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1. WO2011005141 - WIND ENERGY MACHINE

Publication Number WO/2011/005141
Publication Date 13.01.2011
International Application No. PCT/RU2010/000244
International Filing Date 15.05.2010
IPC
F03D 3/06 2006.01
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
DWIND MOTORS
3Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor
06Rotors
F03D 7/06 2006.01
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
DWIND MOTORS
7Controlling wind motors
06the wind motors having rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor
F03D 11/04 2006.01
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
DWIND MOTORS
11Details, component parts, or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, the other groups of this subclass
04Mounting structures
CPC
F03D 13/20
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
DWIND MOTORS
13Assembly, mounting or commissioning of wind motors; Arrangements specially adapted for transporting wind motor components
20Arrangements for mounting or supporting wind motors; Masts or towers for wind motors
F03D 3/06
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
DWIND MOTORS
3Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor 
06Rotors
F03D 7/06
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
DWIND MOTORS
7Controlling wind motors
06the wind motors having rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor
F03D 9/25
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
DWIND MOTORS
9Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
20Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus
25the apparatus being an electrical generator
F05B 2220/7068
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO MACHINES OR ENGINES OTHER THAN NON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES, TO WIND MOTORS, TO NON-POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PUMPS, AND TO GENERATING COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OF HIGH PRESSURE OR HIGH VELOCITY
2220Application
70in combination with
706an electrical generator
7068equipped with permanent magnets
Y02E 10/728
YSECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
10Energy generation through renewable energy sources
70Wind energy
72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
728Onshore towers
Applicants
  • ДИГОРАН, Ирина Павловна DIGORAN, Irina Pavlovna [RU]/[RU]
  • АЛАТИН, Павел Дмитриевич ALATIN, Pavel Dmitrievich [RU]/[RU]
Inventors
  • ДИГОРАН, Ирина Павловна DIGORAN, Irina Pavlovna
  • АЛАТИН, Павел Дмитриевич ALATIN, Pavel Dmitrievich
Priority Data
200912617908.07.2009RU
Publication Language Russian (RU)
Filing Language Russian (RU)
Designated States
Title
(EN) WIND ENERGY MACHINE
(FR) MACHINE ÉOLIENNE
(RU) ВЕТРОЭНЕРГЕТИЧЕСКАЯ МАШИНА
Abstract
(EN)
The invention pertains to the field of wind power engineering, and relates to a wind energy machine that comprises a reactive radial maximum-pressure turbine. The turbine is made in the form of a rigidly mounted disc on which are secured twenty-four L-shaped rods. Twelve rods define the outer profile of the turbine and twelve rods define the inner profile of the turbine. The turbine includes twelve slings and twelve sails stretched over adjacent inner and outer rods. As a result, reactive surfaces are formed, and the gaps between adjacent sails define the reaction nozzles of the turbine, which are limited by the turbine disc on one side and by a shroud on the other. The shroud is secured to the ends of the rods. The turbine is mounted on a shaft that is supported by bearings rigidly connected to a rotary platform. The power generator consists of a low-inertia, axial, synchronous, multi-polar electric current generator with external excitation, which is cinematically connected to the turbine via a belt drive sheave. A device for controlling the external load on the generator comprises a centrifugal regulator cinematically connected to the shaft of the turbine and electrically connected to the generator. The platform is rigidly connected to a vertical mount, the base of which is supported by a vertical hinge. The technical result of the invention is an increased performance factor.
(FR)
L'invention concerne le domaine de l'énergie éolienne et notamment une machine éolienne comprenant une turbine sous pression maximum, radiale, réactive qui se présente sous la forme d'un disque rigide sur lequel sont fixées vingt-quatre tiges en forme de L. Douze tiges définissent le profil externe de la turbine et douze tiges, son profil interne. La turbine comprend douze élingues et douze voiles s'étendant sur des tiges internes et externes adjacentes. Des surfaces réactives sont ainsi formées, et les espaces entre les voiles adjacentes définissent les tuyères de réaction de la turbine qui sont délimitées par le disque de turbine sur un côté et par un bandage de l'autre côté. Le bandage est fixé aux extrémités des tiges. La turbine est montée sur un arbre qui est porté par des paliers raccordés de manière fixe à une plate-forme rotative. Le générateur de courant est un générateur de courant électrique de faible inertie, axial, synchrone, multipolaire à excitation externe qui est raccordé de manière cinétique à la turbine par une poulie d'entraînement de courroie. Un dispositif de commande de la charge externe du générateur comprend un régulateur centrifuge raccordé de manière cinétique à l'arbre de turbine et connecté électriquement au générateur. La plate-forme est raccordée de manière fixe à un support vertical dont la base est soutenue par une charnière verticale. On obtient ainsi un meilleur facteur de performance.
(RU)
Изобретение относится к ветроэнергетике. Ветроэнергетическая машина содержит реактивную радиальную предельнонапорную турбину. Турбина выполнена в виде жестко посаженного диска с укрепленными на нем двадцатью четырьмя Г-образными реями. Двенадцать рей образуют внешний и двенадцать - внутренний контур турбины. Турбина включает двенадцать строп и двенадцать парусов, натянутых на смежные внутренние и внешние реи. В результате образуются реактивные поверхности, а пространства между смежными парусами образуют реактивные сопла турбины, ограниченные с одной стороны диском турбины, а с другой - бандажом. Бандаж прикреплен к концам рей. Турбина установлена на валу, опертом на подшипники, жестко связанные с поворотной платформой. В качестве электрогенератора используют малоинерционный, осевой, синхронный, многополюсный генератор электрического тока с внешним возбуждением, кинематически связанный с турбиной через шкив ременной передачей. Устройство управления внешней нагрузкой на генератор представляет собой центробежный регулятор, кинематически связанный с валом турбины и электрически связанный с генератором. Платформа жестко связана с вертикальной опорой, в основании опертой на вертикальный шарнир. Техническим результатом является увеличение КПД.
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