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1. WO2012065905 - CYANOENAMINES AND THEIR USE AS FUNGICIDES

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

[ EN ]

Cyanoenamines and their use as Juugicides

The present invention relates to cyanoenamine derivatives, their process of preparation, intermediate compounds, their use as fungicide active agents, particularly in the form of fungicide compositions, and methods for the control of phytopathogenic fungi, notably of plants and in material protecion, using these compounds or compositions.

In WO 01/85673 arylcyanoenaminones of general formula:


are described, wherein K represents an oxygen or sulphur atom, Ar represents an optionally substituted aryl or heteroaryl, X may represent a cyano group, Z represents an optionally substituted phenyl or naphthyl and Y represents an optionally substituted alkyl chain. However, there is no disclosure or suggestion in this documents of any derivative wherein Ar represents an alkyl-based chain or a heterocycie. Moreover, only herbicidai, acaricid-al and insecticidai activities are claimed.

In DE-A 196 49 381 certain UV-A filters of general formula


are described, wherein R1, R2 and R3 represent an hydrogen, an alkyl, a cycloalkyl or can form a ring when con-nected together, R4 represents an aryl group and R5 represents an aryl or heteroaryl group. However, there is no disclosure or suggestion in this documents of any derivative wherein R5 is a substituted alkyl group nor a substituted arylalkyl or heteroarylalkyl group and no disclosure is made of any biological utility.

In CN101544669A amino hosphonates containing a phenylcyanopropenoate group of general formula


are described. The use of these compounds as plant antiviral agent is claimed. However, there is no disclosure suggestion in this documents of any derivative without the phosphonate moiety.

In WO 2008/081711 ( HP- A 2 105 434) certain 2-fluorinated acyl-3-aminoacrylonitriles of general formula


are described, wherein R! and R2 can represent a Ci-Cg alkyl, a C3-Q cycloalkyl, an aryl or an arylalkyl, R3 can represent an optionally substituted aryl group and Rf is limited to represent a Q-Q alkyl group which is substituted by at least one fluorine atom. However, there is no disclosure or suggestion in this documents of any derivative wherein Rf does not represent a fluorinated Q-Q alkyl group and no disclosure is made of any biological utility. JP-A 2009-215194 and WO 2008/102678 ( HP- A 2 128 139) also claim the use of these compounds as synthesis intermediates towards pyrazoles with the same restrictions on Rf.

Certain 3-(pyridin-2-ylamino)acrylonitriies as synthesis intermediates towards pyridof 1 ,2-a]pyrimidines are described in Synthesis, 1982, 9, 791-792. However limitation is made to benzoyl analogs and only 2-benzoyl-3-phenyl-3-(pyridin-2-ylamino)acrylonitrile is prepared with no disclosure of biological utility. Certain a-oxobutenamides can be obtained by opening of lH-pyrrole-2,3-diones (see Liebigs Ann. 1995, 537-543). In the course of this study 4-anilino-3-cyano-2-oxo- ,4-diphenyibut-3-enamide and 4-aniiino-3-cyano-N-cyclohexyl-2-oxo-4-phenylbut-3-enamide are prepared with no disclosure of biological activity. A methods to prepare certain β-enaminoketones is described in Synthetic Commun. 1986, 16, 673-680. In the course of this study 2-benzoyl-3-(ethylatnino)-3-phenylacrylonitrile is prepared with no disclosure of biological activity.

JP-A 06-214339 describes certain compounds used as photochromic materials of general formula


wherein R1 could represent a cyano group, R2 could represent a substituted amino group and Ar represents an aryl group. However, there is no disclosure or suggestion in this documents of any derivative wherein Ar is different from an aryl group and no disclosure is made of any biological utility. Certain cyano enam inones used as bidentates ligands for catalysis are described in (Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2008, 4139-4147). In the course of this study 4,4,5,5,6,6,6-heptafluoro-2-{[(4-methylphenyl)amino](phenyl)methylene}-3-oxohexanenitrile has been prepared with no disclosure of biological activity. EP-A 0 990 664 discloses further ligands for catalysts which may have an enamine structure. Biological acitivity is not described. The compounds disclosed in these documents do not prove to provide a comparable utility than the compounds according to the invention.

Since the ecological and economical demands made on modern active compounds, for example fungicides, are increasing constantly, for example with respect to activity spectrum, toxicity, selectivity, application rate, formation of residues and favorable manufacture, and there can furthermore be problems, for example, with resistance, there is a constant need to develop novel fungicides which, at least in some areas, have advantages over those of the prior art. Surprisingly, it has now been found that cyanoenamines of the formula (I) (see be-low) are suitable as fungicides and, at least in some aspects, have improved properties compared to known fun-gicidaily active compounds.

It has now been found that cyanoenamine derivatives of the general formula (I):


iii which

R represents one of the following groups RA or R B1


n represents 1, 2, 3 or 4,

m represents 1, 2, 3 or 4,

t represents 0 or 1 ,

Y1 represents S, 0 or NR5,

Y2 represents S, O or NR7,

Y3 represents a bond or O, S or NR8,

in case that Y3 represents NR8, then R8 and R6 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are linked may form a 5- to 7-membered, saturated or unsaturated, carbo- or heterocycle comprising up to 3 heteroatoms, which cycle may also include one of the groups C(=0) and C(=S),

R1 represents an hydrogen, Ci-Cs-alkyl, Cs-Cg-cycloalkyl, Ci-Cs-haiogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 chlorine, bromine or iodine atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Cs-alkenyl, C2-C alkynyl, CrCs-cycloal- kyl-CVCValkyl. Cz-Cs-alkenyl-Ci-Cg-alkyl, C Cg-alkynyl-Ci -Cralkyl, Cs-Cs-haiogenocycloalkyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, CrCs-cycloalkenyl, Ci-Cra koxy-Cj-Cs-al- kyi, C3 - C8-cycloaIkoxy-C 1 - Cs-alkyl, Ci-Crhalogenoaikoxy-Cj-Cs-alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C 1 -Cr alkylsulfany 1-C 1 -Cralkyl, C 1 -Cr alkylamino-C 1 - C alkyl, Ci-Cs- halogenoalkylamino-Ci-C8-alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3- Cg-cycloalkylamino-Ci-Craikyi, Ci-Cs-trialkylsiiyl, Ci-Cs-trialkylsiiyi-Ci-Cg-a kyi, an aryl-Cs-Cs-cycloal- kyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, an aryl-Cj-Cs-alkyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, an heteroaryl-Ci-Cg-alkyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, Ci-Cg-alkylcarbonyl, Cr Cg-halogenoalkylcarbonyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cs-C cy- cloalkycarbonyl,
Ci-Cs-halogenoalkoxycarbonyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-C7-cycloaikyloxycarbonyi, Cj-Cg-alkylaminocarbonyi, di-(Ci-Cs- alkyl)aminocarbonyl, or represents a 4 to 7 membered ring containing 1-3 heteroatoms selected from O, N or S. This ring could be aromatic, partially saturated or fully saturated and substituted by up to 5 groups Q,

Ar represents the following group


R2 and R3, which can be the same or different, independently of one another represent hydrogen, halogen, CN, NH2, N02, Ci-Cg-alkyl, Ci-Cg-hydroxyaikyl, C3-C8-cycloaIkyl, C3-C8-halogenocycloalkyl comprising up to

9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Cs-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, CrCs-cycloalkyl-Ci-Cg-alkyl, CrCs-alkenyl, C^-Cs-halogeno- alkenyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Cg-alkynyl, C2-C8- aikenyl-Ci-Cs-alkyl, Ci-Cs-alkynyl-Ci-Cs-alkyl, CrCs-halogenocycloalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, .rCVcycloalkenyl, Ci-Cg-alkoxy-Ci-Cralkyl, Ci-Cg-alkoxy-C2- C 's-alkenyl, Ci-Cg-alkoxy-Ci-Cralkynyl, C3-CrcycloaIkoxy-Ci-C8-aIkyl, Ci-Cg-haiogenoalkoxy-Ci-Cs- aikyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Cg-alkylsulfanyl-Ci-Cs-a kyl, C 1 -C8-alkylsulfinyl- C 1 -C 8-aIkyl, C 1 - Cs-alkylsulfonyl-C 1 -Cg -alkyl, amino-Ci-Cs-alkyl, Ci-Cs-aikylamino- Ci-Cg-alkyl, di-(C|-C8-alkyi)amino-CrC8-alkyl, Ci-Cs-haiogenoaSkylamino-Ci-Cs-alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cs-Cs-cycloalkylamino-Ci-Cs-alkyl, C 1 -Cs-trialkylsilyl- Ci-C8-alkyl, Ci-Cs-trialkylsilyl, phenyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, phenyl- " ( j-alkviiyl, which can be substituted in the phenyl moiety by up to 5 groups Q,

R" and R 1 also together with the carbon atom to which they are linked can form a Cj-Crcycloalkyl, which may be substituted by 1 to 4 identical or different substituents selected from by halogen, OH, Ci-C aikyl, Ci- C4-halogenoalkyl, Ci-C4-alkoxy, Ci-C alkylthio or phenyl, or can form a C5- C 1 o-bicycloalky 1 , a 2,3- dihydro-lH-indene-l-yl or a decahydronaphthalenyl,

R4 represents an aryl or a heterocycle E 1 to E 144:


E 2 1 E 22 E 23 E 24 E 25

E 106 E 107 E 108 E 109 E

E 141 E 142

R also represents hydrogen or halogen when n represents 1, 2, 3 or 4,

R represents hydrogen, OH, NH2, CN, Ci-Cg-alkyl, C3-Cg-cycloaIkyl, Cj-Cg-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cs-Cg-cycloalkyl-Ci-Cs-alkyl, Ci-Cg-alkenyl-Ci-Cg- alkyl, C2-CraIkynyl-Ci-C8-alkyl, halogeno-Ca-Cs-cycloalkyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ca-Cs-cycloalkenyl, C i -C g-alkoxy-C i -Cs-alkyl, C¾ -Cs-cycloalkoxy- C 1 -C alkyl,

Ci-Cs-halogenoa koxy-Ci-Cs-alkyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-C8-aIkylsulfanyl-Ci-C8-alkyl, Ci-Cs-alkylamino-Cj-Cg-alkyl, C 1 - C g-halogenoalky lamino- C 1 - C g-alky 1 comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ca-Cs-cycloalkylamino-Ci-Cs-alkyl, C r Cg-trialkylsi lyl-Ci -C r alkyl, an aryl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, an aryl-Cj-Cs-alkyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, an aryi-Ca-Cs-cycloalkyi which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q; Cj-Cs-alkoxy, C CrcycloaIkoxy, Ci-Cs-halogenoalkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-Crcycloalkyl-Ci-Cralkoxy, Ci-Cs-alkenyl-Ci-Cg-alkoxy, C2-Cs-al- kynyl-Ci-Cg-alkoxy, halogeno-Ca-Cs-cycloaikoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Cs-aikoxy-Ci-Cs-alkoxy, Ca-Crcycloalkoxy-Ci-Cs-alkoxy, Ci-Crhalogenoalkoxy-Ci-Cr alkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Cs-alkylsulfanyl-Ci-Cr alkoxy, Ci-Cg-alkylamino-Ci-Cg-alkoxy, Ci-Crhalogenoalkylamino-CrCg-alkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cs-Cg-cycioalkylamino-Ci-Cs-aikoxy, Ci-Cs-trialkylsilyl- Cj-C8-alkoxy, an aryloxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, an aryi-Ci-Cs-alkoxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, an aryl-C3-C8-cycloalkoxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, Ci-C8-alkylamino, (Ci-C8-alkyl)carbonylamino, Ca-Cg-cycloaikylamino, Ci-Cg-haiogenoalkyiamino comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cs-Cs-cycloalkyl-Ci-Cralkylamino, C C8-alkenyi-Ci-C8-alkyiamino, C2-CraIkynyl-Ci-Cs-alkylamino, halogeno-CrCs-cycloalkylamino comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, arylamino which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzylamino which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q,

R6 represents hydrogen, Ci-Cs-alkyi, CrCs-cycloalkyl, Ci-Cs-halogenoalkyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ca-Cs-cycloalkyi-Ci-Cs-alkyi, C2-Cs-alkenyl, C2-Cg-alkynyl, C2- Cg-alkenyl-Ci-Cralkyl, C2-C8-alkynyl-Ci-C8-alkyl, halogeno-C3-Crcycioalkyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-Crcycloalkenyl, Ci-Cs-alkoxy-Ci-Cs-alkyl, C3-Cg- cycloalkoxy- C 1 - Cr alkyl, C 1 - C s-halogenoalkoxy- C 1 - Cs-alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Cs-alkylsulfanyl-Ci-Cg-alkyl, C 1 - C g-alkylamino- C 1 - C r alkyl, Q-Cr halogenoalkylamino- C 1 - C r alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-C8-cycioalkylamino-Ci-C8-alkyl, Ci-Cs-trialkyisilyl-Ci-Cs-aikyl, phenyl or naphthyl, each of which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q,

R" also represents CN, if R is RB, t is 0 and Y3 is a bond,

R represents hydrogen, OH, Ci-Cs-alkyl, C3-Cg-cycloaIkyl, Ci-Cg-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3 -Cs-cycloalkyl- C 1 -Cs-alkyl, C2-C8-alkenyl-Ci-C8-alkyl, C2-C8- alkynyi-Ci-C8-alkyi, Ci-Cs-halogeno-Ca-Cs-cycloalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-Cs-cycloalkenyl, Ci-Cg-alkoxy-Ci-Cs-alkyl, Cs-Cs-cycloalkoxy-Ci-Cs- alkyl, Ci-Cs- halogenoalkoxy-Ci-C8-alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Cs- alkylsulfanyl-Ci-C8-alkyl, Ci-Cs-alkylamino-Ci-Cg-alkyl, Ci-Cg-halogenoalkylamino-Ci-Cs-aikyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3- C cycloalkylamino-C 1 - C alkyl, Q-Cr trialkylsilyl-Ci-C8-alkyl, phenyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q; Ci-Cralkoxy, Cs-Crcycloalkoxy, Cj-Cs-haiogenoa!koxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cj-Cg-cycloalkyl-Cj-Cs-aikoxy, C2-Cralkenyl-Ci-Cr alkoxy, C2-C8-aIkynyl-Ci-CraIkoxy, Cj-Cs-halogeno-Ca-Cs-cycloalkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms

which can be the same or different, Cs-Cs-cycloalkenyloxy, C i -Cs-alkoxy-C i - Cs-alkoxy, Cs-Cg- cycloalkoxy- C i - C s-alkoxy , Cj-Cs-halogenoalkoxy-Ci-Cs-alkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C i -Chalky Isulfanyl- C i -C g-alkoxy, Ci -C g-alkylamino-C i -Cs-alkoxy, Ci-Cs- halogenoalkylamino-Ci-Cs-alkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-C8-cycloalkylamino-CrCralkoxy, Ci-Cg-tria kylsilyl-Ci-Cs-alkoxy, aryloxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyioxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q,

R8 represents hydrogen, OH, Ci-Cg-alkyl, Cj-Cg-cycloalkyl, Cj-Cg-halogenoaikyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3 -Cs-cycloalkyl- C 1 -Cg-alkyl, C2-C 8-alkenyl-C 1 -Cs-alkyl, C2-C8- alkynyl-C 1 -C^-alkyl, Ca-Cs-halogenocycloaikyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, QrQ-cycloalkenyl, C 1 -Cs-alkoxy- C 1 -Cs-alkyl, C3-C8-cycloalkoxy-Ci-C8-aIkyl, Ci-Cs- halogenoalkoxy-C]-C8-a3kyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cj-C alkylsuifanyl-C]-C8-a!kyl, Ci-Cs-alkylamino-Ci-Cs-aSkyi, Ci-Cs-halogenoalkylamino-Ci-Cs-alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3- C cycloalkylamino-C 1 - Chalky 1, Q-Cr trialkylsilyl-CrCs-alkyl, phenyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q: Ci-Cs-alkoxy, C3-Cs-cycloaIkoxy, Cj-Cs-halogenoalkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cs-Cs-cycioaikyi-Ci-Cs-alkoxy, C2-Cs-aIkenyl-Ci-Cs- alkoxy, C2-C8-aIkynyl-Ci-Cs-alkoxy, halogeno-C3-C8-cycloaikoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3- Cg-cycloalkenyloxy, Ci-Cs-alkoxy-Ci-Cs-aikoxy, Cs-Crcycloalkoxy-Ci- Cralkoxy, C 1 -Crhalogenoalkoxy-C 1 -C alkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C 1 -C g-alkylsulfanyl-C 1 -Cs-alkoxy, Ci-Cs-aftyiamino-Ci-Cs-alkoxy, Ci-Cs-halogenoalkyl- amino-Ci-Cs-alkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Q-C cycloalkylamino-Ci-C8-alkoxy, C 1 -C s-trialkylsilyl-Ci - Cs-alkoxy, phenyloxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyioxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q,

Q which can be the same or different, independently represents halogen, CN, O2, Cj-Cs-alkyl, Cj-Cs- alkoxy, C 1 - Cs-alky lsulfanyl, C 1 -Cs-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or, Cj-Cs-halogenoaikoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, tri(Ci-C8)alkylsilyi or tri(CrCs)aIkylsilyl-CrC8-alkyl, or two vicinal substituents Q may be -OCH.-O-, - OCF2O-, -0(CH2)20-, -0(CF2)20- or -N C H-S-,

Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4 Z5, Z6, Z7, Z8, Z9, Z10 and Z11 which can be the same or different, independently of one another represent hydrogen, halogen, 02, CN, OH, SH, NH2, SF5, Ci-Cg-alkyl, Ci-Cg-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different different and optionally in addition one hydroxy group, Ci-Cs-alkylamino, di-Ci-Cg-alkylamino, Cj-Cra!koxy, C 1 - Cs-halogenoalkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C 1 - Cs-alkoxy- C 1 -C 8-aIkyl, C 1 -Cs-alky lsulfanyl, Ci-Cg-haloge- noalkylsuifanyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C2-Cg-alkenyl, C2- Crhaiogenoaikenyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C2-C ikynyl, C2-C8-halogenoalkynyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C2-Cg-alke- nyloxy, C2-C8-halogenoalkenyloxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C2-C8-alkynyloxy, C2-C8-halogenoalkynyloxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or

different, d-Cg-alkenylsulfanyl, C2-Cg-alkynylsulfanyl, Ca-C -cycloalkyl, Ca-C -cycloalkyl-Ci-Cs-alkyl, C3-C7-halogenocycloalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, formyl, formyloxy, formylamino, carbamoyl, N-hydroxycarbamoyl, (hydroxyimino)-Ci-C8-alkyl, (VCValkylcar- bonyl, Ci-Cs-halogenoalkylcarbonyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, (CrC7-cycloalkyl)carbonyl, Ci-Cs-alkylcarbamoyl, di-Ci-Cs-alkylcarbamoyl, N-Ci-Cs-alkoxycarbamoyl, C i -C^alkoxy carbamoyl, N-Ci-Cs-alkyl-Ci-Cg-alkoxycarbamoyl, Ci-Cs-alkoxycarbonyl, Cj-Crhalogeno- alkoxycarbonyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Cs-alkyl- aminocarbonyl, di-(Ci-C8-alkyl)aminocarbonyl, C i - Cs-alkylcarbonyloxy , Ci-Cs-halogenoalkylcarbonyloxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C i - Chalk lcarbonylamino, Ci-Cs- halogenoalkylcarbonylamino comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Cg- alkylaminocarbonyioxy, di-(CrCralkyi)aminocarbonyioxy, Ci-Cs-alkoxycarbonyloxy, Ci-Cs-alkylsulphi- nyl, C i - C halogenoalkylsulphinyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cj-C8-alkylsulphonyi, Ci-Cs-halogenoalkylsulphonyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, d -Cs-alkoxyimino, (C i -Cg-alkylimino)- C i -Cs-alkyl, (Ci-C8-alkoxyimino)-Ci-Cg-alkyl, (Ci -C alkenyloxyimino)- C i -C r a&yl, (C2- Cs-alkynyloxyimino) -C 1 -Cr alkyl, a (benzyloxyimino)-CrCral- kyl, tri(Ci-Cralkyl)silyi, tri(C 1 - C8-aIkyl)silyl-C 1 -Cs-alky 1, benzyioxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzylsulfanyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzylamino which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, phenoxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, phenylamino which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, phenylsuifanyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, phenyl- methylene which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q,

or two vicinal substituents Z together with the consecutive carbon atoms to which they are linked form a 5- or 6- membered, saturated or unsaturated, carbo- or heterocycle comprising up to 3 heteroatoms, which can be substituted by up to four groups Q which can be the same or different and the other substituents Z are as herein-described,

or two geminai subsitutens Z together with the carbon atom to which they are linked could also be fused to represent C(=0); C(=S), C3-C9-cycloalkyl;

G1 and G2 which can be the same or different, independently of one another represent hydrogen, CN, OH, N¾, Cj-C8-alkyi, C 1 -Cs-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-C8-alkyiamino, di-Ci-Cs-alkylamino, Ci-Cs-alkoxy, Ci-Cs-halogenoalkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C 1 - Cs-alkoxy- C 1 - Cs-alkyl, C2-C8-alkenyi, C2-C8- halogenoalkenyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C2-C8-alkynyl, C2-C8-halogenoalkynyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different C2-C8- alkenyloxy, C2- C s-halogenoalkenyloxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C2-C8-alkynyioxy, C2- C g-halogenoalkyny loxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cj-C -cycloalkyl, C3- C cycloalkyl- C 1 - Cs-alkyl, C3 - C7-halogenocycloalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, formyl, carbamoyl, (hydroxyimino) - C 1 - Cs- alkyl, Ci-C8-alkyicarbonyi, Cj-Cs-haiogenoalkylcarbonyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Cg-alkylcarbamoyl, Ci-Cg-alkoxycarbonyl, Ci-Cg-halogenoalkoxycarbonyl

comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C i - C alkylaminocarbony 1, di-Cr Cg-alkylaminocarbonyl, Ci-Cs-alkylsulphonyl, Ci-Cs-halogenoalkylsulphonyl comprising up to 9 halog en atoms whic h can b e the same or different, (C i - C alkoxyirmno) - C i -C 8-alkyl, (Ci-Cg- alkenyloxyimino)-Ci-C8-alkyl, (C2-C8-alkynyloxyimino)-Ci -Cralkyl, a (b enzyloxyimino) - C i - C r alkyl, tri(Ci-C8-alkyl)sityl, tri(C i -Cs -alkyl) silyl-C i - C s-alky 1, benzyloxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyiamino which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, phenyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q; naphthyl which can be substituted by up to 6 groups Q, phenoxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, phenyiamino which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, phenylmethylene which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q,

as well as salts, N-oxides, metallic complexes, metalloidic complexes and optically active or geometric isomers thereof.

Depending on the nature of the substituents defined above, the compounds of the formula (I) have acidic or basic properties and can form salts, if appropriate also inner salts or adducts, with inorganic or organic acids or with inorganic or organic bases or with metal ions. Suitable metal ions are in particular the ions of the elements of the se-cond main group, in particular calcium and magnesium, of the third and fourth main group, in particular aluminum, tin and lead, and also of the first to eighth transition group, in particular chromium, manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc and others. Particular preference is given to the metal ions of the elements of the fourth period. Here, the metals can be present in the various valencies they can assume.

If the compounds of the formula (I) carry hydroxy! groups, carboxyl groups or other groups which induce acidic properties, these compounds can be converted with bases into salts. Suitable bases are, for example, the hydroxides, carbonates and bicarbonates of the alkali metals and the alkaline earth metals, in particular those of sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium, furthermore ammonia, primary, secondary and tertiary amines having
radicals, mono-, di- and trialkanolamines of Ci-C a!kanols, choline and also chlorocholine.

If the compounds of the formula (I) carry amino groups, alkylamino groups or other groups which induce basic properties, these compounds can be converted with acids into salts. Examples of inorganic acids are hydrohalic acids, such as hydrofluoric acid, hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid and hydroiodic acid, sulphuric acid, phosphoric acid and nitric acid, and acidic salts, such as NaHSC and KHSO4. Suitable organic acids are, for example, formic acid, carbonic acid and alkanoic acids, such as acetic acid, trifluoroacetic acid, trichloroacetic acid and propionic acid, and also giycolic acid, thiocyanic acid, lactic acid, succinic acid, citric acid, benzoic acid, cinnamic acid, ox-alic acid, alkylsulphonic acids (sulphonic acids having straight-chain or branched alkyl radicals of 1 to 20 carbon atoms), arylsulphonic acids or -disulphonic acids (aromatic radicals, such as phenyl and naphthyl which carry one or two sulphonic acid groups), alkylphosphonic acids (phosphonic acids having straight-chain or branched alkyl radicals of 1 to 20 carbon atoms), arylphosphonic acids or -diphosphonic acids (aromatic radicals, such as phenyl and naphthyl, which carry one or two phosphonic acid radicals, where the alkyl radicals and aryl radicals may car-ry further substituents, for example p-toiuenesulphonic acid, salicylic acid, p- amino salicylic acid, 2-phenoxybenzoic acid, 2-acetoxybenzoic acid, etc.

The salts which can be obtained in this manner also have fungicidal properties.

Compounds of the formula (I) according to the invention can, if appropriate, be present as mixtures of various possible isomeric forms, in particular of stereoisomers, such as, for example, E and Z, threo and erythro, and also optical isomers, atropoisomers, and, if appropriate, also of tautomers. What is claimed are both the E and the Z isomers and the threo and erythro and also the optical isomers, any mixtures of these isomers, and also the possible tautomeric forms.

In particular cyanoenamine derivatives of the formula (I) may exist in Z-form or in Zs-form, where the correct assignment of Z and E according to the IUPAC nomenclature depends on the definitions of the different substituents. For easy reference in this patent application the assignment is made as shown. In all formulas below and above the is-form is used. Nevertheless the Z-form is also part of this invention. Alternati vely a crossed double bond can be used, which means that either tautomeric form may exist.


According to the invention, the following generic terms are generally used with the following meanings:

• Halogen means fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine.

• Heteroatom can be nitrogen, oxygen or sulphur.

* Aryl means phenyl or naphthyl, optionally substituted by one to five groups selected from the group consisting of halogen, Ci-Ce-alkyi, Ci-Ce-haloaikyl, C2-C6-aIkenyi, Cz-Ce-haloalkenyl, Ci-Ce-aikynyi, C- Ce-haloalkynyl, Ci-Q-alkoxy, C i -C4-alkoxy- C i - Cralkyl, C i - C^alkoxy- C i - Gj-alkoxy , Ci-C haloalkoxy and C i - C4-haloatkoxy- C i -C4-alkyl .

• Any alkyl, alkenyl or alkynyl group can be linear or branched.

The formula (I) provides a general definition of the cyanoenamine derivatives which can be used according to the invention. Preferred radical definitions of the formulae given above and below are indicated below. These definitions apply both to the end products of the formula (I) and likewise to all intermediates. These definitions apply both to the end products of the formula (I) and likewise to all intermediates.

Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R represents RA.

Other preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R represents RH.

Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein n represents 1 , 2 or 3.

More preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein n represents 1 or 2.

Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein m represents 1, 2 or 3.

More preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein m represents 1 or 2. Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein Y1 represents S, O.

More preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein Y! represents O.

Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein Y2 represents O or NR7.

More preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein Y2 represents O or NR wherein R represents hydrogen, Ci-C8-aIkyl, Cj-Crcycloalkyl, Ci-C8-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-C8-cycloaIkyl-Ci-C8-alkyl, C2-C8-alkenyl-Ci-C8-alkyi, C2-C8-alkyny !-C ; -( V lky I, C 1 -C8-halogeno- CrCs-cycloalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-Crcycioalkenyl, Ci-Cralkoxy-Ci-Cg-alkyl, C3-C8-cycioalkoxy-Ci-C8-alkyl, Ci-C8-halogenoalkoxy-Ci-Cs-aikyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-C8-alkyisuifanyl-Ci-Craikyl, Ci-C8-alkylamino-Ci-C8-alkyl, CrC8-halogenoalkyiamino-Cj-C8-alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-C8-cycloalkylamino-Ci-C8-alkyl, Ci-C8-trialkylsilyl-CVC Valkyl, Ci-Cg-aikoxy, C3-C6-cycloaIkoxy, Ci-C6-halogenoalkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3 - (¾- cycloalkyl- C 1 - C^-alkoxy , C2- Ce-alkenyl- C 1 - Q-alkoxy, C2-C6-alkynyi-Ci-Ce-alkoxy, C 1 - C6-halogeno- C3 - Ce-cycloalkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-C6-cycloalkenyloxy, C 1 - C^-alkoxy- C 1 - Q-alkoxy , C3 - Q-cycloalkoxy- C 1 -C-a Ikoxy, d-C6-halogenoalkoxy- C 1 - Ce-alkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-CV aikylsulfanyl-Ci-Ce-alkoxy, Ci-Ce-alkylamino-Ci-Ce-alkoxy, Ci-Ce-halogenoaliylamino-Ci-Ce-alkoxy com-prising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cs-Ce-cycloalkyiamino-Ci-Ce-alkoxy, Cj-Cg-trialkylsilyl-Ci-Ce-alkoxy, aryloxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyloxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q.

Even more preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein Y2 represents O or NR wherein R7 represents hydrogen or methyl, methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, isopropoxy, 11-, i-, s- or t-butoxy, trifluoromethoxy, difluoromethoxy.

Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein Y3 represents a bond, O or NR8. More preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein Y3 represents a bond, O or NR8 wherein R8 represents hydrogen or Ci-Ce-alkyi.

Even more preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein Y3 represents a bond or NR8 wherein R8 represents hydrogen, methyl or ethyl.

Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R1 represents hydrogen, Cr C8-aIkyl, C Cg-cycloalkyl, C 1 - C 8-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C2-C4-alkenyi, C2-C4-alkynyl, C3-C8-cycloalkyi-Ci-C8-alkyl, C2-Cralk:enyi-Ci-C8-alkyl, C2-C8-alkynyl-CVCValkyl, Ci-C8-haiogeno-C3-C8-cycloalkyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-C8-cycioalkenyi, Ci-C8-alkoxy-Ci-C8-alkyl, C3-C8-cycloalkoxy-Ci-C8-aikyi, Ci-C8-halogenoalkoxy-Cj-Cs-alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-C8-aikyisuifanyl-Ci-C8-aikyl, Ci-C8-aikylamino-Ci-C8-aikyl, Ci-C8-halogenoalkylamino-Ci-C8-alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-C8-cycloalkyiamino-Ci-C8-aikyi, Ci-C8-trialkyisiiyl, Ci-C8-iriaikyisiiyl-Ci-C8-aikyl.

More preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R1 represents hydrogen, Ci-Ce-aikyl, C3 - Ce-cycloa lkyl, Ci-C halogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C2-C4-aIkenyl, C2-C4-alkynyl, Ci-C4-aIkoxy-Ci-C4-alkyl, C3-C8-cycioalky!-C]-C8-alkyi.

Even more preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R1 represents methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-, i-, s-, t-butyl, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, allyl, propargyl, methoxymethyl, eth-oxyethyl, ethoxymethyl, methoxyethyl, cyclopropylmethyl, cyclopropylethyl.

Prefered compounds of (I) according to the invention are those wherein Ar represents


Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein at least one substituent Z of Ar is not hydrogen.

More preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein the substituent Z1 of Ar is not hydrogen.

Q, which can be the same or different, independently preferably represents halogen, CN, O2,
Ci-Cs-alkoxy, Ci-Ce-haiogenoalkyl comprising up to 5 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-C halogenoalkoxy comprising up to 5 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, tri(C 1 - C6)alkylsilyl.

G1 and G2 which can be the same or different, independently of one another represent hydrogen, Ci-CValkyl, C3-Ce-cycloalkyl, Ci-Ce-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 5 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-Q-halogenocycloalkyl comprising up to 5 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-C6-alkylcarbonyl, C 1 -Ce-halogenoalkylcarbonyl comprising up to 5 halogen atoms which can be the same or different.

More preferred G! and G2 which can be the same or different, independently of one another represent hydrogen, Ci-CValkyl, C3-C6-cycloalkyl, Ci-Ce-alkylcarbonyl, C 1 - Qrhalogenoalkyl comprising up to 5 halogen atoms which can be the same or different.

Even more preferred G1 and G2 which can be the same or different, independently of one another represent hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, difluoromethyi.

Preferred compounds of fonnula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R2 and R ', which can be the same or different, independently of one another represent hydrogen, halogen, CN, NH2, CrQ-alkyl, Ci-Q-hydroxyalkyl, C3-C6-cycloaIkyl, Cs-Ce-haiogenocycloalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Ce-haiogenoaikyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-Ce-cyc!oalkyl-Ci-Ce-alkyl, C2-C6-alkenyl, C Q-alkynyl, C2-C6-alkenyl-Ci-C6-aIkyl, C2-C6-alkynyl- C 1 -C6-alkyl, C3-C6-halogenocycloalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-C6-alkoxy-Ci-Ce-a!kyl, Cs-Cg-cycloalkoxy-Ci-Cft-alkyl, Ci-Ce-halogenoaikoxy-Ci-Ce-aikyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Ce-aikyisuifanyi-Cj-Ce-aikyl, Ci-Ce-alkylamino-Ci-Ce-alkyl, Ci-Ce-halogenoalkylamino-Ci-C6-alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, R2 and R s together with the carbon atom to which they are linked can form a C3-C7 cycloalkyl.

More preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R2 and R3, which can be the same or different, independently of one another represent hydrogen, halogen, CN,
CrQ-cycloalkyl, C 1 - C4-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 5 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-C6-cycloaIkyl-Ci-C4-alkyl, C2-C4-alkenyi, C2-C4-alkynyl, C2-C4-alkenyl-Ci-C4-aIkyl, C2-C4-aIkynyl-Ci-C4-alkyl, C3 - C4-halogenocyc loalkyl comprising up to 5 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cj-C4-alkoxy-Ci-C4-alkyl, C3-C6-cycloalkoxy-Ci-C4-alkyi, Ci-C4-halogenoalkoxy-Ci-C4-alkyi comprising up to 5 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, R2 and ¾ together with the carbon atom to which they are linked can form a Cs-Q-cycloalkyl which may be substituted by 1 to 4 identical or different substituents selected from by fluorine, chlorine, bromine, OH, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, 11-, i-, s- or t-butyi, trifluoromethyl, methoxy, ethoxy, methylthio, ethylthio, or phenyl.

Even more preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R2 and R3, which can be the same or different, independently of one another represent hydrogen, halogen, CN, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, 11-, 1-, s- or t-butyl, cyclopropyl, 1 -chlorocyclopropyl, trifluoromethyl, trifluoroethyl, CrQ-cycioalkyi-Ci-C6-aikyi, CrQ-alkenyl, C2-C6-alkynyi, CrCe-alkenyl-Ci-Ce-aikyl, C2- Q-alkynyl- C 1 - C alky 1, C3-C6-halogenocycloalkyl comprising up to 5 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, R2 and R < together with the carbon atom to which they are linked can form a C3-C6-cycioaikyi which may be substituted by 1 to 4 identical or different substituents selected from by fluorine, chlorine, bromine, OH, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-, i-, s- or t-butyi, trifluoromethyl, methoxy, ethoxy, methylthio, ethylthio, or phenyl.

Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R4 is selected from the group consisting of E 1 to E 144, wherein Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4, Z5, Z6, Z7, Z8, Z9, Z!0 and Z! 1 which can be the same or different, independently of one another represent hydrogen, halogen, N02, CN, OH, SH, NH2, Ci-Ce-aikyl, Cj-Qs-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different different and optionally in addition one hydroxy group, C 1 - C6-alkylamino, di-Ci-Q-alkylamino, Cj- s-alkoxy, Ci-Ce-haiogenoalkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C 1 - Ce-alkylsulfanyl, Ci-Ce-balogenoalkylsulfanyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, CrCe-aikenyl, CrCs-haiogenoalkenyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C2-Q-alkynyl, C2-C6-halogenoalkynyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C2- C^-alkenyloxy, CrCe-aikynyioxy, C2-Q-alkenylsulfanyl, C2-C6-alkynylsulfanyl, C3-C7-cycloalkyl, Ca-C -cycloaikyl-Ci-Ce-alkyl, C3-C7-ha!ogenocycloalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, formyl, formyloxy, formylamino, carbamoyl, Ci-Ce-aikylcarbonyl, (C3-C6-cycloalkyi)carbonyi, Cj-Ce-haiogenoaikylcarbonyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Ce-aikyicarbamoyl, di-C]-C6-aikyicarbamoyl, Ci-C6-alkoxycarbonyi, Ci-Ce-halogenoalkoxycarbonyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Q-alkylaminocarbonyl, di- C 1 - C 6-alkylaminocarbonyl, Ci-C6-alkylcarbonyioxy, Ci-Ce-haiogeno-alkylcarbonyloxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Ce-alkylcarbonyiamino, C 1 -C6-halogenoalkylcarbonylamino comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-C alkylsulfanyl, Ci-Ce-halogenoalkyisuifanyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Ce-aikylsuiphinyl, Ci-C6-halogenoalkylsulphinyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Ce-alkylsulphonyi, Ci-Ce-halogenoalkyisulphonyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, tri(C 1 -Cs-alkyl)silyl, tri(C 1 -Cg-alkyl) silyl- C 1 -C6-alkyl, benzyloxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzylamino which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, phenyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q; naphthyl which can be substituted by up to 6 groups Q, phenoxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, phenylamino which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, phenylsulfanyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, or two vicinal substituents Z together with the consecutive carbon atoms to which they are linked form a 5- or 6-membered, saturated, carbo- or hetero-cycle comprising up to 3 heteroatoms, which can be substituted by up to four groups Q which can be the same or different and the other substituents Z are as herein-described and Q, which can be the same or different, represents a halogen atom, cyano group, nitro group, Ci-CV alkyl, Ci-Ce-alkoxy, Ci-Ce-haiogenoalkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, tri(C i -Cft)alkylsilyl or tri(CrQ)alkylsilyl-Ci-C6-alkyl. And G1 and G2 which can be the same or different, repre-sent a hydrogen atom, cyano group, hydroxy!, amino, Ci-Ce-alkyl, C i -C6-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C i - CValkoxy-C i -C6-aIkyl, C3-CrcycloaIkyl, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-Cj-Cfi-alkyl, Ca-Cv-halogenocycloalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, formyl, Ci-Ce-alkyicarbonyl, Ci-Ce-halogenoalkylcarbonyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-C6-alkylcarbamoyi, Ci-Q-alkoxycarbonyl, Ci-Ce-halogenoaikoxycarbonyl comprising up to 9 halo-gen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Ce-aikyiaminocarbonyl, di-Ci-Ce-alky!aminocarbonyi, Cj-Ce-alkylsulphonyl, Ci-Ce-halogenoalkylsulpbonyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, tri(C i -Q-alkyl)sityl, tri(C i -Ce-alkyl) sityl- C i-CValky 1, phenyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q; phenyl methylene which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q.

In the case Z Z2, Z3, Z4, Z5, Z6, Z7, Z8, Z9, Z10, Z11 are geminals they could also be fused to represent (=0); (=S),

Two geminai substituents Z together with the carbon atom to which they are linked could preferably also be fused to represent C(=0) or C(=S).

More preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R4 is selected in the list of E 1 to E 86, E 89 to E 95, E 98 to E 112, E 129, E 130 and E 133 to E 141 wherein Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4, Z5, Z6, Z7, Z8, Z9, Z10 and Z1 ! which can be the same or different, independently of one another represent hydrogen, halogen, N<¾, CN, OH, SH, NH2, Ci-Cralkyl, C 1 -C halogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different and optionally in addition one hydroxy group, ( VC Yalkylamino, di-Ci-C4-alkylamino, Ci-C4-alkoxy, Cj-C halogenoalkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C2-C4-alkenyl, C2-C4-alkynyl, C2-C4-alkenyloxy, C2-C4-alkynyloxy, Ci-C4-alkylsulfanyl, C2-C4-alkenylsulfanyi, C2-C4-alkynylsulfanyl, Ci-C4-aSkylsuiphinyl, Ci-C4-alkylsulphonyi, Ci-C4-halogenoalkylsulfanyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-C4-halogenoalkylsulphenyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-C4-halogenoalkylsulphonyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C C7-cycloalkyl, Ca-C -halogenocycloalkyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-C4-alkylcarbonyi, Ci-C4-halogenoalkylcarbonyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-C4-alkoxycarbonyl, C]-C4-halogenoalkoxycarbonyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C 1 -C4-aIkylcarbonyloxy, C]-C4-halogenoalkylcarbonyioxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-C4-aikylcarbonylamino, C 1 - C4-halogenoalkylcarbonylamino comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C 1 -C4-alkylsulfanyl, C 1 - C4-halogenoalkyl-sulfanyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-C4-alkylsuiphonyi, C1-C4-

halogenoalkylsu!phony! comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, tri(C i -Chalk l)silyl, phenyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q; naphthyl which can be substituted by up to 6 groups Q, phe-noxy or phenylthio, or two vicinal substituents Z together with the consecutive carbon atoms to which they are linked form 6-membered, unsaturated which can be substituted by up to four groups Q which can be the same or different and the other substituents Z are as herein-described and Q, which can be the same or different, represents a halogen atom, cyano group, nitro group,
comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C i - C halogenoalkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, tri(Ci-C4)alkylsilyl And G1 and G2 which can be the same or different, represent a hydrogen atom, C i-CYalkyl, C i -C4-alkoxy-C i -C4-alkyl, Q-CT-cycloalkyi, Cs-Crhalogenocycloalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, formyl, ( Y I a Iky I carbony 1, C i -C g-halogenoalkylcarbonyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different.

Even more preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R4 is selected in the list of E 3 to E 52, E57 to E59, E64, E69, E70, E81, E85, E93 to E95, E117, E133, E135, E136, E139, wherein Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4, Z5, Z6, Z7, Z8, Z9, Zi0 and Z11 which can be the same or different, independently of one another represent hydrogen, halogen, N02, CN, OH, SH, NH2, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-, i-, s- or t-butyl, difluoromethyl, trifluoromethyi, fluoroethyl, difluoroethyl, methyiamino, ethylamino, dimethylamino, diethyl-amino, methoxy, ethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, vinyl, allyl, ethinyl, propargyl, cyclopropyl, cyclohexyi, acetyl, Q-Crhalogenoalkylcarbonyl comprising up to 5 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, carboxyl, methoxycarbonyl, ethoxycarbonyl, C ; -(Yalkylcarbony loxy, C C4-alkylcarbonylamino, methylthio, ethylthio, trimethyisiiyi, phenyl which can be substituted by up to 3 groups Q; naphthyl which can be substituted by up to 6 groups Q.

Two geminai substituents Z together with the carbon atom to which they are linked could preferably also be fused to represent C(=0).

Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R5 represents hydrogen, OH, NH2, CN, Ci-C8-alkyl, Cs-Crcycloalkyl, Ci-Cs-halogenoalkyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different,
CrCg-alkenyl-Ci-Cg-alkyl, C2-C8-aikynyl-C|-C8-alkyl, halogeno-C3-C8-cycloalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cs-Cg-cycloalkenyl, d-Cg-alkoxy- C i -C 8-aIkyl, Q-Crcycloalkoxy-Ci-Cg-alkyl, C i - Cs-halogenoalkoxy-Ci - Cs-alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, d -C 8-alkylsulfanyl-C i - Cs-alkyl, Ci -C alkylamino- Q - Cralkyl, Ci-C8-halogenoalkylamino-Ci-C8-alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-Crcycloalkylamino-Ci-C8-alkyl, Ci-Cs-trialkylsilyl-Ci-Ce-alkyl, an aryl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, an aryl-Ci-Cs-alkyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups (,). an aryl-Cs-Cs-cycloalkyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q; Ci-Cs-alkoxy, Ca-Crcycloalkoxy, Ci-Cs-halogenoalkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-C g-cycloalkyl-C 1 - C alkoxy, C2-Cralkenyl-Ci-Cralkoxy, C2-Cg-aIkynyl- C 1 -C r alkoxy , halogeno-Ca-Cs-cycloa koxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Cs-alkoxy-Ci-Cralkoxy, Cj-Crcycloalkoxy-Cj-Cralkoxy, Cj-Cs-halogenoalkoxy-Cj-Cr alkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C 1 -Cr alkylsulfany 1 -C 1 -Cr alkoxy , Ci-C8-alkylamino-Ci-CraIkoxy, C 1 - C g-halogenoalky lamino- C 1 - C g-alkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms

which can be the same or different, Ca-Crcycloalkylamino-Ci-Cr alkoxy, C i -Cs-trialkylsilyl- Ci -C 8-alkoxy , an aryloxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, an aryl- C i -C -alkoxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, an aryl-C3-Cg-cycloalkoxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q.

More preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R5 represents OH, NH2, CN, Ci-Cralkoxy, C3-Crcycloalkoxy, Ci-Cg-halogenoalkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cs-Cs-cycloalkyi-Ci-Cs-alkoxy, C -C s-alkenyl-Q - Cralkoxy, Ci-Cs-alkynyl-Ci-Cs-alkoxy, halogeno-CrC8-cycloalkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Q-Cralkoxy-Ci-C8-aikoxy, Cs-Cs-cycloalkoxy-Ci-Cg- alkoxy, Cj-Cs-haiogenoalkoxy-Ci-Cs-alkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C i - C alkylsulfanyl- C i -C g-alkoxy, Ci-Cs-aikylamino-Ci-Cg-alkoxy, Q-C8-halogenoaikyiamino-Ci-C8-alkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-Crcycloalkylamino-Ci-Cg-alkoxy, Ci-Cs-trialkylsilyl-Ci-Cs-alkoxy, an aryloxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, an aryl-Ci-Cg-alkoxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, an aryl-Cj-Cs-cycloalkoxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q

Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R6 represents hydrogen, CN, d-Ce-alkyl, C3- Q-cycloalkyl, Ci-C6-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-C6-cycloalkyl-Ci-C6-aIkyl, C2-C6-alkenyl, C2-Q,-aIkynyl, halogeno-C3-C6-cycloalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cs-Cg-cycloalkenyl, C 1 - Q-alkoxy- Q -Cft-alkyl, C Q-halogenoalkoxy-Ci-Ce-a kyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C Q-alkylsulfanyl-Ci-Ce-alkyl, C 1 - C¾- trialkylsilyl- C 1 -Q-alkyl, phenyl or naphthyl, each of which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q.

More preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R6 represents hydrogen, CN, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, 11-, i-, s- or t-butyl, trifluoromethyl, cyclohexenyl, vinyl, aiiyl propargyl, C2-C4-aikenyl, C2-C4-aIkynyl, halogetK>-C ;-( ι-cyc!oalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, phenyl or naphthyl, each of which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q.

Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R represents hydrogen, OH, Q-Ce-alkyi, C3- Q-cycloalkyl, Ci-Ce-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-C6-cycloalkyl-Ci-C6-alkyl, C2-C6-alkenyi-Ci-C6-alkyl, C2-C6-alkynyi-Ci-C6-alkyl, Ci-C6-halogeno-C3-Ce-cycloaikyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, CrC6-cycloalkenyl, Ci-(¾-alkoxy-C 1 - Q-alkyl, C3- Cs-cycloalkoxy-C 1 -Cs-alkyl, Ci-Ce-halogenoalkoxy-Ci-Ce-a!kyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Ce-alkyisulfanyl-Ci-Ce-alkyl, Ci-Ce-alkylamino-Ci-Ce-aikyi, d-Ce-haiogenoalkylamino-Ci-Ce-alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-C6-cycioalkylamino-Ci-Cg-alkyi, C rC(,-trialkylsilyl- VC(,-aIkyl, phenyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, CrQ-alkoxy, Cs-Ce-cycloalkoxy, Ci-Ce-haiogenoaikoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cs-Ce-cycloalkyi-Ci-Ce-alkoxy, C2-Cg-alkenyl-CVC„-a!koxy, C2-C6-alkynyl-Ci-C6-alkoxy, C 1 - C6-halogeno-C3- C6-cycloalkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cs-Q-cycloalkenyloxy, Ci-Ce-alkoxy-Ci-Cs-alkoxy, C3-Q-

cycloalkoxy-C i - Ce-alkoxy , Ci-Ce-halogenoalkoxy-Ci-Ce-alkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C i - Q-alkylsulfany 1- C i -C6-alkoxy , Ci-Cg-allcylarnino-Ci-CValkoxy, C i - Ce-halogenoalkyl-amino-Ci-Cg-alkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ca-Ce-cyclo-alkylamino- C i -Cg-alkoxy ,
aryloxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyloxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q.

More preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R represents hydrogen, OH, C]-C4-alkyl, Cj-CVcycloalkyl, C i - C2-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 5 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, cyclohexenyl, phenyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, Ci-C4-alkoxy, C i - Crhalogenoalkoxy comprising up to 5 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, alkenyl- C i - C4-alkoxy , C2- C4-aIkynyl- C 1 - C4-aIkoxy , C 1 -C4-alkoxy- C 1 - C4-alkoxy, Q-C4-alkylsulfanyl-CrC4-alkoxy, C 1 - C4-alkylamino- C 1 - C4-alkoxy, Ci-C4-halogenoalkylamino-Ci-C4-alkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3 - C4-cycloalkylamino- C 1 - C4-alkoxy , Ci-C4-trialkylsilyl-Ci-C4-alkoxy, phenyloxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyloxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q.

Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R8 represents hydrogen, OH,

Cs-Ce-cycloalkyi, Ci-Ce-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3- Q-cycloalkyl-Ci -C6-aIkyl, C2-C6-alkenyl-Ci-C6-alkyl, C2-CValkynyl-Ci-C6-alkyl, C3-C6-halogenocycloalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cs-Ce-cycioaikenyl, Ci-Ce-alkoxy-Ci-Ce-alkyi, C3 - CVcycloalkoxy- C 1 - C^-alky 1, Cj-Ce-halogenoalkoxy-Cj-Ce-alkyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Ce-alkylsulfanyl-Ci-Ce-alkyl, Ci-Ce-alkylamino-Ci-Cft-alkyl, C 1 - C6-halogenoalkylamino- C 1 - C6-alky 1 comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C 1 - C6-trialkylsilyl- C 1 - CValkyl, phenyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q; Ci-Ce-alkoxy, C3- Q-cycloalkoxy, Ci-Ce-haiogenoalkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cs-Cg-cycloalkyl-Ci-CValkoxy, Ci-Q-alkenyl- C 1 - Q-alkoxy, C2- C«-al kynyl- C 1 - Q-alkoxy, halogeno- C3 - Ce-cycloalkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-CVcycloalkenyloxy, C 1 - Q-alkoxy-C 1 - Ce-alkoxy , C 1 - Cs-halogenoalkoxy- C 1 - Q-alkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-C^-alkylsulfanyl-Ci-Cft-alkoxy, Ci-Cft-aikyiaimno-Cj-Ce-alkoxy, Ci-Ce-balogenoalkylamino-Ci-Ce-alkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Ce-trialkyisilyi-Ci-Ce-alkoxy, phenyloxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyloxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q.

More preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R8 represents hydrogen, OH, Ci-C4-alkyl, Cs-CVcycloalkyl, C 1 - C2-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 5 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, cyclohexenyl, phenyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q; Ci-C4-alkoxy, C 1 - C4-halogenoalkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, phenoxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyloxy which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q.

Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein Q which can be the same or dif-

ferent, independently represents halogen, CN, N<¾, Ci-Ce-alkyl, Ci-Q-alkoxy, Ci-C6-alkylsulfanyl, Ci-C6-halo-genoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cj-Cs-halogenoaikoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or, tri(Ci-C6)alkylsiiyi or tri(Ci-C6)a!kyisiiyi-CrC6-aikyi.

More preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein Q which can be the same or different, independently represents fluorine, chlorine, bromine, CN, NO 2, Ci -Chalky],
C1-C4-alkylsulfanyl, Ci-C4-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, d-C4-halogenoalkoxy comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, tri(C]-C4)alkyisiryi or tri(Ci-C4)alkylsilyl-Ci-C4-alkyl.

Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R represents R , wherein t represents 1

Y2 represents S or O,

Y3 represents O, S or NR8,

R" and R8 are as herein defined.

Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R represents RB, wherein t represents 1,

Y2 represents O,

Y3 represents O or NR8,

R6 and R8 are as herein defined.

Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R represents R , wherein t represents 1,

Y2 represents O,

Y3 represents NR8,

R" and R8 are as herein defined.

Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R represents R , wherein t represents 0,

Y3 represents O, S or NR8,

R6 is as herein defined,

R8 represents hydrogen, Ci-Cs-alkyi, Cs-Cs-cycloalkyi, Ci-Cg-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cs-Cs-cycioaikyl-Ci-Cg-alkyi, C2-C8-alkenyl- C 1 -Cg-alkyl, C2-C8-
Ci-Crhalogeno-QrCg-cycloalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cs-Cs-cycloalkenyl, Ci-Cs-alkoxy-Ci-Cs-alkyl, C3-C8-cycloaIkoxy-Ci-Cralkyl, Ci-Q- halogenoalkoxy-Ci-Cg-alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci- - alkylsulfanyl-Ci-Cg-alkyl, Cj-Cg-aikylamino-Cj-Cg-alkyl, Ci-Cs-halogenoaikyiamino-CrCs-alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3 - C 8-cy cloalky lamino- C 1 - Chalky 1, -Cr trialkylsi I yl-C , -CValkyl. phenyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q.

Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R represents RB, wherein t represents 0,

Y3 represents O or NR8,

R6 is as herein defined,

R8 represents hydrogen, Cj-Cg-alkyi, Cs-Cs-cycloalkyl, Ci-Cs-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ca-Cg-cycioalkyl-Ci-Cg-alkyl, C2-Cralkenyl-Ci-Cg-alkyl, C2-Cr alkynyi-C|-C8-alkyi, Ci-Cg-halogeno-Ci-Cg-cycloalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Cs-Cs-cycloalkenyl, Ci-Cs-alkoxy-Ci-Cg-alkyl, Cs-Cs-cycloalkoxy-Ci-Cs-alkyl, Ci-Cs- halogenoalkoxy-Ci-C8-alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Ci-Cr alkylsulfanyl-Ci-Cralkyl, Ci-Cs-alkylamino-Ci-Cralkyl, Ci-Cg-halogenoalkylamino-Ci-Cs-alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3 - C 8-cy cloalky lamino- C 1 - Cg-alky 1, Q-Cr trialky!silyl- yC Valkyl, phenyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q.

Preferred compounds of formula (I) according to the invention are those wherein R represents R , wherein t represents 0,

Y3 represents NR8,

R6 is as herein defined,

R8 represents hydrogen, Ci-Cs-alkyi, Ca-Crcycloalkyl, Ci-Cs-halogenoalkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-C8-cycioalkyi-Ci-Cralkyl, CrCralkenyl-Ci-Cg-alkyl, C2-CV alkynyl-Ci-Cg-alkyl, Ci-Cs-haiogeno-Ca-Cs-cycioalkyi comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3-C8-cycloalkenyi, Ci-Cs-aikoxy-Ci-Cg-alkyl, C3-CrcycloaIkoxy-Ci-C8-alkyl, C C haiogenoalkoxy-Ci-C8-alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, Q-Cr aikylsulfanyl-Ci-Cra!kyi, CVCVaIkylatnin<vC' i-Cyalky!, Ci-Cs-halogenoalkylamino-Ci-Cg-alkyl comprising up to 9 halogen atoms which can be the same or different, C3 - C g-cy cloalky lamino- Ci-Cs-alkyl, Ci-Cg- trialkylsilyl-Ci-Cs-alkyl, phenyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q, benzyl which can be substituted by up to 5 groups Q.

Preferred compounds according to the invention are those, wherein R represents RA


Preferred compounds according to the invention are those, wherein R represents R ,B1


However, the general or preferred radical definitions or illustrations given above can also be combined with one another as desired, i.e. including combinations between respective ranges and preferred ranges. They apply both to the end products and, correspondingly, to precursors and intermediates. Moreover, individual definitions may not apply.

Preference is given to using those compounds of the formula (I) in which all radicals each have the meanings mentioned above as being preferred.

Particular preference is given to using those compounds of the formula (I) in which all radicals each have the meanings mentioned above as being more preferred.

Very particular preference is given to using those compounds of the formula (I) in which ail radicals each have the meanings mentioned above as being even more preferred.

In these combinations of preferred features of the substituents of the compounds according to the invention, the said preferred features can also be selected among the more preferred features of each of R1, R2, R ', K4, n, Y1 and Het, so as to form most preferred subclasses of compounds according to the invention.

According to the invention, the following generic terms are generally used with the following meanings:

Halogen means fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine.

Heieroatom can be nitrogen, oxygen or sulphur.

Alky!: saturated straight-chain or branched hydrocarbon radicals having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, for example Cj-Ce-alkyl, such as methyl, ethyl, propyl, 1-methylethyl, butyl, 1-methylpropyl, 2-methylpropyl, 1,1-dimethyiethyl, pen-tyl, 1-methylbutyl, 2-methylbutyl, 3-methylbutyl, 2,2-dimethylpropyl, 1-ethylpropyl, hexyl, 1 , 1 -dimethylpropyl, 1,2-dimethyipropyi, 1-methylpentyl, 2-methylpentyl, 3-methylpentyi, 4-methyipentyl, 1 , 1 -dimethylbutyl, 1,2-dimethylbutyl, 1 ,3-dimethylbutyl, 2,2-dimethylbutyl, 2,3 -dimethylbutyl, 3,3-dimethylbutyl , 1-ethylbutyl, 2-ethylbutyl, 1,1,2-trimethylpropyl, 1 ,2,2-trimethylpropyl, 1 -ethyl- 1-methylpropyl and 1 -ethyl-2-methylpropyl; hep-tyl, octyl.

