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1. WO2011122508 - PYRETHRINOID - TYPE ESTERS AS PESTICIDES

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DESCRIPTION

PYRETHRINOID - YPE ESTERS AS PESTICIDES

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to an ester compound and use thereof.

BACKGROUND ART

Heretofore, various compounds have been synthesized so as to control pests. For example", a certain ester compound is described in JP-A-57-158765.

DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION

An object of the present invention is to provide a novel compound having an excellent pest control effect.

The present inventors have intensively studied and found that an ester compound represented by formula (1) shown below has an excellent pest control effect, and led to the present invention.

That is, the present invention is directed to the following invention:

'

[1] An ester compound represented by formula (1) :


wherein R1 represents 2-propenyl or 2-propynyl; R3 represents hydrogen or methyl, R4 represents hydrogen or C1-C4 alkyl, and R5 represents hydrogen or C1-C4 alkyl

(hereinafter referred to as the compound of the present invention) ;

[2] The ester compound according to [1], wherein a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration in formula (1) ;

[3] The ester compound according to [1], wherein an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration in formula (1);

[4] The ester compound according to [1], wherein an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration in formula (1);

[5] The ester compound according to [1], wherein a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration in formula (1);

[6] The ester compound according to [1], wherein an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration in formula (1);

[7] The ester compound according to [1], wherein an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the

substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration in formula (1);

[8] The ester compound according to any one of [1] to [7], wherein R3 is hydrogen in formula (1) ;

[9] The ester compound according to any one of [1] to [7], wherein R4 is hydrogen or methyl in formula (1);

[10] The ester compound according to any one of [1] to [7], wherein R4 is hydrogen in formula (1);

[11] The ester compound according to any one of [1] to [7], wherein R4 is methyl in formula (1) ;

[12] The ester compound according to any one of [1] to [7], wherein R5 is hydrogen in formula (1) ;

[13] The ester compound according to any one of [1] to [7], wherein R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen or methyl in formula (1) ;

[14] The ester compound according to any one of [1] to [7], wherein R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen in formula (1);

[15] The ester compound according to any one of [1] to [7], wherein R3 is hydrogen and R4 is methyl in formula (1);

[16] The ester compound according to any one of [1] to [7], wherein R3 is hydrogen and R5 is hydrogen in formula (1);

[17] The ester compound according to any one of [1] to [7], wherein R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and R5 is hydrogen in formula ( 1 ) ;

[18] The. ester compound according to any one of [1] to [7], wherein R4 is hydrogen and R5 is hydrogen in formula (1);

[19] The ester compound according to any one of [1] to [7], wherein R4 is methyl and R5 is hydrogen in formula (1) ;

[20] The ester compound according to any one of [1] to [7], wherein R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and R5 is hydrogen in formula (1);

[21] The ester compound according to any one of [1] to [7], wherein R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, and R5 is hydrogen in formula ( 1 ) ;

[22] The ester compound according to any one of [1] to [7], wherein R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl, and R5 is hydrogen in formula ( 1 ) ;

[23] The ester compound according to any one of [1] to [22], wherein R1 is methoxymethyl in formula (1);

[24] The ester compound according to any one of [1] to [23], wherein an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopentenone ring is an S configuration in formula (1) ;

[25] A pest control agent comprising the ester compound according to any one of [1] to [24] and an inert carrier;

[26] A method of controlling pests, which comprises a step of applying an effective amount of the ester compound according to any one of [1] to [24] to pests or a place where pests habitat;

[27] A method of controlling pests, which comprises the step of applying an effective amount of the ester compound according to any one of [1] to [24] to cockroaches or a place where cockroaches inhabits;

[28] The method of controlling pests'" according to [27], wherein the. cockroach is American cockroach (Periplaneta Americana) ;

[29] The method of controlling pests according to [27], wherein the cockroach is German cockroach (Blattella

germanica) ;

[30] A method of controlling pests, which comprises a step of spraying an effective amount of the ester compound according to any one of [1] to [24] to cockroaches or a place where cockroaches inhabit;

[31] The method of controlling pests according to [30], wherein the cockroach is American cockroach (Periplaneta Americana) ;

[32] The method of controlling pests according to [30], wherein the cockroach is German cockroach (Blattella germanica) .

The compound of the present invention has an excellent pest control effect and is therefore useful as an active ingredient of a pest control agent.

In the compound of the present invention, there are isomers derived from two asymmetric carbon atoms at the 1-position and the 3- position on the cyclopropane ring, and isomers derived from the double bond present in the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring.

Each isomer having pest control activity or a mixture of those isomers in an arbitrary ratio which has pest control activity are included in the present invention.


. Examples of the C1-C4 alkyl represented by R include methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl and isopropyl, and the C1-C4 alkyl represented by R5 include methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl and isopropyl.

Examples of the compound of the present invention include the following compounds.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration. An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the' cyclopropane ring is an R configuration.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the

cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-

position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and R3 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, and R3 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and R3 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by, formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative

configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the

cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration ,

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is hydrogen or methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and R4 is hydrogen or methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, and R4 is hydrogen or methyl. An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position . of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and R4 is hydrogen or methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1'-position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is hydrogen or methyl, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a

J

relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1'-position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of -the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and R4 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, and R4 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and R4 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is hydrogen and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3- position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is hydrogen and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative

configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the

cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the · substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and R4 is methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-pOsition of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, and R4 is methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and R4 is methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is methyl and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of. the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is methyl and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at . the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R is methyl, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is. an R configuration, a relative

configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at. the 3-position of the

cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-

position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and R5 is hydrogen.;

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R5 is hydrogen and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R5 is hydrogen and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative-configuration of the substituent of the V -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R5 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative

configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the

cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen or methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen or methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, and R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen, or methyl .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen or methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and an absolute

configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the

substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z- configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, an absolute

configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the

substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z- configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by. formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3- position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane - ring is an R configuration, and R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen. An ester compound represented by formula (1) in' which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented, by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R

configuration and a relative configuration of the

substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is. a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the Im position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen and R4 is methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3- position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is methyl. An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is methyl. An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl, and an absolute configuration, of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1'-position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1'- position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R3 is hydrogen and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R3 is hydrogen and R5 is hydrogen. An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R3 is hydrogen and R5 is hydrogen. An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R5 is hydrogen and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R5 is hydrogen, and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R

configuration and a relative configuration of the

substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R5 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the 1-position. of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1'-position existing on the substituent at' the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is hydrogen or methyl, R5 is hydrogen, and a relative

configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is hydrogen or methyl, R5 is hydrogen, and an absolute

configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is hydrogen or methyl, R5 is hydrogen, an absolute

configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the

substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is hydrogen and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-

position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R4 is hydrogen and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R4 is hydrogen and R5 is hydrogen. An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R4 is hydrogen and R5 is hydrogen. An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is hydrogen, R5 is hydrogen, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is hydrogen, R5 is hydrogen and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R

configuration and a relative configuration of the

substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is hydrogen, R5 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the

1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the \' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is methyl and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R4 is methyl and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R4 is methyl and R5 is hydrogen. An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R4 is methyl and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is methyl, R5 is hydrogen, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring. is Z-configuration.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is methyl, R5 is hydrogen and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1'- position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R4 is methyl, R5 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1'-position existing .on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and R5 is hydrogen. An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, R5 is hydrogen, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the

cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, R5 is hydrogen, ,and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, R5 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuratio .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3- position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, R5 is hydrogen, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring^ is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, R5 is hydrogen, and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, R5 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the

substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl, and. R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl, and R5 is hydrogen .

An ester ' compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position . of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl, R5 is hydrogen, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl, R5 is hydrogen, and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl, R5 is hydrogen, an absolute

configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the

substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration and R1 is 2-propynyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and R1 is 2-propynyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration and R1 is 2-propynyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration and R1 is 2-propynyl. An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration and R1 is 2-propynyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring, the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration and R1 is 2-propynyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl and R3 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl and R3 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl and R3 is

hydrogen .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl and R3 is hydrogen. An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl , R3 is hydrogen and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R

configuration and a relative configuration of the

substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration..

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the " 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3- position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1'- position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is

2-propynyl, and R4 is hydrogen or methyl.

