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1. WO2012138330 - IONIC ELECTRON CONDUCTIVE POLYMER CAPACITOR

Publication Number WO/2012/138330
Publication Date 11.10.2012
International Application No. PCT/US2011/031329
International Filing Date 06.04.2011
IPC
H01G 9/155 2006.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
GCAPACITORS; CAPACITORS, RECTIFIERS, DETECTORS, SWITCHING DEVICES, LIGHT-SENSITIVE OR TEMPERATURE-SENSITIVE DEVICES OF THE ELECTROLYTIC TYPE
9Electrolytic capacitors, rectifiers, detectors, switching devices, light-sensitive or temperature-sensitive devices; Processes of their manufacture
155Double-layer capacitors
H01G 9/004 2006.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
GCAPACITORS; CAPACITORS, RECTIFIERS, DETECTORS, SWITCHING DEVICES, LIGHT-SENSITIVE OR TEMPERATURE-SENSITIVE DEVICES OF THE ELECTROLYTIC TYPE
9Electrolytic capacitors, rectifiers, detectors, switching devices, light-sensitive or temperature-sensitive devices; Processes of their manufacture
004Details
CPC
B82Y 30/00
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
82NANOTECHNOLOGY
YSPECIFIC USES OR APPLICATIONS OF NANOSTRUCTURES; MEASUREMENT OR ANALYSIS OF NANOSTRUCTURES; MANUFACTURE OR TREATMENT OF NANOSTRUCTURES
30Nanotechnology for materials or surface science, e.g. nanocomposites
H01G 11/54
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
GCAPACITORS; CAPACITORS, RECTIFIERS, DETECTORS, SWITCHING DEVICES OR LIGHT-SENSITIVE DEVICES, OF THE ELECTROLYTIC TYPE
11Hybrid capacitors, i.e. capacitors having different positive and negative electrodes; Electric double-layer [EDL] capacitors [EDLCs]; Processes specially adapted for the manufacture thereof or of parts thereof
54Electrolytes
H01G 11/56
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
GCAPACITORS; CAPACITORS, RECTIFIERS, DETECTORS, SWITCHING DEVICES OR LIGHT-SENSITIVE DEVICES, OF THE ELECTROLYTIC TYPE
11Hybrid capacitors, i.e. capacitors having different positive and negative electrodes; Electric double-layer [EDL] capacitors [EDLCs]; Processes specially adapted for the manufacture thereof or of parts thereof
54Electrolytes
56Solid electrolytes, e.g. gels; Additives therein
H01G 11/84
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
GCAPACITORS; CAPACITORS, RECTIFIERS, DETECTORS, SWITCHING DEVICES OR LIGHT-SENSITIVE DEVICES, OF THE ELECTROLYTIC TYPE
11Hybrid capacitors, i.e. capacitors having different positive and negative electrodes; Electric double-layer [EDL] capacitors [EDLCs]; Processes specially adapted for the manufacture thereof or of parts thereof
84Processes for the manufacture of hybrid or EDL capacitors, or components thereof
H01G 9/038
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
GCAPACITORS; CAPACITORS, RECTIFIERS, DETECTORS, SWITCHING DEVICES OR LIGHT-SENSITIVE DEVICES, OF THE ELECTROLYTIC TYPE
9Electrolytic capacitors, rectifiers, detectors, switching devices, light-sensitive or temperature-sensitive devices; Processes of their manufacture
004Details
022Electrolytes, absorbents
038Electrolytes specially adapted for double-layer capacitors
H02J 7/00
HELECTRICITY
02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
7Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
Applicants
  • EMPIRE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT LLC [US]/[US] (AllExceptUS)
  • CASASANTA, Vincenzo [US]/[US] (UsOnly)
Inventors
  • CASASANTA, Vincenzo
Agents
  • TURK, Carl, K.
Priority Data
Publication Language English (EN)
Filing Language English (EN)
Designated States
Title
(EN) IONIC ELECTRON CONDUCTIVE POLYMER CAPACITOR
(FR) CONDENSATEUR POLYMÈRE CONDUCTEUR D'ÉLECTRON IONIQUE
Abstract
(EN)
Technologies are generally described for an electron conductive polymer capacitor may incorporate a conductive polymer mixture embedded with carbon nanoparticles between electrodes to rapidly charge and store large amounts of charge compared to conventional electrolytic capacitors. Such a capacitor may be constructed with a laminate sheet including layers of inner and outer electrodes, an electrolyte mixture between the electrodes, a conductive polymer mixture, and a composite mixture of carbon nanoparticles embedded in the conductive polymer between the inner electrodes. The laminate sheet may be wound into a roll and the inner and outer electrodes are coupled electrically. When an electric field is applied, cations within the electrolyte mixture move towards the outer electrodes and anions towards the inner electrodes. Further, the inner conductive polymer layer is ionized causing electrons to move toward the inner electrodes to be deposited onto high surface area carbon nanoparticles where charge is stored.
(FR)
La présente invention concerne de manière générale une technologie de condensateur polymère conducteur d'électron, pouvant incorporer un mélange polymère conducteur comprenant des nanoparticules de carbone intégrées entre des électrodes, afin de charger et de stocker rapidement de grandes quantités de charge par comparaison avec des condensateurs électrolytiques classiques. Un tel condensateur peut être réalisé avec une feuille stratifiée comprenant des couches d'électrodes internes et externes, un mélange d'électrolyte entre les électrodes, un mélange polymère conducteur, et un mélange composite de nanoparticules de carbone intégrées dans le polymère conducteur entre les électrodes internes. La feuille stratifiée peut être enroulée en rouleau, et les électrodes internes et externes sont couplées électriquement. Lors de l'application d'un champ électrique, les cations dans le mélange d'électrolyte se déplacent vers les électrodes externes, et les anions se déplacent vers les électrodes internes. En outre, la couche polymère conductrice interne est ionisée, ce qui provoque le déplacement des électrons vers les électrodes internes pour être déposés sur les nanoparticules de carbone à grande surface où est stockée la charge.
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