Haloalkvl: straight-chain or branched alkyl groups having 1 to 8 carbon atoms (as mentioned above), where in these groups some or all of the hydrogen atoms may be replaced by halogen atoms as mentioned above, for example Ci-C3-haloalkyl, such as chloromethyl, bromomethyl, dichloromethyl, trichioromethyi, fiuoromethyl, difluo-romethyl, trifluoromethyi, chloro fiuoromethyl, dichlorofluoromethyl, chlorodifluoromethyl, 1-chloroethyl, 1-bromoethyl, 1-fluoroethyl, 2-fluoroethyi, 2,2-difluoroethyl, 2,2,2-trifiuoroethyl, 2-chioro-2-fluoroethyi, 2-chloro-2,2-difluoroethyl, 2,2-dichloro-2-fluoroethyi, 2,2,2-trichloroethyl, pentafluoroethyi and 1,1,1 -trifiuoroprop-2-yl. Alkcnyl: unsaturated straight-chain or branched hydrocarbon radicals having 2 to 8 carbon atoms and a double bond in any position, for example C2-Q-alkenyl, such as ethenyl, 1-propenyl, 2-propenyl, 1-methylethenyl, 1-butenyl, 2-butenyl, 3 -butenyl, 1 -methyl- 1 -propenyl, 2-methyl- 1 -propenyl, 1 -methyl-2-propenyl, 2-methyl-2-propenyl, 1-pentenyl, 2-pentenyi, 3-pentenyl, 4-pentenyi, 1 -methyl- 1 -butenyl, 2-methyl- 1 -butenyl, 3 -methyl- 1-butenyl, 1 -methyl-2-butenyl, 2-methyl-2-butenyi, 3 -methyl- 2-butenyl, 1 -methyl-3 -butenyl, 2-methyl-3 -butenyl, 3-methyl-3 -butenyl, 1 , 1 -dimethyl-2-propenyl, 1 ,2-dimethyl- 1 -propenyl, 1 ,2-dimethyl-2-propenyl, 1 -ethyl- 1 -propenyl, l-ethyi-2-propenyl, 1-hexenyl, 2-hexenyi, 3-hexenyl, 4-hexenyi, 5-hexenyl, 1 -methyl- 1 -pentenyl, 2-methyl- 1-pentenyl, 3-methyi- 1-pentenyl, 4-methyl-l -pentenyl, l-methyl-2-pentenyi, 2-methyl-2-pentenyi, 3-methyl-2-

pentenyl, 4-methyl-2-pentenyl, l-methyl-3-pentenyl, 2-methyl-3-pentenyl, 3-methyl-3-pentenyl, 4-methyl-3-pentenyl, l-methyi-4-pentenyl, 2-methyl-4-pentenyl, 3-methyl-4-pentenyl, 4-methyl-4-pentenyl, l,l-dimethyl-2-butenyl, 1 , 1 -dimethyl-3 -butenyl, 1 ,2-dimethyl- 1 -butenyl, 1 ,2-dimethyl-2-butenyl, 1 ,2-dimethyl-3 -butenyl, 1,3-dimethyl- 1 -butenyl, 1 ,3 -dimethyl-2-butenyl, l,3-dimethyi-3-butenyl, 2,2-dimethyl-3 -butenyl, 2,3 -dimethyl- 1-butenyl, 2,3-dimethyi-2-butenyi, 2,3-dimethyi-3-butenyi, 3,3 -dimethyl- 1 -butenyl, 3,3-dimethyi-2-butenyi, 1-ethyl- 1 - butenyl, 1 -ethyl-2-butenyl, 1 -ethyl-3 -butenyl, 2-ethyl- 1 -butenyl, 2-ethyi-2-butenyi, 2-ethyl-3-butenyl, 1,1,2-trimethyl-2-propenyi, 1 -ethyl- 1 -methyl-2-propenyl, l-ethyi-2-methyl-l-propenyl and l-ethyi-2-methyl-2-propenyi. Alkyny!: straight-chain or branched hydrocarbon groups having 2 to 8 carbon atoms and a triple bond in any position, for example C2-CValkynyl, such as ethynyl, 1-propynyl, 2-propynyl, 1 -butynyl, 2-butynyi, 3-butynyl, 1 -methyl-2-propynyl, 1-pentynyl, 2-pentynyl, 3-pentynyl, 4-pentynyl, l-methyl-2-butynyi, 1 -methyl-3 -butynyl,

2 - methyl- 3 -butynyl, 3 -methyl- 1 -butynyl, 1 , 1 -dimethyl-2-propynyl, 1 -ethyl-2-propynyl, 1-hexynyi, 2-hexynyl,

3- hexynyl, 4-hexynyl, 5-hexynyl, l-methyl-2-pentynyi, 1 -methyl-3 -pentynyl, l-methyl-4-pentynyl, 2-methyl-3-pentynyl, 2-methyl-4-pentynyl, 3-methyl- 1 -pentynyl, 3-methyi-4-pentynyi, 4-methyi- 1-pentynyl, 4-methyl-2-pentynyl, 1 , 1 -dimethyl-2-butynyl, 1 , 1 -dimethyl-3 -butynyl, l,2-dimethyl-3-butynyl, 2,2-dimethyl-3-butynyl, 3,3-dimethyl- 1 -butynyl, l-ethyl-2-butynyi, 1 - ethyl- 3 -butynyl, 2-ethyl-3-butynyl and 1 -ethyl- 1 -methyl-2-propynyl. Cycloalkyl: monocyclic saturated hydrocarbon groups having 3 to 8 carbon ring members, such as cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cycloheptyl and cyclooctyl.

Cyeloalkenyl: monocyclic nonaromatic hydrocarbon groups having 3 to 8 carbon ring members and at least one double bond, such as cyclopenten- 1 -yl, cyclohexen-l-yl, cyclohepta- 1 ,3 -dien- 1 -yl.

Alkoxycarbonyl: an alkoxy group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms (as mentioned above) which is attached to the skeleton via a carbonyl group (-CO-).

The present invention also relates to a process for the preparation of compounds of formula (I-a). Thus, according to a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a process PI for the preparation of compounds of formula (I-a), as herein-defined, as illustrated by the following reaction schemes. If not stated otherwise all radicals have the meanings as defined above.

Scheme 1 : Process PI


LG! represents a leaving group, preferably selected from the group consisting of chlorine or bromine or O- C(=0)R! (reslting in an anhydride).

According to the invention, process PI may be performed if appropriate in the presence of a solvent and if appropriate in the presence of a base or a catalyst.

Suitable catalysts to perform process PI could be chosen amongst usual Lewis acids such as for example MgCl2, MgBr2, A1C13, AlBr3, FeCl3, ZnCl2, ZnBr2, SnC , SnBr4, TiC . TiB^, Ti(OiPr)4j SbCI5, PF5, BF3 · Et20.

Compounds of formula (III) are commercially available or can be prepared according to known methods.

Compounds of formula (II), useful as synthetic intermediates, could be prepared according to process P2 as illustrated by the following reaction scheme:

Scheme 2: Process P2


LG2 represents a leaving group, preferably selected from the group consisting of chlorine or bromine.

According to the invention process P2 may be performed if appropriate in the presence of a solvent, if appropriate in the presence of a catalyst and if appropriate in the presence of a base.

Compounds of formula (II) may exist in /.-farm or in is- form where the correct assignment of Z and E according to the IUPAC nomenclature depends on the defi nitions of the different substituents

Compounds of formula (IV) are commercially available or prepared from known procedures such as reductive amination of carbonyls, nucleophiiic displacement, and reduction of amides, cyanides or nitro groups (cf. R.C. Larock Comprehensive organic transformations, 1989, VCH publishers).

Compounds of formula (III), useful as synthetic intermediates, could be prepared according to process P3 as il-lustrated by the following reaction scheme:

Scheme 3: Process P3


LG represents a leaving group, preferably selected from the group consisting of chlorine or bromine.

According to the invention process P3 may be performed if appropriate in the presence of a solvent.

Compounds of formula (V) are commercially available or prepared from known procedures such as alkyiation of corresponding Weinreb amides or oxidation of alcohols (cf. R.C. Larock Comprehensive organic transformations, 1989, VCH publishers).

The Vilsmeier reagent can be prepared by mixing an activating reagent such as for example SOCI2, SOBr2, POCI3, POBr3, PCI5, PBi s (COCi)2, COCl2 with a N,N-dialkylformamide such as for example DMF either in situ or prior to the reaction.

The present invention also relates to a process for the preparation of compounds of formula (I-b). Thus, according to a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a process P4 for the preparation of compounds of formula (I-b), as herein-defined, as illustrated by the following reaction scheme.

Scheme 4 : Process P4


According to the invention, process P4 may be performed if appropriate in the presence of a solvent and if appropriate in the presence of a base, if appropriate in the presence of an acid or a Lewis acid.

Suitable acids to perform process PI could be chosen amongst usual Bronsted acids such as for example HC1, H2S04, KHSO4, AcOH, TFA, PTSA, CSA, TEA · HC1, Pyridine · HC1.

Suitable catalysts to perform process PI could be chosen amongst usual Lewis acids such as for example MgCl2, MgBr2, AICI3, AIBn, FeCl3, ZnCl2, ZnBr2, SnC , SnBr4, TiCL. Ϊ ΒΓ,, Ti(OiPr)4, SbCl5, PF5, BF3 · Et20.

Compounds of formula (VI) are commercially available or prepared from known procedures.

The present invention also relates to a process for the preparation of compounds of formula (I-c). Thus, according to a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a process P5 for the preparation of compounds of formula (I-c), as herein-defined, as illustrated by the following reaction scheme.

Scheme 5 : Process P5


According to the invention, process P5 may be performed if appropriate in the presence of a solvent, if appropriate in the presence of a base and in the presence of a thionating agent.

Suitable thionating agents for carrying out process P5 according to the invention can be sulphur (S), sulfhydric acid (H2S), sodium sulfide (Na2S), sodium hydrosulfide ( aHS), boron trisulfide (B2S3), bis(diethyialuminium) sulfide [(AlEt2)2S], ammonium sulfide [(NH4)2S], phosphorous pentasulfide (P2S5), Lawesson's reagent [2,4-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-l,2,3,4-dithiadiphosphetane 2,4-disulfide] or a polymer-supported thionating reagent (cf. J. Chem. Soc. Perkin I, 2001, 358).

Suitable solvents for carrying out processes PI, P2, P3, P4 and P5 according to the invention are customary inert organic solvents. Preference is given to using optionally halogenated aliphatic, alicyciic or aromatic hydrocarbons, such as petroleum ether, hexane, heptane, cyciohexane, methylcyclohexane, benzene, toluene, xylene or decaiin, chlorobenzene, dichlorobenzene, dichioromethane, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, dichlorethane or trich!oreth-ane, ethers, such as diethyl ether, diisopropyl ether, methyl ten-butyl ether, methyl tert-amyl ether, dioxane, tetra-hydrofuran, 1,2-dimethoxyethane, 1 ,2-diethoxyethane or anisole, nitriles, such as acetonitrile, propionitrile, n- or iso-butyronitrile or benzonitrile, amides, such as Ar,iV-dimethylformamide, AyV-dimethylacetamide, iV-methyiform-anilide, Ar-methylpyrrolid one or hexamethylphosphoric triamide, esters, such as methyl acetate or ethyl acetate, sulphoxides, such as dimethyl sulphoxide, or sulphones, such as sulpholane.

Suitable bases for carrying out processes PI, P2, P3, P4 and P5 according to the invention are inorganic and organic bases which are customary for such reactions. Preference is given to using alkaline earth metal, alkali metal hydride, alkali metal hydroxides or alkali metal alkoxides, such as sodium hydroxide, sodium hydride, calcium hy-droxide, potassium hydroxide, potassium tert-butoxide or other ammonium hydroxide, alkali metal carbonates, such as sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, potassium bicarbonate, sodium bicarbonate, cesium carbonate, alkali metal or alkaline earth metal acetates, such as sodium acetate, potassium acetate, calcium acetate, and also tertiary amines, such as trimethylamine, triethylamine, diisopropylethylamine, tributylamine, AVY-dimethylaniline, pyridine, A'-methylpiperidine, AyV-dimethylaminopyridine, l ,4~diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO), 1 ,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene (DBN) or l,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU).

It is also possible to employ the reaction components in other ratios. Work-up is carried out by known methods.

In general, the reaction mixture is concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue that remains can be freed by known methods, such as chromatography or recrystallization, from any impurities that can still be present.

When carrying out processes PI, P2, P3, P4 and P5 according to the invention, the reaction temperatures can be varied within a relatively wide range. In general, these processes are carried out at temperatures from 0°C to 160°C, preferably from 10°C to 120°C. A way to control the temperature for the processes according to the invention is to use micro-wave technology.

Processes PI, P2, P3, P4 and P5 according to the invention are generally carried out under atmospheric pressure. It is also possible to operate under elevated or reduced pressure.

Compounds according to the invention can be prepared according to the above described processes. It will nevertheless be understood that, on the basis of his general knowledge and of available publications, the skilled worker will be able to adapt these processes according to the specifics of each of the compounds according to the invention that is desired to be synthesized.

The present invention furthermore relates to compositions for combating/controlling undesirable microorganisms comprising the active compounds according to the invention. Preferably, the compositions are fungicidal compositions comprising agriculturally suitable auxiliaries, solvents, carriers, surfactants or extenders.

Furthermore the invention relates to a method of combating undesirable microorganisms, characterized in that the compounds according to the invention are applied to the phytopathogenic fungi and/or their habitat.

According to the invention, carrier is to be understood as meaning a natural or synthetic, organic or inorganic substance which is mixed or combined with the active compounds for better applicability, in particular for application to plants or plant parts or seeds. The carrier, which may be solid or liquid is generally inert and should be suitable for use in agriculture.

Suitable solid or liquid carriers are: for example ammonium salts and natural ground minerals, such as kaolins, clays, talc, chalk, quartz, attapulgite, montmoriUonite or diatomaceous earth, and ground synthetic minerals, such as finely divided silica, alumina and natural or synthetic silicates, resins, waxes, solid fertilizers, water, alcohols, especially butanol, organic solvents, mineral oils and vegetable oils, and also derivatives thereof. It is also possible to use mixtures of such carriers. Solid carriers suitable for granules are: for example crushed and fractionated natu-ral minerals, such as calcite, marble, pumice, sepiolite, dolomite, and also synthetic granules of inorganic and organic meals and also granules of organic material, such as sawdust, coconut shells, maize cobs and tobacco stalks.

Suitable liquefied gaseous extenders or carriers are liquids which are gaseous at ambient temperature and under atmospheric pressure, for example aerosol propellants, such as butane, propane, nitrogen and carbon dioxide.

Tackifiers, such as carboxymethyiceliuiose and natural and synthetic polymers in the form of powders, granules and latices, such as gum arabic, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl acetate, or else natural phospholipids, such as cephalins and lecithins and synthetic phospholipids can be used in the formulations. Other possible additives are mineral and vegetable oils and waxes, optionally modified.

If the extender used is water, it is also possible for example, to use organic solvents as auxiliary solvents. Suitable liquid solvents are essentially: aromatic compounds, such as xylene, toluene or alkylnaphthalenes, chlorinat-ed aromatic compounds or chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons, such as chlorobenzenes, chloroethylenes or methylene chloride, aliphatic hydrocarbons, such as cyciohexane or paraffins, for example mineral oil fractions, mineral and vegetable oils, alcohols, such as butanol or glycol, and also ethers and esters thereof, ketones, such as acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone or cyclohexanone, strongly polar solvents, such as di-methyiformamide and dimethyl sulphoxide, and also water.

The compositions according to the invention may comprise additional further components, such as, for example, surfactants. Suitable surfactants are emulsifiers, dispersants or wetting agents having ionic or nonionic properties, or mixtures of these surfactants. Examples of these are salts of polyacrvlic acid, salts of lignosuiphonic acid, salts of phenolsulphonic acid or naphthaienesuiphonic acid, polycondensates of ethylene oxide with fatty alcohols or with fatty acids or with fatty amines, substituted phenols (preferably alkylphenols or arylphenols), salts of sulpho succinic esters, taurine derivatives (preferably alkyl tartrates), phosphoric esters of polyethoxylated alcohols or phenols, fatty esters of poiyols, and derivatives of the compounds containing sulphates, sulphonates and phosphates. The presence of a surfactant is required if one of the active compounds and/or one of the inert carriers is insoluble in water and when the application takes place in water. The proportion of surfactants is between 5 and 40 per cent by weight of the composition according to the invention.

It is possible to use colorants such as inorganic pigments, for example iron oxide, titanium oxide, Prussian blue, and organic dyes, such as alizarin dyes, azo dyes and metal phthalocyanine dyes, and trace nutrients, such as salts of iron, manganese, boron, copper, cobalt, molybdenum and zinc.

If appropriate, other additional components may also be present, for example protective colloids, binders, adhe-sives, thickeners, thixotropic substances, penetrants, stabilizers, sequestering agents, complex formers. In general, the active compounds can be combined with any solid or liquid additive customarily used for formulation purposes.

I IV general, the compositions according to the invention comprise between 0.05 and 99 per cent by weight, 0.01 and 98 per cent by weight, preferable between 0.1 and 95 per cent by weight, particularly preferred between 0.5 and 90 per cent by weight of the active compound according to the invention, very particularly preferable between 10 and 70 per cent by weight.

The active compound combinations or compositions according to the invention can be used as such or, depending on their respective physical and/or chemical properties, in the form of their formulations or the use forms prepared therefrom, such as aerosols, capsule suspensions, cold-fogging concentrates, warm-fogging concentrates, encapsulated granules, fine granules, flowable concentrates for the treatment of seed, ready-to-use solutions, dustable powders, emulsifiab!e concentrates, oil-in-water emulsions, water-in-oii emulsions, macrogranules, microgranules, oil-dispersible powders, oil-miscible flowable concentrates, oil-miscible liquids, foams, pastes, pesticide-coated seed, suspension concentrates, suspoemulsion concentrates, soluble concentrates, suspensions, wettable powders, soluble powders, dusts and granules, water-soluble granules or tablets, water-soluble powders for the treatment of seed, wettable powders, natural products and synthetic substances impregnated with active compound, and also microencapsulations in polymeric substances and in coating materials for seed, and also ULV cold- fogging and warm-fogging formulations.

The formulations mentioned can be prepared in a manner known per se, for example by mixing the active compounds or the active compound combinations with at least one additive. Suitable additives are all customary formulation auxiliaries, such as, for example, organic solvents, extenders, solvents or diluents, solid carriers and fillers, surfactants (such as adjuvants, emulsifiers, dispersants, protective colloids, wetting agents and tackifiers), dispersants and/or binders or fixatives, preservatives, dyes and pigments, defoamers, inorganic and organic thickeners, water repellents, if appropriate siccatives and UV stabilizers, gibberellins and also water and further processing auxiliaries. Depending on the formulation type to be prepared in each case, further processing steps such as, for example, wet grinding, dry grinding or granulation may be required.

The compositions according to the invention do not only comprise ready-to-use compositions which can be ap-plied with suitable apparatus to the plant or the seed, but also commercial concentrates which have to be diluted with water prior to use.

The active compound combinations according to the invention can be present in (commercial) formulations and in the use forms prepared from these formulations as a mixture with other (known) active compounds, such as insecticides, attractants, sterilants, bactericides, acaricides, nematicides, fungicides, growth regulators, herbi-cides, fertilizers, safeners and Semiochemicals.

The treatment according to the invention of the plants and plant parts with the active compounds or compositions is carried out directly or by action on their surroundings, habitat or storage space using customary treatment methods, for example by dipping, spraying, atomizing, irrigating, evaporating, dusting, fogging, broadcasting, foaming, painting, spreading-on, watering (drenching), drip irri gating and, in the case of propagation material, in particular in the case of seeds, furthermore as a powder for dry seed treatment, a solution for seed treatment, a water-soluble powder for slurry treatment, by incrusting, by coating with one or more layers, etc. It is furthermore possible to apply the active compounds by the ultra-low volume method, or to inject the active compound preparation or the active compound itself into the soil.

The invention furthermore comprises a method for treating seed. The invention furthermore relates to seed treated according to one of the methods described in the preceding paragraph.

The active compounds or compositions according to the invention are especially suitable for treating seed. A large part of the damage to crop plants caused by harmful organisms is triggered by an infection of the seed during storage or after sowing as well as during and after germination of the plant. This phase is particularly critical since the roots and shoots of the growing plant are particularly sensitive, and even small damage may result in the death of the plant. Accordingly, there is great interest in protecting the seed and the germinating plant by us-ing appropriate compositions.

The control of phytopathogenic fungi by treating the seed of plants has been known for a long time and is the subject of continuous improvements. However, the treatment of seed entails a series of problems which cannot always be solved in a satisfactory manner. Thus, it is desirable to develop methods for protecting the seed and the germinating plant which dispense with the additional application of crop protection agents after sowing or after the emergence of the plants or which at least considerably reduce additional application. It is furthermore desirable to optimize the amount of active compound employed in such a way as to provide maximum protection for the seed and the germinating plant from attack by phytopathogenic fungi, but without damaging the plant itself by the active compound employed. In particular, methods for the treatment of seed should also take into consideration the intrinsic fungicidal properties of transgenic plants in order to achieve optimum protection of the seed and the ger-minating plant with a minimum of crop protection agents being employed.

Accordingly, the present invention also relates in particular to a method for protecting seed and germinating plants against attack by phytopathogenic fungi by treating the seed with a composition according to the invention. The invention also relates to the use of the compositions according to the invention for treating seed for protecting the seed and the germinating plant against phytopathogenic fungi. Furthermore, the invention relates to seed treated with a composition according to the invention for protection against phytopathogenic fungi.

The control of phytopathogenic fungi which damage plants post-emergence is carried out primarily by treating the soil and the above-ground parts of plants with crop protection compositions. Owing to the concerns regarding a possible impact of the crop protection composition on the environment and the health of humans and animals, there are efforts to reduce the amount of active compounds applied.

One of the advantages of the present invention is that, because of the particular systemic properties of the compositions according to the invention, treatment of the seed with these compositions not only protects the seed itself, but also the resulting plants after emergence, from phytopathogenic fungi. In this manner, the immediate treatment of the crop at the time of sowing or shortly thereafter can be dispensed with.

It is also considered to be advantageous that the mixtures according to the invention can be used in particular also for transgenic seed where the plant growing from this seed is capable of expressing a protein which acts

against pests. By treating such seed with the active compound combinations or compositions according to the invention, even by the expression of the, for example, insecticidai protein, certain pests may be controlled. Surprisingly, a further synergistic effect may be observed here, which additionally increases the effectiveness of the protection against attack by pests.

The compositions according to the invention are suitable for protecting seed of any plant variety employed in agriculture, in the greenhouse, in forests or in horticulture or viticulture. In particular, this takes the form of seed of cereals (such as wheat, barley, rye, triticale, millet, oats), maize (corn), cotton, soya bean, rice, potatoes, sunflowers, beans, coffee, beets (e.g. sugar beets and fodder beets), peanuts, oilseed rape, poppies, olives, coconuts, cacao, sugar cane, tobacco, vegetables (such as tomatoes, cucumbers, onions and lettuce), lawn and ornamental plants (also see below). The treatment of seeds of cereals (such as wheat, barley, rye, triticale, and oats), maize (corn) and rice is of particular importance.

As also described further below, the treatment of transgenic seed with the active compound combinations or compositions according to the invention is of particular importance. This refers to the seed of plants containing at least one heterologous gene which allows the expression of a polypeptide or protein having insecticidai prop-erties. The heterologous gene in transgenic seed can originate, for example, from microorganisms of the species Bacillus, Rhizobium, Pseudomonas, Serratia, Trichoderma, Clavibacter, Glomus or Gliocladium. Preferably, this heterologous gene is from Bacillus sp., the gene product having activity against the European corn borer and/or the Western corn rootworm. Particularly preferably, the heterologous gene originates from Bacillus tliii-ringiensis.

In the context of the present invention, the active compound combinations or compositions according to the invention are applied on their own or in a suitable formulation to the seed. Preferably, the seed is treated in a state in which it is sufficiently stable so that the treatment does not cause any damage. In general, treatment of the seed may take place at any point in time between harvesting and sowing. Usually, the seed used is separated from the plant and freed from cobs, shells, stalks, coats, hairs or the flesh of the fruits. Thus, it is possible to use, for example, seed which has been harvested, cleaned and dried to a moisture content of less than 15 % by weight. Alternatively, it is also possible to use seed which, after drying, has been treated, for example, with water and then dried again.

When treating the seed, care must generally be taken that the amount of the composition according to the invention applied to the seed and/or the amount of further additives is chosen in such a way that the germination of the seed is not adversely affected, or that the resulting plant is not damaged. This must be borne in mind in particular in the case of active compounds which may have phytotoxic effects at certain application rates.

The compositions according to the invention can be applied directly, that is to say without comprising further components and without having been diluted. In general, it is preferable to apply the compositions to the seed in the form of a suitable formulation. Suitable formulations and methods for the treatment of seed are known to the person skilled in the art and are described, for example, in the following documents: US 4,272,417, US 4,245,432, US 4,808,430, US 5,876,739, US 2003/0176428 A, WO 2002 080675, WO 2002/028186.

The active compound combinations which can be used according to the invention can be converted into customary seed dressing formulations, such as solutions, emulsions, suspensions, powders, foams, slurries or other coating materials for seed, and also ULV formulations.

These formulations are prepared in a known manner by mixing the active compounds or active compound com-binations with customary additives, such as, for example, customary extenders and also solvents or diluents, colorants, wetting agents, dispersants, emulsifiers, defoamers, preservatives, secondary thickeners, adhesives, gibberellins and water as well.

Suitable colorants that may be present in the seed dressing formulations which can be used according to the invention include all colorants customary for such purposes. Use may be made both of pigments, of sparing solubility in water, and of dyes, which are soluble in water. Examples that may be mentioned include the colorants known under the designations Rhodamine B, C.I. Pigment Red 112, and C.I. Solvent Red 1.

Suitable wetting agents that may be present in the seed dressing formulations which can be used according to the invention include all substances which promote wetting and are customary in the formulation of active agro-chemical substances. With preference it is possible to use alkylnaphthalene-sulphonates, such as diisopropyi- or diisobutylnaphthalene-sulphonates.

Suitable dispersants and/or emulsifiers that may be present in the seed dressing formulations which can be used according to the invention include all nonionic, anionic, and cationic dispersants which are customary in the formulation of active agrochemical substances. With preference, it is possible to use nonionic or anionic dispersants or mixtures of nonionic or anionic dispersants. Particularly suitable nonionic dispersants are ethylene ox-ide-propylene oxide block polymers, alkylphenol polyglycol ethers, and tristyrylphenol polyglycol ethers, and their phosphated or sulphated derivatives. Particularly suitable anionic dispersants are lignosulphonates, poly-acrylic salts, and arylsulphonate-formaldehyde condensates.

Defoamers that may be present in the seed dressing formulations to be used according to the invention include all foam- inhibiting compounds which are customary in the formulation of agrochemically active compounds. Pref-erence is given to using silicone defoamers, magnesium stearate, silicone emulsions, long-chain alcohols, fatty acids and their salts and also organofluorine compounds and mixtures thereof.

Preservatives that may be present in the seed dressing formulations to be used according to the invention include all compounds which can be used for such purposes in agrochemical compositions. By way of example, mention may be made of dichlorophen and benzyl alcohol hemiforrnai.

Secondary thickeners that may be present in the seed dressing formulations to be used according to the invention include all compounds which can be used for such purposes in agrochemical compositions. Preference is given to cellulose derivatives, acrylic acid derivatives, polysaccharides, such as xanthan gum or Veegum, modified clays, phyllosilicates, such as attapulgite and bentonite, and also finely divided silicic acids.

Suitable adhesives that may be present in the seed dressing formulations to be used according to the invention include all customary binders which can be used in seed dressings. Polyvinylpyrrolidone, polyvinyl acetate, polyvinyl alcohol and tylose may be mentioned as being preferred.

Suitable gibberellins that may be present in the seed dressing formulations to be used according to the invention are preferably the gibberellins Al, A3 (= gibberellic acid), A4 and A7; particular preference is given to using gib-berellic acid. The gibberellins are known (cf. R. Wegier "Chemie der Pflanzenschutz- and Schadiingsbekamp-fungsmittel" [Chemistry of Crop Protection Agents and Pesticides] , Vol. 2, Springer Verlag, 1970, pp. 401 -412) .

The seed dressing formulations which can be used according to the invention may be used directly or after dilution with water beforehand to treat seed of any of a very wide variety of types. The seed dressing formulations which can be used according to the invention or their dilute preparations may also be used to dress seed of transgenic plants, in this context, synergistic effects may also arise in interaction with the substances formed by expression.

Suitable mixing equipment for treating seed with the seed dressing formulations which can be used according to the invention or the preparations prepared from them by adding water includes all mixing equipment which can commonly be used for dressing. The specific procedure adopted when dressing comprises introducing the seed into a mixer, adding the particular desired amount of seed dressing formulation, either as it is or following dilution with water beforehand, and carrying out mixing until the formulation is uniformly distributed on the seed. Optionally, a drying operation follows.

The active compounds or compositions according to the invention have strong microbicidal activity and can be used for controlling unwanted microorganisms, such as fungi and bacteria, in crop protection and material pro-tection.

In crop protection, fungicides can be used for controlling Plasmodiophoromycetes, Oomycetes, Chytri-diomycetes, Zygomycetes, Ascomycetes, Basidiomycetes and Deuteromycetes.

In crop protection, bactericides can be used for controlling Pseudomonadaceae, Rhizobiaceae, Enterobacte-riaceae, Corynebacteriaceae and Streptomycetaceae.

The fungicidal compositions according to the invention can be used for the curative or protective control of phyto-pathogenic fungi. Accordingly, the invention also relates to curative and protective methods for controlling phyto-pathogenic fungi using the active compound combinations or compositions according to the invention, which are applied to the seed, the plant or plant parts, the fruit or the soil in which the plants grow. Preference is given to application onto the plant or the plant parts, the fruits or the soil in which the plants grow.

The compositions according to the invention for combating phytopathogenic fungi in crop protection comprise an active, but non-phytotoxic amount of the compounds according to the invention. "Active, but non-phytotoxic amount" shall mean an amount of the composition according to the invention which is sufficient to control or to completely kill the plant disease caused by fungi, which amount at the same time does not exhibit noteworthy symptoms of phytotoxicity. These application rates generally may be varied in a broader range, which rate de-

pends on several factors, e.g. the phytopathogenic fungi, the plant or crop, the climatic conditions and the ingredients of the composition according to the invention.

The fact that the active compounds, at the concentrations required for the controlling of plant diseases, are well tolerated by plants permits the treatment of aerial plant parts, of vegetative propagation material and seed, and of the soil.

According to the invention ail plants and plant parts can be treated. By plants is meant ail plants and plant populations such as desirable and undesirable wild plants, cultivars and plant varieties (whether or not protectable by plant variety or plant breeder's rights). Cultivars and plant varieties can be plants obtained by conventional propagation and breeding methods which can be assisted or supplemented by one or more biotechnological methods such as by use of double haploids, protoplast fusion, random and directed mutagenesis, molecular or genetic markers or by bioengineering and genetic engineering methods. By plant parts is meant all above ground and below ground parts and organs of plants such as shoot, leaf, blossom and root, whereby for example leaves, needles, stems, branches, blossoms, fruiting bodies, fruits and seed as well as roots, tubers, corms and rhizomes are listed. Crops and vegetative and generative propagating material, for example cuttings, corms, rhi-zomes, tubers, runners and seeds also belong to plant parts.

The active compounds of the invention, in combination with good plant tolerance and favourable toxicity to warm-blooded animals and being tolerated well by the environment, are suitable for protecting plants and plant organs, for increasing the harvest yields, for improving the quality of the harvested material. They may be preferably employed as crop protection agents. They are active against normally sensitive and resistant species and against all or some stages of development.

Among the plants that can be protected by the method according to the invention, mention may be made of major field crops like corn, soybean, cotton, Brassica oilseeds such as Brassica napus (e.g. canola), Brassica rapa, B. juncea (e.g. mustard) and Brassica carinata, rice, wheat, sugarbeet, sugarcane, oats, rye, barley, millet, triticale, flax, vine and various fruits and vegetables of various botanical taxa such as Rosaceae sp. (for instance pip fruit such as apples and pears, but also stone fruit such as apricots, cherries, almonds and peaches, berry fruits such as strawberries), Ribesioidae sp., Juglandaceae sp., Betulaceae sp., Anacardiaceae sp., Fagaceae sp., Moraceae sp., Oleaceae sp., Actinidaceae sp., Lauraceae sp., Musaceae sp. (for instance banana trees and plantings), Rubiaceae sp. (for instance coffee), Theaceae sp., Sterculiceae sp., Rutaceae sp. (for instance lemons, oranges and grapefruit) ; Solanaceae sp. (for instance tomatoes, potatoes, peppers, eggplant), Liliaceae sp., Compositiae sp. (for in-stance lettuce, artichoke and chicory - including root chicory, endive or common chicory), Umbelliferae sp. (for instance carrot, parsley, celery and celeriac), Cucurbitaceae sp. (for instance cucumber - including pickling cucumber, squash, watermelon, gourds and melons), Alliaceae sp. (for instance onions and leek), Cruciferae sp. (for instance white cabbage, red cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, brussel sprouts, pak choi, kohlrabi, radish, horseradish, cress, Chinese cabbage), Leguminosae sp. (for instance peanuts, peas and beans beans - such as climbing beans and broad beans), Chenopodiaceae sp. (for instance mangold, spinach beet, spinach, beetroots), Malvaceae (for instance okra), Asparagaceae (for instance asparagus); horticultural and forest crops; ornamental plants; as well as genetically modified homoiogues of these crops.

