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1. WO2012064936 - SYNGAS PRODUCED BY PLASMA GASIFICATION

Publication Number WO/2012/064936
Publication Date 18.05.2012
International Application No. PCT/US2011/060147
International Filing Date 10.11.2011
IPC
C10J 3/18 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
JPRODUCTION OF GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE AND HYDROGEN FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS BY PARTIAL OXIDATION PROCESSES INVOLVING OXYGEN OR STEAM ; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
3Production of gases containing carbon monoxide and hydrogen, e.g. synthesis gas or town gas, from solid carbonaceous materials by partial oxidation processes involving oxygen or steam
02Fixed-bed gasification of lump fuel
06Continuous processes
18using electricity
C01B 3/34 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF
3Hydrogen; Gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen; Separation of hydrogen from mixtures containing it; Purification of hydrogen
02Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen
32by reaction of gaseous or liquid organic compounds with gasifying agents, e.g. water, carbon dioxide, air
34by reaction of hydrocarbons with gasifying agents
C10J 3/00 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
JPRODUCTION OF GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE AND HYDROGEN FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS BY PARTIAL OXIDATION PROCESSES INVOLVING OXYGEN OR STEAM ; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
3Production of gases containing carbon monoxide and hydrogen, e.g. synthesis gas or town gas, from solid carbonaceous materials by partial oxidation processes involving oxygen or steam
C10K 1/10 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
KPURIFYING OR MODIFYING THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COMBUSTIBLE GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE
1Purifying combustible gases containing carbon monoxide
08by washing with liquids; Reviving the used wash liquors
10with aqueous liquids
C10J 3/72 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
JPRODUCTION OF GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE AND HYDROGEN FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS BY PARTIAL OXIDATION PROCESSES INVOLVING OXYGEN OR STEAM ; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
3Production of gases containing carbon monoxide and hydrogen, e.g. synthesis gas or town gas, from solid carbonaceous materials by partial oxidation processes involving oxygen or steam
72Other features
CPC
C10J 2300/0906
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES
2300Details of gasification processes
09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
0903Feed preparation
0906Physical processes, e.g. shredding, comminuting, chopping, sorting
C10J 2300/0943
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES
2300Details of gasification processes
09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
0913Carbonaceous raw material
0943Coke
C10J 2300/0946
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES
2300Details of gasification processes
09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
0913Carbonaceous raw material
0946Waste, e.g. MSW, tires, glass, tar sand, peat, paper, lignite, oil shale
C10J 2300/0959
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES
2300Details of gasification processes
09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
0953Gasifying agents
0959Oxygen
C10J 2300/1238
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES
2300Details of gasification processes
12Heating the gasifier
123by electromagnetic waves, e.g. microwaves
1238by plasma
C10J 2300/1643
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES
2300Details of gasification processes
16Integration of gasification processes with another plant or parts within the plant
164with conversion of synthesis gas
1643Conversion of synthesis gas to energy
Applicants
  • AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS, INC. [US]/[US] (AllExceptUS)
  • ALTER NRG CORP [CA]/[CA] (AllExceptUS)
  • KRISHNAMURTHY, Gowri [IN]/[US] (UsOnly)
  • KRETZ, Christine Peck [US]/[US] (UsOnly)
  • HIGDON, III, Charles Roland [US]/[US] (UsOnly)
  • GORODETSKY, Aleksandr [CA]/[CA] (UsOnly)
  • SANTOIANNI, James [US]/[US] (UsOnly)
Inventors
  • KRISHNAMURTHY, Gowri
  • KRETZ, Christine Peck
  • HIGDON, III, Charles Roland
  • GORODETSKY, Aleksandr
  • SANTOIANNI, James
Agents
  • OLTMANS, Andrew L.
Priority Data
61/412,07810.11.2010US
Publication Language English (EN)
Filing Language English (EN)
Designated States
Title
(EN) SYNGAS PRODUCED BY PLASMA GASIFICATION
(FR) GAZ DE SYNTHÈSE PRODUIT PAR GAZÉIFICATION PAR PLASMA
Abstract
(EN)
A syngas stream composition comprising on a dry basis up to about 50,000 mg/Nm3 particulates; 5-39 vol% H2; 5-39 vol% CO; 15-50 vol% CO2; 8-30 vol% N2; 0-2 vol% Argon; and 15-50 vol% moisture on a wet basis. The stream includes a H2/CO ratio that is about 0.3-2 and at least 15 wt% of particulates have an aerodynamic particle diameter of less than or equal to 1 micron. A gasified waste stream and a method for forming a gasified waste stream are also disclosed.
(FR)
L'invention porte sur une composition de courant de gaz de synthèse qui comporte, sur une base sèche, jusqu'à environ 50 000 mg/Nm3 de matières particulaires ; 5 à 39 % en volume d'H2 ; 5 à 39 % en volume de CO ; 15 à 50 % en volume de CO2 ; 8 à 30 % en volume de N2 ; 0 à 2 % en volume d'argon et 15 à 50 % en volume d'humidité sur une base humide. Le courant comprend un rapport H2/CO qui est d'environ 0,3 à 2 et au moins 15 % en poids des matières particulaires ont un diamètre aérodynamique de particule inférieur ou égal à 1 micromètre. L'invention porte également sur un courant de déchets gazéifié et sur un procédé pour la formation d'un courant de déchets gazéifié.
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