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1. WO2014080006 - METHOD FOR PRODUCING AN ELECTRODE FOR A LITHIUM ACCUMULATOR AND ASSOCIATED ELECTRODE

Publication Number WO/2014/080006
Publication Date 30.05.2014
International Application No. PCT/EP2013/074561
International Filing Date 25.11.2013
IPC
H01M 4/04 2006.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
02Electrodes composed of, or comprising, active material
04Processes of manufacture in general
H01M 4/134 2010.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
02Electrodes composed of, or comprising, active material
13Electrodes for accumulators with non-aqueous electrolyte, e.g. for lithium-accumulators; Processes of manufacture thereof
134Electrodes based on metals, Si or alloys
H01M 4/1395 2010.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
02Electrodes composed of, or comprising, active material
13Electrodes for accumulators with non-aqueous electrolyte, e.g. for lithium-accumulators; Processes of manufacture thereof
139Processes of manufacture
1395of electrodes based on metals, Si or alloys
H01M 4/36 2006.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
02Electrodes composed of, or comprising, active material
36Selection of substances as active materials, active masses, active liquids
H01M 4/38 2006.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
02Electrodes composed of, or comprising, active material
36Selection of substances as active materials, active masses, active liquids
38of elements or alloys
H01M 4/583 2010.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
02Electrodes composed of, or comprising, active material
36Selection of substances as active materials, active masses, active liquids
58of inorganic compounds other than oxides or hydroxides, e.g. sulfides, selenides, tellurides, halogenides or LiCoFy; of polyanionic structures, e.g. phosphates, silicates or borates
583Carbonaceous material, e.g. graphite-intercalation compounds or CFx
CPC
B01J 19/121
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
19Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
08Processes employing the direct application of electric or wave energy, or particle radiation; Apparatus therefor
12employing electromagnetic waves
121Coherent waves, e.g. laser beams
B01J 2219/0883
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
2219Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
08Processes employing the direct application of electric or wave energy, or particle radiation; Apparatus therefor
0873Materials to be treated
0881Two or more materials
0883Gas-gas
B01J 6/008
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
6Heat treatments such as; Calcining; Fusing ; Pyrolysis
008Pyrolysis reactions
C01B 33/00
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; ; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
33Silicon; Compounds thereof
H01M 10/052
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
10Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
05Accumulators with non-aqueous electrolyte
052Li-accumulators
H01M 4/0404
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
04Processes of manufacture in general
0402Methods of deposition of the material
0404by coating on electrode collectors
Applicants
  • COMMISSARIAT A L'ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES [FR]/[FR]
Inventors
  • LECONTE, Yann
  • HERLIN-BOIME, Nathalie
  • QUINSAC, Axelle
  • PORCHER, Willy
  • BRESTAZ, Marc
  • JOUANNEAU SI LARBI, Séverine
Agents
  • REBOUSSIN, Yohann
Priority Data
126125026.11.2012FR
Publication Language French (FR)
Filing Language French (FR)
Designated States
Title
(EN) METHOD FOR PRODUCING AN ELECTRODE FOR A LITHIUM ACCUMULATOR AND ASSOCIATED ELECTRODE
(FR) PROCEDE DE FABRICATION D'UNE ELECTRODE POUR ACCUMULATEUR AU LITHIUM ET ELECTRODE ASSOCIEE
Abstract
(EN)
The invention concerns a method for producing an electrode comprising a core-shell nanocomposite material of which the core is made from silicon and the shell from carbon, characterised in that it comprises the following steps: A) synthesising the nanocomposite material according to the following sub-steps: a) injecting a silicon core precursor into a first chamber of a reactor; b) pyrolysing the silicon core precursor in order to form the core of the nanoparticles; c) transporting the core of the nanoparticles formed in this way in step (b) into a second chamber of the reactor communicating with the first chamber; d) injecting a carbon shell precursor into the second chamber of a reactor; e) pyrolysing the shell precursor in order to form the shell of the nanoparticles and ensure the homogeneous deposition of this shell around the core; f) collecting the nanoparticles formed in this way so as to obtain the nanocomposite material; in which the quantities of silicon and carbon precursor are injected in a proportion such that the mass percentage of carbon in the nanocomposite material is greater than or equal to 45%; B) dispersing the nanocomposite material synthesised in step A) in a solvent to form an ink; C) applying this ink to a support intended to form an electricity collector; D) eliminating the solvent from the ink applied to the support in step C) to obtain the electrode; E) pressing or calendaring the electrode.
(FR)
L'invention concerne un procédé de fabrication d'une électrode comportant un matériau nanocomposite de type cœur-coquille dont le cœur est en silicium et la coquille en carbone, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend les étapes suivantes : A) synthétiser le matériau nanocomposite conformément aux sous-étapes suivantes : a) injecter un précurseur du cœur en silicium dans une première chambre d'un réacteur; b) réaliser une pyrolyse du précurseur du cœur en silicium afin de former le cœur des nanoparticules; c) transporter le cœur des nanoparticules ainsi formé à l'étape (b) dans une deuxième chambre du réacteur communiquant avec la première chambre; d) injecter un précurseur de la coquille en carbone dans la deuxième chambre du réacteur; e) réaliser une pyrolyse du précurseur de la coquille afin de former la coquille des nanoparticules et d'assurer le dépôt homogène de cette coquille autour du cœur; f) collecter les nanoparticules ainsi formées pour obtenir le matériau nanocomposite; dans lequel les quantités de précurseur du silicium et du carbone sont injectées dans une proportion telle que le pourcentage massique du carbone dans le matériau nanocomposite est supérieur ou égal à 45%; B) disperser le matériau nanocomposite synthétisé à l'étape A) dans un solvant pour former une encre; C) enduire cette encre sur un support destiné à former un collecteur d'électricité; D) éliminer le solvant de l'encre enduite sur le support à l'étape C) pour obtenir l'électrode; E) presser ou calandrer l'électrode.
Also published as
Latest bibliographic data on file with the International Bureau