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1. (WO2010080492) ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR HAVING MULTIPLE GROUND PLANES
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WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. An electrical connector comprising: a first row of contacts extending in a first direction; a second row of contacts extending in the first direction; a first ground plane extending in the first direction; a second ground plane extending in the first direction; wherein the first row of contacts is located closer to the first ground plane than any other ground plane in the electrical connector; the second row of contacts is located closer to the second ground plane than any other ground plane in the electrical connector; and the first row of contacts, the second row of contacts, the first ground plane, and the second ground plane oppose each other such that the first row of contacts, the second row of contacts, the first ground plane, and the second ground plane are arranged with respect to each other in a second direction perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the first direction.

2. The electrical connector according to Claim 1, further comprising a shroud that is arranged to surround an interface between the electrical connector and another electrical connector when the electrical connector is mated with the another electrical connector.

3. The electrical connector according to Claim 1, further comprising at least one electronic component.

4. The electrical connector according to Claim 1, further comprising at least one capacitor connected between the first ground plane and the second ground plane.

5. The electrical connector according to Claim 1, further comprising at least one power plane.

6. The electrical connector according to Claim 1, further comprising a first power plane and a second power plane; wherein power with a first voltage is transmitted through the first power plane; and power with a second voltage, different from the first voltage, is transmitted through the second power plane.

7. The electrical connector according to Claim 1, further comprising a coaxial connector.

8. The electrical connector according to Claim 1, wherein each of the first ground plane and the second ground plane includes at least one tongue that is arranged to make a mechanical connection and an electrical connection with a corresponding ground plane of another electrical connector when the electrical connector is mated with the another electrical connector.

9. The electrical connector according to Claim 1, wherein the first row of contacts and the second row of contacts are spaced apart from the first ground plane and the second ground plane, respectively, by about 0.016 inches to about 0.020 inches.

10. The electrical connector according to Claim 1, wherein: the first row of contacts is located between the first ground plane and an exterior of the electrical connector; and the second row of contacts is located between the second ground plane and the exterior of the electrical connector.

11. The electrical connector according to Claim 1, wherein: the first ground plane is located between the first row of contacts and an exterior of the electrical connector; and the second ground plane is located between the second row of contacts and the exterior of the electrical connector.

12. The electrical connector according to Claim 1, wherein: each of the first row of contacts and the second rows of contacts includes a first bank of contacts and a second bank of contacts; and each of the first and the second ground planes includes a first divided ground plane and a second divided ground plane.

13. The electrical connector according to Claim 1, further comprising at least one chamfered protrusion that is arranged to engage with a slot of another connector so that the electrical connector zippers with the another electrical connector when the electrical connector is mated with the another electrical connector.

14. The electrical connector according to Claim 1, further comprising a slot that is arranged to engage with at least one chamfered protrusion of another connector so that the electrical connector zippers with the another electrical connector when the electrical connector is mated with the another electrical connector.

15. A circuit board comprising: a first row of contact pads that extends in a first direction and that is arranged to be connected to corresponding first row of contacts of an electrical connector; a second row of contact pads that extends in the first direction and that is arranged to be connected to corresponding second row of contacts of an electrical connector; a first ground plane pad that continuously extends in the first direction along the first row of contacts pads and that is arranged to be connected to a corresponding first ground plane of an electrical connector; and a second ground plane pad that continuously extends in the first direction along the second row of contacts pads and that is arranged to be connected to a corresponding second ground plane of an electrical connector; wherein the first row of contact pads is located closer to the first ground plane pad than any other ground plane pad in the circuit board; the second row of contact pads is located closer to the second ground plane pad than any other ground plane pad in the circuit board; and the first row of contact pads, the second row of contact pads, the first ground plane pad, and the second ground plane pad oppose each other such that the first row of contact pads, the second row of contact pads, the first ground plane pad, and the second ground plane pad are arranged with respect to each other in a second direction perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the first direction.

16. The circuit board according to Claim 15, further comprising at least power plane pad that continuously extends in the first direction and that is arranged to be connected to a corresponding power plane of an electrical connector.

17. The circuit board according to Claim 15, further comprising at least one coaxial connector that is arranged to be connected to corresponding at least one coaxial connector of an electrical connector.

18. The circuit board according to Claim 15, wherein the first row of contact pads and the second row of contact pads are spaced apart from the first ground plane and the second ground plane, respectively, by about 0.016 inches to about 0.020 inches.

19. The circuit board according to Claim 15, wherein: the first ground plane pad is located between the first row of contact pads and the second row of contact pads; and the second ground plane pad is located between the first row of contact pads and the second row of contact pads.

20. The circuit board according to Claim 15, wherein: each of the first row of contact pads and the second rows of contact pads includes a first bank of contact pads and a second bank of contact pads; and each of the first ground plane pad and the second ground plane pad includes a first divided ground plane pad and a second divided ground plane pad.