As already mentioned above, it is possible to treat all plants and their parts according to the invention In a preferred embodiment, wild plant species and plant cultivars, or those obtained by conventional biological breeding methods, such as crossing or protoplast fusion, and parts thereof, are treated. In a further preferred embodiment, transgenic plants and plant cultivars obtained by genetic engineering methods, if appropriate in combination with conventional methods (genetically modified organisms), and parts thereof are treated. The terms "parts", "parts of plants" and "plant parts" have been explained above. Particularly preferably, plants of the plant cultivars which are in each case commercially available or in use are treated according to the invention. Plant cultivars are to be understood as meaning plants having novel properties ("traits") which have been obtained by conventional breeding, by mutagenesis or by recombinant D A techniques. These can be cultivars, bio- or genotypes.

The method of treatment according to the invention can be used in the treatment of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), e.g. plants or seeds. Genetically modified plants (or transgenic plants) are plants of which a heterologous gene has been stably integrated into genome. The expression "heterologous gene" essentially means a gene which is provided or assembled outside the plant and when introduced in the nuclear, chloroplastic or mitochondrial genome gives the transformed plant new or improved agronomic or other properties by expressing a protein or polypeptide of interest or by downregulating or silencing other gene(s) which are present in the plant (using for example, antisense technology, cosuppression technology or RNA interference - RNAi - technology). A heterologous gene that is located in the genome is also called a transgene. A transgene that is defined by its particular location in the plant genome is called a transformation or transgenic event.

Depending on the plant species or plant cultivars, their location and growth conditions (soils, climate, vegetation period, diet), the treatment according to the invention may also result in superadditive ("synergistic") effects. Thus, for example, reduced application rates and/or a widening of the activity spectrum and/or an increase in the activity of the active compounds and compositions which can be used according to the invention, better plant growth, increased tolerance to high or low temperatures, increased tolerance to drought or to water or soil salt content, increased flowering performance, easier harvesting, accelerated maturation, higher harvest yields, big-ger fruits, larger plant height, greener leaf color, earlier flowering, higher quality and/or a higher nutritional value of the harvested products, higher sugar concentration within the fruits, better storage stability and/or processabil-ity of the harvested products are possible, which exceed the effects which were actually to be expected.

At certain application rates, the active compound combinations according to the invention may also have a strengthening effect in plants. Accordingly, they are also suitable for mobilizing the defense system of the plant against attack by unwanted microorganisms. This may, if appropriate, be one of the reasons of the enhanced activity of the combinations according to the invention, for example against fungi. Plant-strengthening (resistance-inducing) substances are to be understood as meaning, in the present context, those substances or combinations of substances which are capable of stimulating the defense system of plants in such a way that, when subsequently inoculated with unwanted microorganisms, the treated plants display a substantial degree of resistance to these microorganisms. In the present case, unwanted microorganisms are to be understood as meaning phytopathogenic fungi, bacteria and viruses. Thus, the substances according to the invention can be employed for protecting plants against attack by the abovementioned pathogens within a certain period of time

after the treatment. The period of time within which protection is effected generally extends from 1 to 10 days, preferably 1 to 7 days, after the treatment of the plants with the active compounds.

Plants and plant cultivars which are preferably to be treated according to the invention include ail plants which have genetic material which impart particularly advantageous, useful traits to these plants (whether obtained by breeding and/ or biotechnological means) .

Plants and plant cultivars which are also preferably to be treated according to the invention are resistant against one or more biotic stresses, i.e. said plants show a better defense against animal and microbial pests, such as against nematodes, insects, mites, phytopathogenic fungi, bacteria, viruses and/or viroids.

Examples of nematode resistant plants are described in e.g. US Patent Application No's 11/765,491, 11/765,494, 10/926,819, 10/782,020, 12/032,479, 10/783,417, 10/782,096, 11/657,964, 12 192,904, 11/396,808, 12 166,253, 12/166,239, 12/166,124, 12/166,209, 11/762,886, 12/364,335, 11/763,947, 12/252,453, 12/209,354, 12/491,396 and 12/497,221.

Plants and plant cultivars which may also be treated according to the invention are those plants which are resistant to one or more abiotic stresses. Abiotic stress conditions may include, for example, drought, cold tem-perature exposure, heat exposure, osmotic stress, flooding, increased soil salinity, increased mineral exposure, ozone exposure, high light exposure, limited availability of nitrogen nutrients, limited availability of phosphorus nutrients, shade avoidance.

Plants and plant cultivars which may also be treated according to the invention, are those plants characterized by enhanced yield characteristics. Increased yield in said plants can be the result of, for example, improved plant physiology, growth and development, such as water use efficiency, water retention efficiency, improved nitrogen use, enhanced carbon assimilation, improved photosynthesis, increased germination efficiency and accelerated maturation. Yield can furthermore be affected by improved plant architecture (under stress and non-stress conditions), including but not limited to, early flowering, flowering control for hybrid seed production, seedling vigor, plant size, internode number and distance, root growth, seed size, fruit size, pod size, pod or ear number, seed number per pod or ear, seed mass, enhanced seed filling, reduced seed dispersal, reduced pod dehiscence and lodging resistance. Further yield traits include seed composition, such as carbohydrate content, protein content, oil content and composition, nutritional value, reduction in anti-nutritional compounds, improved pro-cessability and better storage stability.

Plants that may be treated according to the invention are hybrid plants that already express the characteristic of heterosis or hybrid vigor which results in generally higher yield, vigor, health and resistance towards biotic and abiotic stresses). Such plants are typically made by crossing an inbred male-sterile parent line (the female parent) with another inbred male-fertile parent line (the male parent). Hybrid seed is typically harvested from the male sterile plants and sold to growers. Male sterile plants can sometimes (e.g. in com) be produced by detassel-ing, i.e. the mechanical removal of the male reproductive organs (or males flowers) but, more typically, male sterility is the result of genetic determinants in the plant genome. In that case, and especially when seed is the desired product to be harvested from the hybrid plants it is typically useful to ensure that male fertility in the hybrid plants is fully restored. This can be accomplished by ensuring that the male parents have appropriate fertility restorer genes which are capable of restoring the male fertility in hybrid plants that contain the genetic determinants responsible for male-sterility. Genetic determinants for male sterility may be located in the cytoplasm. Examples of cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) were for instance described in Brassica species. However, genetic determinants for male sterility can also be located in the nuclear genome. Male sterile plants can also be obtained by plant biotechnology methods such as genetic engineering. A particularly useful means of obtaining male-sterile plants is described in WO 89/10396 in which, for example, a ribonuclease such as barnase is selectively expressed in the tapetum cells in the stamens. Fertility can then be restored by expression in the tapetum ceils of a ribonuclease inhibitor such as barstar.

Plants or plant cultivars (obtained by plant biotechnology methods such as genetic engineering) which may be treated according to the invention are herbicide-tolerant plants, i.e. plants made tolerant to one or more given herbicides. Such plants can be obtain ed either by genetic transformation, or by selection of plants containing a mutation imparting such herbicide tolerance.

Herbicide-resistant plants are for example glyphosate-tolerant plants, i.e. plants made tolerant to the herbicide glyphosate or salts thereof. Plants can be made tolerant to glyphosate through different means. For example, glyphosate-tolerant plants can be obtained by transforming the plant with a gene encoding the enzyme 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3 -phosphate synthase (EPSPS). Examples of such EPSPS genes are the AroA gene (mutant CT7) of the bacterium Salmonella typhimurium (Comai et al., 1983, Science 221, 370-371), the CP4 gene of the bacterium Agrobacterium sp. (Barry et al., 1992, Curr. Topics Plant Physiol. 7, 139-145), the genes encoding a Pe-tunia EPSPS (Shah et al., 1986, Science 233, 478-481), a Tomato EPSPS (Gasser et al., 1988, J. Biol. Chem. 263, 4280-4289), or an Eleusine EPSPS (WO 01/66704). It can also be a mutated EPSPS. Glyphosate-tolerant plants can also be obtained by expressing a gene that encodes a glyphosate oxido-reductase enzyme. Glyphosate-tolerant plants can also be obtained by expressing a gene that encodes a glyphosate acetyl transferase enzyme. Glyphosate-tolerant plants can also be obtained by selecting plants containing naturally-occurring mutations of the above-mentioned genes. Plants expressing EPSPS genes that confer glyphosate tolerance are described. Plants comprising other genes that confer glyphosate tolerance, such as decarboxylase genes, are described.

Other herbicide resistant plants are for example plants that are made tolerant to herbicides inhibiting the enzyme giutamine synthase, such as bialaphos, phosphinothricin or glufosinate. Such plants can be obtained by expressing an enzyme detoxifying the herbicide or a mutant giutamine synthase enzyme that is resistant to inhibition. One such efficient detoxifying enzyme is an enzyme encoding a phosphinothricin acetyltransferase (such as the bar or pat protein from Streptomyces species). Plants expressing an exogenous phosphinothricin acetyltransferase are described.

Further herbicide-tolerant plants are also plants that are made tolerant to the herbicides inhibiting the enzyme hydroxyphenylpyruvatedioxygenase (HPPD). HPPD is an enzyme that catalyze the reaction in which para-hydroxyphenylpyruvate (HPP) is transformed into homogentisate. Plants tolerant to HPPD-inhibitors can be transformed with a gene encoding a naturally- occurring resistant HPPD enzyme, or a gene encoding a mutated or chimeric HPPD enzyme as described in WO 96/38567, WO 99/24585, WO 99/24586, WO 2009/144079,

WO 2002/046387, or US 6,768,044. Tolerance to HPPD-inhibitors can also be obtained by transforming plants with genes encoding certain enzymes enabling the formation of homogentisate despite the inhibition of the native HPPD enzyme by the HPPD-inhibitor. Such plants and genes are described in WO 99/34008 and WO 02/36787. Tolerance of plants to HPPD inhibitors can also be improved by transforming plants with a gene en-coding an enzyme having prephenate deshydrogenase (PDH) activity in addition to a gene encoding an HPPD-toierant enzyme, as described in WO 2004/024928. Further, plants can be made more tolerant to HPPD-inhibitor herbicides by adding into their genome a gene encoding an enzyme capable of metabolizing or degrading HPPD inhibitors, such as the CYP450 enzymes shown in WO 2007/103567 and WO 2008/150473.

Still further herbicide resistant plants are plants that are made tolerant to acetolactate synthase (ALS) inhibitors. Known ALS-inhibitors include, for example, sulfonylurea, imidazolinone, triazolopyrimidines, pryimidiny-oxy(thio)benzoates, and/or sulfonylaminocarbonyltriazolinone herbicides. Different mutations in the ALS enzyme (also known as acetohydroxyacid synthase, AH AS) are known to confer tolerance to different herbicides and groups of herbicides, as described for example in Tranei and Wright (2002, Weed Science 50:700-712). The production of sulfonylurea- tolerant plants and imidazolinone-toierant plants is described. Other imidazolinone-tolerant plants are also described. Further sulfonylurea- and imidazolinone-toierant plants are also described.

Other plants tolerant to imidazolinone and/or sulfonylurea can be obtained by induced mutagenesis, selection in cell cultures in the presence of the herbicide or mutation breeding as described for example for soybeans in U.S. Patent 5,084,082, for rice in WO 97/41218, for sugar beet in U.S. Patent 5,773,702 and WO 99/057965, for lettuce in U.S. Patent 5,198,599, or for sunflower in WO 01/065922.

Plants or plant cultivars (obtained by plant biotechnology methods such as genetic engineering) which may also be treated according to the invention are insect-resistant transgenic plants, i.e. plants made resistant to attack by certain target insects. Such plants can be obtained by genetic transformation, or by selection of plants containing a mutation imparting such insect resistance.

An "insect-resistant transgenic plant", as used herein, includes any plant containing at least one transgene com-prising a coding sequence encoding:

1) an insecticidal crystal protein from Bacillus thuringiensis or an insecticidal portion thereof, such as the insecti-cidal crystal proteins listed by Crickmore et al. (1998, Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews, 62: 807-813), updated by Crickmore et al. (2005) at the Bacillus thuringiensis toxin nomenclature, online at: ht^://www.lifesci.su ssex.ac.uk/Hcmie Neil_Crickmore Bt/), or insecticidal portions thereof, e.g., proteins of the Cry protein classes CrylAb, CrylAc, CrylB, CrylC, Cry ID, CrylF, Cry2Ab, Cry3Aa, or Cry3Bb or insecticidal portions thereof (e.g. EP 1999141 and WO 2007/107302), or such proteins encoded by synthetic genes as e.g. described in US Patent Application No 12/249,016 ; or

2) a crystal protein from Bacillus thuringiensis or a portion thereof which is insecticidal in the presence of a second other crystal protein from Bacillus thuringiensis or a portion thereof, such as the binary toxin made up of the Cry34 and Cry 35 crystal proteins (Moellenbeck et al. 2001, Nat. Biotechnoi. 19: 668-72; Schnepf et al. 2006, Applied Environm. Microbiol. 71, 1765-1774) or the binary toxin made up of the CrylA or CrylF proteins and the Cry2Aa or Cry2Ab or Cry2Ae proteins (US Patent Appl. No. 12/214,022 and EP 08010791.5); or

3) a hybrid insecticidai protein comprising parts of different insecticidal crystal proteins from Bacillus thurin-giensis, such as a hybrid of the proteins of 1) above or a hybrid of the proteins of 2) above, e.g., the CrylA.105 protein produced by corn event MO 89034 (WO 2007/027777); or

4) a protein of any one of 1) to 3) above wherein some, particularly 1 to 10, amino acids have been replaced by an-other amino acid to obtain a higher insecticidai activity to a target insect species, and/or to expand the range of target insect species affected, and/or because of changes introduced into the encoding DNA during cloning or transformation, such as the Cry3Bbl protein in corn events MON863 or MON88017, or the Cry3A protein in corn event MIR604; or

5) an insecticidai secreted protein from Bacillus thuringiensis or Bacillus cereus, or an insecticidai portion thereof, s u c h a s t h e v e g e t a t i v e i n s e c t i c i d a i ( V I P ) p r o t e i n s l i s t e d a t : ht^://www.iifesci.sussex.ac.u iome/N¾il_Crickmore/Bt vip.htmi, e.g., proteins from the VIP3Aa protein class; or

6) a secreted protein from Bacillus thuringiensis or Bacillus cereus which is insecticidai in the presence of a second secreted protein from Bacillus thuringiensis or B. cereus, such as the binary toxin made up of the VIP1A and VIP2A proteins (WO 94/21795); or

7) a hybrid insecticidai protein comprising parts from different secreted proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis or Ba cillus cereus, such as a hybrid of the proteins in 1) above or a hybrid of the proteins in 2) above; or

8) a protein of any one of 5) to 7) above wherein some, particularly 1 to 10, amino acids have been replaced by another amino acid to obtain a higher insecticidai activity to a target insect species, and/or to expand the range of target insect species affected, and/or because of changes introduced into the encoding DNA during cloning or trans-formation (while still encoding an insecticidai protein), such as the VIP3Aa protein in cotton event COT 102; or

9) a secreted protein from Bacillus thuringiensis or Bacillus cereus which is insecticidai in the presence of a crystal protein from Bacillus thuringiensis, such as the binary toxin made up of VIP3 and CrylA or Cry IF (US Patent Appl. No. 61/126083 and 61/195019), or the binary toxin made up of the VIP3 protein and the Cry2Aa or Cry2Ab or Cry2Ae proteins (US Patent Appl. No. 12/214,022 and EP 08010791.5).

10) a protein of 9) above wherein some, particularly 1 to 10, amino acids have been replaced by another amino acid to obtain a higher insecticidai activity to a target in sect species, and/or to expand the range of target insect species affected, and/or because of changes introduced into the encoding DNA during cloning or transformation (while still encoding an insecticidai protein).

Of course, an insect-resistant transgenic plant, as used herein, also includes any plant comprising a combination of genes encoding the proteins of any one of the above classes 1 to 10. In one embodiment, an insect-resistant plant contains more than one transgene encoding a protein of any one of the above classes 1 to 10, to expand the range of target insect species affected when using different proteins directed at different target insect species, or to delay insect resistance development to the plants by using different proteins insecticidai to the same target insect species but having a different mode of action, such as binding to different receptor binding sites in the insect.

An "insect-resistant transgenic plant", as used herein, further includes any plant containing at least one transgene comprising a sequence producing upon expression a double-stranded RNA which upon ingestion by a plant insect pest inhibits the growth of this insect pest..

Plants or plant cultivars (obtained by plant biotechnology methods such as genetic engineering) which may also be treated according to the invention are tolerant to abiotic stresses. Such plants can be obtained by genetic transformation, or by selection of plants containing a mutation imparting such stress resistance. Particularly useful stress tolerance plants include:

1) plants which contain a transgene capable of reducing the expression and/or the activity of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) gene in the plant cells or plants.

2) plants which contain a stress tolerance enhancing transgene capable of reducing the expression and/or the activity of the PARG encoding genes of the plants or plants cells.

3) plants which contain a stress tolerance enhancing transgene coding for a plant-functional enzyme of the nicotineamide adenine dinucleotide salvage synthesis pathway including nicotinamidase, nicotinate phosphori-bosyltransferase, nicotinic acid mononucleotide adenyl transferase, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide synthetase or nicotine amide phosphorybosyltransferase.

Plants or plant cultivars (obtained by plant biotechnology methods such as genetic engineering) which may also be treated according to the invention show altered quantity, quality and/or storage-stability of the harvested product and/or altered properties of specific ingredients of the harvested product such as :

1) transgenic plants which synthesize a modified starch, which in its physical-chemical characteristics, in particular the amylose content or the amylose/amylopectin ratio, the degree of branching, the average chain length, the side chain distribution, the viscosity behaviour, the gelling strength, the starch grain size and/or the starch grain morphology, is changed in comparison with the synthesised starch in wild type plant ceils or plants, so that this is better suited for special applications.

2) transgenic plants which synthesize non starch carbohydrate polymers or which synthesize non starch carbohydrate polymers with altered properties in comparison to wild type plants without genetic modification. Examples are plants producing polyfructose, especially of the inulin and levan-type, plants producing alpha- 1 ,4-glucans, plants producing alpha- 1,6 branched alpha- 1 ,4-glucans, plants producing alternan,

3) transgenic plants which produce hyaluronan,

4) transgenic plants or hybrid plants, such as onions with characteristics such as 'high soluble solids content', 'low pungency' (LP) and/or 'long storage' (LS).

Plants or plant cultivars (that can be obtained by plant biotechnology methods such as genetic engineering) which may also be treated according to the invention are plants, such as cotton plants, with altered fiber charac-teristics. Such plants can be obtained by genetic transformation, or by selection of plants contain a mutation imparting such altered fiber characteristics and include:

a) Plants, such as cotton plants, containing an altered form of cellulose synthase genes;

b) Plants, such as cotton plants, containing an altered form of rsw2 or rsw3 homologous nucleic acids Plants, such as cotton plants, with increased expression of sucrose phosphate synthase;

c) Plants, such as cotton plants, with increased expression of sucrose synthase;

d) Plants, such as cotton plants, wherein the timing of the plasmodesmatal gating at the basis of the fiber cell is altered, e.g. through downregulation of fiber-selective -l,3-glucanase;

e) Plants, such as cotton plants, having fibers with altered reactivity, e.g. through the expression of N-acetylglucosaminetransferase gene including nodC and chitin synthase genes.

Plants or plant cultivars (that can be obtained by plant biotechnology methods such as genetic engineering) which may also be treated according to the invention are plants, such as oilseed rape or related Brassica plants, with altered oil profile characteristics. Such plants can be obtained by genetic transformation, or by selection of plants contain a mutation imparting such altered oil profile characteristics and include:

a) Plants, such as oilseed rape plants, producing oil having a high oleic acid content.

b) Plants such as oilseed rape plants, producing oil having a low linolenic acid content.

c) Plant such as oilseed rape plants, producing oil having a low level of saturated fatty acids.

Plants or plant cultivars (that can be obtained by plant biotechnology methods such as genetic engineering) which may also be treated according to the invention are plants, such as potatoes which are virus-resistant, e.g. against potato virus Y (event SY230 and SY233 from Tecnoplant, Argentina), which are disease resistant, e.g. against potato late blight (e.g. RB gene), which show a reduction in cold-induced sweetening ( carrying the Nt-Inhh, IIR-INV gene) or which possess a dwarf phenotype (Gene A-20 oxidase).

Plants or plant cultivars (that can be obtained by plant biotechnology methods such as genetic engineering) which may also be treated according to the invention are plants, such as oilseed rape or related Brassica plants, with altered seed shattering characteristics. Such plants can be obtained by genetic transformation, or by selection of plants contain a mutation imparting such altered seed shattering characteristics and include plants such as oilseed rape plants with delayed or reduced seed shattering.

Particularly useful transgenic plants which may be treated according to the invention are plants containing transformation events, or combination of transformation events, that are the subject of petitions for non-regulated sta-tus, in the United States of America, to the Animal and Plant Health inspection Service (APHIS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) whether such petitions are granted or are still pending. At any time this information is readily available from APHIS (4700 River Road Riverdale, MD 20737, USA), for instance on its internet site (URL http://www.aphis.usda.gov/brs/not___reg.html). On the filing date of this application the petitions for non-regulated status that were pending with APHIS or granted by APHIS were those which con-tains the following information:

- Petition : the identification number of the petition. Technical descriptions of the transformation events can be found in the individual petition documents which are obtainable from APHIS, for example on the APHIS website, by reference to this petition number. These descriptions are herein incorporated by reference.

- Extension of Petition : reference to a previous petition for which an extension is requested.

- Institution : the name of the entity submitting the petition.

Regulated article : the plant species concerned.

- Transgenic phenotype : the trait conferred to the plants by the transformation event.

- Transformation event or line : the name of the event or events (sometimes also designated as lines or lines) for which nonregulated status is requested.

- APHIS documents : various documents published by APHIS in relation to the Petition and which can be requested with APHIS.

Particularly useful transgenic plants which may be treated according to the invention are plants which comprise one or more genes which encode one or more toxins, such as the following which are sold under the trade names YIELD GARD® (for example maize, cotton, soya beans), KnockOut® (for example maize), BiteGard® (for example maize), Bt-Xtra® (for example maize), StarLink® (for example maize), Bollgard® (cotton), Nucotn® (cot-ton), Nucotn 33B®(cotton), NatureGard® (for example maize), Protecta® and NewLeaf® (potato). Examples of herbicide-tolerant plants which may be mentioned are maize varieties, cotton varieties and soya bean varieties which are sold under the trade names Roundup Ready® (tolerance to glyphosate, for example maize, cotton, soya bean), Liberty Link® (tolerance to phosphinotricin, for example oilseed rape), 1MI® (tolerance to imidazolinones) and STS® (tolerance to sulphonylureas, for example maize). Herbicide-resistant plants (plants bred in a conven-tional manner for herbicide tolerance) which may be mentioned include the varieties sold under the name Clear-field® (for example maize).

Additional particularly useful plants containing single transformation events or combinations of transformation events are listed for example in the databases from various national or regional regulatory agencies (see for example http://gmoinfo.jrc.it gmp_browse.aspx and http://cera-gnic.org/index. hp?evidcod &hstiDXCode &g l ypc &AhbrCodc &atC'ode &st( 'odc &coil)(\xlc &action gm__crop__database&mode=Submit) .

In material protection the substances of the invention may be used for the protection of technical materials against infestation and destruction by undesirable fungi and/or microorganisms.

Technical materials are understood to be in the present context non-living materials that have been prepared for use in engineering. For example, technical materials that are to be protected against micro-biological change or destruction by the active materials of the invention can be adhesives, glues, paper and cardboard, textiles, carpets, leather, wood, paint and plastic articles, cooling lubricants and other materials that can be infested or destroyed by micro-organisms. Within the context of materials to be protected are also parts of production plants and buildings, for example cooling circuits, cooling and heating systems, air conditioning and ventilation systems, which can be adversely affected by the propagation of fungi and/or microorganisms. Within the context of the present invention, preferably mentioned as technical materials are adhesives, glues, paper and cardboard, leather, wood, paints, cooling lubricants and heat exchanger liquids, particularly preferred is wood. The combinations according to the invention can prevent disadvantageous effects like decaying, dis- and decoloring, or molding. The active compound combinations and compositions according to the invention can likewise be employed for protecting against coloni-zation of objects, in particular ship hulls, sieves, nets, buildings, quays and signalling installations, which are in contact with sea water or brackish water.

The method of treatment according to the invention can also be used in the field of protecting storage goods against attack of fungi and microorganisms. According to the present invention, the term "storage goods" is understood to denote natural substances of vegetable or animal origin and their processed forms, which have been taken from the natural life cycle and for which long-term protection is desired. Storage goods of vegetable origin, such as plants or parts thereof, for example stalks, leafs, tubers, seeds, fruits or grains, can be protected in the freshly harvested state or in processed form, such as re -dried, moistened, comminuted, ground, pressed or

roasted. Also falling under the definition of storage goods is timber, whether in the form of crude timber, such as construction timber, electricity pylons and barriers, or in the form of finished articles, such as furniture or objects made from wood. Storage goods of animal origin are hides, leather, furs, hairs and the like. The combinations according the present invention can prevent disadvantageous effects such as decay, discoloration or mold. Preferably "storage goods" is understood to denote natural substances of vegetable origin and their processed forms, more preferably fruits and their processed forms, such as pomes, stone fruits, soft fruits and citrus fruits and their processed forms.

Some pathogens of fungal diseases which can be treated according to the invention may be mentioned by way of example, but not by way of limitation:

Diseases caused by powdery mildew pathogens, such as, for example, Blumeria species, such as, for example, Blumeria graminis; Podosphaera species, such as, for example, Podosphaera leucotricha; Sphaerotheca species, such as, for example, Sphaerotheca fuliginea; Uncinuia species, such as, for example, Uncinuia necator;

Diseases caused by rust disease pathogens, such as, for example, Gymnosporangium species, such as, for example, Gymnosporangium sabinae; Hemileia species, such as, for example, Hemileia vastatrix; Phakopsora species, such as, for example, Phakopsora pachyrhizi and Phakopsora meibomiae; Puccinia species, such as, for example, Puc-cinia recondita or Puccinia triticina; Uromyces species, such as, for example, Uromyces appendiculatus;

Diseases caused by pathogens from the group of the Oomycetes, such as, for example, Bremia species, such as, for example, Bremia lactucae; Peronospora species, such as, for example, Peronospora pisi or P. brassicae; Phy-tophthora species, such as, for example Phytophthora infestans; Plasmopara species, such as, for example, Plasmopara viticola; Pseudoperonospora species, such as, for example, Pseudoperonospora humuli or Pseu-doperonospora cubensis; Pythium species, such as, for example, Pythium ultimum;

Leaf blotch diseases and leaf wilt diseases caused, for example, by Alternaria species, such as, for example, A!-ternaria solani; Cercospora species, such as, for example, Cercospora beticola; Cladiosponum species, such as, for example, Cladiosporium cucumerinum; Cochiiobolus species, such as, for example, Cochiioboius sativus (conidia form: Drechslera, Syn: Helminthosporium); Colletotrichum species, such as, for example, Colleto-trichum lindemuthanium; Cycloconium species, such as, for example, Cycioconium oieaginum; Diaporthe species, such as, for example, Diaporthe citri; Elsinoe species, such as, for example, Elsinoe fawcettii; Gloeospori-um species, such as, for example, Gloeosporium laeticolor; Glomerella species, such as, for example, Glomerei-la cingulata; Guignardia species, such as, for example, Guignardia bidwelli; Leptosphaeria species, such as, for example, Leptosphaeria macu!ans; Magnaporthe species, such as, for example, Magnaporthe grisea; Microdo- Ilium species, such as, for example, Microdochium nivale; Mycosphaerella species, such as, for example, My-cosphaerella graminicola and M. fijiensis; Phaeosphaeria species, such as, for example, Phaeosphaeria no-dorum; Pyrenophora species, such as, for example, Pyrenophora teres; Ramuiaria species, such as, for example, Ramuiaria coiio-cygni; Rhynchosporium species, such as, for example, Rhynchosporium secalis; Septoria spe-cies, such as, for example, Septoria apii; Typhuia species, such as, for example, Typhula incarnata; Venturia species, such as, for example, Venturia inaequalis;

Root and stem diseases caused, for example, by Corticium species, such as, for example, Corticium graminearum; Fusarium species, such as, for example, Fusarium oxysporum; Gaeumannomyces species, such as, for example,

Gaeumannomyces graminis; Rhizoctonia species, such as, for example Rhizoctonia solani; Tapesia species, such as, for example, Tapesia acuformis; Thielaviopsis species, such as, for example, Thielaviopsis basicola;

Ear and panicle diseases (including maize cobs) caused, for example, by Altemaria species, such as, for example, Alternaria spp.; Aspergillus species, such as, for example, Aspergillus flavus; Cladosporium species, such as, for example, Cladosporium cladosporioides; Claviceps species, such as, for example, Claviceps purpurea; Fusarium species, such as, for example, Fusarium cuimorum; Gibberelia species, such as, for example, Gibber-eiia zeae; Monograph ella species, such as, for example, Monographella nivalis; Septoria species, such as for example, Septoria nodorum;

Diseases caused by smut fungi, such as, for example, Sphacelotheca species, such as, for example, Sphaceiothe-ca reiliana; Tilletia species, such as, for example, Tilletia caries; T. controversa; Urocystis species, such as, for example, Urocystis occulta; Ustilago species, such as, for example, Ustiiago nuda; U. nuda tritici;

Fruit rot caused, for example, by Aspergillus species, such as, for example, Aspergillus flavus; Botrytis species, such as, for example, Botrytis cinerea; Penicillium species, such as, for example, Penicillium expansum and P. purpurogenum; Sclerotinia species, such as, for example, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum; Verticilium species, such as, for example, Verticilium alboatrum;

Seed- and soil-borne rot and wilt diseases, and also diseases of seedlings, caused, for example, by Fusarium species, such as, for example, Fusarium cuimorum; Phytophthora species, such as, for example, Phytophthora cactorum; Pythium species, such as, for example, Pythium ultimum; Rhizoctonia species, such as, for example,

Rhizoctonia solani; Sclerotium species, such as, for example, Scierotium rolfsii;

Cancerous diseases, galls and witches' broom caused, for example, by Nectria species, such as, for example, ectria gailigena;

Wilt diseases caused, for example, by Monilinia species, such as, for example, Monilinia laxa;

Deformations of leaves, flowers and fruits caused, for example, by Taphrina species, such as, for example, Ta-phrina deformans;

Degenerative diseases of woody plants caused, for example, by Esca species, such as, for example, Phaemoniel-la clamydospora and Phaeoacremonium aleophilum and Fomitiporia mediterranea;

Diseases of flowers and seeds caused, for example, by Botrytis species, such as, for example, Botrytis cinerea; Diseases of plant tubers caused, for example, by Rhizoctonia species, such as, for example, Rhizoctonia solani; Helminthosporium species, such as, for example, Helminthosporium solani;

Diseases caused by bacteriopathogens, such as, for example, Xanthomonas species, such as, for example, Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae; Pseudomonas species, such as, for example, Pseudomonas syringae pv. lachrymans; Erwinia species, such as, for example, Erwinia amylovora.

