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1. WO2014128543 - DESALINATION APPARATUS USING NANOFLUID AS HEAT CARRIER FROM SOLAR COLLECTOR

Publication Number WO/2014/128543
Publication Date 28.08.2014
International Application No. PCT/IB2014/000131
International Filing Date 10.02.2014
IPC
C02F 1/14 2006.1
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
1Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
02by heating
04by distillation or evaporation
14using solar energy
B01D 1/00 2006.1
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
DSEPARATION
1Evaporating
B01D 1/16 2006.1
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
DSEPARATION
1Evaporating
16by spraying
B01D 3/10 2006.1
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
DSEPARATION
3Distillation or related exchange processes in which liquids are contacted with gaseous media, e.g. stripping
10Vacuum distillation
CPC
B01D 1/00
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
DSEPARATION
1Evaporating
B01D 1/0035
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
DSEPARATION
1Evaporating
0011Heating features
0029Use of radiation
0035Solar energy
B01D 1/16
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
DSEPARATION
1Evaporating
16by spraying
B01D 1/26
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
DSEPARATION
1Evaporating
26Multiple-effect evaporating
B01D 3/10
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
DSEPARATION
3Distillation or related exchange processes in which liquids are contacted with gaseous media, e.g. stripping
10Vacuum distillation
B01D 5/00
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
DSEPARATION
5Condensation of vapours; Recovering volatile solvents by condensation
Applicants
  • SPENCE, Donald, Earl [CA]/[TR]
  • SPENCE, Cody, Jason [CA]/[CA]
Inventors
  • SPENCE, Donald, Earl
  • SPENCE, Cody, Jason
Agents
  • HOCKING, Adrian, Niall
Priority Data
1303142.222.02.2013GB
Publication Language English (en)
Filing Language English (EN)
Designated States
Title
(EN) DESALINATION APPARATUS USING NANOFLUID AS HEAT CARRIER FROM SOLAR COLLECTOR
(FR) APPAREIL DE DESSALEMENT METTANT EN OEUVRE UN NANOFLUIDE COMME VECTEUR THERMIQUE EN PROVENANCE D'UN CAPTEUR SOLAIRE
Abstract
(EN) Desalination apparatus (10) is provided for removing impurities from an impure liquid, and comprises a vacuum chamber (14) including a vaporization compartment (70) and a condensation compartment (72), and a solar heater (12) for raising the temperature of the impure liquid. The condensation compartment (72) includes a cooling element (78) for causing condensation of vapour and the solar heater (12) includes a solar-energy collector (26) for absorbing solar radiation and a heat exchanger (28) for transferring heat to the impure liquid. The solar-energy collector (26) and the heat exchanger (28) are fluidly interconnected in a heating circuit containing a heating fluid which includes a suspension of nanoparticles in a liquid. A system and method are also provided.
(FR) L'invention concerne un appareil de dessalement (10) destiné à éliminer les impuretés d'un liquide impure. Cet appareil comprend une chambre à vide (14) pourvue d'un compartiment de vaporisation (70) et d'un compartiment de condensation (72), ainsi qu'un convertisseur héliothermique (12) destiné à élever la température du liquide impure. Le compartiment de condensation (72) comprend un élément de refroidissement (78) destiné à entraîner la condensation de vapeur et le convertisseur héliothermique (12) comprend un capteur d'énergie solaire (26) destiné à absorber le rayonnement solaire et un échangeur de chaleur (28) destiné à transférer la chaleur vers le liquide impure. Le capteur (26) et l'échangeur de chaleur (28) sont en communication de fluide dans un circuit de chauffage contenant un fluide de chauffage qui contient une suspension de nanoparticules dans un liquide. L'invention concerne également un système et un procédé associés.
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