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1. WO2011027242 - SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR QUANTIFYING LUNG COMPLIANCE IN A SELF-VENTILATING SUBJECT

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS:

1 . A system configured to quantify lung compliance of a subject that is at least partially self-ventilating, the system comprising:

a pressure support device configured to generate a pressurized flow of breathable gas to be delivered to the airway of a subject that is at least partially self-ventilating;

one or more sensors configured to generate one or more output signals conveying information about one or more parameters of the pressurized flow of breathable gas; and

one or more processors operatively linked with the pressure support device and the one or more sensors, the one or more processors being configured to execute one or more computer program modules, the one or more computer program modules comprising:

a control module configured to control the pressure support device to adjust pressure of the pressurized flow of breathable gas during a series of consecutive inhalations of the subject;

a pressure module configured to determine the pressure to which the pressurized flow of breathable gas should be adjusted by the control module during inhalations of the subject during the series of consecutive inhalations such that for a first inhalation the pressure is adjusted to a first pressure and for a second inhalation proximate in time to the first inhalation the pressure is adjusted to a second pressure that is different from the first pressure, wherein the pressure module randomly or pseudo randomly determines one or more of ( ) the position of the first inhalation and the second inhalation within the series of inhalations, (/'/') the first pressure, (Hi) the second pressure, or (/V) a difference in pressure between the first pressure and the second pressure;

a compliance module configured to quantify lung compliance of the subject based on the difference between the first pressure and the second

pressure and the one or more output signals generated by the one or more sensors during the first inhalation and the second inhalation.

2. The system of claim 1 , wherein the first pressure and the second pressure are fixed, and wherein the pressure module is configured to determine the pressure to which the pressurized flow of breathable gas should be adjusted by the control module during inhalations of the subject during the series of consecutive inhalations such that for each inhalation in the series of consecutive inhalations the pressure is determined by the pressure module to be either the first pressure of the second pressure.

3. The system of claim 1 , wherein the pressure module is further configured to determine the pressure to which the pressurized flow of breathable gas should be adjusted by the control module during exhalations of the subject between the series of consecutive inhalations is lower than the first pressure and is lower than the second pressure.

4. The system of claim 1 , wherein the one or modules further comprise a breathing parameter module configured to determine, based on the one or more output signals of the one or more sensors, one or more breathing parameter of the subject during the series of consecutive inhalations, and wherein the compliance module is configured to quantify lung compliance of the subject based on the difference between the first pressure and the second pressure and the one or more breathing parameters determined by the breathing parameter module during the first inhalation and the second inhalation.

5. The system of claim 4, wherein the one or more breathing parameters determined by the breathing parameter module that are implemented by the compliance module to quantify lung compliance of the subject comprise tidal volume.

6. A method of quantifying lung compliance of a subject that is at least partially self-ventilating, the method comprising:

delivering a pressurized flow of breathable gas to the airway of a subject that is at least partially self-ventilating;

generating one or more output signals conveying information about one or more parameters of the pressurized flow of breathable gas;

determining pressures to which the pressurized flow of breathable gas should be adjusted during a series of consecutive inhalations of the subject, including determining a first pressure for a first inhalation and determining a second pressure for a second inhalation proximate in time to the first inhalation such that one or more of (/') the position of the first inhalation and the second inhalation within the series of inhalations, (/'/') the first pressure, (Hi) the second pressure, or (/V) a difference in pressure between the first pressure and the second pressure are determined randomly or pseudo randomly;

adjusting the pressure of the pressurized flow of breathable gas to the determined pressures during the series of consecutive inhalations; and

quantifying lung compliance of the subject based on the difference between the first pressure and the second pressure and the one or more output signals generated during the first inhalation and the second inhalation.

7. The method of claim 6, wherein the first pressure and the second pressure are fixed, and wherein determining pressures to which the pressurized flow of breathable gas should be adjusted during a series of consecutive inhalations of the subject includes selecting between the first pressure and the second pressure for each inhalation in the series of consecutive inhalations.

8. The method of claim 6, further comprising adjusting the pressure of the pressurized flow of breathable gas during exhalations of the subject between the series of consecutive inhalations to a pressure that is lower than the first pressure and is lower than the second pressure.

9. The method of claim 6, further comprising determining, based on the one or more output signals, one or more breathing parameter of the subject during the series of consecutive inhalations, and wherein quantifying lung compliance of the subject based on the difference between the first pressure and the second pressure and the one or more output signals generated during the first inhalation and the second inhalation comprises quantifying lung compliance

of the subject based on the difference between the first pressure and the second pressure and the one or more breathing parameters determined during the first inhalation and the second inhalation.

10. The method of claim 9, wherein the one or more breathing

parameters comprise tidal volume.

1 1. A system configured to quantify lung compliance of a subject that is at least partially self-ventilating, the system comprising:

means for delivering a pressurized flow of breathable gas to the airway of a subject that is at least partially self-ventilating;

means for generating one or more output signals conveying information about one or more parameters of the pressurized flow of breathable gas;

means for determining pressures to which the pressurized flow of breathable gas should be adjusted during a series of consecutive inhalations of the subject, including means for determining a first pressure for a first inhalation and determining a second pressure for a second inhalation proximate in time to the first inhalation such that one or more of ( ) the position of the first inhalation and the second inhalation within the series of inhalations, (/' ) the first pressure, (/'/'/') the second pressure, or (/V) a difference in pressure between the first pressure and the second pressure are determined randomly or pseudo randomly; means for adjusting the pressure of the pressurized flow of breathable gas to the determined pressures during the series of consecutive inhalations; and means for quantifying lung compliance of the subject based on the difference between the first pressure and the second pressure and the one or more output signals generated during the first inhalation and the second inhalation.

12. The system of claim 1 1 , wherein the first pressure and the second pressure are fixed, and wherein the means for determining pressures to which the pressurized flow of breathable gas should be adjusted during a series of consecutive inhalations of the subject includes means for selecting between the

first pressure and the second pressure for each inhalation in the series of consecutive inhalations.

13. The system of claim 1 1 , further comprising means for adjusting the pressure of the pressurized flow of breathable gas during exhalations of the subject between the series of consecutive inhalations to a pressure that is lower than the first pressure and is lower than the second pressure.

14. The system of claim 1 1 , further comprising means for determining, based on the one or more output signals, one or more breathing parameter of the subject during the series of consecutive inhalations, and wherein the means for quantifying lung compliance of the subject based on the difference between the first pressure and the second pressure and the one or more output signals generated during the first inhalation and the second inhalation quantifies lung compliance of the subject based on the difference between the first pressure and the second pressure and the one or more breathing parameters determined during the first inhalation and the second inhalation.

15. The system of claim 14, wherein the one or more breathing parameters comprise tidal volume.