Preference is given to controlling the following diseases of soya beans:

fungal diseases on leaves, stems, pods and seeds caused, for example, by alternaria leaf spot ( Alternaria spec. atrans tenuissima), anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporoides dematium var. truncatum), brown spot (Septoria glycines), cercospora leaf spot and blight (Cercospora kikuchii), choanephora leaf blight (Choanephora infundibu-iifera trispora (Syn.)), dactuliophora leaf spot (Dactuliophora glycines), downy mildew (Peronospora manshurica), drechsiera blight (Drechslera glycini), frogeye leaf spot (Cercospora sojina), leptosphaerulina leaf spot (Lepto-sphaeruiina trifolii), phyllostica leaf spot (Phyllosticta sojaecola), pod and stem blight (Phomopsis sojae), powdery mildew (Microsphaera diffusa), pyrenochaeta leaf spot (Pyrenochaeta glycines), rhizoctonia aerial, foliage, and web blight (Rhizoctonia solani), rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi Phakopsora meibomiae), scab (Sphaceloma glycines), stemphylium leaf blight (Stemphylium botryosum), target spot (Corynespora cassiicola).

Fungal diseases on roots and the stem base caused, for example, by black root rot (Calonectria crotalariae), charcoal rot (Macrophomina phaseolina), fusarium blight or wilt, root rot, and pod and collar rot (Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium orthoceras, Fusarium semitectum, Fusarium equiseti), mycoleptodiscus root rot (Myco-leptodiscus terrestris), neocosmospora (Neocosmopspora vasinfecta), pod and stem blight (Diaporthe phaseolorum), stem canker (Diaporthe phaseolorum var. caulivora), phytophthora rot (Phytophthora megasperma), brown stem rot (Phialophora gregata), pythium rot (Pythium aphanidermatum, Pythium irregu-lare, Pythium debaryanum, Pythium myriotylum, Pythium ultimum), rhizoctonia root rot, stem decay, and damping-off (Rhizoctonia solani), sclerotinia stem decay (Sclerotinia scierotiorum), sclerotinia Southern blight (Sclerotinia rolfsii), thielaviopsis root rot (Thielaviopsis basicola).

It is also possible to control resistant strains of the organisms mentioned above.

Microorganisms capable of degrading or changing the industrial materials which may be mentioned are, for example, bacteria, fungi, yeasts, algae and slime organisms. The active compounds according to the invention preferably act against fungi, in particular moulds, wood-discolouring and wood-destroying fungi (Basidiomy-cetes) and against slime organisms and algae. Microorganisms of the following genera may be mentioned as examples: Alternaria, such as Aitemaria tenuis, Aspergillus, such as Aspergillus niger, Chaetomium, such as Chaetomium globosum, Coniophora, such as Coniophora puetana, Lentinus, such as Lentinus tigrinus, Penicii-lium, such as Peniciiiium glaucum, Polyporus, such as Po!yporus versicolor, Aureobasidium, such as Aureo-basidium pullulans, Scierophoma, such as Sclerophoma pityophiia, Trichoderma, such as Trichoderma viride, Escherichia, such as Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus, such as Staphylococcus aureus.

In addition, the compounds of the formula (I) according to the invention also have very good antimycotic activity. They have a very broad antimycotic activity spectrum in particular against dermatophytes and yeasts, moulds and diphasic fungi (for example against Candida species such as Candida albicans, Candida glabrata) and Epi-dermophyton floccosum, Aspergillus species such as Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus fumigatus, Trichophyton species such as Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Microsporon species such as Microsporon canis and audouinii. The list of these fungi by no means limits the mycotic spectrum which can be covered, but is only for illustration.

When applying the compounds according to the invention the application rates can be varied within a broad range. The dose of active compound/application rate usually applied in the method of treatment according to the invention is generally and advantageously

* for treatment of part of plants, e.g. leafs (foliar treatment): from 0.1 to 10,000 g/ha, preferably from 10 to 1,000 g/ha, more preferably from 50 to 300g/ha; in case of drench or drip application, the dose can even be reduced, especially while using inert substrates like rockwool or periite;

* for seed treatment: from 2 to 200 g per 100 kg of seed, preferably from 3 to 150 g per 100 kg of seed, more preferably from 2.5 to 25 g per 100 kg of seed, even more preferably from 2.5 to 12.5 g per 100 kg of seed;

* for soil treatment: from 0.1 to 10,000 g/ha, preferably from 1 to 5,000 g/ha.

The doses herein indicated are given as illustrative examples of the method according to the invention. A person skilled in the art will know how to adapt the application doses, notably according to the nature of the plant or crop to be treated.

The combination according to the invention can be used in order to protect plants within a certain time range after the treatment against pests and/or phytopathogenic fungi and/or microorganisms . The time range, in which protection is effected, spans in general 1 to 28 days, preferably 1 to 14 days, more preferably 1 to 10 days, even more preferably 1 to 7 days after the treatment of the plants with the combinations or up to 200 days after the treatment of plant propagation material.

Furthermore combinations and compositions according to the invention may also be used to reduce the contents of mycotoxins in plants and the harvested plant material and therefore in foods and animal feed stuff made therefrom. Especially but not exclusively the following mycotoxins can be specified: Deoxynivalenole (DON), Nivalenole, 15-Ac-DON, 3-Ac-DON, T2- unci H 12- Toxins, Fumonisines, Zearalenone Moniliformine,

Fusarine, Diaceotoxyscirpenole (DAS), Beauvericine, Enniatine, Fusaroproliferine, Fusarenole, Ochratoxines, Patuiine, Ergotalkaioides und Aflatoxines, which are caused for example by the following fungal diseases: Fiisarium spec, like Fusarium acuminatum, F. avenaceum, F. crookwellense, F. culmorum, F. graminearum (GibbereUa zeae), F. equiseti, F. fujikoroi, F. musarum, F. oxysporum, F. proliferatum, F. poae, F. pseudograminearum, F. sambucinum, F. scirpi, F. semitectum, F. solani, F. sporotrichoides, F. langsethiae, F. subg!utinans, F. tricinctum, F. verticillioides and others but also by Aspergillus spec, Penicillium spec, Clavi-ceps purpurea, Stachybotrys spec, and others.

The invention is illustrated by the examples below. However, the invention is not limited to the examples.

Preparation Examples

Example of process PI :


To a solution of 3-(2-chlorophenyl)-3-[(3-methylbutan-2-yl)amino]acrylonitrile (1 g, 4.02 mmol, 1 eq.) in 1,2-di-chloroethane (2 ml) were added cyclopropylacetyl chloride (1.71 g, 16.08 mmol, 4 eq. ) and pyridine (1.58g, 20.1 mmol, 5eq.) and the solution was heated to 80°C for 8h. The reaction was quenched with IN aq. HCi (20 ml) and extracted with ethylacetate. The organic layers were combined and washed with IN aq. NaOH (20 ml), dired over MgS04 and concentration under vacuum. The residual oil was subjected to column chromatography to give 2- {(2-chlorophenyl)[(3-methylbutan-2-yl)amino]methylene}-3-oxohexanenitrile (1.012 g, 75% yield).

Ή-NYIR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6 / DMSO-d5 = 2.50, water signal = 3.33) : see NMR table for example 13 LogP: 4.44

Example of process P2:


To a solution of 3-chloro-3-(2-chlorophenyl)acrylonitrile (1.2 g, 6.05 mmol, 1 eq.) in 15 ml of MeCN was added 2- ethylcyclopropanamine hydrochloride (0.633 g, 7.27 mmol, 1.2 eq.) followed by TEA (0.919 g, 7.08 mmol, 1.5 eq.). The reaction was microwaved (130°C, 2000 s, fixed hold, high absorption) and the solvent evaporated. The residual oil was triturated in ethyl acetate and the white solid removed by filtration. After concentration under vacuum, the residual oil was subjected to column chromatography to give 3-(2-chlorophenyl)-3 -[(3 -methylbutan-2-yl)amino]acrylonitrile (1.36 g, 89 % yield).

LogP: 3.27

Example of process P3:


25 ml of DMF were cooled to 0°C and POC¾ (4.95 g, 32.3 mmol, 2 eq.) added dropwise. The reaction was stirred 30 min at 0°C and a solution of 2-chioro-acetophenone (2.5 g, 16.17 mmol, 1 eq.) in 15 ml of DMF was added. Once all added the reaction was warmed to 50°C and stirred for 8h. The mixture was cooled to 0°C and hydroxyi-amine hydrochloride (4.49 g, 6.68 mmol, 4 eq.) was added by portions very carefully (exothermic). Once all added the reaction was stirred at r.t. for 2h and quenched with Η ·(). The medium was basified until pH 2-3 was reached with IN aq. NaOH and extracted with ethyiacetate. The organic layer was washed with brine and dried over MgS04. Removal of all volatiles under reduced pressure afforded 3 -chloro-3 -(2-chlorophenyl)acrylonitrile (2.01 g, 60 % yield) as a mixture of isomers which was used without further purificati on.

LogP: 3.02, 3.23

Exampl e of process P4:


To a solution of 2-{(2-chlorophenyi)[(3-methyibutan-2-yi)amino]methylene}-3-oxohexanenitrile (0.300 g, 0.919 mmol, 1 eq.) in ethanol (6 ml) were added methoxylamine hydrochloride (0.314 g, 3.67 mmol, 4 eq.) followed by 2 drops of concentrated sulfuric acid. The reaction was microwaved (150°C, 22000 s, fixed hold, high absorption) and the solvent evaporated. The residual oil was triturated in ethyl acetate and washed with sat. aq. solution of NaCl. After drying over MgS() and concentration under vacuum, the residual oil was subjected to preparative

H PLC to give 2-{(2-chlorophenyl)[(3-methylbutan-2-yl)amm^

(0.163 g, 49% yield).

" H-NM (400 MHz, DMSO-d6 / DMSO-d5 = 2.50, water signal = 3.33) : see NMR table for example 35 LogP: 5.34

In analogy to the examples above and according to the general description of the processes of preparing the compounds according to the invention the compounds in the following Table 1 may be obtained.

Table 1



Chiral groups in table 1 show those R and/or S values, which can be found in the examples IUPAC names (product orientated chirality specification).

Measurement of iogP values was performed according EEC directive 79/831 Annex V.A8 by HPLC (High Per- formance Liquid Chromatography) on reversed phase columns with the following methods:

[aJ measurement of LC-MS was done at pH 2,7 with 0,1 % formic acid in water and with acetonitrile (contains 0,1% formic acid) as eiuent with a linear gradient from 10 % acetonitrile to 95 % acetonitrile.

Calibration was done with not branched alkan2-ones (with 3 to 16 carbon atoms) with known IogP- values (measurement of IogP values using retention times with linear interpolation between successive alkanones). Lambdamax values were determined using UV-spectra from 200 11111 to 400 ran and the peak values of the chromatographic signals. In Table 1, ' H (or M H) means the molecular ion peak, plus or minus 1 a.m.11. (atomic mass unit) respectively, as observed in mass spectroscopy and M (APCF) means the molecular ion peak as it was found via positive atmospheric pressure chemical ionization in mass spectroscopy. M- 1 was measured for these examples.

NMR data of selected examples as peak lists

The 1 H NMR data of the selected examples which follow are noted in the form of 111 NMR peak lists. For each signal peak, first the δ value in ppm and then the signal intensity in brackets are listed, separated by a space. The δ-signal intensity value pairs of different signal peaks are listed separated from one another by semicolons. The peak list of one example therefore takes the form of:

δι (intensity]); ¾ (intensity2); ; δ, (intensity,); ; δη (intensity,,)

The solvent in which the NMR spectrum was recorded is listed after the Example number and before the NMR peak list. A detailed description of the presentation of NMR data in the form of peak lists can be found in the publication "Citation of NMR Peaklist Data within Patent Applications" (cf. Research Disclosure Database Number 564025, 2011. 16 March 2011 or http://ww.rdelectronic.co.uk/rd/free/RD564025.pdf).

The intensity of sharp signals correlates with the height of the signals in a printed example of an NMR spectrum in cm and shows the true ratios of the signal intensities. In the case of broad signals, a plurality of peaks or the middle of the signal and their relative intensities compared to the most intensive signal in the spectrum may be shown. The lists of the ¾- M peaks are similar to the classic !H- MR prints and thus usually comprise all peaks listed in classic NMR interpretations. In addition, like classic ¾-NMR prints, they may show solvent signals, signals of stereoisomers of the target compounds, which are likewise part of the subject matter of the in-vention, and/or peaks of impurities. When listing the compounds signals in the vicinity of the chemical shift of the solvent and/or water, our !H-NMR peaks lists show the usual solvent peaks, e.g. the signal of DMSO-ds in DMSO-d„ and the water signal, which usually show a high intensity. The peaks of stereoisomers of the target compounds and/or peaks of impurities typically show a lower intensity then the peaks of the target compounds (for instance with a purity of >90%). Such stereoisomers and/or impurities can be typical of a given preparation process. Their peaks can therefore help recognizing the reproduction of our preparation procedure on the basis of "side-products fingerprints". A person skilled in the art, who calculates the predicted signals of the target compounds using known techniques (MesireC, ACD- Simulation, but also using empirically expected values), can identify the peaks of the target compound, eventually using intensity filters. The isolation would be similar to the corresponding peak-picking procedure of a classical !H-NMR interpretation, in the following table, all NMR data of the target compounds and of their intermediates are listed.

Example 1, Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

11.9037 (0.89); 11.8674 (0.80); 7.7272 (4.96); 7.7006 (3.31); 7.6958 (6.60); 7.6910 (4.42); 7.6196 (0.47); 7.6153 (0.45); 7.6093 (0.40); 7.5890 (0.50); 7.5149 (0.88); 7.5090 (1.14); 7.5058 (1.31); 7.5005 (1.40); 7.4849 (2.66); 7.4794 (3.33); 7.4760 (3.92); 7.4707 (3.68); 7.4555 (2.64); 7.4465 (3.64); 7.4407 (3.00); 7.4285 (2.11); 7.4204 (4.82); 7.4125 (3.42); 7.3973 (2.46); 7.3895 (5.52); 7.3818 (3.67); 7.3663 (1.79); 7.3591 (2.64); 7.3513 (1.59); 7.3461 (1.36); 7.3343 (0.44); 7.3240 (0.37); 7.3107 (2.07); 7.3045 (2.81); 7.2982 (1.77); 7.2917 (0.76); 7.2776 (6.75); 7.2689 (4.01); 7.2416 (2.23); 4.1079 (0.72); 4.0852 (0.38); 4.0758 (0.60); 4.0688 (0.78); 4.0604 (0.63); 4.0504 (2.88); 4.0447 (7.21); 4.0347 (3.96); 4.0257 (5.98); 4.0180 (9.50); 4.0103 (4.79); 4.0008 (5.58); 3.9973 (6.14); 3.9799 (2.53); 3.9731 (3.20); 3.9568 (1.82); 3.9477 (3.45); 3.9408 (3.90); 3.9248 (1.37); 3.9153 (2.36); 3.8939 (0.52); 3.8681 (0.44); 3.8561 (2.39); 3.8492 (1.07); 3.8272 (4.74); 3.7982 (3.19); 3.7941 (3.64); 3.7754 (1.22); 3.7661 (1.81); 3.7570 (1.48); 3.7475 (2.55); 3.7193 (3.16); 3.6895 (2.13); 3.6629 (0.78); 3.1336 (0.32); 3.1071 (1.01); 3.0862 (1.24); 3.0805 (1.41); 3.0728 (1.27); 3.0660 (1.38); 3.0600 (1.54); 3.0529 (1.38); 3.0457 (1.98); 3.0397 (1.67); 3.0355 (1.40); 3.0260 (1.15); 3.0188 (1.58); 2.9881 (0.89); 2.3853 (4.35); 2.3646 (1.55); 2.3502 (0.36); 2.3453 (0.41); 2.3263 (0.33); 2.3199 (0.51); 2.3100 (0.38); 2.2959 (0.94); 2.2788 (2.47); 2.2730 (1.33); 2.2656 (1.00); 2.2516 (5.27); 2.2392 (1.78); 2.2239 (5.42); 2.2089 (1.44); 2.2012 (2.72); 2.1968 (3.11); 2.1920 (2.53); 2.1807 (1.15); 2.1734 (1.50); 2.1669 (1.24); 2.1508 (0.85); 2.1410 (0.50); 2.1314 (0.40); 2.1244 (0.35); 2.0037 (1.91); 1.8843 (0.69); 1.8571 (1.02); 1.8360 (1.08); 1.8305 (0.91); 1.8087 (0.78); 1.7814 (0.39); 1.7531 (4.83); 1.7166 (0.86); 1.6900 (1.28); 1.6664 (1.46); 1.6402 (0.95); 1.6131 (0.40); 1.3955 (0.36); 1.3416 (0.35); 1.3148 (0.38); 1.2545 (11.02); 1.2526 (10.71); 1.2279 (10.77); 1.2261 (10.40); 1.1778 (0.40); 1.1673 (0.44); 1.1516 (0.44); 1.1407 (0.45); 1.0912 (9.23); 1.0649 (9.20); 1.0476 (0.74); 0.9826 (16.00); 0.9552 (15.12); 0.9038 (9.63); 0.8991 (11.95); 0.8939 (12.67); 0.8764 (9.73); 0.8715 (11.59); 0.8671 (11.96); 0.8177 (0.71); 0.7848 (0.54); -0.0006 (2.64);

Example 2. Solvent: DMSO. Spectrometer: 400.13 MHz

12.0175 (1.26); 11.9876 (1.07); 11.9632 (1.16); 11.9445 (1.20); 11.9192 (1.10); 7.7047 (2.49); 7.7016 (3.15); 7.6964 (1.91); 7.6847 (3.63); 7.6817 (4.32); 7.6786 (4.16); 7.6760 (2.43); 7.6292 (1.84); 7.6247 (4.14); 7.6194 (2.43); 7.6052 (8.79); 7.6002 (4.22); 7.5860 (3.50); 7.5807 (2.75); 7.5697 (2.08); 7.5659 (3.94); 7.5623 (2.81); 7.5508 (3.84); 7.5479 (4.85); 7.5441 (2.98); 7.5326 (2.08); 7.5293 (2.41); 7.5256 (1.09); 7.5108 (3.74); 7.5062 (3.33); 7.4920 (2.04); 7.4874 (1.67); 3.3289 (7.10); 3.0176 (0.82); 3.0048 (0.97); 3.0010 (0.99); 2.9919 (0.99); 2.9886 (1.02); 2.9795 (0.97); 2.9756 (0.97); 2.9629 (0.90); 2.9532 (0.79); 2.9457 (0.56); 2.9398 (0.89); 2.9367 (0.90); 2.9288 (0.84); 2.9235 (0.86); 2.9156 (0.88); 2.9125 (0.84); 2.8991 (0.72); 2.5148 (18.49); 2.5109 (38.71); 2.5062 (46.39); 2.5018 (38.00); 2.4967 (19.10); 2.4855 (7.63); 2.4632 (0.64); 2.4531 (4.95); 2.4355 (5.09); 2.3331 (0.34); 2.1278 (4.96); 2.1102 (5.08); 1.7899 (0.78); 1.7763 (0.98); 1.7730 (1.18); 1.7593 (1.42); 1.7421 (1.58);

I.7246 (1.48); 1.7115 (1.29); 1.7076 (1.06); 1.6946 (0.91); 1.6776 (0.35); 1.2501 (0.68); 1.1787 (0.33); 1.1543 (12.07); 1.1377 (11.81); 1.0943 (10.90); 1.0777 (10.95); 1.0673 (1.10); 1.0545 (1.74); 1.0489 (1.45); 1.0366 (2.37); 1.0228 (1.49); 1.0194 (1.61); 1.0173 (1.68); 1.0049 (1.02); 0.9996 (0.91); 0.9896 (0.67); 0.9873 (0.82); 0.9820 (0.70); 0.9778 (0.58); 0.9752 (0.58); 0.9698 (1.12); 0.9643 (0.66); 0.9618 (0.74); 0.9576 (0.76); 0.9521 (1.03); 0.9499 (1.11); 0.9443 (0.74); 0.9402 (0.70); 0.9376 (0.71); 0.9322 (1.25); 0.9240 (0.61); 0.9198 (0.83); 0.9143 (0.92); 0.9120 (1.05); 0.9005 (10.61); 0.8833 (10.22); 0.8673 (10.86); 0.8503 (10.60); 0.8385 (11.83); 0.8195 (16.00); 0.8018 (11.12); 0.5319 (0.98); 0.5212 (2.25); 0.5169 (2.57); 0.5127 (2.87); 0.5000 (7.99); 0.4964 (7.47); 0.4891 (2.95); 0.4825 (5.40); 0.4792 (6.79); 0.4759 (5.67); 0.4690 (2.40); 0.4642 (3.08); 0.4602 (2.68); 0.4548 (1.36); 0.4500 (1.59); 0.4440 (2.47); 0.4399 (2.18); 0.4297 (1.02); 0.2061 (0.49); 0.1977 (1.32); 0.1829 (5.89); 0.1804 (6.11); 0.1762 (7.68); 0.1714 (7.78); 0.1549 (2.35); 0.1409 (0.61); 0.1367 (0.63); 0.1239 (1.17); 0.1133 (2.43); 0.1100 (2.40); 0.1013 (2.13); 0.0978 (2.37); 0.0868 (0.70);

Example 3, Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

7.7049 (0.61); 7.7003 (0.63); 7.6892 (0.71); 7.6849 (0.73); 7.6736 (0.84); 7.6686 (0.82); 7.6577 (0.88); 7.6529 (0.86); 7.4917 (0.55); 7.4872 (0.36); 7.4666 (0.93); 7.4619 (1.55); 7.4571 (0.92); 7.4367 (0.85); 7.4323 (1.29); 7.4274 (0.72); 7.4058 (0.67); 7.3984 (0.92); 7.3934 (0.86); 7.3746 (0.76); 7.3680 (1.07); 7.3625 (0.93); 7.3440 (0.39); 7.3384 (0.47); 7.3319 (0.35); 7.3007 (0.91); 7.2933 (0.86); 7.2787 (2.15); 7.2704 (1.36); 7.2639 (0.70); 7.2480 (0.56); 7.2406 (0.55); 3.8153 (0.62); 3.8024 (0.71); 3.7934 (0.72); 3.7870 (0.67); 3.7789 (1.36); 3.7655 (1.02); 3.7547 (1.29); 3.7409 (0.85); 3.7328 (0.78); 3.7273 (0.38); 3.7190 (0.72); 3.6988 (2.41); 3.6738 (4.75); 3.6490 (2.48); 3.4837 (0.46); 3.4596 (0.46); 3.3996 (14.64); 3.3856 (0.70); 3.3754 (16.00); 3.3149 (0.39); 3.2909 (0.41); 3.2335 (0.43); 3.0477 (0.54); 3.0332 (0.68); 3.0264 (0.67); 3.0162 (0.91); 3.0115 (0.94); 3.0075 (0.81); 2.9972 (0.67); 2.9915 (1.60); 2.9853 (0.72); 2.9681 (1.15); 2.9445 (0.47); 2.6887 (0.33); 2.6616 (0.56); 2.6490 (2.70); 2.6241 (4.95); 2.5992 (2.42); 2.3555 (0.38); 1.3439 (3.39); 1.3175 (3.24); 1.1423 (3.16); 1.1160 (3.06); 1.0172 (0.37); 0.9847 (0.40); 0.9121 (0.38); 0.8795 (0.42); 0.5765 (0.71); 0.5709 (0.88); 0.5543 (0.42); 0.5490 (0.42); 0.5397 (0.81); 0.5265 (0.38); 0.5215 (0.41); 0.5138 (0.52); 0.5042 (0.72); 0.5000 (0.64); 0.4832 (0.51); 0.4809 (0.50); 0.4722 (0.81); 0.4140 (0.32); 0.3809 (0.51); 0.3605 (0.38); 0.1823 (0.35); 0.1789 (0.33); 0.1629 (0.35); 0.1590 (0.40); 0.0404 (0.37); 0.0229 (0.37); -0.0006 (1.08); -0.0175 (0.37); -0.0367 (0.33); -0.0406 (0.33);

Example 4. Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

I I.9462 (0.49); 11.9085 (0.59); 11.8816 (0.62); 11.8456 (0.53); 7.6424 (3.45); 7.6158 (2.43); 7.6109 (4.47); 7.6062 (2.70); 7.4273 (0.68); 7.4221 (0.89); 7.4185 (0.91); 7.4134 (0.96); 7.3976 (2.07); 7.3922 (2.47); 7.3889 (2.67); 7.3836 (2.48); 7.3682 (1.99); 7.3617 (2.17); 7.3595 (2.43); 7.3536 (2.02); 7.3371 (1.54); 7.3293 (3.45); 7.3215 (2.23); 7.3060 (1.86); 7.2984 (3.96); 7.2906 (2.44); 7.2753 (0.97); 7.2678 (1.62); 7.2603 (0.92); 7.2410 (2.37); 7.2335 (2.09); 7.2083 (3.43); 7.2022 (4.95); 7.1783 (1.85); 7.1710 (1.69); 3.3797 (0.39); 3.3497 (1.45); 3.3172 (2.26); 3.2864 (1.89); 3.2562 (0.58); 3.0055 (0.67); 2.9842 (0.81); 2.9789 (0.97); 2.9721 (0.88); 2.9642 (0.89); 2.9584 (1.00); 2.9517 (1.01); 2.9445 (1.29); 2.9380 (1.12); 2.9250 (0.82); 2.9164 (1.09); 2.8989 (0.34); 2.8871 (0.68); 2.7185 (0.55); 2.6887 (0.89); 2.6560 (0.65); 2.2812 (0.84); 1.9267 (1.08); 1.9044 (1.74); 1.8888 (2.22); 1.8647 (2.89); 1.8335 (2.62); 1.8238 (2.15); 1.8175 (2.25); 1.8048 (2.82); 1.7935 (3.26); 1.7839 (3.08); 1.7752 (3.40); 1.7635 (3.71); 1.7515 (2.88); 1.7423 (2.86); 1.7328 (2.77); 1.7220 (2.33); 1.7132 (2.31); 1.7032 (2.69); 1.6826 (3.26); 1.6682 (2.55); 1.6520 (3.24); 1.6363 (3.33); 1.6304 (3.66); 1.6110 (3.42); 1.6058 (3.32); 1.5976 (3.23); 1.5835 (3.14); 1.5664 (3.76); 1.5568 (3.17); 1.5505 (3.05); 1.5416 (3.33); 1.5299 (2.79); 1.5050 (1.91); 1.4841 (0.97); 1.1730 (10.44); 1.1464 (10.17); 1.0854 (0.39); 1.0732 (0.34); 1.0596 (0.39); 1.0073 (9.22); 0.9807 (9.05); 0.9072 (16.00); 0.8798 (15.49); 0.8220 (10.53); 0.8133 (10.78); 0.7945 (10.08); 0.7862 (9.96); 0.7326 (0.48); 0.7254 (0.47); 0.7051 (0.42); -0.0006 (1.92); -0.0736 (1.33);

Example 5, Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

11.8498 (0.39); 7.7170 (0.73); 7.7128 (0.70); 7.7029 (0.77); 7.6993 (0.75); 7.6857 (0.90); 7.6813 (0.83); 7.6717 (0.77); 7.6677 (0.65); 7.5096 (0.39); 7.5055 (0.49); 7.5009 (0.39); 7.4796 (1.02); 7.4759 (1.26); 7.4503 (0.93); 7.4463 (1.06); 7.4216 (0.74); 7.4141 (0.84); 7.4101 (0.73); 7.3901 (0.93); 7.3853 (0.99); 7.3797 (0.73); 7.3600 (0.41); 7.3551 (0.42); 7.3049 (1.07); 7.2993 (1.33); 7.2884 (0.91); 7.2802 (0.89); 7.2686 (0.63); 7.2593 (0.52); 7.2514 (0.41); 4.4110 (6.25); 4.1625 (1.31); 4.1339 (3.71); 4.1159 (0.92); 4.1054 (3.72); 4.0879 (0.36); 4.0768 (1.29); 3.5138 (2.82); 3.5039 (11.57); 3.4204 (0.46); 2.7455 (0.50); 2.7395 (0.51); 2.7196 (0.45); 2.7126 (0.53); 2.1330 (0.42); 2.1295 (0.44); 2.0542 (3.38); 2.0432 (16.00); 2.0168 (0.37); 2.0050 (1.16); 1.9604 (0.52); 1.9574 (0.45); 1.3470 (3.17); 1.3206 (3.18); 1.2866 (6.46); 1.2669 (7.17); 1.2583 (11.34); 1.2296 (4.58); 1.2042 (0.44); 1.1718 (0.79); 1.1520 (2.68); 1.1257 (2.47); 1.0323 (0.42); 1.0124 (0.33); 1.0005 (0.47); 0.9796 (0.36); 0.9681 (0.35); 0.9455 (0.37); 0.9239 (0.83); 0.9051 (1.99); 0.8924 (2.18); 0.8801 (4.04); 0.8529 (1.48); 0.6003 (0.41); 0.5782 (0.88); 0.5634 (0.56); 0.5471 (0.91); 0.5352 (0.60); 0.5204 (0.90); 0.5152 (0.87); 0.5012 (0.66); 0.4857 (0.91); 0.4289 (0.35); 0.3900 (0.50); 0.3693 (0.39); 0.2146 (0.41); 0.1944 (0.43); 0.0713 (0.51); 0.0516 (0.44); 0.0260 (0.49); 0.0165 (0.41); 0.0054 (0.51); -0.0006 (0.63);

