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1. WO2012060963 - PROCESS FOR GENERATION OF SYNTHETIC FUEL FROM VARIOUS CARBONACEOUS SUBSTANCES

Publication Number WO/2012/060963
Publication Date 10.05.2012
International Application No. PCT/US2011/054783
International Filing Date 04.10.2011
IPC
C10L 1/00 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G OR  C10K111; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS;  USE OF ADDITIVES TO FUELS OR FIRES;  FIRE-LIGHTERS
1Liquid carbonaceous fuels
CPC
B01J 2219/00006
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
2219Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
00002Chemical plants
00004Scale aspects
00006Large-scale industrial plants
B01J 2219/0004
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
2219Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
00002Chemical plants
00027Process aspects
0004Processes in series
B01J 2219/00103
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
2219Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
00049Controlling or regulating processes
00051Controlling the temperature
00074by indirect heating or cooling employing heat exchange fluids
00087with heat exchange elements outside the reactor
00103in a heat exchanger separate from the reactor
B01J 8/0005
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
8Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes
0005Catalytic processes under superatmospheric pressure
B01J 8/0045
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
8Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes
0015Feeding of the particles in the reactor; Evacuation of the particles out of the reactor
0045by means of a rotary device in the flow channel
B01J 8/20
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
8Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes
18with fluidised particles
20with liquid as a fluidising medium
Applicants
  • AMEROL ENTERPRISES, LLC [US]/[US] (AllExceptUS)
  • KUKHAR, Valerii [UA]/[UA] (UsOnly)
  • BORTYSHEVSKYY, Valeriy [UA]/[UA] (UsOnly)
  • KHIMAC, Nataliia [UA]/[UA] (UsOnly)
  • BURDEYNYY, Viktor [UA]/[UA] (UsOnly)
  • KORZH, Rayisa [UA]/[UA] (UsOnly)
  • MELNYKOVA, Svitlana [UA]/[UA] (UsOnly)
  • KAMENS'KYH, Dmytro [UA]/[UA] (UsOnly)
Inventors
  • KUKHAR, Valerii
  • BORTYSHEVSKYY, Valeriy
  • KHIMAC, Nataliia
  • BURDEYNYY, Viktor
  • KORZH, Rayisa
  • MELNYKOVA, Svitlana
  • KAMENS'KYH, Dmytro
Agents
  • MOXON, George, W., II
Priority Data
12/897,58404.10.2010US
Publication Language English (EN)
Filing Language English (EN)
Designated States
Title
(EN) PROCESS FOR GENERATION OF SYNTHETIC FUEL FROM VARIOUS CARBONACEOUS SUBSTANCES
(FR) PROCÉDÉ POUR GÉNÉRER UN CARBURANT DE SYNTHÈSE À PARTIR DE DIVERSES SUBSTANCES CARBONÉES
Abstract
(EN)
A method and apparatus for the generation of synthetic motor fuels and additives to oil fuels, C1-C4 alcohols, hydrogen, methane, synthesized gas (H2+C02) by hydrothermal treatment of carbonaceous compounds by providing a two-stage carbon gasification process operated under the supercritical conditions of H20and C02, including a first stage gasification reactor having a reaction zone for the conversion of carbonaceous compounds and a second stage reactor for the conversion of the products of the first stage reactor. Feed to first stage is an aqueous suspension of carbonaceous compound in an amount of at least 30% by weight and an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal catalyst or reactive OH-species from an electrolyzer. Reaction products from pass to the second stage reactor over a copper-zinc catalyst at pressure and temperature, so that any gases generated in the first stage are converted into C1-C4 alcohols.
(FR)
Procédé et appareil pour générer des carburants de synthèse pour moteurs et des additifs pour huiles combustibles, des alcools C1-C4, de l'hydrogène, du méthane, un gaz synthétique (H2+CO2) par traitement hydrothermique de composés carbonés. Le procédé est un procédé de gazéification de carbone à deux étages fonctionnant dans des conditions supercritiques de H2O et CO2, comprenant un réacteur de gazéification de premier étage comportant une zone de réaction pour la conversion des composés carbonés et un réacteur de second étage pour la conversion des produits du réacteur de premier étage. La charge introduite au premier étage est une suspension aqueuse de composés carbonés suivant une quantité d'au moins 30 % en poids et un catalyseur de type métal alcalin ou métal alcalino-terreux ou des espèces réactives de OH provenant d'un électrolyseur. Les produits de réaction du premier étage passent dans le réacteur de second étage sur un catalyseur de cuivre-zinc à une pression et une température telles que tout gaz généré au premier étage est converti en alcools C1-C4.
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