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1. (WO2007005138) LOW PROFILE HELICAL PLANAR RADIO ANTENNA WITH PLURAL CONDUCTORS
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CLAIMS:
1. An antenna, comprising:
a printed circuit board having opposed first and second surfaces;
first and second conductive traces formed on said first and second surfaces, wherein, the first traces are longitudinally extending and parallel to each other, and the second traces are longitudinally extending and parallel to each other,
at least one pair of the first traces or one pair of the second traces are shorted together, and
plural of the first traces have ends connected to ends of respective of the second traces through vias that pass through the printed circuit board; and
third and fourth conductive traces having first ends respectively connected to a signal feed point and a ground point and second ends connected to respective of said first and second traces.

2. The antenna of claim 1, further comprising a radio frequency receiver on the printed circuit board.

3. The antenna of claim 1, further comprising a radio frequency transmitter on the printed circuit board.

4. The antenna of claim 1, further comprising:
a moisture resistant container configured to attach to a lid of a subterranean enclosure, said printed circuit board being mounted inside the container.

5. The antenna of claim 4, wherein a dielectric of the moisture resistant container is greater than or equal to 1 and less than or equal to 5.

6. The antenna of claim 1, wherein a dielectric of the printed circuit board is greater than or equal to 4.5 and less than or equal to 5.0.

7. The antenna of claim 4, wherein the moisture resistant container includes screw threads configured to attach to a threaded hole in the lid.

8. The antenna of claim 4, wherein the moisture resistant container includes a tab configured to be compressed between the lid and a lid seat.

9. The antenna of claim 4, wherein a shape of said container is cylindrical and is configured to extend through a hole in the lid of the subterranean enclosure.

10. The antenna of claim 1, wherein each of the third and fourth traces include a bend of a predetermined bend angle α; and
an angle θ between said first traces and said second traces follows an equation θ = π -2 α.

11. A low profile, broadband antenna for use with a source of RF energy comprising: a printed circuit board (PCB) substrate having a minute thickness and dimensions approximately to that of a square, said antenna including a dual helical structure for bandwidth enhancement and an omni-directional radiation pattern.

12. The antenna of claim 7, further configured not to include a ground plane perpendicular to an axis of the dual helix antenna parallel to a first direction of the third trace or any additional ground plane(s) to enhance performance.

13. The antenna of claim 7, wherein an antenna length is significantly less than the wavelength of the antenna operating frequency.

14. A method of making an antenna, comprising steps of:
forming a printed circuit board having opposed first and second surfaces;
forming first and second conductive traces on said first and second surfaces, wherein, the first traces are longitudinally extending and parallel to each other, and the second traces are longitudinally extending and parallel to each other,
at least one pair of the first traces or one pair of the second traces are shorted together, and
plural of the first traces have ends connected to ends of respective of the second traces through vias that pass through the printed circuit board;
connecting first ends of third and fourth conductive traces to a signal feed point and a ground point, respectively; and
connecting second ends of third and fourth conductive traces to said first and second traces, respectively.

15. An electronic device, comprising:
a moisture resistant container configured to attach to a lid of a subterranean enclosure; and a printed circuit having an antenna and electronic components mounted inside the container.

16. The electronic device of Claim 15, wherein a dielectric of the moisture resistant container is greater than or equal to 1 and less than or equal to 5.

17. A method of manufacturing an electronic device, comprising steps of:
partially filling a moisture resistant shell with a foam;
inserting a printed circuit board having an antenna into the shell such that the antenna is covered by the foam; and
filling the portion of the shell that does not have foam with a potting material to hermetically isolate a region inside the shell including the printed circuit board from the outside of the shell.

18. The method of claim 17, wherein a dielectric of the foam is greater than or equal to 1 and less than or equal to 3.

19. A method of manufacturing an electronic device, comprising steps of:
partially filling a moisture resistant shell with a liquid;
inserting a printed circuit board having an antenna into the shell such that the antenna is covered by the foam, said antenna being configured to operate at a predetermined RF frequency; and
filling the portion of the shell that does not have foam with a potting material to hermetically isolate a region inside the shell including the printed circuit board from the outside of the shell.

20. The method of claim 19, wherein a component of an RF signal at the predetermined frequency passing through the liquid is attenuated by less than 50%, said predetermined frequency being between 890 MHz and 960 MHz.