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1. WO2007009175 - INTERFEROMETRIC SIGNAL PROCESSING

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

CLAIMS
1. A method of error handling in interferometric signal processing for a slope monitoring system including the steps of:
extracting uncorrected movement data from interferometric radar measurements;
correcting the movement data for changes in atmospheric conditions; identifying disturbances in the corrected movement data; and
displaying the corrected movement data and regions affected by the disturbances.
2. The method of claim 1 wherein displaying regions affected by the disturbances includes masking the regions.
3. The method of claim 1 wherein the disturbances are blocking disturbances caused by short-term blockage of the radar signal,
4. The method of claim 3 wherein the disturbances are caused by trucks.
5. The method of claim 1 wherein the disturbances are random disturbances caused by long-term interference.
6. The method of claim 5 wherein the disturbances are caused by vegetation.
7. The method of claim 1 wherein the step of correcting the movement data for changes in atmospheric conditions is achieved by estimating the change in the signal speed due to changes in the refractive index of the air and the offset induced at zero range.
8. The method of claim 1 wherein disturbances are identified in the movement data by detecting variations in short-term and long-term signal coherence.
9. The method of claim 8 further including the step of comparing the long-term coherence of a data point to a disturbance mask threshold and classifying the data point as disturbed if the long-term coherence is less than the disturbance mask threshold.
10. The method of claim 8 further including the step of comparing a ratio of short-term coherence to long-term coherence of a data point to a blocking mask threshold and classifying the data point as blocking mask if the ratio is less than the blocking mask threshold.
11. An anomaly detection and correction module for a slope monitoring system comprising:
an atmospheric correction module that corrects slope movement measurements for anomalies caused by atmospheric changes; and a disturbance detection module that identifies disturbances that cause errors in the slope movement measurements.
12. The anomaly detection and correction module of claimi 1 wherein the disturbance detection module masks regions affected by the errors. 13. The anomaly detection and correction module of claim 11 further comprising input to the atmospheric correction module from a weather sensing module.
14. A method of atmospheric correction of movement data comprising multiple data points in a slope monitoring system including the steps of: selecting a plurality of atmospheric correction regions at different ranges; deducing displacement data within the selected regions;
determining a search space;
calculating a cost function for a grid of points within the search space; using a minimisation algorithm to determine a correction slope and offset; and
applying the correction slope and offset to the movement data.
15. The method of claim 14 wherein the step of a using a minimisation algorithm includes calculating local minima within the search space and using the local minima to seed a multidimensional minimisation algorithm to find true minima.

16. A method of identifying disturbances of movement data comprising multiple data points in a slope monitoring system including the steps of: determining short-term coherence for each data point;
averaging the short-term coherence to determine long-term coherence; comparing the long-term coherence to a first threshold and masking the data point if the long-term coherence is less than the first threshold; and comparing a ratio of the short-term coherence to the long-term coherence with a second threshold and masking the data point if the ratio is less than the second threshold.
17. The method of claim 16 further including the step of comparing signal amplitude of the data point with a sky threshold and classifying the data point as sky if the amplitude is less than the sky threshold.
18. A slope monitoring system of the type comprising at least a radar module generating interferometric movement measurements of a slope further comprising an anomaly detection and correction module, the anomaly detection and correction module comprising:
an atmospheric correction module that corrects slope movement measurements for anomalies caused by atmospheric changes; and a disturbance detection module that identifies disturbances that cause errors in the slope movement measurements.
19. The slope monitoring system of claim 18 comprising a video module that provides visual images of the slope.