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1. WO2010009217 - ANCHOR

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[ EN ]

ANCHOR

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[00011 This application is a PCT International Patent Application claiming priority to United States Patent Application No. 61/081 ,438 filed on July 17, 2008, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

BACKGROUND FIELD OF TECHNOLOGY

|0002| The present disclosure relates to the repair of soft tissue and, more importantly, an anchor for use in the repair. RELATED ART

[0003J Arthroscopic procedures often require soft tissue to be reattached to bone. To achieve this, anchors are placed in the bone and sutures attached to the anchor are passed through the tissue to securely retain the tissue in place. When making a repair of soft tissue to bone, it is advantageous to have as large an area of contact between the bone and tissue as possible. Anchor points spaced from one another in rows result in a repair having a broader area of contact. A procedure, and devices for use in such procedure, that securely attaches tissue to bone using a plurality of attachment points over a large area of contact is needed.

SUMMARY

[0004] In one aspect, the present disclosure relates to an anchor. The anchor includes an outer member including a body having an inner cavity, wherein the inner cavity includes a proximal portion configured for receipt of a delivery device and a distal portion having area of increased diameter. The anchor also includes an inner member coupled to the outer member, wherein the inner member includes a proximal portion having a projection configured for receipt in the area of increased diameter and a distal portion having a transverse through hole.

[0005] Jn an embodiment, the outer member includes threads on an outer surface of the outer member. In another embodiment, the outer member includes longitudinal grooves on an outer surface of the member, the grooves extending a partial length of the outer member. In yet another embodiment, the proximal portion of the inner member includes an opening configured for receipt of a delivery device. In a further embodiment, the outer member rotates relative the inner member. In yet a further embodiment, the proximal portion of the inner member has a smaller diameter than the distal portion of the inner member.

|0006] In another aspect, the present disclosure relates to a delivery device including an inner shaft having a proximal portion and a distal portion, a first handle coupled to the proximal portion of the inner shaft, an outer shaft slidably engaged with the inner shaft and including a proximal portion and a distal portion, and a second handle coupled to the proximal portion of the outer shaft.

[0007] In an embodiment, the delivery device further comprises an anchor including an outer member including a body having an inner cavity, the inner cavity including a proximal portion configured for receipt of the outer shaft of the delivery device and a distal portion having area of increased diameter, and an inner member coupled to the outer member, the inner member including a proximal portion having a projection configured for receipt in the area of increased diameter and a distal portion having a transverse through hole. In another embodiment, the proximal portion of the inner member includes an opening configured for receipt of the inner shaft of the delivery device.

[0008) In yet another aspect, the present disclosure relates to a method of tissue repair including inserting a first anchor into bone, the first anchor having a flexible member coupled thereto; passing the ends of the flexible member through the tissue; providing a second anchor comprising an outer member including a body having an inner cavity, the inner cavity including a proximal portion configured for receipt of the outer shaft of the delivery device and a distal portion having area of increased diameter, and an inner member coupled to the outer member, the inner member including a proximal portion having a projection configured for receipt in the area of increased diameter and a distal portion having a transverse through hole; passing the ends of the flexible member through the through hole of the of the second anchor; and advancing the second anchor into bone via both axial and rotary advancement.

[0009J Further areas of applicability of the present disclosure will become apparent from the detailed description provided hereinafter. It should be understood that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating the preferred embodiment of the disclosure, are intended for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the scope of the disclosure.

BRlBF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

(00ΪOJ The accompanying drawings, which arc incorporated in and form a part of the specification, illustrate the embodiments of the present disclosure and together with the written description serve to explain the principles, characteristics, and features of the disclosure. In the drawings:

|00I l] Fig. 1 shows a perspective view of an anchor of the present disclosure.

[0012) Fig. 2 shows a cross-sectional view of the anchor shown in Fig. 1.

JOOl 3] Fig. 3 shows a perspective view of the delivery device of the present disclosure.

[0014] Figs. 4A-4C show the anchor of Fig. 1 in use during arthroscopic tissue repair. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS

J0015] The following description of the preferred embodiment(s) is merely exemplary in nature and is in no way intended to limit the disclosure, its application, or uses.

