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1. WO2012058443 - IMAGING IN OIL-BASED MUD BY SYNCHRONIZING PHASES OF CURRENTS INJECTED INTO A FORMATION

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS

What is claimed:

1. An apparatus for estimating a property of an earth formation penetrated by a borehole, the apparatus comprising:

a carrier configured to be conveyed through the borehole;

a first transmitter electrode and a second transmitter electrode disposed at the carrier and configured to inject an electrical current into the earth formation;

a first measurement electrode and a second measurement electrode disposed at the carrier and configured to measure the electrical current to estimate the property of the earth formation; and

a first bucker amplifier coupled to the first measurement electrode and a second bucker amplifier coupled to the second measurement electrode, wherein the first and second bucker amplifiers are configured to equalize electrical potentials of areas of the formation in front of the first and second measurement electrodes.

2. The apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a first transmitter bucker amplifier coupled to the first transmitter electrode and a second transmitter bucker amplifier coupled to the second transmitter electrode, wherein the first and second transmitter bucker amplifiers are configured to equalize electrical potentials of areas of the formation in front of the first and second transmitter electrodes with the electrical potentials of the areas of the formation in front of the first and second measurement electrodes.

3. The apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the equalized electrical potential of areas of the formation in front of the first and second measurement electrodes and the first and second transmitter electrodes reduce cross-currents between:

the first and second measurement electrodes;

the first and second transmitter electrodes;

the first transmitter electrode and the second measurement electrode; and

the second transmitter electrode and the first measurement electrode.

4. The apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a controller coupled to the first and second measurement bucker amplifiers wherein the controller is further configured to adjust an output voltage of each bucker amplifier to equalize the electrical potentials of the areas of the formation.

5. The apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a transmitter coupled to the first and second transmitter electrodes and configured to transmit the electrical signal at frequency/.

6. The apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a capacitor configured to be switched in series with the first measurement electrode with the second measurement electrode disconnected and of sufficient capacitance such that when a voltage is applied between the first measurement electrode and the capacitor a measured impedance to current flowing through the first electrode and the capacitor is indicative of capacitance between the first measurement electrode and the formation.

7. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the borehole is filled with oil-based drilling mud.

8. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the first measurement electrode is disposed a first measurement standoff from a conductive zone in the formation and the second measurement electrode is disposed a second measurement standoff from the conductive zone, the first standoff being different from the second standoff.

9. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the property is resistivity or its inverse conductivity.

10. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the property is a boundary between layers of the formation.

11. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the first transmitter electrode and the second transmitter electrode comprise three or more transmitter electrodes.

12. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the first measurement electrode and the second measurement electrode comprise three or more measurement electrodes.

13. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the carrier comprises at least one of a wireline, a slickline, a drill string, and coiled tubing.

14. A method for estimating a property of an earth formation, the method comprising:

injecting an electrical current into the formation using a first transmitter electrode and a second transmitter electrode;

equalizing a first electrical potential of a first measurement electrode area of the formation in front of a first measurement electrode with a second electrical potential of a second measurement electrode area of the formation in front of a second measurement electrode using a first measurement bucking amplifier coupled to the first measurement

electrode and a second measurement bucking amplifier coupled to the second measurement electrode; and

measuring the electrical current with the first measurement electrode and the second measurement electrode to estimate the property.

15. The method according to claim 14, further comprising equalizing a third electrical potential of a first transmitter electrode area of the formation in front of the first measurement electrode with a fourth electrical potential of a second transmitter electrode area of the formation in front of the second transmitter electrode using a first transmitter bucker amplifier coupled to the first transmitter electrode and a second transmitter bucker amplifier coupled to the second transmitter electrode, the third and fourth electrical potentials being equalized with the first and second electrical potentials.

16. The method according to claim 15, controlling the first and second transmitter bucker amplifiers and the first and second measurement bucker amplifiers with a controller to equalize the first, second, third, and fourth potentials.

17. The method according to claim 14, further comprising measuring capacitance C1 between the first measurement electrode and the formation, measuring capacitance C2 between the second measurement electrode and the formation, and using C1 and C2 to estimate the property.

18. The method according to claim 17, further comprising measuring capacitance CE1 between the first transmitter electrode and the formation, measuring capacitance CE2 between the second measurement electrode and the formation, and using CE1 and CE2 to estimate the property.

19. The method according to claim 14, wherein the property is resistivity or its inverse conductivity.

20. A non-transitory computer readable medium comprising computer executable instructions for estimating a parameter of an earth formation by implementing a method comprising:

injecting an electrical current into the formation using a first transmitter electrode and a second transmitter electrode;

equalizing a first electrical potential of a first measurement electrode area of the formation in front of a first measurement electrode with a second electrical potential of a second measurement electrode area of the formation in front of a second measurement electrode using a first measurement bucking amplifier coupled to the first measurement

electrode and a second measurement bucking amplifier coupled to the second measurement electrode; and

measuring the electrical current with the first measurement electrode and the second measurement electrode to estimate the property.