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1. WO2012064801 - PARTICLE ACCELERATOR WITH A HEAT PIPE SUPPORTING COMPONENTS OF A HIGH VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY

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[ EN ]

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. An apparatus, comprising:

a) an enclosure having a metal target having a target face that generates neutrons in response to bombardment of ions accelerated thereto;

b) a high voltage power supply including (i) a high voltage power supply (HVPS) bulkhead and (ii) a plurality of electronic components electrically coupled to said target, wherein said plurality of electronic components generate a voltage with a magnitude of at least 50 kV; and

c) a heat pipe disposed between said HVPS bulkhead and said target, said heat pipe having a housing portion with an exterior surface supporting said plurality of electronic components of said high voltage power supply, said heat pipe being in thermal contact with said target and comprising a wick and heat transfer fluid disposed within said housing portion, the wick for circulating the heat transfer fluid within the housing portion in order to transfer heat away from the target to said HVPS bulkhead.

2. An apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:

said head pipe is in thermal contact with said HVPS bulkhead and transfers heat from said target to said HVPS bulkhead.

3. An apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:

said housing portion of said head pipe has an electrical sheet resistance greater than 1014 ohms/square.

4. An apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:

said housing portion of said head pipe has a thermal conductivity of greater than 20 W/m-K (watts per meter Kelvin).

5. An apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:

said housing portion of said heat pipe is realized from a ceramic material.

6. An apparatus according to claim 5,

said ceramic material is selected from the group including aluminum nitride (AIN) ceramic, beryllium oxide (BeO) ceramic, aluminum oxide (Α1203) ceramic, and combinations thereof.

7. An apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:

said wick is realized from a material selected from the group including ceramic powder, ceramic fiber, glass fibers, and combinations thereof.

8. An apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:

said heat transfer fluid is pressurized within said housing portion.

9. An apparatus according to claim 8, wherein:

said heat transfer fluid is selected from the group including deionized water, diluted glycol, and combinations thereof.

10. An apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:

said heat pipe includes a metal end-cap in thermal contact with said target.

11. An apparatus according to claim 10, wherein:

said target includes a cup-shaped structure that receives and surrounds a portion of said metal end-cap.

12. An apparatus according to claim 10, wherein:

said target includes a flat surface facing said heat pipe, and said metal end-cap includes a flat surface that abuts said flat surface of said target.

13. An apparatus according to claim 10, wherein:

said metal end-cap is mechanically coupled to said target by mating structures of said metal end-cap and said target.

14. An apparatus according to claim 10, wherein:

said metal end-cap is mechanically coupled to said target by welding or brazing.

15. An apparatus according to claim 10, wherein:

said metal end-cap is mechanical coupled to said housing portion of said heat pipe with a brazing.

16. An apparatus according to claim 15, wherein:

said brazing has a thermal coefficient of expansion that matches both said metal end-cap and said housing portion of said heat pipe.

17. An apparatus according to claim 16, wherein:

said brazing comprises a metal explosively bonded to a nickel-cobalt ferrous alloy sheet.

18. An apparatus according to claim 15, wherein:

said brazing is at least one of an annular brazing, a circumferential brazing, and a butt brazing.

19. An apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:

said housing portion of said heat pipe has an exterior surface with corrugations or grooves, and said plurality of electronic components are supported within said corrugations or grooves.

20. An apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising:

thermal insulation disposed between at least some of said plurality of electronic components and said housing portion of said heat pipe.

21. An apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising:

an outer housing in which said enclosure and said high voltage power supply are housed; and

a spring coupled to one of said enclosure and said HVPS bulkhead which urges said heat pipe into contact with said target.

22. An apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:

said enclosure supports a gas reservoir, an ion source, and said target.

23. An apparatus according to claim 22, wherein:

said ion source is operated around ground potential and said high voltage power supply generates a negative voltage of at least -50 kV for supply to said target.

24. An apparatus according to claim 22, wherein:

said enclosure further supports a suppressor electrode, and said high voltage power supply generates a negative voltage of at least -50 kV for supply to said suppressor electrode.

25. An apparatus according to claim 22, wherein:

said high voltage power supply includes a resistor electrically coupled between said suppressor electrode and said target for generating a positive voltage differential between said suppressor electrode and said target.

26. A particle accelerator comprising:

a) an enclosure having a metal target having a target face that generates radiation in response to bombardment of particles accelerated thereto;

b) a high voltage power supply including (i) a high voltage power supply (HVPS) bulkhead and (ii) a plurality of electronic components electrically coupled to said target, wherein said plurality of electronic components generate a voltage with a magnitude of at least 50 kV; and

c) a heat pipe disposed between said HVPS bulkhead and said target, said heat pipe having a housing portion with an exterior surface supporting said plurality of electronic components of said high voltage power supply, said heat pipe being in thermal contact with said target and comprising a wick and heat transfer fluid disposed within said housing portion, the wick for circulating the heat transfer fluid within the housing portion in order to transfer heat away from the target.

26. A particle accelerator according to claim 26, wherein:

said head pipe is in thermal contact with said HVPS bulkhead and transfers heat from said target to said HVPS bulkhead.

27. A particle accelerator according to claim 26, wherein:

the radiation generated by the target face comprises neutrons.