Example 7, Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

7.7231 (0.47); 7.7184 (0.47); 7.7085 (0.52); 7.7039 (0.53); 7.6920 (0.68); 7.6867 (0.67); 7.6770 (0.67); 7.6720 (0.68); 7.5117 (0.43); 7.4864 (0.65); 7.4818 (1.16); 7.4771 (0.71); 7.4569 (0.65); 7.4521 (1.00); 7.4470 (0.61); 7.4305 (0.49); 7.4227 (0.74); 7.4182 (0.66); 7.3992 (0.55); 7.3925 (0.84); 7.3873 (0.74); 7.3638 (0.37); 7.3063 (0.68); 7.2990 (0.66); 7.2864 (1.15); 7.2780 (0.99); 7.2694 (0.50); 7.2566 (0.43); 7.2490 (0.44); 4.4894 (5.22); 4.4818 (3.03); 4.1603 (0.71); 4.1317 (2.11); 4.1031 (2.25); 4.0746 (0.75); 2.7358 (0.32); 2.7049 (0.38); 2.0376 (10.00); 1.3585 (3.09); 1.3324 (3.19); 1.3085 (1.84); 1.2832 (5.60); 1.2674 (16.00); 1.2551 (13.07); 1.2262 (3.45); 1.1948 (0.48); 1.1781 (0.69); 1.1662 (3.04); 1.1397 (2.66); 1.0376 (0.34); 1.0051 (0.37); 0.9854 (0.33); 0.9688 (0.46); 0.9326 (0.42); 0.9056 (4.22); 0.8802 (15.38); 0.8525 (5.12); 0.8185 (0.34); 0.8143 (0.34); 0.7920 (0.49); 0.6005 (0.50); 0.5920 (0.77); 0.5787 (0.37); 0.5604 (0.79); 0.5550 (0.41); 0.5422 (0.50); 0.5343 (0.52); 0.5320 (0.53); 0.5282 (0.49); 0.5087 (0.40); 0.5006 (0.65); 0.3920 (0.36); 0.3712 (0.32); 0.1892 (0.35); 0.0744 (0.35); -0.0006 (0.59);

Example 8, Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

12.0318 (0.43); 11.9981 (0.49); 11.9623 (0.52); 11.9250 (0.45); 7.7217 (2.96); 7.6943 (2.17); 7.6901 (3.79); 7.6856 (2.26); 7.5088 (0.64); 7.5035 (0.81); 7.5003 (0.83); 7.4952 (0.86); 7.4788 (1.79); 7.4731 (2.25); 7.4707 (2.33); 7.4651 (2.13); 7.4494 (1.77); 7.4408 (2.21); 7.4353 (1.73); 7.4171 (1.35); 7.4092 (2.80); 7.4014 (1.94); 7.3861 (1.62); 7.3783 (3.30); 7.3706 (2.12); 7.3614 (0.62); 7.3554 (0.96); 7.3477 (1.58); 7.3400 (0.92); 7.3319 (0.44); 7.3230 (2.01); 7.3155 (1.76); 7.2928 (3.51); 7.2853 (3.14); 7.2780 (1.85); 7.2628 (1.67); 7.2554 (1.50); 3.0763 (0.57); 3.0554 (0.74); 3.0497 (0.86); 3.0437 (0.74); 3.0346 (0.82); 3.0294 (0.89); 3.0233 (0.90); 3.0156 (1.08); 3.0081 (1.02); 2.9969 (0.73); 2.9873 (1.01); 2.9708 (0.33); 2.9590 (0.63); 2.4998 (0.46); 2.4812 (0.99); 2.4682 (1.14); 2.4664 (1.15); 2.4504 (2.15); 2.4325 (1.34); 2.4189 (1.19); 2.4036 (1.94); 2.3494 (0.45); 1.8658 (0.50); 1.8448 (0.62); 1.8385 (0.74); 1.8175 (0.75); 1.8112 (0.66); 1.7904 (0.58); 1.7128 (0.49); 1.6847 (0.63); 1.6634 (0.70); 1.6575 (0.87); 1.6365 (0.90); 1.6304 (0.77); 1.6195 (0.41); 1.6094 (0.69); 1.2371 (8.95); 1.2105 (8.91); 1.1867 (0.80);

I.1699 (0.84); 1.1514 (1.17); 1.1429 (1.22); 1.1309 (2.19); 1.1148 (3.34); 1.1060 (2.59); 1.0964 (2.39); 1.0876 (2.52); 1.0807 (1.06); 1.0713 (1.42); 1.0610 (8.12); 1.0346 (8.09); 1.0177 (0.98); 1.0060 (0.63); 0.9991 (0.69); 0.9914 (0.89); 0.9683 (15.09); 0.9410 (16.00); 0.9310 (4.89); 0.9179 (2.84); 0.9133 (3.18); 0.9000 (1.23); 0.8779 (9.55); 0.8695 (9.75); 0.8505 (9.12); 0.8424 (9.00); 0.7952 (0.64); 0.0729 (0.82); -0.0006 (0.94);

Example 9, Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

I I .8613 (0.33); 11.8213 (0.37); 1 1.7868 (0.35); 7.6452 (1.15); 7.6406 (2.31); 7.6365 (1.51); 7.6144 (1.54); 7.6091 (3.02); 7.6041 (1.95); 7.4277 (0.44); 7.4227 (0.56); 7.4179 (0.65); 7.4130 (0.69); 7.3977 (1.31); 7.3925 (1.55); 7.3884 (1.81); 7.3832 (1.77); 7.3683 (1.34); 7.3624 (1.30); 7.3587 (1.73); 7.3531 (1.56); 7.3387 (1.07); 7.3305 (2.41); 7.3226 (1.78); 7.3075 (1.29); 7.2996 (2.68); 7.2915 (1.75); 7.2833 (0.60); 7.2768 (0.78); 7.2689 (1.35); 7.2615 (0.84); 7.2300 (1.53); 7.2226 (1.49); 7.2046 (1.85); 7.1968 (2.22); 7.1896 (2.03); 7.1779 (0.33); 7.1669 (1.27); 7.1596 (1.25); 5.9080 (0.34); 3.0125 (0.47); 2.9916 (0.56); 2.9861 (0.68); 2.9811 (0.60); 2.9710 (0.64); 2.9656 (0.69); 2.9604 (0.69); 2.9513 (0.79); 2.9442 (0.82); 2.9341 (0.55); 2.9236 (0.82); 2.9169 (0.58); 2.8960 (0.49); 2.7282 (0.65); 2.7169 (1.40); 2.6984 (2.05); 2.6873 (4.27); 2.6687 (2.27); 2.6576 (4.48); 2.6392 (0.84); 2.6282 (1.52); 2.4929 (0.34); 2.4627 (0.37); 2.3001 (1.44); 2.2795 (0.50); 1.8076 (0.40); 1.7867 (0.47); 1.7801 (0.61); 1.7594 (0.62); 1.7528 (0.61); 1.7322 (0.51); 1.7255 (0.36); 1.6297 (0.53); 1.6086 (0.59); 1.6025 (0.74); 1.5816 (0.72); 1.5752 (0.64); 1.5543 (0.56); 1.2627 (0.36); 1.2362 (0.42); 1.2210 (0.55); 1.2143 (0.45); 1.2060 (0.35); 1.1905 (1.27); 1.1773 (7.92); 1.1507 (7.51); 1.1287 (7.93); 1.0992 (16.00); 1.0817 (0.80); 1.0698 (7.50); 1.0432 (0.51); 1.0354 (0.34); 1.0032 (6.40); 0.9767 (6.26); 0.9567 (0.48); 0.9133 (9.34); 0.8860 (9.19); 0.8242 (7.29); 0.8115 (7.43); 0.7967 (7.08); 0.7843 (6.79); 0.7392 (0.38); 0.7261 (0.36); -0.0006 (3.42); -0.0743 (0.88);

Example 10, Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

12.4557 (1.03); 12.4318 (1.04); 7.7342 (2.26); 7.7299 (2.31); 7.7192 (3.27); 7.7158 (3.68); 7.7090 (1.71); 7.7028 (3.33); 7.6978 (3.13); 7.6888 (3.22); 7.6841 (3.25); 7.6295 (16.00); 7.6199 (12.99); 7.5406 (0.59); 7.5258 (1.33); 7.5212 (1.99); 7.5170 (1.38); 7.5042 (0.62); 7.4957 (3.20); 7.4915 (5.53); 7.4869 (3.52); 7.4661 (3.25); 7.4618 (4.61); 7.4573 (2.94); 7.4484 (0.88); 7.4437 (0.72); 7.4316 (2.59); 7.4246 (3.92); 7.4189 (3.36); 7.4006 (2.68); 7.3936 (4.11); 7.3878 (3.62); 7.3700 (1.49); 7.3639 (1.94); 7.3530 (3.66); 7.3455 (3.12); 7.3363 (3.48); 7.3288 (3.29); 7.3235 (2.60); 7.3160 (2.27); 7.3066 (2.33); 7.2993 (2.18); 7.2706 (6.48); 6.6248 (0.75); 6.6182 (0.74); 6.6107 (0.75); 6.6035 (0.71); 6.5343 (5.97); 6.5285 (4.23); 6.5243 (4.71); 6.5190 (4.25); 6.5130 (5.91); 2.8029 (0.75); 2.7862 (0.87); 2.7766 (1.17); 2.7721 (1.07); 2.7598 (1.32); 2.7549 (1.28); 2.7504 (1.37); 2.7460 (1.34); 2.7320 (1.42); 2.7242 (1.20); 2.7197 (1.25); 2.7062 (1.00); 2.6930 (0.85); 2.6803 (0.34); 2.0452 (0.97); 1.4620 (0.36); 1.4356 (0.35); 1.3733 (12.94); 1.3469 (12.70); 1.3094 (0.45); 1.2838 (0.83); 1.2652 (1.54); 1.2580 (1.91); 1.2399 (0.55); 1.2298 (0.41); 1.1772 (12.25); 1.1509 (12.19); 1.1175 (0.42); 1.0974 (0.65); 1.0860 (0.95); 1.0777 (0.52); 1.0649 (1.52); 1.0533 (0.94);

I.0454 (0.92); 1.0329 (1.55); 1.0214 (0.46); 1.0128 (0.95); 1.0011 (0.75); 0.9888 (0.62); 0.9774 (0.81); 0.9688 (0.47); 0.9566

(1.53) ; 0.9440 (0.92); 0.9370 (0.83); 0.9241 (1.67); 0.9121 (0.62); 0.9036 (1.11); 0.8922 (1.01); 0.8803 (1.19); 0.8720 (0.59); 0.8527 (0.45); 0.6174 (1.05); 0.6044 (1.28); 0.5982 (2.57); 0.5923 (3.09); 0.5751 (1.62); 0.5717 (1.51); 0.5639 (2.61); 0.5611 (2.84); 0.5424 (2.23); 0.5372 (2.31); 0.5332 (3.33); 0.5278 (3.61); 0.5200 (1.51); 0.5088 (1.49); 0.4970 (3.79); 0.4878 (1.36); 0.4747 (1.10); 0.4572 (1.08); 0.4431 (1.25); 0.4221 (1.92); 0.4021 (1.49); 0.2313 (1.23); 0.2263 (1.21); 0.2116 (1.26); 0.2066 (1.39); 0.1891 (1.07); 0.1745 (0.89); 0.1691 (0.66); 0.1552 (0.46); 0.1443 (0.48); 0.1292 (0.55); 0.1244 (0.57); 0.1114 (0.58); 0.0997 (0.92); 0.0910 (2.18); 0.0717 (2.41); 0.0603 (2.01); 0.0498 (1.01); 0.0394 (1.92); 0.0304 (0.92); 0.0222 (0.51); 0.0186 (0.48); 0.0127 (0.38); -0.0006 (4.30); -0.0148 (0.50);

Example ΐ Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

I I.8785 (1.59); 11.8448 (1.59); 7.6402 (3.12); 7.6355 (3.19); 7.6254 (3.19); 7.6209 (3.25); 7.6089 (4.31); 7.6038 (4.21); 7.5939 (4.09); 7.5891 (4.05); 7.4299 (1.46); 7.4248 (2.64); 7.4197 (1.66); 7.4108 (0.47); 7.4001 (3.94); 7.3949 (7.28); 7.3896 (4.47); 7.3703 (3.92); 7.3652 (6.85); 7.3599 (3.60); 7.3381 (3.16); 7.3333 (3.61); 7.3301 (4.38); 7.3261 (4.20); 7.3171 (0.80); 7.3066 (3.69); 7.2994 (5.08); 7.2953 (4.44); 7.2762 (1.81); 7.2715 (1.93); 7.2691 (1.90); 7.2647 (1.72); 7.2435 (4.40); 7.2375 (5.01); 7.2243 (4.44); 7.2161 (5.40); 7.2066 (2.90); 7.1949 (2.79); 7.1874 (2.77); 3.7517 (0.82); 3.7178 (3.37); 3.6839 (5.30); 3.6500 (3.73); 3.6161 (1.05); 3.1832 (0.58); 3.1517 (2.23); 3.1168 (3.53); 3.0837 (2.71); 3.0816 (2.49); 3.0504 (0.82); 3.0480 (0.88); 2.6696 (0.34); 2.6603 (0.96); 2.6437 (1.16); 2.6339 (1.50); 2.6288 (1.37); 2.6175 (1.74); 2.6082 (1.83); 2.6026 (1.71); 2.5939

(1.54) ; 2.5874 (1.86); 2.5763 (1.60); 2.5626 (1.30); 2.5497 (1.12); 2.5367 (0.45); 2.5234 (0.38); 2.4060 (0.46); 2.3887 (0.41); 2.3695 (1.22); 2.3582 (1.53); 2.3521 (1.34); 2.3452 (2.04); 2.3397 (2.19); 2.3226 (3.21); 2.3103 (4.20); 2.3065 (4.59); 2.3010 (5.34); 2.2951 (4.32); 2.2882 (3.96); 2.2749 (5.17); 2.2697 (6.59); 2.2626 (7.25); 2.2592 (5.30); 2.2343 (7.72); 2.2310 (7.69); 2.2189 (6.28); 2.2130 (5.78); 2.2012 (8.84); 2.1956 (7.44); 2.1915 (6.02); 2.1846 (7.33); 2.1775 (5.57); 2.1708 (5.81); 2.1671 (6.28); 2.1611 (4.43); 2.1561 (3.86); 2.1496 (4.46); 2.1404 (3.00); 2.1335 (2.45); 2.1251 (1.93); 2.1205 (1.80); 2.1071 (1.12); 2.1024 (1.16); 2.1000 (1.12); 2.0924 (0.53); 2.0292 (1.14); 2.0242 (1.00); 1.9930 (2.92); 1.9805 (1.79); 1.9565 (3.35); 1.9498 (4.92); 1.9256 (2.52); 1.9135 (6.58); 1.8903 (2.38); 1.8811 (4.61); 1.8749 (3.54); 1.8717 (2.82); 1.8639 (1.73); 1.8463 (3.39);

I.8277 (2.49); 1.8098 (3.04); 1.7923 (2.14); 1.7707 (1.99); 1.7544 (1.04); 1.7504 (1.09); 1.7305 (0.69); 1.7148 (0.41); 1.2927 (15.68); 1.2663 (15.28); 1.2297 (0.83); 1.2100 (2.78); 1.2017 (2.27); 1.1729 (0.63); 1.0963 (16.00); 1.0701 (15.70); 1.0337 (0.54); 1.0240 (0.35); 1.0136 (0.86); 1.0012 (1.18); 0.9942 (0.74); 0.9813 (1.95); 0.9689 (1.21); 0.9614 (1.25); 0.9488 (2.07); 0.9368 (0.66); 0.9287 (1.40); 0.9168 (1.00); 0.9071 (0.81); 0.8958 (1.22); 0.8873 (0.62); 0.8747 (1.90); 0.8620 (1.18); 0.8536 (1.35); 0.8422 (2.51); 0.8236 (3.29); 0.8101 (1.24); 0.7960 (0.97); 0.7905 (0.74); 0.5805 (0.37); 0.5449 (1.30); 0.5314 (1.82); 0.5254 (3.52); 0.5200 (4.12); 0.5128 (2.06); 0.5021 (2.12); 0.4991 (1.99); 0.4888 (3.75); 0.4704 (2.22); 0.4581 (4.02); 0.4532 (4.49); 0.4395 (2.37); 0.4228 (4.67); 0.4085 (1.58); 0.4005 (0.79); 0.3823 (1.10); 0.3688 (1.44); 0.3639 (1.31); 0.3500 (1.32); 0.3303 (2.41); 0.3102 (1.74); 0.3081 (1.77); 0.1602 (0.32); 0.1394 (1.58); 0.1343 (1.62); 0.1197 (1.63); 0.1148 (1.90); 0.0971 (1.41); 0.0822 (1.22); 0.0776 (0.93); 0.0627 (0.61); 0.0536 (0.60); 0.0371 (0.79); 0.0199 (1.17); -0.0006 (2.46); -0.0202 (2.30); -0.0273 (0.74); -0.0445 (2.17); -0.0556 (2.39); -0.0650 (2.16); -0.0834 (0.67); -0.0864 (0.68); -0.1023 (0.76); -0.1068 (0.68); -0.1206 (0.47);

Example 12. Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

I I.9232 (0.32); 11.8858 (0.36); 11.8473 (0.33); 8.4037 (0.34); 7.6448 (1.04); 7.6401 (2.14); 7.6357 (1.38); 7.6138 (1.41); 7.6086 (2.85); 7.6036 (1.77); 7.4281 (0.42); 7.4228 (0.53); 7.4185 (0.62); 7.4134 (0.69); 7.3982 (1.31); 7.3929 (1.50); 7.3888 (1.73); 7.3833 (1.73); 7.3687 (1.30); 7.3627 (1.23); 7.3590 (1.71); 7.3535 (1.47); 7.3389 (0.97); 7.3309 (2.46); 7.3230 (1.74); 7.3078 (1.14); 7.2999 (2.61); 7.2918 (1.76); 7.2855 (0.51); 7.2772 (0.70); 7.2694 (1.23); 7.2616 (0.82); 7.2314 (1.52); 7.2238 (1.45); 7.2154 (1.59); 7.1966 (2.19); 7.1898 (1.97); 7.1787 (0.33); 7.1673 (1.32); 7.1601 (1.24); 7.0986 (0.40); 7.0743 (0.38); 3.0100 (0.42); 2.9893 (0.49); 2.9833 (0.60); 2.9767 (0.56); 2.9689 (0.55); 2.9631 (0.61); 2.9566 (0.60); 2.9491 (0.77); 2.9423 (0.67); 2.9300 (0.46); 2.9216 (0.66); 2.9129 (0.49); 2.8916 (0.50); 2.8849 (2.63); 2.8109 (1.95); 2.8095 (1.99); 2.6755 (1.20); 2.6613 (2.97); 2.6456 (2.50); 2.6310 (4.15); 2.6143 (1.48); 2.6009 (3.19); 2.5841 (0.33); 2.5678 (0.35); 2.5536 (0.40); 2.5387 (0.34); 2.5218 (0.37); 2.4460 (0.40); 2.4092 (4.10); 2.3801 (7.54); 2.3595 (0.87); 2.3501 (4.87); 2.3291 (0.55); 2.2975 (2.46); 2.2778 (0.72); 2.2685 (1.68); 2.2589 (0.43); 2.2379 (1.15); 1.9687 (0.40); 1.8034 (0.37); 1.7823 (0.44); 1.7761 (0.56); 1.7553 (0.59); 1.7489 (0.56); 1.7278 (0.52); 1.7215 (0.43); 1.6933 (0.42); 1.6591 (1.28); 1.6306 (3.31); 1.6209 (1.31); 1.6041 (4.77); 1.6020 (4.73); 1.5828 (2.43); 1.5759 (4.80); 1.5724 (4.83); 1.5594 (2.03); 1.5558 (2.13); 1.5436 (3.43); 1.5272 (1.20); 1.5214 (1.21); 1.5145 (1.97); 1.4926 (0.78); 1.4825 (0.64); 1.4541 (0.54); 1.4242 (0.53); 1.3935 (1.05); 1.3873 (1.15); 1.3640 (2.45); 1.3585 (2.82); 1.3303 (4.48); 1.3022 (4.29); 1.2976 (4.19); 1.2848 (1.94); 1.2738 (2.77); 1.2687 (2.94); 1.2570 (1.29); 1.2457 (1.35); 1.2395 (1.56); 1.2283 (0.85); 1.2148 (0.87); 1.2109 (0.90); 1.1866 (1.74); 1.1810 (1.94); 1.1736 (7.78); 1.1470 (7.19);

I.1153 (0.37); 1.0961 (0.34); 1.0820 (0.35); 1.0051 (5.83); 0.9785 (5.85); 0.9555 (0.49); 0.9465 (0.56); 0.9386 (0.42); 0.9081 (8.08); 0.8933 (7.31); 0.8830 (13.94); 0.8645 (12.56); 0.8552 (16.00); 0.8497 (7.03); 0.8351 (6.30); 0.8223 (10.71); 0.8092 (8.19); 0.7944 (7.52); 0.7821 (6.97); 0.7645 (0.92); 0.7310 (0.50); 0.7259 (0.58); -0.0006 (5.89); -0.0758 (1.14);

Example 13, Solvent: D.MSO. Spectrometer: 499.93 MHz

I I.9087 (0.58); 7.6792 (1.67); 7.6771 (1.79); 7.6721 (1.87); 7.6631 (2.68); 7.6611 (2.81); 7.6563 (2.75); 7.6196 (1.30); 7.6183 (1.30); 7.6145 (1.51); 7.6127 (1.48); 7.6096 (1.32); 7.6023 (3.07); 7.6004 (2.35); 7.5933 (1.04); 7.5868 (1.83); 7.5841 (1.45); 7.5775 (0.36); 7.5655 (1.99); 7.5632 (1.93); 7.5574 (5.86); 7.5503 (4.87); 7.5356 (1.26); 7.5333 (1.16); 7.4714 (2.30); 7.4682 (2.11); 7.4563 (1.73); 7.4531 (1.55); 3.0681 (3.49); 3.0433 (0.73); 3.0326 (0.76); 3.0302 (0.77); 3.0229 (0.75); 3.0199 (0.79); 3.0128 (0.75); 3.0102 (0.73); 2.9997 (0.63); 2.9904 (0.60); 2.9861 (0.41); 2.9775 (0.74); 2.9710 (0.65); 2.9666 (0.70); 2.9604 (0.70); 2.9474 (0.51); 2.6195 (0.40); 2.6097 (1.64); 2.6034 (2.94); 2.5950 (4.52); 2.5888 (5.95); 2.5803 (4.48); 2.5744 (3.25); 2.5659 (1.61); 2.5580 (0.45); 2.5495 (0.42); 2.5180 (2.41); 2.5145 (4.47); 2.5108 (5.92); 2.5073 (4.69); 2.5037 (2.23); 2.4932 (1.31); 2.4789 (0.69); 2.2081 (0.45); 2.1937 (0.90); 2.1792 (0.48); 1.8052 (0.63); 1.7942 (0.81); 1.7916 (0.92); 1.7808 (0.99); 1.7671 (0.85); 1.7521 (0.86); 1.7412 (0.94); 1.7383 (1.06); 1.7277 (1.09); 1.7248 (0.90); 1.7142 (0.78); 1.7006 (0.35); 1.6896 (0.57); 1.6753 (2.47); 1.6607 (4.95); 1.6460 (5.10); 1.6312 (2.81); 1.6133 (0.91); 1.5981 (0.47); 1.5787 (0.36); 1.5640 (0.57);

I.5493 (0.57); 1.5346 (0.34); 1.1611 (9.47); 1.1478 (9.42); 1.0982 (8.81); 1.0849 (8.74); 0.9666 (7.75); 0.9519 (15.02); 0.9370 (7.58); 0.9180 (9.50); 0.9043 (8.80); 0.8964 (8.48); 0.8828 (7.93); 0.8616 (9.04); 0.8484 (16.00); 0.8353 (8.67); 0.8151 (0.45); 0.8019 (0.36);

Example 14. Solvent: DMSO. Spectrometer: 499.93 MHz

I I.9667 (0.61); 11.9474 (0.65); 11.9261 (0.69); 11.9058 (0.67); 7.7007 (1.44); 7.6986 (1.59); 7.6951 (1.57); 7.6846 (2.12); 7.6826 (2.41); 7.6793 (1.93); 7.6762 (1.58); 7.6168 (2.45); 7.6128 (1.21); 7.6037 (3.65); 7.6009 (4.40); 7.5892 (1.96); 7.5851 (1.41); 7.5673 (1.13); 7.5641 (1.88); 7.5613 (1.54); 7.5521 (2.16); 7.5499 (2.74); 7.5469 (1.83); 7.5373 (1.17); 7.5347 (1.29); 7.5317 (0.65); 7.5014 (1.90); 7.4981 (1.82); 7.4863 (1.32); 7.4829 (1.12); 3.3437 (7.31); 3.0037 (0.43); 2.9933 (0.55); 2.9905 (0.56); 2.9830 (0.56); 2.9804 (0.59); 2.9730 (0.54); 2.9701 (0.53); 2.9598 (0.45); 2.9385 (0.40); 2.9276 (0.51); 2.9255 (0.51); 2.9190 (0.48); 2.9147 (0.52); 2.9084 (0.51); 2.9061 (0.49); 2.8952 (0.41); 2.6303 (0.33); 2.6139 (1.11); 2.6044 (1.51); 2.5993 (3.60); 2.5896 (3.00); 2.5844 (3.64); 2.5750 (1.52); 2.5708 (2.17); 2.5584 (0.39); 2.5168 (0.43); 2.5133 (0.89); 2.5097 (1.22); 2.5061 (0.89); 2.5026 (0.43); 1.7744 (0.46); 1.7608 (0.67); 1.7500 (0.70); 1.7365 (0.58); 1.7250 (0.59); 1.7145 (0.60); 1.7115 (0.74); 1.7012 (0.73); 1.6981 (0.61); 1.6876 (0.53); 1.6003 (0.74); 1.5859 (2.48); 1.5710 (3.60); 1.5558 (2.86); 1.5407 (0.94);

I.3621 (0.45); 1.3468 (1.81); 1.3318 (3.23); 1.3171 (3.20); 1.3025 (1.81); 1.2881 (0.49); 1.1445 (6.53); 1.1312 (6.48); 1.0843 (6.07); 1.0711 (6.11); 0.9060 (5.66); 0.9046 (5.48); 0.8915 (16.00); 0.8773 (9.25); 0.8568 (6.00); 0.8432 (5.82); 0.8307 (6.44); 0.8169 (6.38); 0.8086 (6.52); 0.7950 (6.19); 0.7788 (0.32);

Example 15, Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

I I.9432 (0.67); 11.9114 (0.67); 7.7050 (1.37); 7.7004 (1.40); 7.6900 (1.54); 7.6853 (1.58); 7.6737 (1.89); 7.6686 (1.88); 7.6586 (1.97); 7.6537 (1.99); 7.4936 (0.69); 7.4887 (1.29); 7.4837 (0.79); 7.4638 (1.94); 7.4589 (3.49); 7.4539 (1.98); 7.4340 (1.86); 7.4291 (3.08); 7.4239 (1.70); 7.4013 (1.33); 7.3965 (1.76); 7.3936 (2.07); 7.3892 (1.95); 7.3700 (1.63); 7.3632 (2.42); 7.3581 (2.17); 7.3397 (0.84); 7.3345 (1.04); 7.3274 (0.80); 7.3023 (2.13); 7.2950 (1.92); 7.2827 (1.98); 7.2750 (4.93); 7.2655 (1.52); 7.2528 (1.34); 7.2457 (1.27); 2.7482 (1.52); 2.7410 (3.61); 2.7190 (3.36); 2.7114 (5.91); 2.6988 (0.91); 2.6945 (0.98); 2.6808 (4.28); 2.6718 (1.04); 2.6587 (0.95); 2.6533 (0.93); 2.6458 (0.85); 2.6392 (0.90); 2.6327 (0.79); 2.6269 (0.84); 2.6192 (0.59); 2.6137 (0.71); 2.6005 (0.55); 2.3789 (1.07); 2.3499 (1.97); 2.3193 (1.25); 1.7329 (0.98); 1.7041 (2.72); 1.6947 (1.11); 1.6742 (3.62); 1.6561 (1.26); 1.6459 (2.78); 1.6423 (2.88); 1.6341 (1.25); 1.6273 (1.14); 1.6126 (1.68); 1.5977 (0.66); 1.5937 (0.78);