'An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3- position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration,

R1 is 2-propynyl, and R4 is hydrogen or methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, and R4 is hydrogen or methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in" which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, and R4 is hydrogen or methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and a relative

configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, an absolute

configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the

substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl and R4 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, and R4 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, and R4 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, and R4 is hydrogen .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R

configuration and a relative configuration of the

substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1'-position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl and R4 is methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, and R4 is methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, and R4 is methyl .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, and R4 is methyl. An ester compound represented by formula 1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is methyl and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is methyl and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R

configuration and a relative configuration of the

substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is methyl, an absolute configuration of the

1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1'-position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is

2-propynyl and R5 is hydrogen..

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, and R5 is hydrogen.;

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, and R5 is hydrogen. , '

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is-' 2-propynyl, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R5 is hydrogen and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R5 is hydrogen and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R

configuration and a relative configuration of the

substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R5 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the

1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent' at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1'-position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is

2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen or methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen or methyl. An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen or methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen or methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is, hydrogen or methyl, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration .of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane, ring is Z-configuration.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the

substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is

2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration,

R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring . is a trans configuration, R1,is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen and R4 is methyl.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl, and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the

substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring, is an R configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R5 is hydrogen and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R5 is hydrogen, and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R5 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the

substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and R5 is hydrogen. An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and R5 is

hydrogen .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, R5 is hydrogen, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the

cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, R5 is hydrogen, and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, R5 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-

position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen, R5 is hydrogen, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen, R5 is hydrogen and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the .cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is hydrogen, R5 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the

substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, 'and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is methyl and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is methyl and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ■ring is an R configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is methyl and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is methyl and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which' R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is methyl, R5 is hydrogen, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is methyl, R5 is hydrogen and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R4 is methyl, R5 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the

substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (ί) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, R5 is hydrogen, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, R5 is hydrogen, and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen or methyl, R5 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative

configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a

relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the

cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, and R5 is

hydrogen .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R3' is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, R5 is hydrogen, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1'-position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, R5 is hydrogen, and an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-prop'ynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is hydrogen, R5 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the

cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative

configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the

cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl, and R5 is hydrogen. An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans - configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of. the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl, and R5 is hydrogen.

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl, R5 is hydrogen, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1'-position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z-configuration .

An ester compound represented by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl, R5 is hydrogen, and an absolute configuration . of the 1-position of the

cyclopropane ring is an R configuration and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring^is Z-configuration .


by formula (1) in which R1 is 2-propynyl, R3 is hydrogen, R4 is methyl, R5 is hydrogen, an absolute configuration of the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring is an R configuration, a relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is a trans configuration, and a relative configuration of the substituent of the 1' -position existing on the

substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is Z- configurat

The process for producing the compound of the present invention will be described below.

The compound of the present invention can be produced, for example, by the production process described below.

A process of reacting an alcohol compound represented by the formula (2):


(wherein R has the same meanings as defined above) ,

with a carboxylic acid compound represented by the formula

(3) :


(wherein R3 , R4 and R5 have the same meanings as defined above) ,

or a reactive derivative thereof.

Examples of the reactive derivative include an acid halide of the carboxylic acid compound represented by the formula (3), an acid anhydride of the carboxylic acid compound, and methyl and ethyl esters of the carboxylic acid compound. Examples of the acid halide include an acid chloride compound.

The reaction is usually, carried out in the presence of a condensing agent or a base in a solvent.

Examples of the condensing agent include dicyclohexylcarbodiimide and l-ethyl-3- (3-dimethylaminopropyl ) carbodiimide hydrochloride.

Examples of the base include organic bases such as triethylamine, pyridine, N, N-diethylaniline, 4 -dimethylaminopyridine and diisopropylethylamxne.

Examples of the solvent include hydrocarbons such as benzene, toluene and hexane; ethers such as diethylether and tetrahydrofuran; halogenated hydrocarbons such as chloroform, dichloromethane, 1, 2-dichloroethane and chlorobenzene'; and a mixed solvent thereof.

The reaction time is usually within a range from 5 minutes to 72 hours.

. The reaction temperature is usually within a range from -20°C to 100°C (from -20°C to a boiling point of the solvent in a case a boiling point of the solvent used is lower than 100°C) , and preferably -5°C to 100°C (from -5°C to a boiling point of the solvent in a case a boiling point of the solvent used is lower than 100°C) .

In the reaction, a use molar ratio of the alcohol compound represented by the formula (2) to the carboxylic acid compound represented by the formula (3) or the reactive derivative thereof can be optionally set, but is preferably an equimolar or near equimolar ratio.

The condensing agent or base can be usually used in any amount within a range from 0.25 mol to an excess amount, and preferably from 0.5 mol to 2 mol, based on 1 mol of the alcohol compound represented by the formula (2). These condensing agents or bases are appropriately selected according to the kind of the carboxylic acid compound represented by the formula (3) or the reactive derivative thereof.

After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture is usually subjected to a post-treatment operation of filtering the reaction mixture and concentrating the filtrate, or pouring water into the reaction mixture, followed by extraction with an organic solvent and further concentration, and thus the compound of the present invention .can be obtained. The obtained compound of the present invention can be purified by operations such as chromatography and distillation.

The alcohol compound represented by the formula (2) is a compound described in Pesticide Science, 1980, 11, 202-218.

The intermediate of the present invention can be produced, for example, by the following process.

Among the carboxylic acid compound represented by the formula (3), the carboxylic acid compound represented by the formula (3-1) in which relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is trans configuration can be produced, for example, by the following process.

That is, a carboxylic acid compound represented .by the formula (3-1) :


(wherein R3 , R4 and R5 have the same meanings as defined above) , can be produced by reacting a caronaldehyde ester derivative represented by the formula (4-1) :


(wherein R represents a C1-C4 alkyl group) , with a nitrile com ound represented by the formula (5) :


(wherein R3 , R4 and R5 have the same meanings as defined above) , in the presence of a base to obtain the compound re resented by the formula (6-1):

( 6-1 )


(wherein R, R3 , R4 and R5 have the same meanings as defined) , and further hydrolyzing the obtained compound in the presence of a base.

The compound represented by the formula (6-1) can be usually produced by reacting in a polar solvent at a temperature within a range from 0°C to 80°C, and preferably from 0°C to 30°C, using the nitrile compound represented by the formula (5) in the amount of 1.0 to 1.5 mol and a base in the mount of 1 to 10 mol, based on 1 mol of the caronaldehyde ester derivative represented by the formula (4-1). Examples of the base include carbonates such as potassium carbonate and sodium carbonate; and alkali metal compounds such as sodium hydride. Examples of the polar solvent include acid amides such as N, -dimethylformamide; and sulfoxide such as dimethyl sulfoxide.

After completion of the reaction, the reaction- mixture is subjected to a post-treatment operation of adding water, followed by extraction with an organic solvent and further drying and concentration of the organic layer, and thus the compound represented by the formula (6-1) can be obtained.

In the step of hydrolyzing the compound represented by the formula (6-1), the carboxylic acid compound represented by the formula (3-1) can be usually produced by reacting in a solvent at a temperature of 0°C to 80°C, and preferably 0°C to 30°C, using a base in the amount of 1 to 10 mol based on 1 mol of the compound represented by the formula (6-1). Examples of the base include carbonic acid alkali metal salts such as potassium carbonate and sodium carbonate; and alkali metal compounds such as sodium hydride. Examples of the solvent include ethers such as tetrahydrofuran; alcohols such as methanol; water; and a mixture thereof.

After completion of the reaction, the reaction solution is subjected to a post-treatment operation of acidifying, followed by extraction with an organic solvent and further drying and concentration of the organic layer, and thus the carboxylic acid compound represented by the formula (3-1) can be obtained.

Among the carboxylic acid compound represented by the formula (3), a carboxylic acid compound represented by the formula (3-2) in which relative configuration of the substituent at the 1-position of the cyclopropane ring and the substituent at the 3-position of the cyclopropane ring is cis configuration can be produced, for example, by the following process.

