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1. (WO2010082893) ELECTROMAGNETIC, CONTINUOUSLY VARIABLE TRANSMISSION POWER SPLIT TURBO COMPOUND AND ENGINE AND VEHICLE COMPRISING SUCH A TURBO COMPOUND
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WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. An electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound, comprising: a turbo compound turbine driven by exhaust gases from an internal combustion engine; and a power split device comprising a magnetic gear arrangement, the magnetic gear arrangement comprising a high speed rotor comprising a first quantity of permanent magnets, a low speed rotor comprising a second quantity of permanent magnets, and a plural pole rotor between the high speed rotor and the low speed rotor, a first rotor of the high speed rotor, the low speed rotor, and the plural pole rotor comprising a mechanical input drive adapted to be driven by the turbine, a second rotor of the high speed rotor, the low speed rotor, and the plural pole rotor comprising a mechanical output drive, and a third rotor of the high speed rotor, the low speed rotor, and the plural pole rotor being unconnected to a mechanical drive and comprising a controlling rotor for controlling a ratio of input drive angular velocity to output drive angular velocity.

2. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 1, comprising a control arrangement for controlling a speed of rotation of the third rotor to thereby control the ratio of input drive angular velocity to output drive angular velocity.

3. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 2, wherein the control arrangement comprises a stator, the third rotor and the stator forming an electric machine adapted to generate electrical power upon rotation of the third rotor relative to the stator.

4. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 1, comprising a stator and a controller, the stator and the third rotor forming an electric machine adapted to generate electrical power upon rotation of the third rotor relative to the stator, the controller controlling the ratio of input drive angular velocity to output drive angular velocity by controlling an amount electrical power generated by the electric machine.

5. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 4, comprising an electrical power storage device connected to the electric machine so that electrical power generated by the electric machine is stored in the electrical power storage device.

6. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 5, wherein the controller is arranged to control the electric machine to generate mechanical power upon delivery of electrical power to the electrical machine from the electrical power storage device.

7. An internal combustion engine comprising the electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 6, the internal combustion engine comprising a crankshaft, the mechanical output drive of the power shift device being linked to the crankshaft and the controller being arranged to control delivery of electrical power to the electrical machine to turn the crankshaft via mechanical power generated by the electrical machine.

8. The internal combustion engine as set forth in claim 7, wherein the mechanical input drive is connectable to and disconnectable from the turbine under control of the controller.

9. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 1, wherein the first rotor is the plural pole rotor.

10. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 9, wherein the second rotor is the low speed rotor.

11. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 9, wherein the second rotor is the high speed rotor.

12. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 1, wherein the first rotor is the high speed rotor.

13. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 12, wherein the second rotor is the plural pole rotor.

14. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 12, wherein the second rotor is the low speed rotor.

15. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 1, wherein the first rotor is the low speed rotor.

16. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 15, wherein the second rotor is the plural pole rotor.

17. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 15, wherein the second rotor is the high speed rotor.

18. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 1, wherein the high speed rotor is an outermost rotor of concentrically arranged first, second, and third rotors.

19. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 1, wherein the high speed rotor is an innermost rotor of concentrically arranged first, second, and third rotors.

20. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 1, wherein a flux path between the first rotor and the second rotor extends radially relative to an axis of rotation of the first rotor and the second rotor.

21. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 1, wherein a flux path between the first rotor and the second rotor extends axially relative to an axis of rotation of the first rotor and the second rotor.

22. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 1, comprising a stator, the third rotor and the stator forming an electric machine adapted to generate electrical power upon rotation of the third rotor relative to the stator.

23. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 22, wherein a flux path between the first rotor and the second rotor extends radially relative to an axis of rotation of the first rotor and the second rotor.

24. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 23, wherein a flux path between the third rotor and the stator extends radially relative to the axis of rotation of the first rotor and the second rotor.

25. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 23, wherein a flux path between the third rotor and the stator extends axially relative to the axis of rotation of the first rotor and the second rotor.

26. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 22, wherein a flux path between the first rotor and the second rotor extends axially relative to an axis of rotation of the first rotor and the second rotor.

27. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 26, wherein a flux path between the third rotor and the stator extends radially relative to the axis of rotation of the first rotor and the second rotor.

28. The electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 26, wherein a flux path between the third rotor and the stator extends axially relative to the axis of rotation of the first rotor and the second rotor.

29. An internal combustion engine comprising the electromagnetic, continuously variable transmission power split turbo compound as set forth in claim 1.