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1. WO2011008477 - MONITORING CARDIOVASCULAR CONDITIONS USING SIGNAL TRANSIT TIMES

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

[ EN ]

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. A method for monitoring a cardiovascular condition in a subject comprising:

measuring a central signal proportional to or a function of the subject's heart activity;

measuring a peripheral signal proportional to or a function of a signal related to the central signal; and

calculating a time difference between signal features representing the same heart events for the central signal and the peripheral signal,

wherein the cardiovascular condition is indicated if the time difference is greater than a threshold value.

2. A method for monitoring a cardiovascular condition in a subject comprising:

measuring a central signal proportional to or a function of the subject's heart activity;

measuring a peripheral signal proportional to or a function of a signal related to the central signal; and

calculating a time difference between signal features representing the same heart event for the central signal and the peripheral signal,

wherein the cardiovascular condition is indicated if there is a significant statistical change in the time difference over a specified time period.

3. The method of claim 1 or 2, wherein the cardiovascular condition is vasodilation.

4. The method of claim 1 or 2, wherein the cardiovascular condition is vasoconstriction.

5. The method of claim 1 or 2, wherein the cardiovascular condition indicates the occurrence of hyperdynamic circulation.

6. The method of claim 1 or 2, wherein the cardiovascular condition is central-to-peripheral pressure or flow decoupling.

7. The method of any of claims 3, 5, or 6, wherein the threshold value is 150 milliseconds or greater.

8. The method of claim 4, wherein the threshold value is 100 milliseconds or less.

9. The method of claim 2, wherein the statistically significant change is 50 milliseconds or greater.

10. The method of claim 2, wherein the statistically significant change is 0.4 standard deviations or greater.

11. The method of claim 1 , wherein the threshold value is 5 minutes or greater.

12. The method of claim 2, wherein the specified time period is 5 minutes or greater.

13. The method of claim 1, wherein the cardiovascular condition is indicated is the time difference is greater than the threshold value for a specified time period.

14. The method of claim 13, wherein the specified time period is 5 minutes or greater.

15. The method of claim 1 or 2, wherein the central signal proportional to or a function of the subject's heart activity is one or more of electrocardiogram, aortic pressure, aortic flow, ultrasound, Doppler, transthoracic bioimpedance, or heart sounds.

16. The method of claim 1 or 2, wherein the peripheral signal proportional to or a function of a peripheral equivalent to the first signal is peripheral pressure, peripheral flow, ultrasound, Doppler, tonometry, or pulse oximetry.

17. The method of claim 1 or 2, wherein the central signal is aortic pressure and the peripheral signal is peripheral pressure.

18. The method of claim 1 or 2, wherein the central signal is aortic flow and the peripheral signal is peripheral flow.

19. The method of claim 1 or 2, wherein the central signal is an

electrocardiogram signal and the peripheral signal is peripheral arterial pressure.

20. The method of claim 1 , wherein the time difference between the central signal and the peripheral signal is continually monitored.

21. The method of claim 1, wherein the time difference between the central signal and the peripheral signal is displayed on a graphical user interface.

22. The method of claim 21, wherein the time difference between the central signal and the peripheral signal is displayed as a bar graph or a trend graph.

23. The method of claim 2, wherein the time difference between the central signal and the peripheral signal or a statistical change over time is continually monitored.

24. The method of claim 2, wherein the time difference between the central signal and the peripheral signal or a statistical change over time is displayed on a graphical user interface.

25. The method of claim 24, wherein the time difference between the central signal and the peripheral signal or a statistical change over time is displayed as a bar graph or a trend graph.

26. The method of claim 1 , further comprising alerting a user when the cardiovascular condition is indicated.

27. The method of claim 2, further comprising alerting a user when the cardiovascular condition is indicated.

28. The method of claim 26 or 27, wherein the user is alerted by publishing a notice on a graphical user interface.

29. The method of claim 26 or 27, wherein the user is alerted by emitting a sound.