That is, the carboxylic acid compound represented by the formula (3-2) :


(wherein R3 , R4 and R5 have the same meanings as defined above) , can be produced by reacting a caronaldehyde ester derivative represented by the formula (4-2):


with the nitrile derivative represented by the formula (5):


(wherein R3 , R4 and R5 have the same meanings as defined above) , in · the presence of a base to obtain a compound re resented by the formula (6-2):


(wherein R3 , R4 and R5 have the same meanings as defined above), and heating the obtained compound in the presence of an acid catalyst.

The compound represented by the formula (6-2) can be usually produced by reacting in a polar solvent at a temperature of 0°C to 80°C, and preferably 0°C to 30°C, using the nitrile compound represented by the formula (5) in the amount of 1.0 to 1.5 mol and a base in the amount of 1 to 10 mol, based on 1 mol of the caronaldehyde ester derivative represented by the formula (4-2). Examples of the base ■ include carbonates such as potassium carbonate and sodium carbonate; and alkali metal compounds such as sodium hydride Examples of the polar solvent include acid amides such as N, N-dimethylformamide; and sulfoxides such as dimethyl sulfoxide.

After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture is subjected to a post-treatment operation of adding water, followed by extraction with an organic solvent and further drying and concentration of the organic layer, and thus the compound represented by the formula (6-2) can be obtained.

In the step of producing the compound represented by the formula (3-2) from the compound represented by the formula (6-2), the reaction is carried out at a reaction temperature of usually 50°C to 150°C (50°C to a boiling point of the solvent in a case a boiling point of the solvent is lower than 150°C) , using an acid catalyst in the amount of 0.005 to 0.05 mol based on 1 mol of the compound represented by the formula (6-2), and thus the carboxylic acid compound represented by the formula (3-2) can be produced. Examples of the acid catalyst include p-toluenesulfonic acid and the like. Examples of the solvent include ethers such as tetrahydrofuran; hydrocarbons such as toluene; and a mixture thereof .

After completion of the reaction, the carboxylic acid compound represented by the formula (3-2) can be obtained by subjecting to a post-treatment operation of drying and concentrating of the organic layer.

The caronaldehyde ester derivative represented by the formula (4-1) is a compound described in Tetrahedron 45,3039-3052(1989).

The caronaldehyde ester derivative represented by the formula (4-2) is a compound described in Journal of American Chemical Society, 1982 , 104, 4282-4283.

The nitrile compound represented by the formula (5) can be synthesized according to a known method such as described in Journal of American Chemical Society, 2008, 130, 3734.

Examples of pests on which the compound of the present invention has a control effect include harmful arthropod pests such as harmful insects and harmful acarines, and more specifically, the following pests.

Hemiptera: planthoppers such as Laodelphax striatellus,

Nilaparvata lugens, and Sogatella furcifera, leafhoppers such as Nephotettix cincticeps, and Nephotettix virescens, aphids such as Aphis gossypii, and Myzus persicae, plant bugs such as Nezara antennata, Riptortus clavetus,

Eysarcoris lewisi, Eysarcoris parvus, Plautia stali, and Halyomorpha mista, white flies such as Trialeurodes

vaporariorum, Bemisia tabaci, and Bemisia argentifolii, scales such as Aonidiella aurantii, Comstockaspis perniciosa, Unaspis citri, Ceroplastes rubens, and Icerya purchasi, lace bugs, bed bugs such as Cimex lectularius, jumping plantlice and so on;

Lepidoptera: Pyralidae such as Chilo suppressalis , Cnaphalocrocis medinalis, Notarcha derogata, and Plodia interpunctella, Spodoptera litura, Pseudaletia separata, Noctuidae such as Trichoplusia spp., Heliothis spp., and Earias spp., Pieridae such as Pieris rapae, Tortricidae such as Adoxopheys spp., Grapholita molesta, Adoxophyes orana fasciata, and Cydia pomonella, Carposinidae such as

Carposina niponensis, Lyonetiidae such as Lyonetia spp., Lymantriidae such as Lymantria spp., Lymantriidae such as Euproctis spp., Yponameutidae such as Plutella xylostella, Gelechiidae such as Pectinophora gossypiella, Arctiidae such as Hyphantria cunea, Tineidae such as Tinea translucens, and Tineola bisselliella, and so on;

Diptera: Culex spp. such as Culex pipiens pallens, Culex tritaeniorhynchus , and Culex quinquefasciatus , Aedes spp. such as Aedes aegypti, and Aedes albopictus, Anopheles spp. such as Anopheles sinensis, and Anopheles gambiae,

Chironomidae, Muscidae such as Musca domestica, and Muscina stabulans, Calliphoridae, Sarcophagidae, little housefly, Anthomyiidae such as Delia platura, and Delia antiqua,

Tephritidae, Drosophilidae, Phoridae such as Megaselia spiracularis, Clogmia albipunctata, Psychodidae, Simuliidae, Tabanidae, Stomoxyidae, Agromyzidae, and so on;

Coleoptera: Diabrotica spp. such as Diabrotica

virgifera virgifera, and Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi, Scarabaeidae such as Anomala, cuprea, and Anomala rufocuprea, Curculionidae such as Sitophilus zeamais, Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus, and Callosobruchuys chienensis, Tenebrionidae such as Tenebrio molitor, and Tribolium castaneum,

Chrysomelidae such as Oulema oryzae, Aulacophora femoralis, Phyllotreta striolata, and Leptinotarsa decemlineata,

Dermestidae such as Dermestes maculates, Anobiidae,

Epilachna spp. such as Epilachna vigintioctopunctata, Lyctidae, Bostrychidae, Ptinidae, Cerambycidae, Paederus fuscipes, and so on;

Blattodea: Blattella germanica, Periplaneta fuliginosa Periplaneta americana, Periplaneta brunnea, Blatta

orientalis, and so on;

Thysanoptera : Thrips palmi, Thrips tabaci,

Frankliniella occidentalis, Frankliniella intonsa, and so on;

Hymenoptera : Formicidae such as Monomorium pharaosis, Formica fusca japonica, Ochetellus glaber, Pristomyrmex pungens, Pheidole noda, and Linepithema humile, long-legged wasps such as Polistes chinensis antennalis, Polistes jadwigae, and Polistes rothneyi, Vespidae such as Vespa mandarinia japonica, Vespa simillima, Vespa analis insulari Vespa crabro flavofasciata, and Vespa ducalis, Bethylidae, Xylocopa, Pompilidae, Sphecoidae, mason wasp, and so on;

Orthoptera: mole crickets, grasshoppers, etc.;

Shiphonaptera : Ctenocephalides felis, Ctenocephalides canis, Pulex irrita.ns, Xenopsylla cheopis, and so on;

Anoplura: Pediculus humanus corporis, Phthirus pubis, Haematopinus eurysternus, Dalmalinia ovis, and so on;

Isoptera: Reticulitermes spp. such as Reticulitermes speratus, Coptotermes formosanus, Reticulitermes flavipes, Reticulitermes hesperus, Reticulitermes virginicus,

Reticulitermes tibialis, and Heterotermes aureus,

Incisitermes spp. such as Incisitermes minor, and Zootermopsis spp. such as Zootermopsis nevadensis, and so on;

Acarina: Tetranychidae such as Tetranychus urticae, Tetranychus kanzawai, Panonychus citri, Panonychus ulmi, and Oligonychus spp., Eriophyidae such as Aculops pelekassi, and Aculus schlechtendali , Tarsonemidae such as

Polyphagotarsonemus latus, Tenuipalpidae , Tuckerellidae, Ixodidae such as Haemaphysalis longicornis, Haemaphysalis flava, Dermacentor variabilis, Ixodes ovatus, Ixodes

persulcatus) , Ixodes scapularis, Boophilus microplus,

Amblyomma americanum, and Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Acaridae such as Tyrophagus putrescentiae, Dermanyssidae such as Dermatophagoides farinae, Dermatophagoides ptrenyssnus, Cheyletidae such as Cheyletus eruditus, Cheyletus

malaccensis, and Cheyletus moorei, chicken mite such as Ornithonyssus bacoti, Ornithonyssus sylvairum, and

Dermanyssus gallinae, Trombiculidae such as Leptotrombidium akamushi, and so on;

Araneae: Japanese foliage spider (Chiracanthium japonicum), redback spider (Latrodectus hasseltii):, Nephila clavata (Tetragnathidae ) , Cyclosa octotuberculata,

