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1. WO2010030189 - FLUID ANALYSIS SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATION OF AN ANALYSIS SYSTEM

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS

1. A fluid analysis system (10) for analysis of a fluid in a pipe flow (50) flowing in a pipe or in a pipeline, which fluid analysis system (10) comprises

- a pipe portion (12) which, when the fluid analysis system (10) is put to use, forms a part of the pipe or the pipeline through which the fluid flows, which pipe portion (12) is provided with a fluid sample outlet (35) for withdrawal of fluid samples from the pipe flow (50) in the pipe portion (12) and a fluid sample return outlet (36) for returning fluid samples to the pipe flow in the pipe portion (12), which fluid sample return outlet (36) is arranged downstream of the fluid sample outlet (35);

- a fluid analyser (16) which is provided in fluid communication with the fluid sample outlet (35) and the fluid sample return outlet (36), characterised in that the fluid analysis system (10) further comprises a propeller unit (22) which is provided with at least one upstream propeller (29) and at least one downstream propeller (30), which propeller unit

(22) is mounted in the pipe portion (12) in such a manner that the upstream propeller (29) is located upstream of the fluid sample outlet (35), thereby enabling the upstream propeller (29) to mix the pipe flow (50) in the pipe portion (12) before fluid samples are withdrawn through the fluid sample outlet (35),

- the downstream propeller (30) is located downstream of the fluid sample outlet (35) and upstream of the fluid sample return outlet (36), thereby enabling the downstream propeller (30) to provide a pressure drop in the pipe portion (12) between the fluid sample outlet (35) and the fluid sample return outlet (36) which is sufficient to drive the fluid samples through the fluid analysis system (10).

2. A fluid analysis system according to claim 1, characterised in that the propeller unit (22) comprises a propeller housing (23) in which at least one electrical generator (25, 26, 27) is provided. 3. A fluid analysis system according to claim 2, characterised in that in addition to providing a pressure drop in the pipe portion (12), the downstream propeller (30) also drives, or helps to drive, the electrical generator (25, 26, 27) which is arranged in the propeller housing (23). 4. A fluid analysis system according to claim 2 or 3, characterised in that in addition to mixing the pipe flow (50) in the pipe portion (12), the upstream propeller also drives, or helps to drive, the electrical generator (25, 26, 27) which is arranged in the propeller housing (23).

5. A fluid analysis system according to claims 2-4, characterised in that the fluid analysis system (10) comprises means (28) for transmitting electrical energy from the electrical generator (25, 26, 27) to the fluid analyser (16) and other power consumers in the fluid analysis system (10).

6. A fluid analysis system according to one of the claims 1-5, characterised in that the at least one upstream propeller (29) and the at least one downstream propeller (30) are mounted on separate shafts (31, 32), which shafts (31, 32) are coaxial. 7. A fluid analysis system according to claim 6, characterised in that the at least one upstream propeller (29) and the at least one downstream propeller (30) are mounted in a contra-rotating manner.

8. A fluid analysis system according to one of the claims 1-5, characterised in that that the at least one upstream propeller (29) and the at least one downstream propeller (30) are mounted on the same shaft (33).

9. A fluid analysis system according to one of the claims 2-8, characterised in that the at least one upstream propeller (29) is mounted upstream of the propeller housing (23) and the at least one downstream propeller (30) is mounted downstream of the propeller housing (23).

10. A fluid analysis system according to one of the claims 1-7 or 9, characterised in that the propeller unit (22) comprises two electrical generators (26, 27), where the at least one upstream propeller (29) drives a first electrical generator (26) and the at least one downstream propeller (30) drives a second electrical generator (27).

11. A fluid analysis system according to one of the claims 1-10, characterised in that the fluid analyser (16) comprises a particle counter (17) for automatic counting of the number of particles in the fluid samples.

12. A fluid analysis system according to claim 11, characterised in that the fluid analyser (16) comprises a data storage unit (18) which can store data from the particle counter (17) relating to each individual fluid sample.

13. A fluid analysis system according to one of the claims 1-12, characterised in that the fluid analysis system (10) comprises means (19) for transmitting data and/or control signals between the fluid analysis system (10) and a base station located at a distance from the fluid analysis system.

14. A fluid analysis system according to claim 13, characterised in that the means (19) for transmitting data and/or control signals comprises one or more devices for wireless transmission of data and/or control signals between the fluid analyser (16) and the base station (20).

15. A fluid analysis system according to claim 13, characteris ed in that the means (19) for transmitting data and/or control signals comprises one or more cables for transmitting data and/or control signals between the fluid analyser (16) and the base station (20).

16. A fluid analysis system according to one of the claims 1-15, characteri sed in that the fluid analyser (16) comprises a sample container for collecting a fluid sample, thereby enabling the number of particles in the fluid sample to be counted in a suitable laboratory.

17. A fluid analysis system according to claim 16, characterised in that the sample container is releasably mounted in the fluid analyser (16) in such a manner that the sample container can be removed from and placed in the fluid analyser (16) by an ROV, a robot or similar equipment.

18. A method for operation of a fluid analyser (16) for analysis of a fluid in a pipe flow (50) flowing in a pipe or a pipeline, where there is provided in the pipe or the pipeline a fluid sample outlet (35), through which a fluid sample is withdrawn which is passed to the fluid analyser (16) for analysis of the fluid sample, characterised in that the method comprises the following steps:

- providing a propeller unit (22) comprising at least one upstream propeller (29) and at least one downstream propeller (30), which propellers (29,30) are mounted on one or more rotating shafts (31,32,33) and at an axial distance apart in the pipeline's longitudinal direction, and where at least one of the propellers (29,30) is arranged to be able to drive one or more electrical generators (25,26,27) arranged in the propeller unit (23),

- placing the propeller unit (22) in the pipeline in such a manner that the at least one upstream propeller (29) is located upstream of the fluid sample outlet (35) in the pipeline and the at least one downstream propeller (30) is located downstream of the fluid sample outlet (35), whereby the propellers provide mixing of the fluid in the pipe flow (50) before the fluid sample is withdrawn through the fluid sample outlet and production of electric current for operation of the fluid analyser (16) and other power- consuming equipment.

19. A method according to claim 18, c h a r a c t e r i s e d i n that the propeller unit (22) is furthermore placed in the pipeline in such a manner that the downstream propeller (29) is located upstream of a fluid sample return outlet (36) with which the pipeline is provided, whereby a desired pressure drop can be provided in the pipeline between the fluid sample outlet (35) and the fluid sample return outlet (36).

20. The use of a fluid analysis system (10) according to one of the claims 1-16 for analysis of a fluid in a pipe flow (50) flowing in a pipe portion (12) where the pipe portion (12) forms a part of a pipe or a pipeline.

21. The use of a fluid analysis system (10) according to one of the claims 1-16 for analysis of a fluid in a pipe flow (50) flowing in a pipe portion (12) where the pipe portion (12) forms a part of a pipe or a pipeline which is located under water or in an environment where there is a risk of fire and/or explosion.