I.5860 (0.33); 1.5650 (0.45); 1.4731 (0.78); 1.4437 (2.20); 1.4134 (3.18); 1.3831 (3.51); 1.3544 (2.58); 1.3398 (8.19); 1.3297 (1.39); 1.3262 (1.46); 1.3134 (7.85); 1.1447 (7.39); 1.1184 (7.18); 1.0521 (0.50); 1.0357 (0.58); 1.0195 (0.90); 1.0070 (0.68); 0.9998 (0.58); 0.9870 (1.04); 0.9721 (8.17); 0.9536 (2.76); 0.9431 (16.00); 0.9244 (4.55); 0.9140 (7.07); 0.8952 (2.07); 0.8812 (1.33); 0.8693 (0.43); 0.8608 (0.72); 0.8497 (0.86); 0.8293 (0.47); 0.5949 (0.60); 0.5814 (0.80); 0.5757 (1.56); 0.5699 (1.88); 0.5523 (0.89); 0.5489 (0.85); 0.5415 (1.66); 0.5389 (1.67); 0.5224 (0.88); 0.5202 (0.97); 0.5136 (1.23); 0.5092 (1.97); 0.5041 (2.15); 0.4905 (1.16); 0.4844 (0.65); 0.4737 (2.30); 0.4594 (0.75); 0.4510 (0.38); 0.4327 (0.47); 0.4195 (0.66); 0.4140 (0.59); 0.4003 (0.56); 0.3803 (1.12); 0.3586 (0.80); 0.1887 (0.72); 0.1838 (0.73); 0.1692 (0.74); 0.1642 (0.88); 0.1465 (0.63); 0.1316 (0.53); 0.1267 (0.40); 0.0863 (0.39); 0.0715 (1.45); 0.0480 (1.21); 0.0285 (1.13); 0.0212 (0.35); 0.0041 (1.11); -0.0006 (2.38); -0.0161 (1.06); -0.0376 (0.32); -0.0536 (0.36); -0.0580 (0.33);

ExampleT6T Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

I I.7849 (0.58); 11.7507 (0.69); 11.7124 (0.81); 11.6760 (0.75); 7.4853 (4.59); 7.4808 (3.18); 7.4590 (2.92); 7.4539 (6.01); 7.4489 (3.97); 7.3631 (0.33); 7.2724 (0.85); 7.2672 (1.06); 7.2629 (1.26); 7.2578 (1.37); 7.2428 (2.53); 7.2375 (2.86); 7.2330 (3.82); 7.2279 (3.76); 7.2133 (2.41); 7.2072 (2.54); 7.2036 (3.52); 7.1978 (2.93); 7.1833 (1.93); 7.1752 (4.39); 7.1670 (3.35); 7.1523 (2.21); 7.1442 (5.09); 7.1363 (3.85); 7.1216 (1.25); 7.1135 (2.23); 7.1059 (1.44); 7.0789 (2.78); 7.0715 (2.62); 7.0474 (7.33); 7.0391 (4.18); 7.0164 (2.69); 7.0090 (2.56); 2.8606 (0.97); 2.8392 (1.15); 2.8340 (1.37); 2.8273 (1.14); 2.8192 (1.27); 2.8132 (1.40); 2.8072 (1.32); 2.7992 (1.67); 2.7928 (1.58); 2.7805 (1.02); 2.7715 (1.52); 2.7544 (0.43); 2.7425 (0.88); 2.4181 (9.99); 2.4102 (5.15); 2.3907 (10.71); 2.3832 (5.40); 2.3276 (0.37); 2.3155 (0.34); 2.3002 (0.35); 2.2194 (0.36); 2.1909 (0.34); 2.1482 (1.25); 2.1314 (1.02); 1.6567 (0.66); 1.6353 (0.76); 1.6295 (0.99); 1.6082 (0.99); 1.6024 (0.86); 1.5810 (0.75); 1.5538 (0.35); 1.5081 (0.37); 1.4804 (1.17); 1.4700 (2.12); 1.4596 (1.39); 1.4536 (1.54); 1.4321 (1.44); 1.4266 (1.26); 1.4050 (1.08);

I.3780 (0.50); 1.1185 (0.42); 1.0919 (0.41); 1.0287 (16.00); 1.0021 (15.22); 0.9680 (0.68); 0.9565 (0.78); 0.9487 (0.86); 0.9382 (1.87); 0.9281 (1.37); 0.9224 (1.54); 0.9093 (2.56); 0.8955 (1.25); 0.8891 (1.36); 0.8783 (1.59); 0.8593 (12.07); 0.8327 (11.30); 0.7612 (13.16); 0.7590 (13.44); 0.7317 (13.10); 0.6728 (15.25); 0.6621 (15.71); 0.6455 (14.98); 0.6350 (14.69); 0.5824 (0.76); 0.5717 (0.73); 0.5551 (0.66); 0.5445 (0.63); 0.4147 (0.39); 0.4086 (0.40); 0.3835 (1.68); 0.3645 (4.93); 0.3600 (6.52); 0.3431 (2.94); 0.3327 (5.41); 0.3277 (6.12); 0.3107 (2.40); 0.2827 (0.44); 0.2687 (0.44); 0.2511 (0.35); 0.2376 (0.35); 0.0385 (0.32); 0.0193 (2.14); -0.0006 (6.41); -0.0179 (6.26); -0.0209 (6.34); -0.0399 (1.95); -0.0573 (0.37); -0.0659 (0.38); -0.0900 (0.35); -0.1579 (0.44); -0.2308 (2.00);

Example 17, Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

I I.9566 (0.48); 11.9192 (0.44); 7.7160 (2.77); 7.7115 (1.89); 7.6845 (3.57); 7.6797 (2.34); 7.5015 (0.49); 7.4962 (0.60); 7.4922 (0.78); 7.4872 (0.79); 7.4719 (1.48); 7.4665 (1.73); 7.4623 (2.21); 7.4572 (2.12); 7.4425 (1.42); 7.4329 (2.01); 7.4274 (1.66); 7.4131 (1.10); 7.4049 (2.60); 7.3968 (1.82); 7.3821 (1.33); 7.3740 (2.98); 7.3659 (2.02); 7.3513 (0.75); 7.3433 (1.19); 7.3355 (0.72); 7.3043 (1.63); 7.2968 (1.52); 7.2702 (5.45); 7.2638 (2.43); 7.2410 (1.54); 7.2335 (1.50); 3.0824 (0.59); 3.0614 (0.70); 3.0558 (0.85); 3.0497 (0.69); 3.0408 (0.78); 3.0354 (0.85); 3.0293 (0.82); 3.0214 (1.02); 3.0144 (0.96); 3.0028 (0.62); 2.9934 (0.95); 2.9652 (0.55); 2.7661 (0.42); 2.7330 (1.52); 2.7165 (3.37); 2.7029 (3.22); 2.6865 (5.42); 2.6725 (1.93); 2.6570 (4.05); 2.6224 (0.42); 2.3547 (0.53); 1.8789 (0.44); 1.8514 (0.72); 1.8303 (0.66); 1.8237 (0.71); 1.8029 (0.54); 1.7946 (0.95); 1.7648 (2.87); 1.7352 (5.51); 1.7054 (5.80); 1.6759 (3.70); 1.6549 (1.17); 1.6462 (2.89); 1.6287 (0.79); 1.6015 (0.34); 1.3369 (0.34);

I.3103 (0.35); 1.2494 (9.25); 1.2228 (8.99); 1.1667 (0.44); 1.1623 (0.45); 1.1402 (0.39); 1.1355 (0.44); 1.1082 (0.35); 1.0795 (7.33); 1.0530 (6.81); 1.0208 (7.71); 0.9911 (16.00); 0.9853 (11.35); 0.9583 (11.64); 0.9343 (0.64); 0.8967 (9.30); 0.8841 (9.28); 0.8693 (9.09); 0.8571 (8.54); 0.8099 (0.51); 0.7967 (0.44); 0.7820 (0.39); 0.7696 (0.38); 0.0707 (0.97); -0.0006 (2.13); Example 18, Solvent: DMSO. Spectrometer: 400.13 MHz

I I.7068 (1.11); 11.6832 (1.16); 11.6558 (1.23); 11.6307 (1.14); 7.7289 (2.99); 7.7255 (4.02); 7.7091 (4.78); 7.7055 (5.57); 7.6999 (3.34); 7.6491 (2.63); 7.6444 (3.95); 7.6384 (2.59); 7.6339 (2.31); 7.6299 (6.79); 7.6250 (6.62); 7.6200 (3.80); 7.6119 (4.42); 7.6064 (2.98); 7.5949 (2.53); 7.5899 (3.78); 7.5863 (3.37); 7.5760 (4.25); 7.5728 (5.47); 7.5690 (3.12); 7.5574 (2.17); 7.5542 (2.27); 7.5497 (1.09); 7.5212 (4.09); 7.5169 (3.64); 7.5025 (2.54); 7.4980 (2.08); 4.8918 (0.56); 4.7567 (0.38); 4.7415 (0.49); 4.6466 (0.42); 4.6365 (0.35); 4.6093 (2.80); 4.5907 (0.99); 4.5734 (11.98); 4.5574 (15.12); 4.5553 (14.92); 4.5515 (12.90); 4.5218 (2.45); 4.5159 (0.97); 4.2785 (6.10); 3.0652 (0.95); 3.0521 (1.18); 3.0488 (1.15); 3.0396 (1.17); 3.0358 (1.21); 3.0266 (1.14); 3.0233 (1.13); 3.0102 (1.03); 2.9987 (0.95); 2.9848 (1.09); 2.9824 (1.07); 2.9743 (0.99); 2.9686 (1.02); 2.9606 (1.05); 2.9582 (1.01); 2.9442 (0.83); 2.5286 (1.58); 2.5153 (16.13); 2.5108 (32.90); 2.5063 (44.42); 2.5018 (31.50); 2.4974 (14.22); 1.9931 (0.98); 1.8367 (0.36); 1.8195 (0.95); 1.8026 (1.42); 1.7885 (1.72); 1.7712 (1.87); 1.7538 (1.76); 1.7403 (1.52); 1.7368 (1.26); 1.7234 (1.05); 1.7066 (0.40); 1.2823 (0.58); 1.2503 (2.58); 1.2063 (0.43); 1.1964 (0.75); 1.1785 (14.80); 1.1619 (14.05); 1.1175 (12.59); 1.1009 (12.32); 0.9070 (12.18); 0.8899 (11.89); 0.8784 (2.44); 0.8680 (13.24); 0.8619 (6.02); 0.8510 (13.70); 0.8446 (16.00); 0.8275 (13.93); 0.8196 (14.11); 0.8027 (12.80);

Example 19, Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

7.7270 (1.14); 7.6988 (0.80); 7.6954 (1.48); 7.6918 (0.95); 7.4879 (0.68); 7.4827 (0.73); 7.4770 (0.85); 7.4718 (0.87); 7.4584 (0.64); 7.4526 (0.65); 7.4476 (0.83); 7.4418 (0.67); 7.4324 (0.54); 7.4242 (1.12); 7.4158 (0.80); 7.4012 (0.57); 7.3932 (1.22); 7.3850 (0.83); 7.3625 (0.51); 7.3073 (0.73); 7.2998 (0.74); 7.2942 (0.97); 7.2777 (0.52); 7.2686 (1.10); 7.2604 (0.85); 7.2382 (0.57); 7.2308 (0.59); 4.4197 (6.34); 4.4112 (2.56); 4.1633 (1.15); 4.1346 (3.59); 4.1061 (3.63); 4.0775 (1.23); 3.5027 (11.29); 3.5007 (11.01); 3.0902 (0.34); 3.0759 (0.44); 3.0679 (0.38); 3.0485 (0.38); 2.1371 (0.39); 2.0445 (16.00); 2.0057 (1.71); 1.9526 (0.41); 1.3512 (0.35); 1.2875 (4.84); 1.2586 (11.99); 1.2304 (8.03); 1.1668 (0.34); 1.0877 (3.28); 1.0611 (3.22); 0.9960 (6.07); 0.9686 (5.81); 0.9119 (3.59); 0.8941 (3.93); 0.8844 (4.06); 0.8814 (3.38); 0.8670 (3.44); 0.8529 (0.86); -0.0006 (0.54);

Example 20," Solvent: CDC%, Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

11.8776 (0.69); 11.8495 (0.71); 7.6429 (1.23); 7.6385 (1.28); 7.6279 (1.92); 7.6233 (2.01); 7.6115 (1.72); 7.6066 (1.76); 7.5965 (2.46); 7.5917 (2.57); 7.4337 (0.76); 7.4286 (1.31); 7.4232 (0.75); 7.4038 (2.47); 7.3987 (3.99); 7.3935 (1.97); 7.3742 (2.26); 7.3689 (3.31); 7.3634 (1.64); 7.3377 (1.34); 7.3334 (1.95); 7.3302 (2.04); 7.3259 (2.40); 7.3018 (2.33); 7.2999 (2.32); 7.2948 (2.90); 7.2873 (0.68); 7.2761 (1.01); 7.2714 (1.26); 7.2641 (1.22); 7.2559 (2.77); 7.2486 (2.39); 7.2335 (1.90); 7.2261 (3.40); 7.2192 (1.88); 7.2043 (5.22); 7.1967 (1.36); 2.6318 (0.58); 2.6184 (0.62); 2.6057 (0.79); 2.6002 (0.80); 2.5922 (1.12); 2.5870 (0.90); 2.5741 (0.86); 2.5656 (0.96); 2.5606 (1.22); 2.5504 (0.67); 2.5344 (0.82); 2.5245 (0.50); 2.4305 (0.46); 2.4273 (0.40); 2.4120 (1.01); 2.4085 (0.85); 2.3991 (1.13); 2.3948 (1.15); 2.3811 (2.25); 2.3776 (1.76); 2.3676 (0.81); 2.3627 (1.44); 2.3589 (1.01); 2.3495 (1.22); 2.3460 (0.96); 2.3315 (2.63); 1.6755 (1.90); 1.6569 (4.14); 1.6436 (4.05); 1.6370 (2.76); 1.6258 (8.70);

I.6118 (3.08); 1.6067 (4.41); 1.5936 (5.21); 1.5754 (2.89); 1.2565 (10.58); 1.2301 (10.19); 1.2009 (0.42); 1.1887 (0.61); 1.1827 (0.54); 1.1701 (0.51); 1.1300 (2.85); 1.1193 (4.14); 1.1099 (10.16); 1.0980 (16.00); 1.0915 (9.97); 1.0791 (12.98); 1.0670 (6.12); 1.0637 (6.24); 1.0560 (8.92); 1.0370 (3.95); 1.0300 (9.39); 1.0224 (5.42); 1.0085 (2.97); 0.9981 (4.94); 0.9961 (4.93); 0.9831 (13.72); 0.9711 (9.08); 0.9646 (6.50); 0.9621 (5.62); 0.9514 (13.40); 0.9392 (8.81); 0.9323 (4.87); 0.9191 (3.11); 0.9072 (1.23); 0.8978 (4.94); 0.8949 (4.72); 0.8803 (3.89); 0.8663 (4.38); 0.8490 (3.80); 0.8178 (1.50); 0.8052 (0.97); 0.7983 (0.86); 0.7853 (1.50); 0.7734 (0.66); 0.7647 (0.88); 0.7532 (0.79); 0.7329 (0.39); 0.5133 (0.60); 0.5001 (0.76); 0.4939 (1.49); 0.4881 (1.66); 0.4809 (0.95); 0.4696 (0.88); 0.4676 (0.89); 0.4594 (1.54); 0.4574 (1.53); 0.4466 (0.54); 0.4401 (1.12); 0.4252 (2.53); 0.4202 (2.68); 0.4061 (1.56); 0.3901 (2.82); 0.3742 (0.88); 0.3667 (0.50); 0.3547 (0.45); 0.3413 (0.47); 0.3352 (0.86); 0.3227 (0.55); 0.3029 (1.00); 0.2832 (0.70); 0.2804 (0.71); 0.1095 (0.65); 0.1040 (0.68); 0.0900 (0.83); 0.0846 (0.78); 0.0670 (0.58); 0.0522 (0.49); 0.0470 (0.38); 0.0213 (0.38); 0.0134 (0.49); -0.0006 (8.70); -0.0113 (0.75); -0.0150 (0.74); -0.0331 (1.50); -0.0528 (1.42); -0.0651 (0.36); -0.0726 (3.00); -0.0816 (1.37); -0.0857 (1.18); -0.0893 (1.14); -0.1021 (1.30); -0.1064 (1.05); -0.1238 (0.44); -0.1396 (0.50); -0.1441 (0.45);

Example 22, Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

I I.9212 (0.54); 11.8857 (0.49); 7.7126 (1.72); 7.7082 (3.32); 7.7040 (2.23); 7.6819 (2.25); 7.6769 (4.39); 7.6719 (2.80); 7.4929 (0.65); 7.4878 (0.82); 7.4833 (0.82); 7.4781 (0.94); 7.4633 (1.88); 7.4580 (2.11); 7.4536 (2.55); 7.4483 (2.56); 7.4338 (1.80); 7.4280 (1.90); 7.4241 (2.40); 7.4182 (2.05); 7.4054 (1.45); 7.3975 (3.38); 7.3893 (2.23); 7.3743 (1.64); 7.3664 (3.63); 7.3584 (2.55); 7.3438 (1.02); 7.3358 (1.58); 7.3280 (0.92); 7.2982 (2.09); 7.2907 (1.96); 7.2734 (3.70); 7.2677 (2.02); 7.2631 (3.22); 7.2564 (2.65); 7.2341 (1.75); 7.2267 (1.74); 3.8077 (0.43); 3.7739 (1.79); 3.7399 (2.86); 3.7059 (2.02); 3.6718 (0.54); 3.2410 (0.40); 3.2096 (1.59); 3.1751 (2.57); 3.1415 (1.97); 3.1083 (0.68); 3.1059 (0.68); 3.0857 (0.77); 3.0649 (0.79); 3.0592 (0.95); 3.0554 (0.89); 3.0445 (0.90); 3.0384 (0.97); 3.0346 (0.96); 3.0243 (1.07); 3.0177 (1.25); 3.0082 (0.76); 2.9971 (1.19); 2.9906 (0.84); 2.9699 (0.72); 2.4405 (0.33); 2.4228 (0.64); 2.4118 (0.72); 2.4031 (1.29); 2.3947 (1.34); 2.3837 (1.16); 2.3750 (1.72); 2.3684 (2.33); 2.3577 (3.87); 2.3520 (2.58); 2.3414 (2.02); 2.3253 (4.83); 2.3196 (5.09); 2.3150 (3.39); 2.2896 (5.74); 2.2762 (3.89); 2.2723 (3.82); 2.2583 (5.27); 2.2541 (4.62); 2.2494 (4.23); 2.2420 (4.79); 2.2354 (3.82); 2.2253 (3.98); 2.2184 (2.64); 2.2144 (2.60); 2.2074 (3.15); 2.2006 (2.33); 2.1919 (1.63); 2.1831 (1.14); 2.1798 (1.15); 2.1755 (0.99); 2.1656 (0.94); 2.1616 (0.81); 2.1580 (0.80); 2.0821 (0.83); 2.0502 (1.59); 2.0433 (1.24); 2.0386 (1.43); 2.0141 (1.99); 2.0063 (3.33); 1.9830 (1.41); 1.9707 (4.96); 1.9482 (1.53); 1.9445 (1.22); 1.9382 (2.86); 1.9329 (2.78); 1.9120 (1.74); 1.9031 (1.62); 1.8964 (1.65); 1.8808 (1.19); 1.8761 (1.47); 1.8680 (1.51); 1.8604 (2.20); 1.8486 (1.25); 1.8403 (1.74); 1.8339 (1.43); 1.8289 (0.99); 1.8210 (1.09); 1.8137 (1.29); 1.8077 (0.91); 1.8019 (0.73); 1.7972 (0.56); 1.7851 (0.51); 1.7805 (0.52); 1.7122 (0.66); 1.6911 (0.73); 1.6851 (0.95); 1.6641 (0.94); 1.6579 (0.80); 1.6369 (0.71); 1.2554 (10.70); 1.2289 (10.25); 1.1726 (0.38); 1.1666 (0.38); 1.1459 (0.38);

I .1403 (0.40); 1.0836 (9.18); 1.0570 (8.94); 0.9937 (16.00); 0.9664 (15.28); 0.9054 (10.11); 0.8929 (10.07); 0.8779 (9.87); 0.8657 (9.27); 0.8163 (0.39); 0.8035 (0.37); 0.7888 (0.34); 0.0712 (0.73); -0.0006 (2.50);

Example 23, Solvent: DMSO, Spectrometer: 400.13 MHz

I I.7799 (0.66); 11.7556 (0.71); 11.7333 (0.74); 11.7080 (0.69); 7.7129 (1.53); 7.7093 (2.07); 7.6928 (2.57); 7.6896 (3.04); 7.6839 (1.77); 7.6329 (1.34); 7.6285 (2.46); 7.6228 (1.32); 7.6133 (3.68); 7.6091 (4.35); 7.6046 (2.06); 7.5952 (2.37); 7.5900 (1.61); 7.5791 (1.22); 7.5753 (2.38); 7.5718 (1.80); 7.5601 (2.25); 7.5575 (2.75); 7.5545 (1.86); 7.5419 (1.13); 7.5387 (1.37); 7.5117 (2.17); 7.5073 (1.97); 7.4930 (1.27); 7.4885 (1.07); 4.3157 (0.91); 4.2757 (16.00); 4.2605 (4.93); 4.2202 (0.89); 3.3518 (23.38); 3.3477 (22.43); 3.3354 (0.43); 3.3293 (2.78); 3.0373 (0.49); 3.0244 (0.60); 3.0208 (0.61); 3.0114 (0.62); 3.0083 (0.65); 2.9989 (0.61); 2.9954 (0.61); 2.9825 (0.55); 2.9718 (0.51); 2.9650 (0.33); 2.9581 (0.58); 2.9554 (0.59); 2.9474 (0.54); 2.9419 (0.56); 2.9339 (0.58); 2.9313 (0.56); 2.9176 (0.46); 2.5287 (0.40); 2.5151 (5.57); 2.5109 (11.52); 2.5064 (15.73); 2.5020 (11.48); 2.4977 (5.40); 1.7995 (0.50); 1.7825 (0.76); 1.7687 (0.81); 1.7655 (0.77); 1.7516 (0.78); 1.7473 (0.75); 1.7339 (0.79);

I.7299 (0.83); 1.7168 (0.80); 1.7132 (0.65); 1.6998 (0.56); 1.1639 (7.31); 1.1474 (7.18); 1.0992 (6.76); 1.0826 (6.61); 0.9055 (6.53); 0.8883 (6.32); 0.8688 (6.69); 0.8518 (6.71); 0.8417 (7.25); 0.8245 (7.23); 0.8172 (7.43); 0.8002 (6.72);

Example 24, Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

I I.7415 (1.13); 11.7109 (1.20); 7.4911 (2.28); 7.4865 (2.35); 7.4759 (2.61); 7.4715 (2.68); 7.4597 (3.14); 7.4548 (3.13); 7.4445 (3.29); 7.4397 (3.31); 7.2803 (1.09); 7.2756 (1.99); 7.2706 (1.28); 7.2503 (3.24); 7.2456 (5.57); 7.2406 (3.32); 7.2208 (3.12); 7.2160 (4.95); 7.2109 (2.74); 7.1876 (2.33); 7.1824 (3.04); 7.1801 (3.29); 7.1755 (3.26); 7.1562 (2.85); 7.1493 (3.95); 7.1447

(3.51) ; 7.1258 (1.40); 7.1205 (1.72); 7.1139 (1.28); 7.0946 (3.51); 7.0872 (3.07); 7.0738 (3.34); 7.0640 (6.62); 7.0580 (2.58); 7.0442 (2.13); 7.0369 (2.11); 3.9210 (0.73); 3.8925 (0.75); 2.5122 (0.63); 2.4994 (1.12); 2.4930 (0.98); 2.4845 (1.34); 2.4733

(1.52) ; 2.4681 (1.44); 2.4581 (1.82); 2.4368 (10.53); 2.4321 (9.26); 2.4095 (10.40); 2.4043 (8.92); 2.3904 (0.87); 2.1466 (1.03); 2.0560 (2.47); 2.0276 (2.54); 1.8304 (3.29); 1.2953 (0.36); 1.2681 (0.35); 1.2186 (0.81); 1.1925 (0.83); 1.1361 (14.18); 1.1097 (13.40); 1.0938 (2.49); 1.0721 (4.42); 1.0521 (16.00); 1.0153 (1.57); 1.0040 (0.84); 0.9978 (0.82); 0.9833 (0.95); 0.9710 (1.41); 0.9414 (13.16); 0.9234 (3.49); 0.9149 (12.51); 0.8966 (1.49); 0.8925 (1.48); 0.8750 (0.97); 0.8643 (1.04); 0.8449 (1.12); 0.8321 (1.21); 0.8123 (1.54); 0.7995 (0.97); 0.7922 (1.04); 0.7796 (1.62); 0.7600 (1.29); 0.7478 (1.20); 0.7409 (0.85); 0.7279 (1.30); 0.7207 (0.92); 0.7083 (2.14); 0.6914 (5.04); 0.6758 (4.73); 0.6659 (14.36); 0.6385 (4.51); 0.4634 (0.39); 0.4234 (0.76); 0.4033 (2.24); 0.3864 (6.47); 0.3804 (6.88); 0.3736 (5.44); 0.3680 (5.88); 0.3628 (5.94); 0.3538 (6.86); 0.3472 (6.06); 0.3328 (4.65); 0.3163 (1.53); 0.3056 (2.46); 0.3013 (3.50); 0.2963 (3.54); 0.2825 (1.88); 0.2664 (3.69); 0.2515 (0.90); 0.2262 (0.61); 0.2121 (0.96); 0.1938 (0.84); 0.1744 (1.59); 0.1546 (1.05); 0.1514 (1.00); 0.1006 (0.37); 0.0799 (0.40); 0.0603 (0.52); 0.0368 (2.43); 0.0183 (6.40); -0.0006 (6.57); -0.0215 (3.63); -0.0423 (2.25); -0.0647 (1.06); -0.0804 (0.91); -0.1241 (0.52); -0.1423 (1.44); -0.1610 (1.71); -0.1803 (1.57); -0.2071 (1.63); -0.2148 (3.04); -0.2275 (1.55);

Example 25, Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

11.8877 (0.55); 11.8539 (0.55); 7.6950 (1.01); 7.6903 (1.03); 7.6789 (1.16); 7.6746 (1.22); 7.6637 (1.45); 7.6587 (1.48); 7.6475 (1.45); 7.6428 (1.51); 7.4777 (0.54); 7.4725 (0.68); 7.4706 (0.65); 7.4646 (0.65); 7.4476 (1.59); 7.4422 (1.96); 7.4347 (1.64); 7.4289 (0.92); 7.4182 (1.48); 7.4111 (1.93); 7.4047 (1.42); 7.3853 (1.53); 7.3822 (1.63); 7.3772 (2.21); 7.3752 (2.23); 7.3549 (10.16); 7.3374 (17.97); 7.3269 (3.36); 7.3194 (5.58); 7.3095 (2.47); 7.2978 (11.08); 7.2828 (14.14); 7.2559 (4.98); 7.2300 (2.80); 7.2199 (1.44); 7.2059 (0.64); 7.1914 (0.61); 7.1731 (0.35); 4.1034 (0.99); 4.0428 (2.99); 4.0261 (3.94); 4.0190 (4.07); 3.9894 (2.94); 3.9287 (1.02); 3.7192 (0.45); 3.6665 (0.42); 3.6412 (1.29); 3.6282 (16.00); 3.5362 (0.41); 3.3453 (2.87); 2.6662 (0.33); 2.6516 (0.43); 2.6403 (0.49); 2.6337 (0.50); 2.6255 (0.73); 2.6202 (1.04); 2.6080 (0.60); 2.5952 (1.49); 2.5834 (0.56); 2.5700 (0.74); 2.5571 (0.39); 1.2993 (5.17); 1.2730 (5.07); 1.1055 (5.11); 1.0791 (4.%); 0.9774 (0.35); 0.9576 (0.62); 0.9453 (0.43); 0.9379 (0.43); 0.9251 (0.68); 0.9054 (0.48); 0.8921 (0.40); 0.8767 (0.45); 0.8565 (0.67); 0.8440 (0.42); 0.8363 (0.40); 0.8239 (0.71); 0.8034 (0.40); 0.5525 (0.45); 0.5338 (1.13); 0.5283 (1.59); 0.5204 (0.57); 0.5120 (0.73); 0.5068 (0.67); 0.4970 (1.48); 0.4898 (0.73); 0.4774 (1.14); 0.4715 (1.29); 0.4665 (1.31); 0.4542 (0.65); 0.4512 (0.68); 0.4433 (0.87); 0.4365 (1.47); 0.4193 (0.51); 0.3976 (0.38); 0.3795 (0.59); 0.3661 (0.46); 0.3458 (0.89); 0.3254 (0.70); 0.1360 (0.58); 0.1135 (0.70); 0.0952 (0.48); 0.0801 (0.43); 0.0768 (0.44); 0.0602 (0.32); 0.0410 (0.35); 0.0114 (0.47); -0.0006 (1.29); -0.0162 (0.73); -0.0429 (0.64); -0.0465 (0.58); -0.0527 (0.53); -0.0631 (0.65);

Example 26, Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

12.1565 (0.98); 12.1156 (0.90); 7.7221 (4.10); 7.6906 (4.71); 7.5021 (1.49); 7.4971 (1.50); 7.4765 (3.15); 7.4725 (3.60); 7.4675 (3.13); 7.4606 (2.18); 7.4472 (2.92); 7.4429 (3.33); 7.4376 (3.02); 7.4300 (2.28); 7.4247 (2.29); 7.4174 (3.50); 7.4097 (2.92); 7.3864 (3.96); 7.3794 (2.89); 7.3630 (1.32); 7.3559 (1.71); 7.3491 (1.23); 7.3030 (2.19); 7.2965 (2.37); 7.2880 (3.16); 7.2664 (2.48); 7.2555 (3.11); 7.2487 (2.40); 7.2263 (2.19); 4.5140 (1.22); 4.5048 (1.46); 4.4944 (2.25); 4.4853 (2.25); 4.4712 (2.34); 4.4524 (2.41); 4.1713 (2.24); 4.1269 (2.46); 3.5983 (1.78); 3.5535 (2.78); 3.5164 (1.35); 3.5079 (1.36); 3.1360 (0.91); 3.1291 (0.89); 3.1100 (1.52); 3.1015 (1.53); 3.0910 (1.74); 3.0834 (1.67); 3.0755 (1.78); 3.0697 (1.74); 3.0557 (1.29); 3.0494 (1.35); 2.3924 (0.68); 2.3696 (0.76); 2.0719 (2.26); 2.0449 (2.17); 2.0326 (2.14); 1.9223 (2.50); 1.8807 (0.97); 1.8731 (1.02); 1.8538 (1.15); 1.8454 (1.09); 1.8268 (1.10); 1.8179 (0.92); 1.8088 (0.86); 1.7994 (0.94); 1.7183 (5.60); 1.7075 (3.69); 1.6792 (5.25); 1.6529 (4.87); 1.6339 (4.94); 1.6022 (3.65); 1.5804 (3.15); 1.5693 (3.28); 1.3314 (0.63); 1.3045 (1.13); 1.2647 (4.98); 1.2396 (9.54); 1.2247 (7.29); 1.2131 (8.67); 1.1984 (4.74); 1.1814 (0.63); 1.1513 (0.63); 1.1248 (0.53); 1.0858 (5.55); 1.0599 (5.66);