St. Andrew's cross spider (Argiope amoena) , Wasp sopider (Argiope bruennichii) , orb-weaving spider (Araneus

ventricosus) , grass spider (Agelena silvatica) , wolf spider . (Pardosa astrigera) , dock spider (Dolomedes sulfurous.) , Carrhotus xanthogramma, common house spider (Achaearanea tepidariorum) , Coelotes insidiosus, jumping spider

(Salticidae) , huntsman spider (Heteropoda venatoria) , etc.;

Chilopoda: centipedes such as house centipede

(Thereuonema hilgendorfi) , Scolopendra subspinipes,

Scolopendra subspinipes japonica, Scolopocryptops

rubiginosus, Bothropolys asperatus, etc.;

Diplopoda: millipedes such as garden millipede (Oxidus gracilis), garden millipede (Nedyopus tambanus) , train millipede ( Parafontaria laminate), train millipede

( Parafontaria 1amifiata armigera) , Parafontaria acutidens, Epanerchodus orientalis, etc.;

Isopoda: sow bugs such as Porcellionides pruinosus (Brandt) , Porcellio scaber Latreille, pill bugs such as common pill bug (Armadillidium vulgare) , sea louses such as wharf roach (Ligia exotica), etc.;

Gastropoda: tree slug (Limax marginatus) , yellow slug (Limax flavus), etc.

The pest control agent of the present invention contains the compound of the present invention and an inert carrier. The pest control agent of the present invention is usually formed into formulations described below. Examples of the formulation include an oil solution, an emulsifiable concentrate, a wettable powder, a flowable formulation (e.g. an aqueous suspension, or an aqueous emulsion) , a

microcapsule, a dust, a granule, a tablet, an aerosol, a carbon dioxide formulation, a heat transpiration formulation (e.g., an insecticidal coil, an electric insecticidal mat, or a liquid absorbing core-type heat transpiration

pesticide) , a piezo insecticidal formulation, a heat

fumigant (e.g., a self combustion-type fumigant, a chemical reaction-type fumigant, or a porous ceramic plate fumigant) , an unheated transpiration formulation (e.g., a resin

transpiration formulation, a paper transpiration formulation, an unwoven fabric transpiration formulation, a knit fabric transpiration formulation, or a sublimating tablet) , an aerosol formulation (e.g., a fogging formulation), a direct contact formulation (e.g., a sheet-shaped contact

formulation, a tape-shaped contact formulation, or a net- shaped contact formulation) , an ULV formulation and a poison bait

Examples of the method for formulation include the following methods.

(1) A method comprising mixing the compound of the present

• invention with a solid carrier, a liquid carrier, a gaseous carrier or a poison bait, followed by addition of a

surfactant and other auxiliary agents for formulation, and if necessary, further processing.

(2) A method comprising impregnation of a base material containing no active ingredient with the compound of the present invention.

(3) A method comprising mixing the compound of the present invention and a base material, followed by subjecting the mixture to mold processing.

These formulations usually contain 0.001 to 98% by weight of the compound of the present invention, depending on formulation forms.

Examples of the solid carrier used in the formulation include fine powders or granules of clays (e.g., kaolin clay diatomaceous earth, bentonite, Fubasami clay, or acid white clay) , synthetic hydrated silicon oxide, talc, ceramics, other inorganic minerals (e.g., sericite, quartz, sulfur, active carbon, calcium carbonate, or hydrated silica) and fine powder and granulated substances such as chemical fertilizers (e.g., ammonium sulfate, ammonium phosphate, ammonium nitrate, ammonium chloride, or urea) ; substances that are solid at room temperature (e.g., 2,4,6-triisopropyl-1, 3, 5-trioxane, naphthalene, p-dichlorobenzene, or camphor, adamantine) ; as well as felt, fiber, fabric, knit, sheet, paper, thread, foam, porous material and multifilament comprising one or more substances selected from the group consisting of wool, silk, cotton, hemp, pulp,

synthetic resins (e.g., polyethylene resins such as low density polyethylene, straight chain low density

polyethylene and high density polyethylene; ethylene-vinyl ester copolymers such as an ethylene-vinyl acetate

copolymer; ethylene-methacrylate copolymers such as an ethylene-methyl methacrylate copolymer and an ethylene-ethyl methacrylate copolymer; ethylene-acrylate copolymers such as an ethylene-methyl acrylate copolymer and an ethylene-ethyl acrylate copolymer; ethylene-vinylcarboxylic acid copolymers such as an ethylene-acrylic acid copolymer; ethylene-tetracyclododecene copolymers; polypropylene resins such as a propylene homopolymer and a propylene-ethylene copolymer; poly-4-methylpentene-l, polybutene-1 , polybutadiene,

polystyrene; acrylonitrile-styrene resin; acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene resins; styrene elastomers such as a

styrene-conjugated diene block copolymer and a hydrogenated styrene-conjugated diene block copolymer; fluorine resins; acrylic resins such as methyl polymethacrylate; polyamide resins such as nylon 6 and nylon 66; polyester resins such as polyethylene terephthalate, polyethylene naphthalate, polybutylene terephthalate and polycyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate; or porous resins such as polycarbonate, polyacetal, polyacryl sulfone, polyarylate, hydroxybenzoic acid polyester, polyetherimide, polyester carbonate,

polyphenylene ether resins, polyvinyl chloride,

polyvinylidene chloride, polyurethane, foamed polyur-ethane, foamed polypropylene and foamed ethylene) , glass, metal and ceramics.

Examples of the liquid carrier include aromatic or aliphatic hydrocarbons (e.g., xylene, toluene,

alkylnaphthalene, phenylxylylethane, kerosene, light oil, hexane, or cyclohexane) , halogenated hydrocarbons (e.g., chlorobenzene, dichloromethane, dichloroethane, or

trichloroethane) , alcohols (e.g., methanol, ethanol,

isopropyl alcohol, butanoL, hexanol, benzyl alcohol, or ethylene glycol), ethers (e.g., diethyl ether, ethylene glycol dimethyl ether, diethylene glycol monomethyl ether, diethylene glycol monoethyl ether, propylene glycol

monomethyl ether, tetrahydrofuran, or dioxane) , esters (e.g., ethyl acetate, or butyl acetate), ketones (e.g., acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone, or

cyclohexanone) , nitriles (e.g., acetonitrile, or

isobutyronitrile) , sulfoxides (e.g., dimethyl sulfoxide), acid amides (e.g N, N-dimethylformamide, N,N-dimethylacetamide, or N-methyl-pyrrolidone) , alkylidene carbonate (e.g propylene carbonate), vegetable oils (e.g., soybean oil, or cottonseed oil), plant essential oils (e.g orange oil, hyssop oil, or lemon oil), and water.

Examples of the gaseous carrier include butane gas, chlorofluorocarbon, liguefied petroleum gas (LPG) , dimethyl ether and carbon dioxide.

Examples of the surfactant include alkyl sulfate, alkyl sulfonate, alkylaryl sulfonate, alkylaryl ethers, polyoxyethylenated alkylaryl ethers, polyethylene glycol ethers, polyhydric alcohol esters and sugar alcohol

derivatives.

Examples of the other auxiliary agents for . formulation include a binder, a dispersant and a stabilizer.

Specifically, there are, for example, casein, gelatin, polysaccharides (e.g., starch, gum arabic, cellulose

derivatives, or alginic acid) , lignin derivatives, bentonite, saccharides, synthetic water-soluble polymers (e.g.,

polyvinyl alcohol, or polyvinyl pyrrolidone) , polyacrylic acid, BHT (2, 6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol) and BHA (a mixture of 2-tert-butyl-4-methoxyphenol and 3-tert-butyl-4-methoxyphenol ) .

Examples of a base material for the insecticidal coil include a mixture of vegetable powder such as wood flour and lees powder, and a binder such as incense material powder, starch and gluten.

Examples of a base material for the electric

insecticidal mat include a plate obtained by hardening cotton linter and a plate obtained by hardening fibrils of a mixture of cotton linter and pulp.

