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1. WO2014165251 - DISPLAYS WITH LOCAL DIMMING ELEMENTS

Publication Number WO/2014/165251
Publication Date 09.10.2014
International Application No. PCT/US2014/024986
International Filing Date 12.03.2014
IPC
G09G 3/34 2006.01
GPHYSICS
09EDUCATING; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
3Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
20for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix
34by control of light from an independent source
G02F 1/1334 2006.01
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements
1334based on polymer-dispersed liquid crystals, e.g. microencapsulated liquid crystals
G09G 3/36 2006.01
GPHYSICS
09EDUCATING; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
3Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
20for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix
34by control of light from an independent source
36using liquid crystals
G02F 1/1335 2006.01
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements
1335Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. polarisers or reflectors
CPC
G02F 1/133365
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements; ; Manufacturing methods
133365Cells in which the active layer comprises a liquid crystalline polymer
G02F 1/13338
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements; ; Manufacturing methods
13338Input devices, e.g. touch panels
G02F 1/133562
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements; ; Manufacturing methods
1335Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. polarisers or reflectors
13356characterised by the placement of the optical elements
133562on the viewer side
G02F 1/133567
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements; ; Manufacturing methods
1335Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. polarisers or reflectors
13356characterised by the placement of the optical elements
133567on the back side
G02F 1/133601
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements; ; Manufacturing methods
1335Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. polarisers or reflectors
1336Illuminating devices
133601for spatial active dimming
G02F 1/133615
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements; ; Manufacturing methods
1335Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. polarisers or reflectors
1336Illuminating devices
133615Edge-illuminating devices, i.e. illuminating from the side
Applicants
  • APPLE INC. [US]/[US]
Inventors
  • CHEN, Cheng
  • RUNDLE, Nicholas, A.
  • QI, Jun
  • LIGTENBERG, Christiaan, A.
  • CASEBOLT, Matthew
  • MATHEW, Dinesh, C.
  • YIN, Victor, H.
Agents
  • TREYZ, G., Victor
Priority Data
13/854,65101.04.2013US
Publication Language English (EN)
Filing Language English (EN)
Designated States
Title
(EN) DISPLAYS WITH LOCAL DIMMING ELEMENTS
(FR) AFFICHEURS COMPORTANT DES ÉLÉMENTS D'ATTÉNUATION LOCALE
Abstract
(EN)
An electronic device is provided with a display such as a liquid crystal display. The display includes a liquid crystal display module an array of display pixels. A backlight unit is used to provide backlight illumination to the display module. A shutter module having local dimming elements is used to locally control the amount of light that is transmitted through the display. The local dimming elements can be formed from liquid crystal display structures, polymer-dispersed liquid crystal display structures, photovoltaic material, electrowetting display structures, and/or other suitable light controlling elements. Each local dimming element controls the amount of light that is transmitted through an overlapping region of the array of display pixels. The local dimming elements may be arranged in a uniform array having rows and columns or may be shaped and sized differently and located in specific regions of the display.
(FR)
La présente invention se rapporte à un dispositif électronique qui comprend un afficheur, tel qu'un afficheur à cristaux liquides. L'afficheur comporte un module d'affichage à cristaux liquides ainsi qu'un réseau de pixels d'affichage. Une unité de rétroéclairage sert à fournir un rétroéclairage au module d'affichage. Un module obturateur comportant des éléments d'atténuation locale permet de réguler localement la quantité de lumière émise par l'intermédiaire de l'afficheur. Les éléments d'atténuation locale peuvent se composer de structures d'affichage à cristaux liquides, de structures d'affichage à cristaux liquides dispersés dans une matrice polymérique, d'un matériau photovoltaïque, de structures d'affichage à électromouillage, et/ou d'autres éléments de régulation de la lumière appropriés. Chaque élément d'atténuation locale régule la quantité de lumière émise par l'intermédiaire d'une région de chevauchement du réseau de pixels d'affichage. Lesdits éléments d'atténuation locale peuvent être disposés de manière à créer un réseau uniforme comprenant des rangées et des colonnes, ou ils peuvent avoir une forme et une taille différentes et se trouver dans des régions spécifiques de l'afficheur.
Also published as
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