I .0369 (2.44); 0.9899 (10.44); 0.9632 (9.17); 0.9101 (15.13); 0.9002 (11.65); 0.8891 (14.42); 0.8828 (16.00); 0.8630 (8.18); 0.8205 (0.78); 0.7935 (0.73); 0.7744 (0.42); -0.0006 (1.32);

Example 27, Solvent: DMSO, Spectrometer: 400.13 MHz

I I.9512 (0.40); 11.9265 (0.43); 11.9040 (0.45); 11.8778 (0.42); 7.7090 (0.98); 7.7055 (1.26); 7.6962 (0.44); 7.6889 (1.47); 7.6854 (1.98); 7.6798 (0.94); 7.6737 (0.33); 7.6570 (0.33); 7.6541 (0.38); 7.6390 (0.34); 7.6278 (1.59); 7.6245 (1.48); 7.6154 (0.66); 7.6090 (3.39); 7.6050 (2.36); 7.5906 (1.41); 7.5854 (1.11); 7.5745 (0.85); 7.5706 (1.55); 7.5673 (1.33); 7.5554 (1.67); 7.5529 (1.54); 7.5489 (1.47); 7.5431 (0.42); 7.5370 (0.94); 7.5341 (0.93); 7.5307 (0.40); 7.5218 (0.36); 7.5182 (0.36); 7.5104 (1.39); 7.5059 (1.27); 7.4916 (0.81); 7.4871 (0.67); 3.6643 (0.46); 3.6553 (0.79); 3.6486 (1.19); 3.6450 (1.12); 3.6407 (1.26); 3.6384 (1.19); 3.6333 (2.51); 3.6299 (2.12); 3.6237 (0.99); 3.6177 (2.13); 3.6087 (0.44); 3.6028 (0.72); 3.5934 (0.50); 3.5883 (0.57); 3.5734 (1.01); 3.5585 (0.56); 3.5347 (0.37); 3.5191 (0.71); 3.5035 (0.37); 3.3284 (3.71); 3.2480 (4.00); 3.2398 (16.00); 3.2371 (14.16); 3.2214 (2.50); 3.0045 (0.39); 3.0010 (0.39); 2.9917 (0.40); 2.9883 (0.42); 2.9791 (0.39); 2.9755 (0.39); 2.9627 (0.36); 2.9533 (0.33); 2.9398 (0.37); 2.9371 (0.37); 2.9290 (0.35); 2.9236 (0.36); 2.9155 (0.37); 2.9128 (0.36); 2.8979 (0.48); 2.8828 (0.54); 2.8659 (0.37); 2.8574 (1.43); 2.8426 (2.47); 2.8314 (2.39); 2.8267 (1.43); 2.8164 (1.88); 2.8062 (0.36); 2.8018 (0.66); 2.7915 (0.46); 2.7761 (0.51); 2.7724 (0.66); 2.7574 (1.01); 2.7425 (0.49); 2.5411 (0.43); 2.5288 (0.99); 2.5151 (8.15); 2.5107 (16.27); 2.5063 (21.59); 2.5018 (15.30); 2.4974 (6.94); 2.4519 (0.37); 2.4363 (0.69); 2.4207 (0.34); 1.7711 (0.46);

I.7574 (0.52); 1.7399 (0.53); 1.7212 (0.53); 1.7080 (0.50); 1.7044 (0.41); 1.6911 (0.35); 1.1654 (1.30); 1.1523 (4.79); 1.1357 (4.44); 1.0906 (4.10); 1.0740 (4.00); 0.8942 (3.96); 0.8770 (3.88); 0.8612 (4.27); 0.8511 (1.70); 0.8442 (4.20); 0.8314 (4.72); 0.8127 (5.99); 0.7945 (4.19); 0.7007 (1.14); 0.6842 (1.07);

Example 28, Solvent: CDC½, Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

I I.8210 (0.64); 11.7940 (0.64); 7.6284 (1.31); 7.6140 (1.49); 7.6012 (1.60); 7.5968 (1.67); 7.5861 (1.69); 7.5822 (1.77); 7.4172 (1.05); 7.3873 (2.91); 7.3576 (2.55); 7.3225 (1.86); 7.3180 (1.72); 7.2918 (2.37); 7.2870 (2.08); 7.2676 (1.00); 7.2623 (1.10); 7.2563 (0.73); 7.2314 (2.01); 7.2242 (1.80); 7.2112 (1.88); 7.2037 (4.83); 7.1946 (1.46); 7.1817 (1.26); 7.1744 (1.19); 2.7216 (1.50); 2.6921 (4.55); 2.6627 (4.66); 2.6370 (1.75); 2.6330 (1.84); 2.6167 (0.79); 2.6113 (0.75); 2.6011 (1.03); 2.5918 (0.88); 2.5854 (0.85); 2.5707 (1.10); 2.5598 (0.76); 2.5453 (0.70); 2.5332 (0.53); 2.3009 (1.03); 2.2806 (0.43); 1.6150 (0.91); 1.2696 (7.09); 1.2433 (6.93); 1.2209 (0.57); 1.1907 (0.99); 1.1602 (0.60); 1.1317 (8.13); 1.1023 (16.00); 1.0713 (11.03); 1.0433 (6.69);

I.0112 (0.68); 0.9803 (0.70); 0.9675 (0.47); 0.9586 (0.50); 0.9477 (0.87); 0.9351 (0.52); 0.9277 (0.64); 0.9152 (0.89); 0.8950 (0.58); 0.8832 (0.43); 0.8698 (0.41); 0.8577 (0.49); 0.8374 (0.90); 0.8248 (0.56); 0.8170 (0.56); 0.8051 (1.04); 0.7925 (0.34); 0.7846 (0.58); 0.7728 (0.46); 0.5249 (0.54); 0.5058 (1.40); 0.5002 (1.72); 0.4927 (0.82); 0.4831 (0.78); 0.4790 (0.80); 0.4697 (1.71); 0.4513 (1.08); 0.4364 (1.75); 0.4317 (1.91); 0.4174 (1.19); 0.4015 (2.12); 0.3856 (0.65); 0.3782 (0.41); 0.3654 (0.42); 0.3468 (0.75); 0.3338 (0.57); 0.3134 (1.14); 0.2929 (0.87); 0.1207 (0.70); 0.1174 (0.70); 0.0973 (0.86); 0.0792 (0.60); 0.0645 (0.51); 0.0145 (0.63); -0.0006 (5.92); -0.0219 (1.14); -0.0416 (1.07); -0.0727 (1.89); -0.0888 (1.05); -0.1097 (0.35); -0.1260 (0.40);

Example 29, "Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

I I.9608 (2.93); 7.7790 (0.34); 7.7056 (4.96); 7.7008 (4.77); 7.6906 (5.33); 7.6744 (5.28); 7.6694 (4.54); 7.6591 (4.57); 7.6145 (0.66); 7.6032 (0.57); 7.5818 (0.50); 7.5511 (0.51); 7.4889 (4.03); 7.4838 (3.38); 7.4641 (6.89); 7.4594 (7.82); 7.4546 (5.07); 7.4342 (5.99); 7.4295 (6.74); 7.4243 (4.28); 7.3994 (6.06); 7.3953 (6.33); 7.3924 (6.20); 7.3885 (5.38); 7.3680 (6.42); 7.3646

(6.52) ; 7.3376 (3.98); 7.3335 (4.23); 7.3260 (3.99); 7.3139 (6.87); 7.3067 (5.85); 7.2935 (6.65); 7.2855 (7.20); 7.2765 (6.14); 7.2648 (3.24); 7.2574 (2.30); 7.2267 (0.36); 7.1986 (0.33); 7.1898 (0.33); 3.4540 (1.54); 3.4254 (3.67); 3.3958 (4.85); 3.3627 (3.28); 3.3329 (1.09); 2.8252 (0.84); 2.7933 (1.91); 2.7635 (2.78); 2.7334 (2.38); 2.7001 (2.60); 2.6737 (3.13); 2.6554 (3.32); 2.6491 (3.42); 2.6338 (2.92); 2.6291 (2.96); 2.6027 (1.77); 2.5886 (1.25); 2.3540 (1.07); 1.9576 (8.49); 1.9403 (9.63); 1.9077 (9.58); 1.8915 (9.82); 1.8691 (11.28); 1.8531 (10.32); 1.8461 (10.74); 1.8175 (8.69); 1.7793 (8.58); 1.7633 (9.87); 1.7573 (9.81); 1.7264 (11.34); 1.7121 (11.41); 1.7044 (11.60); 1.6924 (10.62); 1.6857 (10.53); 1.6778 (10.64); 1.6463 (11.75); 1.6310

(9.53) ; 1.6186 (10.50); 1.6046 (8.12); 1.5908 (6.48); 1.5575 (3.13); 1.4287 (1.00); 1.4023 (1.21); 1.3382 (16.00); 1.3120 (13.29); 1.2780 (1.20); 1.2511 (1.29); 1.2387 (1.25); 1.2244 (1.17); 1.2125 (1.28); 1.1478 (14.48); 1.1216 (12.03); 1.0587 (1.48); 1.0511 (1.45); 1.0373 (1.90); 1.0188 (2.33); 1.0060 (2.06); 0.9987 (1.97); 0.9864 (2.33); 0.9671 (1.87); 0.9537 (1.83); 0.9358 (2.02); 0.9167 (2.62); 0.9034 (2.15); 0.8965 (2.04); 0.8843 (2.46); 0.8712 (1.41); 0.8642 (1.50); 0.8520 (1.10); 0.8315 (0.65); 0.6554 (0.35); 0.6295 (0.82); 0.5944 (2.88); 0.5736 (5.45); 0.5687 (5.35); 0.5482 (4.95); 0.5394 (5.75); 0.5105 (6.82); 0.5056 (6.27); 0.4939 (3.92); 0.4886 (3.76); 0.4761 (5.62); 0.4622 (2.22); 0.4275 (1.95); 0.4148 (2.17); 0.3958 (2.23); 0.3768 (2.76); 0.3572 (1.96); 0.2228 (0.55); 0.1810 (2.39); 0.1751 (2.17); 0.1615 (2.47); 0.1393 (1.85); 0.1231 (1.79); 0.0716 (4.12); 0.0490 (3.66); 0.0289 (3.75); 0.0031 (4.21); -0.0006 (4.44); -0.0165 (3.05); -0.0340 (1.28); -0.0517 (1.09); -0.0712 (0.56); -0.0880 (0.36);

Example 30. Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

11.9083 (2.13); 11.8792 (2.03); 7.7643 (0.33); 7.7193 (4.40); 7.7146 (4.50); 7.7038 (4.86); 7.6994 (5.14); 7.6880 (6.06); 7.6829 (5.90); 7.6724 (6.05); 7.6676 (6.10); 7.6213 (0.42); 7.6096 (0.44); 7.5904 (0.56); 7.5658 (0.42); 7.5356 (0.40); 7.5036 (3.51); 7.4989 (2.29); 7.4781 (5.97); 7.4737 (9.77); 7.4698 (5.73); 7.4486 (5.48); 7.4440 (8.43); 7.4393 (4.68); 7.4187 (4.40); 7.4112 (6.35); 7.4066 (5.77); 7.3868 (5.36); 7.3809 (7.52); 7.3758 (6.53); 7.3569 (2.59); 7.3516 (3.22); 7.3453 (2.90); 7.3070 (5.29); 7.2999 (4.79); 7.2887 (4.32); 7.2776 (7.45); 7.2732 (13.43); 7.2582 (3.09); 7.2544 (3.08); 7.1810 (0.35); 4.1379 (0.39); 4.1114 (0.70); 4.0956 (0.85); 4.0794 (0.82); 4.0722 (1.17); 4.0609 (3.87); 4.0461 (12.97); 4.0365 (7.91); 4.0279 (9.14); 4.0205 (14.67); 4.0068 (7.43); 4.0019 (10.32); 3.9793 (5.86); 3.9525 (6.67); 3.9229 (4.22); 3.8955 (0.64); 3.8638 (4.24); 3.8339 (7.51); 3.8021 (6.40); 3.7741 (4.14); 3.7502 (3.71); 3.7210 (4.72); 3.6900 (3.52); 3.6648 (1.40); 2.7327 (0.45); 2.7251 (0.76); 2.7175 (1.04); 2.7064 (1.66); 2.6989 (1.58); 2.6923 (1.74); 2.6791 (2.64); 2.6736 (2.72); 2.6591 (2.15); 2.6461 (2.99); 2.6272 (1.45); 2.6196 (1.67); 2.6126 (1.63); 2.5935 (0.46); 2.5861 (0.55); 2.3854 (2.27); 2.3654 (2.25); 2.3522 (0.53); 2.3283 (0.63); 2.3224 (0.55); 2.3026 (1.60); 2.2851 (1.84); 2.2802 (2.53); 2.2719 (2.85); 2.2564 (3.96); 2.2508 (4.97); 2.2421 (3.46); 2.2349 (5.47); 2.2310 (5.50); 2.2273 (4.97); 2.2213 (4.68); 2.2163 (4.53); 2.2121 (4.30); 2.2071 (5.04); 2.2010 (3.59); 2.1967 (3.39); 2.1923 (3.47); 2.1862 (3.39); 2.1828 (2.99); 2.1624 (2.69); 2.1428 (0.88); 2.1367 (0.92); 2.1284 (0.60); 2.1130 (0.66); 2.0595 (0.35); 2.0079 (0.34); 1.9945 (0.34); 1.9877 (0.34); 1.6941 (12.08); 1.6015 (0.44); 1.3473 (13.69); 1.3430 (14.56); 1.3208 (13.87); 1.3168 (14.23); 1.2519 (1.22); 1.2384 (0.55); 1.2238 (1.09); 1.2119 (0.39); 1.1580 (16.00); 1.1319 (16.00); 1.0844 (0.56); 1.0647 (0.78); 1.0557 (0.89); 1.0394 (1.49); 1.0200 (1.88); 1.0032 (1.39); 0.9872 (2.45); 0.9707 (1.51); 0.9547 (1.71); 0.9392 (1.38); 0.9202 (2.18); 0.9078 (1.82); 0.9005 (1.72); 0.8879 (2.77); 0.8689 (1.60); 0.8572 (1.25); 0.8348 (0.65); 0.6445 (0.45); 0.6086

(1.55) ; 0.5942 (2.08); 0.5886 (4.41); 0.5826 (5.55); 0.5629 (2.95); 0.5525 (5.11); 0.5424 (3.02); 0.5274 (6.71); 0.5221 (6.75); 0.5085 (4.07); 0.4916 (7.53); 0.4769 (2.51); 0.4695 (1.50); 0.4541 (0.88); 0.4356 (1.25); 0.4250 (1.11); 0.4151 (1.42); 0.4024 (1.44); 0.3934 (1.31); 0.3813 (2.02); 0.3733 (1.88); 0.3593 (1.67); 0.1883 (2.13); 0.1826 (1.42); 0.1684 (2.41); 0.1502 (1.63); 0.1354 (1.16); 0.1304 (1.56); 0.1160 (0.91); 0.1097 (0.97); 0.0961 (1.18); 0.0823 (0.97); 0.0766 (0.99); 0.0603 (2.83); 0.0555

(2.56) ; 0.0406 (2.66); 0.0142 (1.96); -0.0006 (9.81); -0.0135 (2.11); -0.0175 (2.37); -0.0219 (2.29); -0.0339 (1.12); -0.0434 (1.29); -0.0600 (1.00); -0.0732 (0.58); -0.0930 (0.44);

Example 31. Solvent: DMSO, Spectrometer: 400.13 MHz

12.0521 (0.70); 12.0126 (1.03); 11.9879 (1.25); 11.9759 (1.27); 11.9501 (1.06); 7.7071 (3.13); 7.6877 (4.44); 7.6498 (1.64); 7.6452 (1.89); 7.6273 (4.38); 7.6103 (4.44); 7.6053 (3.63); 7.5909 (2.95); 7.5855 (2.68); 7.5746 (2.77); 7.5709 (2.25); 7.5565

(4.34) ; 7.5420 (5.56); 7.5365 (4.01); 7.5233 (1.14); 7.5176 (0.67); 3.3285 (2.29); 3.0003 (0.70); 2.9873 (0.90); 2.9840 (0.89); 2.9742 (0.97); 2.9619 (0.93); 2.9586 (0.89); 2.9456 (0.81); 2.9360 (0.72); 2.9281 (0.55); 2.9221 (0.86); 2.9115 (0.79); 2.9063 (0.80); 2.8980 (0.83); 2.8819 (0.62); 2.5102 (11.85); 2.5059 (15.06); 2.5018 (10.71); 2.3083 (0.55); 2.3028 (0.61); 2.2917 (1.87); 2.2843 (1.76); 2.2773 (2.18); 2.2733 (2.35); 2.2626 (1.96); 2.2548 (1.00); 2.2477 (0.59); 2.2418 (0.45); 1.8111 (0.90); 1.7998 (1.77); 1.7911 (2.15); 1.7798 (3.23); 1.7744 (1.44); 1.7688 (2.05); 1.7602 (2.52); 1.7487 (1.44); 1.7422 (1.11); 1.7281

(1.35) ; 1.7112 (1.47); 1.6943 (1.36); 1.6810 (1.16); 1.6642 (0.79); 1.1501 (0.39); 1.1277 (10.01); 1.1111 (9.83); 1.1003 (1.93); 1.0954 (1.85); 1.0874 (4.12); 1.0799 (7.93); 1.0673 (12.45); 1.0605 (7.86); 1.0509 (10.47); 1.0384 (1.71); 1.0280 (3.37); 1.0202 (7.70); 1.0170 (4.31); 1.0115 (5.43); 1.0089 (6.82); 1.0011 (4.97); 0.9895 (3.03); 0.9707 (16.00); 0.9567 (9.45); 0.9411 (5.06); 0.9165 (0.87); 0.8718 (9.06); 0.8546 (9.08); 0.8447 (9.41); 0.8277 (9.00); 0.8124 (10.77); 0.7965 (15.76); 0.7807 (9.54); 0.7658 (0.68);

Example 32, Solvent: CDCk Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

12.0402 (0.69); 8.3897 (1.81); 7.7094 (1.53); 7.6949 (1.73); 7.6780 (1.99); 7.6672 (1.89); 7.6634 (2.04); 7.5028 (0.92); 7.4983 (0.96); 7.4729 (2.52); 7.4684 (2.57); 7.4430 (2.31); 7.4391 (2.27); 7.4111 (2.29); 7.4072 (2.07); 7.3807 (2.76); 7.3508 (1.47); 7.2890 (8.10); 7.2698 (1.88); 7.2585 (1.42); 7.2473 (1.27); 4.4863 (0.92); 4.4786 (1.01); 4.4698 (1.10); 4.4529 (1.25); 4.4445 (1.29); 4.4374 (1.19); 4.4280 (1.00); 4.2970 (0.52); 4.2840 (0.65); 4.2601 (0.59); 4.2473 (0.64); 4.2145 (0.40); 4.1698 (1.86); 4.1434 (4.81); 4.1356 (5.63); 4.0982 (5.36); 4.0907 (6.53); 4.0818 (4.72); 4.0620 (1.50); 4.0376 (4.35); 4.0272 (6.18); 3.9947 (4.52); 3.9838 (5.68); 3.6245 (0.54); 3.5906 (2.85); 3.5759 (4.58); 3.5462 (4.72); 3.5330 (5.95); 3.5090 (2.43); 3.5021 (2.70); 3.4900 (3.27); 3.4732 (0.71); 2.7662 (0.52); 2.7341 (1.07); 2.7039 (1.10); 2.6770 (0.71); 2.3922 (0.95); 2.3692 (0.40); 2.1630 (0.35); 2.1056 (1.19); 2.0653 (3.76); 2.0516 (4.32); 2.0330 (5.86); 1.9313 (6.41); 1.9263 (6.24); 1.9159 (5.71); 1.8824 (2.28); 1.8429 (1.20); 1.8050 (0.93); 1.7942 (0.82); 1.7349 (1.56); 1.6885 (3.95); 1.6722 (5.21); 1.6576 (5.78); 1.6477 (8.57); 1.6345 (9.09); 1.6085 (16.00); 1.5960 (18.09); 1.5898 (18.03); 1.5809 (16.86); 1.5583 (6.31); 1.5453 (5.07); 1.5004 (1.49); 1.4860 (0.93); 1.3299 (4.28); 1.3212 (3.87); 1.3037 (4.19); 1.2950 (3.62); 1.2606 (0.81); 1.2317 (0.38); 1.1489 (3.58); 1.1320 (3.86); 1.1226 (3.77); 1.1057 (3.54); 1.0482 (0.40); 1.0375 (0.38); 1.0274 (0.55); 1.0166 (0.60); 1.0062 (0.51); 0.9955 (0.66); 0.9851 (0.57); 0.9744 (0.42); 0.9643 (0.53); 0.9539 (0.37); 0.9439 (0.35); 0.9345 (0.56); 0.9239 (0.35); 0.9126 (0.63); 0.9028 (0.62); 0.8920 (0.44); 0.8801 (0.78); 0.8592 (0.32); 0.5964 (0.36); 0.5759 (1.02); 0.5668 (1.43); 0.5589 (1.29); 0.5409 (1.24); 0.5338

(1.36) ; 0.5238 (1.74); 0.5051 (1.25); 0.4846 (1.64); 0.4699 (1.17); 0.4518 (0.44); 0.4124 (0.48); 0.3958 (0.53); 0.3775 (0.69); 0.3584 (0.77); 0.3388 (0.39); 0.2049 (0.48); 0.1849 (0.62); 0.1720 (0.58); 0.1542 (0.47); 0.1398 (0.38); 0.1022 (0.41); 0.0841 (0.46); 0.0710 (2.52); 0.0445 (1.10); 0.0242 (0.65); 0.0126 (0.97); -0.0006 (3.88);

Example 33, Solvent: DMSO, Spectrometer: 400.13 MHz

12.0250 (0.48); 11.9926 (0.67); 11.9659 (0.51); 7.7044 (1.11); 7.7014 (1.28); 7.6984 (1.15); 7.6915 (0.53); 7.6845 (1.65); 7.6815 (1.87); 7.6786 (1.79); 7.6746 (0.95); 7.6235 (1.87); 7.6196 (1.83); 7.6043 (4.01); 7.5856 (1.68); 7.5805 (1.23); 7.5698 (0.92); 7.5654 (1.44); 7.5614 (1.25); 7.5506 (1.78); 7.5485 (1.90); 7.5432 (1.48); 7.5326 (0.91); 7.5292 (0.88); 7.5249 (0.41); 7.5039 (1.60); 7.4994 (1.45); 7.4851 (0.96); 7.4806 (0.78); 3.3282 (3.64); 3.0082 (0.35); 2.9952 (0.44); 2.9919 (0.43); 2.9826 (0.45); 2.9791 (0.46); 2.9697 (0.43); 2.9665 (0.43); 2.9536 (0.40); 2.9395 (0.37); 2.9259 (0.41); 2.9154 (0.38); 2.9098 (0.39); 2.9019 (0.40); 2.5150 (8.07); 2.5106 (15.68); 2.5062 (20.72); 2.5018 (14.83); 2.4974 (6.68); 2.4844 (2.96); 2.4671 (4.24); 2.4506 (2.38); 2.4313 (1.73); 2.4134 (0.67); 2.4021 (0.48); 2.3947 (0.57); 2.3846 (0.47); 2.1483 (0.59); 2.1315 (1.15); 2.1145 (1.41); 2.0977 (1.16); 2.0808 (0.60); 2.0761 (0.44); 1.7781 (0.38); 1.7611 (0.55); 1.7474 (0.60); 1.7352 (0.52); 1.7308 (0.52);

I.7221 (0.53); 1.7184 (0.61); 1.7053 (0.58); 1.6884 (0.40); 1.1463 (5.24); 1.1297 (5.12); 1.0938 (4.74); 1.0772 (4.78); 1.0569 (0.45); 0.9437 (16.00); 0.9391 (7.84); 0.9271 (15.59); 0.9226 (7.14); 0.9098 (1.58); 0.8924 (5.65); 0.8749 (4.85); 0.8546 (4.76); 0.8369 (6.08); 0.8347 (6.19); 0.8170 (5.44); 0.8110 (5.45); 0.7940 (4.81);

Example 34, SolventTCDC Spectrometer: 250.13 MHz

I I.9437 (0.65); 11.9157 (0.66); 7.7043 (1.38); 7.6996 (1.38); 7.6896 (1.49); 7.6853 (1.54); 7.6730 (1.92); 7.6680 (1.87); 7.6580 (1.91); 7.6533 (1.90); 7.4938 (0.67); 7.4889 (1.26); 7.4839 (0.79); 7.4641 (1.89); 7.4591 (3.39); 7.4539 (1.94); 7.4342 (1.80); 7.4293 (3.06); 7.4241 (1.67); 7.4010 (1.43); 7.3958 (1.76); 7.3935 (2.04); 7.3888 (1.91); 7.3695 (1.72); 7.3628 (2.28); 7.3580 (2.02); 7.3391 (0.84); 7.3338 (0.93); 7.3274 (0.76); 7.3039 (2.03); 7.2966 (1.84); 7.2844 (1.99); 7.2775 (3.82); 7.2671 (1.43); 7.2549 (1.27); 7.2475 (1.28); 2.7297 (1.52); 2.7208 (4.11); 2.7002 (3.66); 2.6914 (6.76); 2.6694 (2.64); 2.6614 (5.15); 2.6477 (0.88); 2.6419 (0.92); 2.6374 (0.89); 2.6326 (0.86); 2.6280 (1.04); 2.6158 (0.64); 2.6005 (0.72); 2.3533 (0.53); 1.7955 (0.74); 1.7657 (2.94); 1.7359 (5.39); 1.7060 (5.27); 1.6762 (3.04); 1.6469 (0.85); 1.3401 (7.71); 1.3137 (7.55); 1.2861 (0.36); 1.2654 (1.28); 1.2376 (0.36); 1.1457 (7.58); 1.1192 (7.49); 1.0873 (0.49); 1.0520 (0.47); 1.0381 (0.60); 1.0251 (8.30); 1.0056 (1.14); 0.9957 (16.00); 0.9660 (7.50); 0.9550 (0.84); 0.9450 (0.58); 0.9334 (0.87); 0.9251 (0.41); 0.9125 (1.07); 0.9031 (1.03); 0.8929 (0.80); 0.8799 (2.19); 0.8690 (0.62); 0.8595 (0.71); 0.8485 (0.67); 0.8400 (0.40); 0.5952 (0.62); 0.5816 (0.84); 0.5760 (1.59); 0.5702 (1.91); 0.5529 (0.90); 0.5491 (0.86); 0.5417 (1.70); 0.5394 (1.71); 0.5206 (1.00); 0.5137 (1.24); 0.5096 (1.91); 0.5045 (2.09); 0.4910 (1.07); 0.4847 (0.66); 0.4741 (2.23); 0.4600 (0.72); 0.4517 (0.38); 0.4332 (0.46); 0.4200 (0.66); 0.4146 (0.59); 0.4009 (0.58); 0.3810 (1.14); 0.3612 (0.82); 0.3595 (0.82); 0.1894 (0.74); 0.1847 (0.73); 0.1697 (0.76); 0.1649 (0.89); 0.1472 (0.64); 0.1324 (0.53); 0.1275 (0.40); 0.0871 (0.38); 0.0718 (1.41); 0.0491 (1.18); 0.0294 (1.09); 0.0059 (1.06); -0.0006 (1.71); -0.0146 (1.05); -0.0517 (0.33);

Use Examples

Phytophthora test (tomato) / preventive

Solvent: 49 parts by weight of N, N - Dimethylformamide

Emuisifier: 1 part by weight of Alkylarylpolyglycolether

To produce a suitable preparation of active compound, 1 part by weight of active compound is mixed with the stated amounts of solvent and emuisifier, and the concentrate is diluted with water to the desired concentration. To test for preventive activity, young plants are sprayed with the preparation of active compound at the stated rate of application. One day after this treatment, the plants are inoculated with an aqueous spore suspension of Phytophthora infestans. The plants remain for one day in an incubation cabinet at approximately 22°C and a relative atmospheric humidity of 100 %. Then the plants are placed in an incubation cabinet at approximately 20°C and a relative atmospheric humidity of 96 %. The test is evaluated 7 days after the inoculation. 0 % means an efficacy which corresponds to that of the untreated control, while an efficacy of 100 % means that no disease

is observed. In this test the following compounds according to the invention showed efficacy of 70 % or even higher at a concentration of 500 ppm of active ingredient.


Plasmopara test (grapevines) / preventive

Solvent: 24,5 parts by weight of acetone

24,5 parts by weight of dimethylacetamide

Emulsifier: 1 part by weight of alkylaryl polyglycol ether

To produce a suitable preparation of active compound, 1 part by weight of active compound is mixed with the stated amounts of solvent and emulsifier, and the concentrate is diluted with water to the desired concentration. To test for preventive activity, young plants are sprayed with the preparation of active compound at the stated rate of application. After the spray coating has dried on, the plants are inoculated with an aqueous spore suspension of Plasmopara viticola and then remain for 1 day in an incubation cabinet at approximately 20° C and a relative atmospheric humidity of 100 %. The plant is subsequently placed for 4 days in a greenhouse at approximately 21°C and a relative atmospheric humidity of approximately 90 %. The plants are then misted and placed for 1 day in an incubation cabinet. The test is evaluated 6 days after the inoculation. 0 % means an efficacy which corresponds to that of the untreated control, while an efficacy of 100 % means that no disease is observed. In this test the following compounds according to the invention showed efficacy of 70% or even higher at a concentration of lOOppm of active ingredient.

Example No. Efficacy in %

19 74

17 93