, technetium or rhenium
B01J 29/48 2006.01
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
29Catalysts comprising molecular sieves
04having base-exchange properties, e.g. crystalline zeolites, pillared clays
06Crystalline aluminosilicate zeolites; Isomorphous compounds thereof
40of the pentasil type, e.g. types ZSM-5, ZSM-8 or ZSM-11
48containing arsenic, antimony, bismuth, vanadium, niobium, tantalum, polonium, chromium, molybdenum, tungsten, manganese, technetium or rhenium
B01J 35/02 2006.01
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
35Catalysts, in general, characterised by their form or physical properties
02Solids
C07C 2/76 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
CACYCLIC OR CARBOCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
2Preparation of hydrocarbons from hydrocarbons containing a smaller number of carbon atoms
76by condensation of hydrocarbons with partial elimination of hydrogen
C10G 50/00 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
50Production of liquid hydrocarbon mixtures from lower carbon number hydrocarbons, e.g. by oligomerisation
B01J 37/10 2006.01
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
37Processes, in general, for preparing catalysts; Processes, in general, for activation of catalysts
08Heat treatment
10in the presence of water, e.g. steam
CPC
B01J 2229/186
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
2229Aspects of molecular sieve catalysts not covered by B01J29/00
10After treatment, characterised by the effect to be obtained
18to introduce other elements into or onto the molecular sieve itself
186not in framework positions
B01J 2229/36
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
2229Aspects of molecular sieve catalysts not covered by B01J29/00
30After treatment, characterised by the means used
36Steaming
B01J 29/076
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
29Catalysts comprising molecular sieves
04having base-exchange properties, e.g. crystalline zeolites
06Crystalline aluminosilicate zeolites; Isomorphous compounds thereof
076containing arsenic, antimony, bismuth, vanadium, niobium, tantalum, polonium, chromium, molybdenum, tungsten, manganese, technetium or rhenium
B01J 29/48
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
29Catalysts comprising molecular sieves
04having base-exchange properties, e.g. crystalline zeolites
06Crystalline aluminosilicate zeolites; Isomorphous compounds thereof
40of the pentasil type, e.g. types ZSM-5, ZSM-8 or ZSM-11, as exemplified by patent documents US3702886, GB1334243 and US3709979, respectively
48containing arsenic, antimony, bismuth, vanadium, niobium tantalum, polonium, chromium, molybdenum, tungsten, manganese, technetium or rhenium
B01J 35/023
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
35Catalysts, in general, characterised by their form or physical properties
02Solids
023Catalysts characterised by dimensions, e.g. grain size
B01J 37/10
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
37Processes, in general, for preparing catalysts; Processes, in general, for activation of catalysts
08Heat treatment
10in the presence of water, e.g. steam
Applicants
  • BAYER TECHNOLOGY SERVICES GMBH [DE]/[DE]
Inventors
  • AßMANN, Jens
  • BELLINGHAUSEN, Rainer
  • MLECZKO, Leslaw
Agents
  • BIP PATENTS
Priority Data
10 2013 207 335.623.04.2013DE
Publication Language German (DE)
Filing Language German (DE)
Designated States
Title
(DE) KATALYSATOR UND VERFAHREN FÜR DIE DIREKTAROMATISIERUNG VON METHAN
(EN) CATALYST AND METHOD FOR THE DIRECT AROMATISATION OF METHANE
(FR) CATALYSEUR ET PROCÉDÉ D'AROMATISATION DIRECTE DU MÉTHANE
Abstract
(DE)
Die vorliegende Erfindung betrifft einen neuartigen Katalysator zur Direktaromatisierung von Methan zu Benzol, der durch Behandlung mit einem Wasserdampf-enthaltenden Gasstrom erhalten wird, wobei ein kalzinierter Katalysator umfassend einen Zeolithträger mit wenigstens einer katalytisch aktiven Spezie, umfassend eine Molybdänverbindung, a) einer Temperatur von ≥ 100° C über einen Zeitraum von ≥ 0,5 h einem Gasstrom umfassend Wasser, insbesondere Wasserdampf, ausgesetzt wird, wobei die auf die Katalysatormasse bezogene eingesetzte Menge an Wasser, bevorzugt Wasserdampf, ≥ 0.01 g/h/g_Katalysator bis ≤ 1 g/h/g_Katalysator betragen soll, und b) bei der katalytisch geführten Methan-Aromatisierungsreaktion einem Gasstrom umfassend ≥ 0,01 Vol.-% und < 1 Vol.-% C02, bezogen auf das Gesamtvolumen des Gasstromes, ausgesetzt wird.
(EN)
The present invention relates to a new type of catalyst for direct aromatisation of methane to form benzene, which is obtained by treatment with a gas flow containing water vapour, wherein a calcined catalyst comprising a zeolite support with at least one catalytically active species, comprising a molybdenum compound, a) is exposed at a temperature of ≥ 100°C over a period of ≥ 0.5 h to a gas flow comprising water, particularly water vapour, wherein the volume of water, preferably water vapour, used relative to the mass of the catalyst is intended to be ≥ 0.01 g/h/g_catalyst to ≤ 1 g/h/g_catalyst, and b) is exposed to a gas flow comprising ≥ 0.01 % v/v and < 1 % v/v CO2, relative to the total volume of the gas flow in the catalytically controlled methane aromatisation reaction.
(FR)
L'invention concerne un catalyseur d'un nouveau type destiné à l'aromatisation directe du méthane en benzène, obtenu par traitement au moyen d'un flux gazeux contenant de la vapeur d'eau, un catalyseur calciné contenant un support zéolitique avec au moins une espèce catalytiquement active comprenant un composé de molybdène étant a) mis en contact, à une température ≥ 100° C, pendant un laps de temps ≥ 0,5 h, avec un flux gazeux contenant de l'eau, notamment de la vapeur d'eau, la quantité d'eau, notamment de la vapeur d'eau, utilisée, relativement à la masse du catalyseur, devant être de préférence de ≥ 0,01 g/h/g_catalyseur à ≤ 1 g/h/g_catalyseur, et b) lors de la réaction d'aromatisation catalytique du méthane, mis en contact avec un flux gazeux contenant ≥ 0,01 % en volume et < 1 % en volume de CO2, relativement au volume total du flux gazeux.
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