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1. (WO2013159808) METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR GROWING INDIUM OXIDE (In203) SINGLE CRYSTALS AND INDIUM OXIDE (In203) SINGLE CRYSTAL

Pub. No.:    WO/2013/159808    International Application No.:    PCT/EP2012/057447
Publication Date: Fri Nov 01 00:59:59 CET 2013 International Filing Date: Wed Apr 25 01:59:59 CEST 2012
IPC: C30B 11/00
C30B 11/14
C30B 29/16
Applicants: FORSCHUNGSVERBUND BERLIN E.V.
GALAZKA, Zbigniew
UECKER, Reinhard
FORNARI, Roberto
Inventors: GALAZKA, Zbigniew
UECKER, Reinhard
FORNARI, Roberto
Title: METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR GROWING INDIUM OXIDE (In203) SINGLE CRYSTALS AND INDIUM OXIDE (In203) SINGLE CRYSTAL
Abstract:
A method and apparatus for growing truly bulk ln2O3 single crystals from the melt, as well as melt-grown bulk ln2O3 single crystals are disclosed. The growth method comprises a controlled decomposition of initially non-conducting ln2O3 starting material (23) during heating-up of a noble metal crucible (4) containing the ln2O3 starting material (23) and thus increasing electrical conductivity of the ln2O3 starting material with rising temperature, which is sufficient to couple with an electromagnetic field of an induction coil (6) through the crucible wall (24) around melting point of ln2O3. Such coupling leads to an electromagnetic levitation of at least a portion (23.1) of the liquid ln203 starting material with a neck (26) formation acting as crystallization seed. During cooling down of the noble metal crucible (4) with the liquid ln2O3 starting material at least one bulk ln2O3 single crystal (28.1, 28.2) is formed. We named this novel crystal growth method the "Levitation-Assisted Self-Seeding Crystal Growth Method". The apparatus for growing bulk ln2O3 single crystals from the melt comprises an inductively heated thermal system with a noble metal crucible (4) and evacuation passages (22, 22.1) for gaseous decomposition products of ln2O3, while keeping very low temperature gradients. Various configurations of the induction coil (6), the noble metal crucible (4) and a lid (12) covering the crucible can be utilized to obtain very low temperature gradients, sufficient evacuation passages and a high levitation force. The electrical properties of the melt grown ln2O3 single crystals can be modified in a wide range by at least one heat treatment in suitable atmospheres and appropriate temperatures.