[0016| Figs. 1 and 2 show the anchor 10 of the present disclosure. The anchor 10 includes an outer member 11 having a body 11a and an inner cavity l ib. The body 10 includes threads Hc on an outer surface l id of the body l la. In addition, longitudinal grooves l i e arc located on the outer surface 1 Id. The grooves 1 Ie extend a partial length of the outer member I l and intersect the threads Uc. The purpose of the grooves l ie will be further described below. The inner cavity l ib includes a proximal portion H F and a distal portion Hg. The proximal portion 1 If includes channels H F that are configured for receipt of a delivery device, as will be further described below. The distal portion Hg includes an area of increased diameter 1 Ig', the purpose of which will be further described below.

|0017) The anchor 10 also includes an inner member 12 coupled to the outer member 11. The inner member 12 includes a proximal portion 12a and a distal portion 12b. The proximal portion 12a has a smaller diameter than the distal portion 12b and is located within the inner cavity H b. A projection 12a' is located on the proximal portion 12a and is received within the area of increased diameter 1 Ig' when the proximal portion 12a is located within the inner cavity l ib, such that the outer member 11 is rotatable relative to the inner member 12, as will be further described below. The proximal portion 12a also includes an opening 12a" that is configured for receipt of a delivery device, as will be further described below. The distal portion 12b includes a transverse through hole 12b', for purposes to be described below.

|0018] Fig. 3 shows a delivery device 20 including an inner shaft 21 (Fig. 2), an outer shaft 22 (Fig. 2) slidably engaged with the inner shaft 21, and first and second handles 23,24 coupled to the inner and outer shafts 21,22, respectively. The inner shaft 21 includes a proximal portion (not shown) and a distal portion 21b. The distal portion 21b includes a prong 21b' that is located within the opening 12a" of the inner member 12 when the anchor 10 is coupled Io the delivery device 20. The outer shaft 22 also includes a proximal portion 22a and a distal portion 22b. The distal portion 22b includes prongs 22c, extending from the distal portion 22b and as shown in Fig, 2, that are located within the channels I I P of the outer member 11 when the anchor 10 is coupled to the delivery device 20. In addition, the distal portion 22b includes a smaller diameter compared to the diameter of the rest of the shaft 22. This smaller diameter substantially reduces the possibility of the shaft 22b from being lodged within the bone during insertion of the anchor 10.

I0019J Figs. 4A-4C show the anchor 10 in use during arthroscopic repair of the rotator cuff. Fig. 4A shows a first anchor 30 that has been inserted into the lateral aspect of a bone 40, such as a humeral bone. The anchor 30, which has a flexible member 50, such as a suture, coupled thereto is inserted into the bone 40, a soft tissue 60, such as a rotator cuff tendon, is placed on the bone 40 to be located adjacent to the anchor 30, and the ends of the flexible member 50 arc placed through the soft tissue 60.

[0020] Next at least one end 51 of the flexible member 50 is passed through the transverse through hole 12b', as shown in Figs. 4A & 4B. After the flexible member 50 is passed through the through hole, the anchor 10 is subsequently inserted into a previously drilled hole 41 in the medial aspect of the bone 40, as shown in Fig, 4C, such that the flexible member 50 is housed within the transverse through hole 12b' and the ends 51 extend out of the hole 41.

The anchor 10 is advanced into the hole 41 in an axially-oricnted manner by tapping on lhe first handle 23 until the grooves 11 e arc located within the hole 41 and can no longer be viewed. The second handle 24 is then used to rotate the outer member 1 1 relative to the inner member 12 and advance the remaining portion of the anchor 10 into the hole 41 until the entire anchor 10 is located within (he bone 40 or flush with the bone 40. The delivery device 20 is subsequently disengaged from the anchor 10 and removed from the hole 41.

{0021 ] The shafts 21,22 include a stainless steel material, but may be made from any other metal or non-metal material that is bio-compatible and strong enough to withstand the forces that are placed on the shafts 21,22 during surgery. The shafts 21,22 may be machined, die drawn and subsequently machined, or made by any other method known to one of skill in the art. The shafts 21,22 are coupled to the handles 23,24 via a press-fit procedure. However, other methods of coupling the handles 23,24 to the shafts 21,22 are also within the scope of this disclosure. The handles 21,22 are of a non-metal material, but may be made from a inelal material, and both are made via an injection molding process. However, other methods of making are also within the scope of this disclosure.

[0022] The components of the anchor 10 are made from a bioabsorbable polymer material and via an injection molding process. Jn addition, for the purposes of this disclosure, other methods of coupling the inner and outer members 11,12 may be used.

10023 J As various modifications could be made to the exemplary embodiments, as described above with reference to the corresponding illustrations, without departing from the scope of the disclosure, it is intended that all matter contained in the foregoing description and shown in (he accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative rather than limiting. Thus, the breadth and scope of the present disclosure should not be limited by any of the above- described exemplary embodiments, but should be defined only in accordance with the following claims appended hereto and their equivalents.