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1. WO2011005135 - INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Publication Number WO/2011/005135
Publication Date 13.01.2011
International Application No. PCT/RU2009/000349
International Filing Date 10.07.2009
IPC
F02M 27/00 2006.01
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
27Apparatus for treating combustion-air, fuel, or fuel-air mixture, by catalysts, electric means, magnetism, rays, sonic waves, or the like
F02B 51/00 2006.01
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
51Other methods of operating engines involving pre-treating of, or adding substances to, combustion air, fuel, or fuel-air mixture of the engines
F02P 23/00 2006.01
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
PIGNITION, OTHER THAN COMPRESSION IGNITION, FOR INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINES; TESTING OF IGNITION TIMING IN COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES
23Other ignition
H05H 1/46 2006.01
HELECTRICITY
05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
HPLASMA TECHNIQUE; PRODUCTION OF ACCELERATED ELECTRICALLY- CHARGED PARTICLES OR OF NEUTRONS; PRODUCTION OR ACCELERATION OF NEUTRAL MOLECULAR OR ATOMIC BEAMS
1Generating plasma; Handling plasma
24Generating plasma
46using applied electromagnetic fields, e.g. high frequency or microwave energy
CPC
F02B 51/02
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
51Other methods of operating engines involving pretreating of, or adding substances to, combustion air, fuel, or fuel-air mixture of the engines
02involving catalysts
F02B 51/04
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
51Other methods of operating engines involving pretreating of, or adding substances to, combustion air, fuel, or fuel-air mixture of the engines
04involving electricity or magnetism
F02M 27/02
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
27Apparatus for treating combustion-air, fuel, or fuel-air mixture, by catalysts, electric means, magnetism, rays, sound waves, or the like
02by catalysts
F02M 27/042
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
27Apparatus for treating combustion-air, fuel, or fuel-air mixture, by catalysts, electric means, magnetism, rays, sound waves, or the like
04by electric means, ; ionisation, polarisation; or magnetism
042by plasma
F02P 23/04
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
PIGNITION, OTHER THAN COMPRESSION IGNITION, FOR INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINES; TESTING OF IGNITION TIMING IN COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES
23Other ignition
04Other physical ignition means, e.g. using laser rays
F02P 9/007
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
PIGNITION, OTHER THAN COMPRESSION IGNITION, FOR INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINES; TESTING OF IGNITION TIMING IN COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES
9Electric spark ignition control, not otherwise provided for
002Control of spark intensity, intensifying, lengthening, suppression
007by supplementary electrical discharge in the pre-ionised electrode interspace of the sparking plug, e.g. plasma jet ignition
Applicants
  • МАТВЕЕВ, Владимир Анатольевич MATVEEV, Vladimir Anatolevich [RU]/[RU]
  • ЗВОНОВ, Александр Александрович ZVONOV, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich [RU]/[RU]
Inventors
  • МАТВЕЕВ, Владимир Анатольевич MATVEEV, Vladimir Anatolevich
  • ЗВОНОВ, Александр Александрович ZVONOV, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich
Common Representative
  • ЗВОНОВ, Александр Александрович ZVONOV, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich
Priority Data
Publication Language Russian (RU)
Filing Language Russian (RU)
Designated States
Title
(EN) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE
(FR) MOTEUR À COMBUSTION INTERNE
(RU) ДВИГАТЕЛЬ ВНУТРЕННЕГО СГОРАНИЯ
Abstract
(EN)
The invention relates to engine building and in particular to internal combustion engines that use the energy of an electromagnetic, magnetic and/or electric field as well as chemical catalysts containing rare metals to treat a gas mixture and initiate a combustion reaction thereof. The invention makes it possible to increase operating stability and reliability and reduce the energy required to ignite the fuel mixture. The microwave plasma engine includes at least one cylinder with a piston connected by a connecting-rod mechanism to the crankshaft of the engine, a microwave catalyst for activating the working mixture, and a high-voltage discharger for igniting the activated working mixture upon the compression thereof in the combustion chamber of the engine cylinder. The engine further includes a plasma reactor having a constant volume, an adiabatic plasma cooler and a slide valve connected by ducts to the upper and lower portions of the engine cylinder, which are connected in series in the flow direction of the reaction products of the working mixture.
(FR)
La présente invention concerne la construction de moteurs et en particulier des moteurs à combustion interne qui utilisent l'énergie d'un champ électromagnétique, magnétique et / ou électrique pour traiter un mélange de gaz et initier une réaction de combustion de celui-ci, ainsi que les catalyseurs chimiques contenant des métaux rares. L'invention permet d'augmenter la stabilité et la fiabilité de fonctionnement et de réduire l'énergie nécessaire pour l'allumage du mélange de carburant. Le moteur à plasma à ondes millimétriques comporte au moins un cylindre avec un piston relié par un mécanisme à bielle au vilebrequin du moteur, un catalyseur à ondes millimétriques pour activer le mélange de travail, et un éclateur à haute tension utilisé pour l'allumage du mélange activé de travail lors de la compression celle-ci dans la chambre de combustion du cylindre du moteur. Le moteur comprend en outre un réacteur à plasma à volume constant, un refroidisseur adiabatique du plasma et un robinet tiroir, reliés par des conduits pour aux parties supérieure et inférieure du cylindre du moteur, qui sont connectés en série dans le sens d'écoulement des produits de réaction du mélange de travail.
(RU)
Изобретение относится к двигателестроению, в частности к двигателям внутреннего сгорания, использующим для обработки и инициирования реакции горения газовой смеси энергию электромагнитного, магнитного и/или электрического поля, а также - химические катализаторы из редких металлов. Изобретение позволяет повысить стабильность и надежность работы, уменьшить энергию поджига топливной смеси. Микроволновый плазменный двигатель содержит не менее одного цилиндра с поршнем, соединенным через кривошипно- шатунный механизм с коленчатым валом двигателя, микроволновый катализатор для активации рабочей смеси и высоковольтный разрядник для поджига активированной рабочей смеси в момент сжатия ее в камере сжигания цилиндра двигателя. Двигатель дополнительно содержит последовательно соединенные по ходу движения продуктов реакции рабочей смеси плазменный реактор постоянного объема, адиабатический охладитель плазмы и золотник, соединенный патрубками с верхней и нижней частью цилиндра двигателя.
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