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1. WO2013093232 - METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE PLANTING OF OLIVE TREES FOR THE CONTINUOUS MECHANICAL HARVESTING OF THE OLIVES

Publication Number WO/2013/093232
Publication Date 27.06.2013
International Application No. PCT/FR2012/000518
International Filing Date 13.12.2012
IPC
A01G 17/00 2006.1
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
17Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
CPC
A01D 46/28
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
DHARVESTING; MOWING
46Picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like; Devices for shaking trees or shrubs
28Vintaging machines, i.e. grape harvesting machines
A01G 17/005
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
17Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
005Cultivation methods
A01G 17/14
AHUMAN NECESSITIES
01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
17Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
04Supports for hops, vines, or trees
14Props; Stays
Applicants
  • PELLENC (Société Anonyme) [FR]/[FR]
Inventors
  • PELLENC, Roger
  • ROLLAND, Christian
Agents
  • MAREK, Pierre
Priority Data
11/0409523.12.2011FR
Publication Language French (fr)
Filing Language French (FR)
Designated States
Title
(EN) METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE PLANTING OF OLIVE TREES FOR THE CONTINUOUS MECHANICAL HARVESTING OF THE OLIVES
(FR) PROCÉDÉ DE CONDUITE DE PLANTATION D'OLIVIERS ADAPTÉE À LA RÉCOLTE MÉCANIQUE EN CONTINU DES OLIVES
Abstract
(EN) The invention relates to a method for controlling the planting of olive trees for the continuous mechanical harvesting of the olives using harvesting machines, characterized by the following steps: planting parallel rows of olive tree saplings (Jo) with a spacing between the tree trunks (TR) and a spacing between the rows (R1, R2, R3); placing trellising (stakes (P) and wires (F)) on each row; placing divergent supports (T1, T2) for each tree; attaching two divergent branches (CH1, CH2) of each tree, which are arranged in a single vertical plane and in the vertical plane of the row to which said tree belongs, onto a pair of supports; removing other branches of said tree; adapting the shape of the foliage (AF) of the trees so as to impart a configuration flattened in alignment with the rows thereto; maintaining said configuration by periodically pruning the trees until the latter reach maturity and bear fruit; and removing the supports and the trellising when the trees are fully grown.
(FR) Procédé de conduite de plantation d'oliviers adaptée à la récolte mécanique en continu des olives au moyen de machines à vendanger, caractérisé par les phases suivantes : - plantation de rangs parallèles de jeunes oliviers (Jo) avec un espacement entre les troncs (TR) d'arbres et un écartement entre les rangs (R1, R2, R3), - mise en place, sur chaque rang, d'un palissage (piquets (P) et fils (F)), - mise en place de tuteurs divergents (T1, T2) pour chaque arbre, - attache de deux branches charpentières (CH1, CH2) divergentes de chaque arbre, disposées dans un même plan vertical et dans le plan vertical du rang auquel appartient ledit arbre, sur un couple de tuteurs, - élimination des autres branches charpentières dudit arbre, - adaptation de la forme de la frondaison (AF) des arbres pour leur donner une configuration "aplatie" dans l'alignement des rangs, - maintien de cette configuration par des tailles périodiques jusqu'à maturité des arbres et production de fruits par ces derniers, - retrait des tuteurs et du palissage lorsque les arbres sont devenus adultes.
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