Examples of a base material for the self combustion-type fumigant include combustible exothermic agents such as nitrate, nitrite, guanidine salt, potassium chlorate,

nitrocellulose, ethylcellulose and wood flour, thermal decomposition stimulants such as alkali metal salt, alkaline earth metal salt, dichromate and chromate, oxygen carriers such as potassium nitrate, combustion-supporting agents such as melamine and flour starch, extenders such as diatomaceous earth, and binders such as synthetic glue.

Examples of a base material for the chemical reaction-type fumigant include exothermic agents such as alkali metal sulfide, polysulfide, hydrosulfide and calcium oxide,

catalytic agents such as a carbonaceous material, iron carbide and active white clay, organic foaming agents such as azodicarbonamide, benzenesulfonylhydrazide,

dinitropentamethylenetetramine, polystyrene and polyurethane, and fillers such as strips of natural . fiber and synthetic fiber.

Examples of a resin used as a base material of the resin transpiration formulation include polyethylene resins such as low density polyethylene, straight chain low density polyethylene and high density polyethylene; ethylene-vinyl ester copolymers such as an ethylene-vinyl acetate

copolymer; ethylene-methacrylate copolymers such as an ethylene-methyl methacrylate copolymer and an ethylene-ethyl methacrylate copolymer; ethylene-acrylate copolymers such as an ethylene-methyl acrylate copolymer and an ethylene-ethyl acrylate copolymer; ethylene-vinylcarboxylic acid copolymers such as an ethylene-acrylic acid copolymer; ethylene-tetracyclododecene copolymers; polypropylene resins such as a propylene copolymer and a propylene-ethylene copolymer; poly-4-methylpentene-l, polybutene-1 , polybutadiene, polystyrene, acrylonitrile-styrene resins; acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene resins; styrene elastomers such as a styrene-conj ugated diene block copolymer and a hydrogenated styrene-conj ugated diene block copolymer; fluorine resins; acrylic resins such as methyl polymethacrylate ; polyamide resins such as nylon 6 and nylon 66; polyester resins such as polyethylene terephthalate, polyethylene naphthalate, polybutylene butalate and polycyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate; polycarbonate, polyacetal, polyacryl sulfone, polyarylate, hydroxybenzoic acid polyester, polyetherimide, polyester carbonate, polyphenylene ether resin, polyvinyl chloride, polyvinylidene chloride and polyurethane . These base materials may be used alone or as a combination of two or. more kinds. If necessary, a plasticizer such as

phthalate esters (e.g., dimethyl phthalate, dioctyl

phthalate, etc.), adipic acid esters and stearic acid may be added to these base materials. The resin transpiration formulation can be prepared by mixing the compound of the present invention with the base material, kneading the mixture, followed by molding it by injection molding, extrusion molding or pressure molding. The resultant resin formulation can be subjected to further molding or cutting procedure, if necessary, to be processed into shapes such as a plate, film, tape, net or string shape. These resin formulations can be processed into animal collars, animal ear tags, sheet products, trap' strings, gardening supports and other products.

Examples of a base material for the poison bait include bait ingredients such as grain powder, vegetable oil saccharide and crystalline cellulose, antioxidants such as dibutylhydroxytoluene and nordihydroguaiaretic acid,

preservatives such as dehydroacetic acid, accidental

ingestion inhibitors for children and pets such as a chili powder; insect attraction fragrances such as cheese flavor, onion flavor and peanut oil.

The pest control method of the present invention usually conducted by applying an effective amount of the compound of the present invention to a pest or a habitat thereof (e.g. plant bodies, soil, the interior of a house, animal bodies, the interior of a car, or outdoor open space) in a form of a pest control agent of the present invention.

A method for applying the pest control agent of the present invention includes the following methods, and appropriately selected depending on the form of the pest control agent of the present invention, the application area and so on.

(1) A method comprising applying a pest control agent of the present invention as it is to a pest or a habitat of the pest.

(2) A method comprising diluting a pest control agent of the present invention with a solvent such as water, and then spraying the dilution to a pest or a habitat of the pest.

In this method, the pest control agent of the present

invention is usually formulated into an emulsifiable

concentrate, a wettable powder, a flowable formulation, a microcapsule or the like. The formulation is usually

diluted so that the concentration of the compound of the present invention can be 0.1 to 10,000 ppm.

(3) A method comprising heating a pest control agent of the present invention at a habitat of a pest, thereby allowing an active ingredient to volatilize and diffuse from the pest control agent.

In this case, any of the amount and concentration of

application of the compound of the present invention can be appropriately determined depending on the form, application period, application area, application method, kind of a pest, damage to be incurred and so on.

When the compound of the present invention is used for prevention of epidemics, the amount to be applied is usually from 0.0001 to 1,000 mg/m3 of the compound of the present invention in the case of applying to a space, and from

0.0001 to 1,000 mg/m2 of the compound of the present

invention in the case of applying to a plane. An

insecticidal coil or an electric insecticidal mat is applied by heating to volatilize and diffuse an active ingredient, depending on the form of the formulation. A resin

transpiration formulation, a paper transpiration formulation, an unwoven fabric transpiration formulation, a knit fabric transpiration formulation or a sublimating tablet are

allowed to stand as it is in a space to be applied, and placed under air blowing.

When the pest control agent of the present invention is applied to a space for the purpose of prevention of epidemics, examples of the space include a closet, a

Japanese cabinet, a Japanese chest, a cupboard, a toilet, a bathroom, a shed, a living room, a dining room, a garage, the interior of a car and so on. The pest control agent can be also applied to outdoor open space.

When the pest control agent of the present invention is used for controlling external parasites of livestock such as cows, horses, pigs, sheep, goats and chickens and small animals such as dogs, cats, rats and mice, the pest control agent of the present invention can be applied to the animals by a known method in the veterinary field. Specifically, when systemic control is intended, the pest control agent of the present invention is administered to the animals as a tablet, a mixture with feed or a suppository, or by

injection (including intramuscular, subcutaneous,

intravenous and intraperitoneal injections). On the other hand, when non-systemic control is intended, the pest

control agent of the present invention is applied to the animals by means of spraying of the oil solution or aqueous solution, pour-on or spot-on treatment, or washing of the animal with a shampoo formulation, or by putting a collar or ear tag made of the resin transpiration formulation to the animal. In the case of administering to an animal body, the dosage of the compound of the present invention is usually in the range from 0.1 to 1,000 mg per 1 kg of an animal body weight.

When the pest control agent of the present invention is used for controlling a pest in the agricultural field, the amount can widely vary depending on the application period, application area, application method and other factors, and is usually in the range from 1 to 10,000 g in terms of the compound of the present invention per 10,00,0 m2 When the pest control agent of the present invention is formulated into an emulsifiable concentrate, a wettable powder, a flowable formulation and so on, the pest control agent is usually applied after diluting with water so that the concentration of the active ingredient becomes 0.01 to 10,000 ppm, and a granule or a dust is usually applied as it is .

These formulations or water dilutions of the

formulations may be directly sprayed over pests or plants such as crop plants to be protected from pests, or may be used in the soil treatment for the control of pests which inhabit the soil of the cultivated land.

Application can also be conducted by a method of directly winding the resin formulation formed into sheet-shaped, or string- or cord-shaped formulation around plants disposing the formulation in the neighborhood of plants, or spreading the formulation on the soil surface at the root.

The compound of the present invention can be used as pest control agent in cultivating field such as farm, paddy field, lawn or orchard, or non-cultivating field. The compound of the present invention can control pests inhabiting the cultivating field in the cultivating field where the following "plant crops" are cultivated.

