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1. WO2011033383 - METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR OXIDATIVELY INCREASING CETANE NUMBER OF HYDROCARBON FUEL

Publication Number WO/2011/033383
Publication Date 24.03.2011
International Application No. PCT/IB2010/002398
International Filing Date 10.09.2010
IPC
C10L 1/08 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G OR  C10K111; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS;  USE OF ADDITIVES TO FUELS OR FIRES;  FIRE-LIGHTERS
1Liquid carbonaceous fuels
04essentially based on blends of hydrocarbons
08for compression ignition
B01J 10/00 2006.01
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
10Chemical processes in general for reacting liquid with gaseous media other than in the presence of solid particles; Apparatus specially adapted therefor
B01J 23/74 2006.01
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
23Catalysts comprising metals or metal oxides or hydroxides, not provided for in group B01J21/113
70of the iron group metals or copper
74Iron group metals
B01J 23/64 2006.01
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
23Catalysts comprising metals or metal oxides or hydroxides, not provided for in group B01J21/113
38of noble metals
54combined with metals, oxides or hydroxides provided for in groups B01J23/02-B01J23/36118
56Platinum group metals
64with arsenic, antimony, bismuth, vanadium, niobium, tantalum, polonium, chromium, molybdenum, tungsten, manganese, technetium or rhenium
CPC
C10G 2300/1007
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION
2300Aspects relating to hydrocarbon processing covered by groups C10G1/00 - C10G99/00
10Feedstock materials
1003Waste materials
1007Used oils
C10G 2300/1014
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION
2300Aspects relating to hydrocarbon processing covered by groups C10G1/00 - C10G99/00
10Feedstock materials
1011Biomass
1014of vegetal origin
C10G 2300/1018
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION
2300Aspects relating to hydrocarbon processing covered by groups C10G1/00 - C10G99/00
10Feedstock materials
1011Biomass
1018of animal origin
C10G 2300/1059
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION
2300Aspects relating to hydrocarbon processing covered by groups C10G1/00 - C10G99/00
10Feedstock materials
1037Hydrocarbon fractions
1048Middle distillates
1059Gasoil having a boiling range of about 330 - 427 °C
C10G 2300/301
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION
2300Aspects relating to hydrocarbon processing covered by groups C10G1/00 - C10G99/00
20Characteristics of the feedstock or the products
30Physical properties of feedstocks or products
301Boiling range
C10G 2300/307
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION
2300Aspects relating to hydrocarbon processing covered by groups C10G1/00 - C10G99/00
20Characteristics of the feedstock or the products
30Physical properties of feedstocks or products
307Cetane number, cetane index
Applicants
  • CETAMAX VENTURES LTD. [CN]/[CN] (AllExceptUS)
  • KIN, Meng Chan [MY]/[MY] (UsOnly)
  • KAMALUL, Arifin Yusof [MY]/[MY] (UsOnly)
  • SHAHRUL, Niza Bin Abdul Rahim [MY]/[MY] (UsOnly)
  • MD ASRAFF, Bin Abdul Karim [MY]/[MY] (UsOnly)
  • ROGER, Kai Lott [CA]/[CA] (UsOnly)
Inventors
  • KIN, Meng Chan
  • KAMALUL, Arifin Yusof
  • SHAHRUL, Niza Bin Abdul Rahim
  • MD ASRAFF, Bin Abdul Karim
  • ROGER, Kai Lott
Agents
  • HOU, Xiaomei
Priority Data
12/877,48408.09.2010US
61/243,05316.09.2009US
Publication Language English (EN)
Filing Language English (EN)
Designated States
Title
(EN) METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR OXIDATIVELY INCREASING CETANE NUMBER OF HYDROCARBON FUEL
(FR) PROCÉDÉ ET SYSTÈME POUR L'AUGMENTATION, AU MOYEN D'UN TRAITEMENT OXYDATIF, DE L'INDICE DE CÉTANE D'UN CARBURANT HYDROCARBURE
Abstract
(EN)
High energy (e.g., ultrasonic) mixing of a liquid hydrocarbon feedstock and reactants comprised of an oxidation source, catalyst and acid yields a diesel fuel product or additive having substantially increased cetane number. Ultrasonic mixing creates cavitation, which involves the formation and violent collapse of micron-sized bubbles, which greatly increases the reactivity of the reactants. This, in turn, substantially increases the cetane number compared to reactions carried out using conventional mixing processes, such as simple mechanical stirring. Alternatively, an aqueous mixture comprising water and acid can be pretreated with an oxidation source such as ozone and subjected to ultrasonic cavitation prior to reacting the pretreated mixture with a liquid hydrocarbon feedstock.
(FR)
Dans la présente invention, le mélange à haute énergie (par exemple, par ultrasons) d'une charge d'hydrocarbure et de réactifs constitués d'une source d'oxydation, de catalyseur et d'acide, produit un carburant diesel ou un additif présentant un indice de cétane sensiblement supérieur. Le mélange par ultrasons crée une cavitation, laquelle implique la formation et l'éclatement violent de bulles d'une taille de l'orde du micromètre, ce qui augmente fortement la réactivité des réactifs. Ceci, à son tour, augmente sensiblement l'indice de cétane comparativement aux réactions effectuées au moyen de processus de mélange classiques, tels que l'agitation mécanique simple. Dans un autre mode de réalisation, un mélange aqueux contenant de l'eau et un acide peut être prétraité avec une source d'oxydation tel que l'ozone et soumis à une cavitation par ultrasons avant de faire réagir le mélange pré-traité avec une charge d'hydrocarbure liquide.
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