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1. (WO2010058288) METHOD FOR PRODUCING ENERGY AND APPARATUS THEREFOR
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CLAIMS

1. A method for producing energy by nuclear reactions between hydrogen and a metal, said method providing the steps of: prearranging a determined quantity of crystals of a transition metal, said crystals arranged as micro/nanometric clusters having a predetermined crystalline structure, each of said clusters having a number of atoms of said transition metal less than a predetermined number of atoms; bringing hydrogen into contact with said clusters; - heating said determined quantity of clusters up to an adsorption temperature larger than a predetermined critical temperature, and causing an adsorption into said clusters of hydrogen as H- ions, after said heating step said hydrogen as H- ions remaining available for said nuclear reactions within said active core; - triggering said nuclear reactions between said hydrogen as H- ions and said metal within said clusters by an impulsive action on said active core that causes said H- ions to be captured into respective atoms of said clusters, said succession of reactions causing a production of heat;

- removing heat according to a determined power from said active core and maintaining the temperature of said active core above said critical temperature.

2. A method according to claim 1 , wherein said step of prearranging is carried out in such a way that said determined quantity of crystals of said transition metal in the form of micro/nanometric clusters is proportional to said power.

3. A method according to claim 1 , wherein said step of prearranging a determined quantity of micro/nanometric clusters comprises a step selected from the group comprised of:

- depositing a predetermined amount of said transition metal in the form of micro/nanometric clusters on a surface of a substrate, i.e. a solid body that has an a predetermined volume and shape, wherein said substrate contains on its surface a number of clusters that is larger than a

9 minimum number, in particular said minimum number at least 10 clusters

10 per square centimetre, preferably at least 10 clusters per square centimetre, more in particular at least 10 clusters per square centimetre,

12 much more in particular at least 10 clusters per square centimetre;

- aggregating said determined quantity of micro/nanometric clusters by sintering, said sintering preserving the crystalline structure of said clusters, said sintering preserving substantially the size of said clusters;

- collecting into a container a powder that is made of said clusters, i.e. a determined quantity of clusters or aggregation of loose clusters.

4. A method according to claim 3, wherein said step of depositing said transition metal is effected by a process of physical deposition on said substrate of a metal vapour that is made of said metal.

5. A method according to claim 3, wherein said step of depositing said transition metal is effected by a process selected from the group comprised of: sputtering; - a process comprising evaporation or sublimation and then condensation on said substrate of said predetermined amount of said metal;

- epitaxial deposition; spraying; - heating up to approaching the melting point followed by slow cooling, in particular up to an average core temperature of about 6000C,

6. A method according to claim 3, wherein after said step of depositing a predetermined amount of said transition metal a step is provided of quickly cooling said substrate and said deposited metal, in order to cause a "freezing" of said transition metal according to clusters having said crystalline structure, said step of quickly cooling selected from the group comprised of: tempering; causing a current of hydrogen to flow near said transition metal as deposited on said substrate, said hydrogen having a predetermined temperature that is lower than the temperature of said substrate.

7. A method according to claim 1 , wherein said step of bringing hydrogen into contact with said clusters is preceded by a step of cleaning said substrate,

-9 in particular by applying a vacuum of at least 10 bar at a temperature set between 3500C and 5000C for a predetermined time, in particular said vacuum applied according to at least 10 vacuum application cycles and following reinstatement of substantially atmospheric pressure of hydrogen.

8. A method according to claim 1 , wherein during said step of bringing hydrogen into contact with said clusters said hydrogen satisfies at least one of the following conditions:

- it has a partial pressure set between 0,001 millibar and 10 bar, in particular between 1 millibar and 2 bar; it flows with a speed less than 3 m/s, in particular according to a direction substantially parallel to said surface of said clusters. 9. A method according to claim 1 , wherein said adsorption temperature is close to a temperature of sliding the reticular planes of the transition metal, in particular a temperature set between the temperature corresponding to absorption peaks α and β.

10. A method according to claim 1 , wherein after said heating step said determined quantity of clusters a step is provided of cooling said active core up to room temperature, and said step of triggering said nuclear reactions provides a quick rise of said temperature of said active core from said room temperature to said adsorption temperature, in particular said quick rise is carried out in a time that is shorter than five minutes. 11. A method according to claim 1 , wherein said step of triggering said nuclear reactions is associated with a step of creating a gradient, i.e. a temperature difference, between two points of said active core, said gradient in particular set between 1000C and 3000C, in order to enhance the anharmonicity of the reticular oscillations and to assist the production of the H- ions

12. A method according to claim 1 , wherein said clusters have a face-centred cubic crystalline structure, fee (110).

13. A method according to claim 1 , wherein said reactions with production of heat occur in the presence of a magnetic and/or electric field selected from the group comprised of: a magnetic induction field of intensity set between 1 Gauss and 70000 Gauss; an electric field of intensity set between 1 V/m and 300000 V/m.

14. A energy generator that is obtained from a succession of nuclear reactions between hydrogen and a metal, wherein said metal is a transition metal, said generator comprising:

- an active core that comprises a predetermined amount of said transition metal;

- a generation chamber that in use contains said active core;

- a means for heating said active core within said generation chamber up to a temperature that is higher than a predetermined critical temperature; - a means for triggering said nuclear reactions between said transition metal and said hydrogen;

- a means for removing from said generation chamber the heat that is developed during said reactions within said active core according to a determined power, characterised in that said active core comprises a determined quantity of crystals of said transition metal, said crystals being micro/nanometric clusters that have a determined structure, said clusters comprising on average a number of atoms of said transition metal that is less than a predetermined number of atoms. 15. A method according to claim 1 , wherein said determined quantity of crystals of said transition metal in the form of micro/nanometric clusters is proportional to said power.