Agricultural crops: corn, rice, wheat, barley, rye, oat, sorghum, cotton, soybean, peanut, sarrazin, sugar beet rapeseed, sunflower, sugar cane, tobacco, etc.;

Vegetables: Solanaceae vegetables (eggplant, tomato, green pepper, hot pepper, potato etc.), Cucurbitaceae vegetables (cucumber, pumpkin, zucchini, watermelon, melon etc.), Cruciferae vegetables (Japanese radish, turnip, horseradish, kohlrabi, Chinese cabbage, cabbage, brown mustard, broccoli, cauliflower etc.), Compositae vegetables (burdock, garland chrysanthemum, artichoke, lettuce etc.), Liliaceae vegetables (Welsh onion, onion, garlic, asparagus etc.), Umbelliferae vegetables (carrot, parsley, celery, parsnip etc.), Chenopodiaceae vegetables (spinach, Swiss chard etc.), Labiatae vegetables (Japanese basil, mint, basil etc.), strawberry, sweat potato, yam, aroid, etc.;

Fruit trees: pomaceous fruits (apple, common pear, Japanese pear, Chinese quince, quince etc.), stone fleshy fruits (peach, plum, nectarine, Japanese plum, cherry, apricot, prune etc.), citrus plants (Satsuma mandarin, orange, lemon, lime, grapefruit etc. ) , nuts (chestnut, walnut, hazel nut, almond, pistachio, cashew nut, macadamia nut etc.), berry fruits (blueberry, cranberry,, blackberry, raspberry etc.), grape, persimmon, olive, loquat, banana, coffee, date, coconut palm, oil palm, etc. ;

Trees other than fruit trees: tea, mulberry, woody plants (azalea, camellia, hydrangea, sasanqua, Illicium religiosum, cherry tree, tulip tree, crape myrtle, fragrant olive etc.), street trees (ash tree, birch, dogwood,

eucalyptus, ginkgo, lilac, maple tree, oak, poplar, cercis, Chinese sweet gum, plane tree, zelkova, Japanese arborvitae, fir tree, Japanese hemlock, needle juniper, pine, spruce, yew, elm, horse-chestnut etc.), sweet viburnum, Podocarpus macrophyllus , Japanese cedar, Japanese cypress, croton, spindle tree, Chainese howthorn, etc.

Lawn: zoysia (Japanese lawn grass, mascarene grass, etc.), Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon, etc.), bent grass (creeping bent grass, Agrostis stolonifera, Agrostis tenuis, etc.), bluegrass (Kentucky bluegrass, rough bluegrass, etc.), fescue (tall fescue, chewing fescue, creeping fescue, etc. ) , ryegrass (darnel, perennial ryegrass, etc.), cocksfoot, timothy grass, etc.;

Others: flowers (rose, carnation, chrysanthemum,

Eustoma grandiflorum Shinners (prairie gentian) , gypsophila, gerbera, pot marigold, salvia, petunia, verbena, tulip, aster, gentian, lily, pansy, cyclamen, orchid, lily of the valley, lavender, stock, ornamental kale, primula, poinsttia, gladiolus, cattleya, daisy, verbena, cymbidium, begonia, etc.), bio-fuel plants (Jatropha, safflower, gold-of-pleasure, switchgrass, Miscanthus, ribbon grass, giant reed, kenaf, cassava, willow, etc.), foliage plant; etc.

The above "plant crops" include gene transgenic plant crops .

The compound of the present invention can be mixed with or can be used in combination with other insecticide, acaricide, nematocide, soil pest control agent, fungicide, herbicide, plant growth regulating agent, repellent,

synergist, fertilizer, or soil modifier.

Examples of active ingredient of such the insecticide and acaricide include:

(1) Synthetic pyrethroid compounds:

acrinathrin, allethrin, beta-cyfluthrin, bifenthrin, cycloprothrin, cyfluthrin, cyhalothrin, cypermethrin,

empenthrin, deltamethrin, esfenvalerate, ethofenprox,

fenpropathrin, fenvalerate, flucythrinate , flufenoprox, flumethrin, fluvalinate, halfenprox, imiprothrin, permethrin, prallethrin, pyrethrins, resmethrin, sigma-cypermethrin, silafluofen, tefluthrin, tralomethrin, transfluthrin,

tetramethrin, phenothrin, cyphenothrin, alpha-cypermethrin, zeta-cypermethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, gamma-cyhalothrin, furamethrin, tau-fluvalinate, metofluthrin, 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-4-methylbenzyl=2 , 2-dimethyl-3- ( 1-propenyl) cyclopropane carboxylate, 2 , 3 , 5 , 6-tetrafluoro-4- (methoxymethyl) benzyl=2, 2-dimethyl-3- ( 2-methyl-1-propenyl ) cyclopropane carboxylate, 2 , 3 5 , 6-tetrafluoro-4-(methoxymethyl ) benzyl=2 ,2,3, 3-tetramethylcyclopropane

carboxylate, . and so on;

(2) Organic phosphorous compounds:

acephate, Aluminium phosphide, butathiofos, cadusafos, chlorethoxyfos, chlorfenvinphos , chlorpyrifos , chlorpyrifos-methyl, cyanophos: CYAP, diazinon, DCIP (dichlorodiisopropyl ether), dichlofenthion : ECP, dichlorvos : DDVP, dimethoate, dimethylvinphos , disulfoton, EPN, ethion, ethoprophos, etrimfos, fenthion : MPP, fenitrothio : MEP, fosthiazate, formothion, Hydrogen phosphide, isofenphos, isoxathion, malathion, mesulfenfos, methidathion : DMTP, monocrotophos , naled:BRP, oxydeprofos : ESP, parathion, phosalone,

phosmet:PMP, pirimiphos-methyl , pyridafenthion, quinalphos, phenthoate : PAP, profenofos, propaphos, prothiofos,

pyraclorfos, salithion, sulprofos, tebupirimfos , temephos, tetrachlorvinphos , terbufos, thiometon, trichlorphon : DEP, vamidothion, phorate, cadusafos, and so on;

(3) Carbamate compounds:

alanycarb, bendiocarb, benfuracarb, BPMC, carbaryl, carbofuran, carbosulfan, cloethocarb, ethiofencarb,

fenobucarb, fenothiocarb, fenoxycarb, furathiocarb,

isoprocarb : MIPC, metolcarb, methomyl, methiocarb, NAC, oxamyl, pirimicarb, propoxur : PHC, XMC, thiodicarb, xylylcarb, aldicarb, and so on;

(4) Nereistoxin compounds:

cartap, bensultap, thiocyclam, monosultap, bisultap, and so on;

(5) Neonicotinoid compounds:

imidacloprid, nitenpyram, acetamiprid, thiamethoxam, thiacloprid, dinotefuran, clothianidin, and so on;

(6) Benzoylurea compounds:

chlorfluazuron, bistrifluron, diafenthiuron,

diflubenzuron, fluazuron, flucycloxuron, flufenoxuron, hexaflumuron, lufenuron, novaluron, noviflumuron,

teflubenzuron, triflumuron, triazuron, and so on;

(7) Phenylpyrazole compounds:

acetoprole, ethiprole, fipronil, vaniliprole,

pyriprole, pyrafluprole, and so on;

(8) Bt toxin insecticides:

Live spores derived from and crystal toxins produced . from Bacillus thuringiesis and a mixture thereof;

(9) Hydrazine compounds:

chromafenozide, halofenozide, methoxyfenozide,

tebufenozide, and so on;

(10) Organic chlorine compound:

aldrin, dieldrin, dienochlor, endosulfan, methoxychlor, and so on;

(11) Natural insecticides:

machine oil, nicotine-sulfate;

(12) Other insecticides:

avermectin-B, bromopropylate, buprofezin,

chlorphenapyr, cyromazine, D-D(l, 3-Dichloropropene) , emamectin-benzoate, fenazaquin, flupyrazofos , hydroprene, methoprene, indoxacarb, metoxadiazone , milbemycin-A,

pymetrozine, pyridalyl, pyriproxyfen, spinosad, sulfluramid, tolfenpyrad, triazamate, flubendiamide, lepimectin, Arsenic acid, benclothiaz, Calcium cyanamide, Calcium polysulfide, chlordane, DDT, DSP, flufenerim, flonicamid, flurimfen, formetanate, metarn-ammonium, metam-sodium, Methyl bromide, Potassium oleate, protrifenbute, spiromesifen, Sulfur, metaflumizone, spirotetramat , pyrifluquinazone, spinetoram, chlorantraniliprole, tralopyril, and so on.

Examples of the active ingredient of the repellent include N, -diethyl-m-toluamide, limonene, linalool,

citronellal, menthol, menthone, hinokitiol, geraniol, eucalyptol, indoxacarb, carane-3, -diol, MGK-R-326, MGK-R-874 and BAY-KBR-3023.

Examples of the active ingredient of the' synergist include 5- [2- ( 2-butoxyethoxy) ethoxymethyl ] -6-propyl-l, 3-benzodioxol, N- (2-ethylhexyl) bicyclo [2.2.1] hept-5-ene-2 , 3-dicarboxyimide, octachlorodipropylether, thiocyanoacetic acidisobornyl, N- (2-ethylhexyl) -l-isopropyl-4-methylbicyclo [2.2.2] oct-5-ene-2 , 3-dicarboxyimide .

Examples

Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in more detail by way of Production Examples, Formulation Examples and Test Examples, but the present invention is not limited thereto.

First, Production Examples of the compound of the present invention will be described.

Production Example 1

(S) -4-hydroxy-3-methyl- (2-propynyl) cyclopent-2-en-l-one (630 mg, 4.20 mmol) and 0.5 mL of pyridine were added to 12 mL of tetrahydrofuran, and a tetrahydrofuran solution (5 mL) of (1R) -tra.ns-3- [ (1Z, 3E) -2-cyano-l, 3-pentadienyl] -2, 2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylic acid chloride (1Z/1E=85/15) (936 mg, 4.19 mmol) was added. After stirring at room temperature for 12 hours, the reaction solution was poured into 5 mL of 5% hydrochloric acid and 30 mL of ice water, and the solution was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with 20 mL of saturated brine and 5 mL of saturated sodium bicarbonate . water and then the organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate. After concentration under reduced pressure condition, the residue was subjected to silica gel column chromatography to obtain 920 mg of ( S ) -2-methyl-3-propynylcyclopent-2-en-4-on-l-yl= (1R) -trans-3- [ (1Z, 3E) -2-cyano-l, 3-pentadienyl] -2, 2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylate (hereinafter referred to as the present invention compound (1)) represented by the following formula:


Pale yellow liquid: 1 H-NMR (CDC13. , TMS ) δ (ppm) : 1.23 ( s , 3H, ) , 1.35(s,3H), 1.79(d,lH), 1.83(d,3H), 2.05(t,lH), 2.18(s,3H), 2.24 to 2.29(m,lH), 2.51 to 2.55 (m, 1H) , 2.89 to 2.95(m,lH),

3.16(m,2H), 5.72(m,lH), 5.83 to 6.12 (m,3H)

Specific examples of the compound of the present invention will be described below.

2-methyl-3-propenylcyclopent-2-en-4-on-l-yl= (1R) - trans-3- [ ( 1Z , 3E ) -2-cyano-l , 3-pentadienyl ] -2 , 2- dimethylcyclopropane carboxylate represented by the following formula:


Reference Production Example 1

Methyl= (1R) -trans-3-formyl-2 , 2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylate (2.53 g, 16.2 mmol), 3-pentenonitrile (1.90 g, 23.5 mmol) and anhydrous potassium carbonate (3.22 g, 23.3 mmol) were added to 30 mL of N, N-dimethylformamide and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 24 hours. The reaction solution was added to 100 mL of ice water and the solution was extracted twice with each 100 mL of ethyl acetate. The obtained ethyl acetate layers were combined, washed once with 50 mL of saturated brine and then dried over magnesium sulfate. After concentration under reduced pressure condition, the residue was subjected to silica gel column chromatography to obtain 0.94 g of methyl= ( 1R) -trans- 3- [ (1Z, 3E) -2-cyano-l, 3-pentadienyl] -2, 2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylate represented by the following formula:


Colorless liquid: 1 H-NMR(CDC13 ,TMS) δ (ppm) :1.22(s,3H) ,

1.35(s,3H), 1.75(d,lH,J = 5.2 Hz), 1.82 (d, 3H, J = 5.2 Hz), 2.5(m,lH,J = 10.0,5.2 Hz), 3.7(s, 3H) , 5.82 (d, 1H, J = 10.0 Hz), 5.96 (d, lH, J. = 16.8 Hz), 6.10(m,lH)

Reference Production Example 2

Methyl= (1R) -trans-3- [ (1Z, 3E) -2-cyano-l, 3-pentadienyl ] -2 , 2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylate (502 mg, 2.29 mmol) was dissolved in a mixed liquid of 3 mL of methanol and 1 mL of water, and then potassium hydroxide (300 mg, 5.36 mmol) was added and the mixed solution was stirred at room temperature for 24 hours. The reaction solution was added to 20 mL of .ice water and the solution was extracted with 20 mL of ethyl acetate. To the obtained aqueous layer, 5% hydrochloric acid was added until the pH became 2, and then the solution was extracted with 30 mL of ethyl acetate. The ethyl acetate layer was washed twice with 20 mL of saturated brine and then dried over magnesium sulfate. After concentration under reduced pressure condition, 452 mg of ( 1R) -trans-3- [ (1Z, 3E) -2-cyano-l, 3-pentadienyl] -2,2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylic acid represented by the following formula:


was obtained.

Colorless liquid : 1H-NMR(CDC13 ,TMS) δ (ppm) : 1.23 (s, 3H) ,

1.38(s,3H), 1.76(d,lH,J = 5.2 Hz), 1.82(d,3H,J = 6.4 Hz), 2.54(dd,lH,J = 10.0,5.2 Hz), 5.82(d,lH,J = 10.0 Hz), 5.97(d,lH,J = 15.6 Hz), 6.11(m,lH)

Reference Production Example 3

Methyl= (1R) -trans-3-formyl-2 , 2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylate (2.53 g, 16.2 mmol) , 3-butenonitrile (3.62 g, 54.0 mmol) and anhydrous potassium carbonate (3.22 g, 23.3 mmol) 'were added to 30 mL of N, N-dimethylformamide and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 24 hours. The reaction solution was ' added to 100 mL of ice water and the solution was extracted twice with each 100 mL of ethyl acetate. The ethyl acetate layers were combined, washed once with 50 mL of saturated brine and then dried over magnesium sulfate. After concentration under reduced pressure condition, the residue was subjected to silica gel column chromatography to obtain 0.37 g of methyl= ( 1R) -trans-3- [ ( 1Z ) -2-cyano-l , 3-butadienyl ] -2 , 2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylate represented by the following formula:

H3C CH3 _

Colorless liquid: 1 H-NMR (CDCI3 , MS) δ (ppm) : 1.24 (s, 3H) ,

1.35(s,3H), 1.81(d,lH,J = 5.2 Hz), 2.54(dd,lH,J = 10.4,5.2 Hz), 3.71(s, 3H) , 5.30 (d, 1H, J = 10.8 Hz), 5.61(d,lH,J =■ 17.2 Hz), 5.98(d, 1H,10.4 Hz), 6.26(dd,lH, J =. 10.4,17.2 Hz)

Reference Production Example 4

Methyl=.(lR) -trans-3- [ (1Z) -2-cyano-l, 3-butadienyl ] -2 , 2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylate (483 mg, 2.36 mmol) was dissolved in a mixed liquid of 3 mL of tetrahydrofuran and 1 mL of water, and then potassium hydroxide (215 mg, 3.84 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at room temperature for 24 hours. The reaction solution was added to 20 mL of ice water, and the solution was extracted with 20 mL of ethyl acetate. To the obtained aqueous layer, 5% hydrochloric acid was added until the pH became 2, and then the solution was extracted with 30 mL of ethyl acetate. The ethyl acetate layer washed twice with 20 mL of saturated brine and then dried over magnesium sulfate. After concentration under reduced pressure condition, 440 mg of (1R) -trans-3- [ (1Z) -2-cyano-l, 3-butadienyl] -2, 2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylic acid represented by following formula:


was obtained.

Colorless liquid: 1 H-NMR (CDC13 , TMS) δ (ppm) : 1.25 (s, 3H) ,

1.38(s,3H), 1.82(d,lH,J = 5.2 Hz), 2.56(dd,lH,J = 10.4,5.2

Hz), 5.32(d,lH,J = 10.8 Hz), 5.62(d,lH,J = 17.2 Hz), 6.01.(d, 1H,10.4 Hz), 6.25(dd,lH, J = 10.4,17.2 Hz)

Reference Production Example 5

(1R) -trans-3- [ (1Z) -2-cyano-l, 3-butadienyl ] -2, 2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylic acid (440 mg, 2.30 mmol) was dissolved in 3 mL of tetrahydrofuran and then thionyl chloride (301 mg, 2.53 mmol) and 10 mg of N,N-dimethylformamide were added and the solution was stirred at room temperature for 1 hours, and further at 60°C of 3 hours The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure condition to obtain 460 mg of ( 1R) -trans-3- [( 1Z ) -2-cyano-1, 3-butadienyl] -2, 2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylic acid chloride represented by the following formula:


as a pale yellow liquid.

Formulation Examples are shown below. Parts are mass.

Formulation Example 1

Twenty (20) parts the present invention compound (1)

invention is dissolved in 65 parts of xylene and 15 parts SOLPOL 3005X (a registered trademark of TOHO Chemical

Industry Co.,. Ltd.) is added thereto and thoroughly mixed with stirring to obtain emulsifiable concentrates.

Formulation Example 2

Five (5) parts of SORPOL 3005X is added to 40 parts of the present invention compound (1) and the mixture is thoroughly mixed, and 32 parts of CARPLEX #80 (synthetic hydrated silicon oxide, a registered trademark of SHIONOGI & CO., LTD.) and 23 parts of 300-mesh diatomaceous earth are added thereto, followed by mixing with stirring by a mixer to obtain wettable powders.

Formulation Example 3

A mixture of 1.5 parts of the present invention compound (1), 1 part of TOKUSIL GUN (synthetic hydrated silicon oxide, manufactured by Tokuyama Corporation) , 2 parts of REAX 85A (sodium lignin sulfonate, manufactured by West Vaco

Chemicals), 30 parts of BENTONITE FUJI (bentonite,

manufactured by Houjun) and 65.5 parts of SHOUKOUZAN A clay (kaoline clay, manufactured by Shoukouzan Kougyousho) is thoroughly pulverized and mixed, and water is added thereto. The mixture is thoroughly kneaded, granulated by an

extruding granulator, and then dried to obtain 1.5% granules.

Formulation Example 4

To a mixture of 10 parts of the present invention compound (1), 10 parts of phenylxylylethane and 0.5 part of SUMIDUR L-75 (tolylene diisocyanate, manufactured by Sumitomo Bayer Urethane Co., Ltd.) is added 20 parts of 10% aqueous

solution of gum arabic, and the mixture is stirred with a homomixer to obtain an emulsion having an average particle diameter of 20 μπι. To the emulsion, 2 parts of ethylene glycol is added and the mixture is further stirred in a warm bath at a temperature of 60°C for 24 hours to obtain

microcapsule slurry. On the other hand, 0.2 part of xanthan gum and 1.0 part of VEEGUM R (aluminum magnesium silicate, manufactured by Sanyo Chemical Industries, Ltd.) are

dispersed in 56.3 parts of ion-exchanged water to obtain a thickener solution. Then, 42.5 parts of the above-mentioned microcapsule slurry and 57.5 parts of the above-mentioned thickener solution are mixed to obtain microcapsules.

Formulation Example 5

A mixture of 10 parts of the present invention compound (1) and 10 parts of phenylxylylethane is added to 20 parts of a 10% aqueous solution of polyethylene glycol, and the mixture is stirred by a homomixer to obtain an emulsion having an average particle diameter of 3 μπι. On the other hand, 0.2 part of xanthan gum and 1.0 part of VEEGUM R (aluminum magnesium silicate, manufactured by Sanyo Chemical

Industries, Ltd.) are dispersed in 58.8 parts of ion-exchanged water to obtain a thickener solution. Then, 40 parts of the above-mentioned emulsion solution and 60 parts of the above-mentioned thickener solution are mixed to obtain flowable formulations.

Formulation Example 6

To 5 parts of the present invention compound (1), 3 parts of CARPLEX #80 (synthetic hydrated silicon oxide, a registered trademark of SHIONOGI & CO., LTD.), 0.3 part of PAP (a mixture of monoisopropyl phosphate and diisopropyl

phosphate)- and 91.7 parts of talc (300 mesh) are added and the mixture is stirred by a mixer to obtain dusts.

Formulation Example 7

Zero point one (0.1) part of the present invention compound (1) is dissolved in 10 parts of dichloromethane and the solution is mixed with 89.9 parts of deodorized kerosine to obtain oil solutions.

Formulation Example 8

Zero point one (0.1) part of each of the present invention compound (1) and 39.9 parts of deodorized kerosine are mixed and dissolved, and the solution is filled into an aerosol container and a valv.e portion is installed. Then, 60 parts of power propellant (liquefied petroleum gas) is filled therein under pressure through the valve portion to obtain oil-based aerosol formulations.

Formulation Example 9

Zero point six (0.6) part of the present invention compound (1), 5 parts of xylene, 3.4 parts of deodorized kerosine and 1 part of Reodol O-60 (emulsifier, a registered trademark of Kao Corporation) are mixed and dissolved, and the

solution and 50 parts of water are filled into an aerosol container, and then 40 parts of power propellant (liquefied petroleum gas) is filled therein under pressure through a valve portion to obtain aqueous aerosol formulations.

Formulation Example 10

Zero point three (0.3) g of the present invention compound (1) is dissolved in 20 ml of acetone and the solution is uniformly mixed with stirring with 99.7. g of a base material for a coil (obtained by mixing Tabu powder, Pyrethrum marc and wooden powder at a ratio of 4:3:3) . Then, 100 ml of water is added thereto, and the mixture is thoroughly kneaded, dried and molded to obtain insecticidal coils.

Formulation Example 11

A mixture of 0.8 g of the present invention compound (1) and 0.4 g of piperonyl butoxide is dissolved in acetone and the total volume is adjusted to 10 ml. Then, 0.5 ml of this solution is uniformly impregnated into a base material for an insecticidal mat for electric heating (a plate obtained by hardening fibrils of a mixture of cotton linters and pulp) having a size of 2.5 cm χ 1.5 cm and a thickness of 0.3 cm to obtain insecticidal mats for electric heating.

Formulation Example 12

A solution obtained by dissolving 3 parts of the present invention compound (1) in 97 parts of deodorized kerosine is poured into a vessel made of vinyl chloride. A liquid absorptive core whose upper part can be heated by a heater (an inorganic pulverized powder is hardened with a binder and sintered) is inserted thereinto to obtain parts to be used for a liquid absorptive core type thermal transpiring apparatus .

Formulation Example 13

One hundred (100) mg of the present invention compound (1) is dissolved in an appropriate amount of acetone and the solution is impregnated into a porous ceramic plate having a size of 4.0 cm χ 4.0 cm and a thickness of 1.2 cm to obtain thermal fumigants.

Formulation Example 14

One hundred (100) μg of the present invention compound (1) is dissolved in an appropriate amount of acetone and the solution is uniformly applied to filter paper having a size of 2 cm x 2 cm and a thickness of 0.3 mm, and air-dried to remove acetone, and thus volatile agents for using at room temperature are obtained.

Formulation Example 15

Ten (10) parts of the present invention compound (1), 35 parts of white carbon containing 50 parts of a

polyoxyethylene alkyl ether sulfate ammonium salt, and 55 parts of water are mixed and then finely ground by a wet grinding method to obtain 10% formulations.

Next, it will be demonstrated by Test Examples that the compound of the present invention is effective as an active ingredient of a pest controlling agent.

Test Example 1

The present invention compound (1) (0.1 parts) produced in the aforementioned Production Example was dissolved in 10 parts of isopropyl alcohol and the resulting solution was mixed with 89.9 parts of deodorized kerosine to prepare a 0.1% (w/v) oil solution.

Ten German cockroaches (5 of each male and female) were released in a test container (measuring 8.75 cm in diameter and 7.5 cm in height, bottom area covered with a 16 mesh wire netting) coated with butter at an inner wall, and the container was disposed on the bottom of a test chamber (bottom surface, measuring 46 cm and 46 cm, 70 cm in height) .

From 60 cm in height above the container, 1.5 ml of the oil solution of the present invention compound (1) was sprayed using a spray gun (spray pressure: 0.4 kg/cm2). Thirty seconds after spraying, the container was removed from the test chamber. After a given time, the number of knockdowned cockroaches was counted and a knockdown rate was determined (repeated once) . . The knockdown rate was calculated by the following equation.

Knockdown rate (%) = (number of knockdowned cockroaches/number of test cockroaches) x 100

As a result, the present invention compound (1) exhibited a knockdown rate of 100% after 15 minutes.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

The compound Of the present invention has an excellent pest control effect and is therefore useful as an active ingredient of a pest control agent.