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1. WO2007002234 - PACKAGE DESIGN FOR PRODUCING WHITE LIGHT WITH SHORT-WAVELENGTH LEDS AND DOWN-CONVERSION MATERIALS

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What is Claimed:
1. A method of producing visible light having a chromaticity value near a blackbody locus and a color rendering index greater than about 80, the visible light produced using a short wavelength solid state light emitting device, a quantum dot material and a phosphor material, the method comprising:
a) generating short wavelength light having a first spectrum with a first peak wavelength using the short wavelength solid state light emitting device, the first peak wavelength being shorter than about 500nm;
b) irradiating the quantum dot material with at least a portion of the short wavelength light such that a first fraction of the short wavelength light is absorbed and reemitted by the quantum dot material as long wavelength light having a second spectrum with a second peak wavelength, the second peak wavelength being longer than about 600nm;
c) irradiating the phosphor material with at least a portion of the short wavelength light such that a second fraction of the short wavelength light is absorbed and reemitted by the phosphor material as mid wavelength light having a third spectrum with a third peak wavelength, the third peak wavelength being between the first peak wavelength and the second peak wavelength; and
d) emitting a third fraction of the short wavelength light, at least a portion of the mid wavelength light, and at least a portion of the long wavelength light as the visible light.
2. A method according to claim 1, wherein the chromaticity value of the visible light emitted in step (d) is within an area bounded by about .01 of an x chromaticity value and about .01 of a y chromaticity value of the blackbody locus on a CIE-1931 diagram.
3. A method according to claim 1, wherein the color rendering index of the visible light emitted in step (d) is greater than about 85.
4. A method according to claim 1, wherein the color rendering index of the visible light emitted in step (d) is greater than about 90.
5. A method according to claim 1, wherein the visible light emitted in step (d) has a correlated color temperature less between about IOOOK and about 16000K.
6. A method according to claim 1, wherein the visible light emitted in step (d) has a correlated color temperature between about 3300K and about 3600K.

7. A method according to claim 1, wherein the first peak wavelength of the short wavelength light generated in step (a) by the short wavelength solid state light emitting device is between about 200nm and about 500nm.
8. A method according to claim 1, wherein the second peak wavelength of the long wavelength light emitted in step (b) by the quantum dot material is between about 600nm and about 700nm.
9. A method according to claim 1, wherein a full width half maximum of the second spectrum of the long wavelength light generated in step (b) by the quantum dot material is less than about 50nm.
10. A method according to claim 1, wherein step (b) further includes irradiating the quantum dot material with at least a portion of the mid wavelength light such that a fourth fraction of the mid wavelength light is absorbed and reemitted by the quantum dot material as additional long wavelength light.
11. A method according to claim 1, wherein the third peak wavelength of the mid wavelength light emitted in step (c) by the phosphor material is between about 500nm and about 600nm.
12. A method according to claim 1, wherein a full width half maximum of the third spectrum of the mid wavelength light generated in step (c) by the phosphor material is less than about 150nm.
13. A broad bandwidth light source comprising:
a short wavelength solid state light emitting device to generate short wavelength light having a first spectrum with a first peak wavelength, the first peak wavelength being shorter than about 500nm;
a quantum dot material optically coupled to the short wavelength solid state light emitting device to be irradiated by a first portion of the short wavelength light, the quantum dot material adapted to absorb a first fraction of incident light having the first spectrum and to reemit the absorbed light as long wavelength light having a second spectrum with a second peak wavelength, the second peak wavelength being longer than about 600nm; and
a phosphor material optically coupled to the short wavelength solid state light emitting device to be irradiated by a second portion of the short wavelength light, the phosphor material adapted to absorb a second fraction of incident light having the first spectrum and to reemit the absorbed light as mid wavelength light having a third spectrum with a third peak wavelength, the third peak wavelength being between the first peak wavelength and the second peak wavelength,
wherein the short wavelength solid state light emitting device, the quantum dot material, and the phosphor material are configured such that a first amount of the short wavelength light, a second amount of the long wavelength light, and a third amount of the mid wavelength light are emitted substantially coincidently from the broad bandwidth light source as a visible light having a chromaticity value near a blackbody locus and a color rendering index greater than 80.
14. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 13, wherein the short wavelength solid state light emitting device is one of a short wavelength light emitting diode (LED), a short wavelength resonant cavity LED, or a short wavelength diode laser.
15. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 13, wherein the first peak wavelength of the short wavelength light generated by the short wavelength solid state light emitting device is between about 200nm and about 500nm.
16. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 13, wherein a full width half maximum of the first spectrum of the short wavelength light generated by the short wavelength solid state light emitting device is less than about 50nm.
17. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 13, wherein the quantum dot material includes a plurality of quantum dots dispersed within a matrix material that is substantially transmissive to the visible light.
18. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 17, wherein the plurality of quantum dots include at least one of CdSe quantum dots, ZnS quantum dots, CdTe quantum dots, PbTe quantum dots, ZnSe quantum dots, Si quantum dots, Ge quantum dots, or PbSe quantum dots.
19. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 17, wherein the matrix material includes at least one of UV curable clear resin, thermal curable sol-gel resin, UV curable sol-gel resin, polycarbonate, polystyrene, polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), polyethylene, epoxÏŠes, silicones, silica, or titania.
20. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 13, wherein the second peak wavelength of the long wavelength light emitted by the quantum dot material is between about 600nm and about 700nm.

21. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 13, wherein a full width half maximum of the second spectrum of the long wavelength light generated by the quantum dot material is less than about 50nm.
1 22. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 13, wherein:
the quantum dot material is further optically coupled to the phosphor material to be irradiated by a portion of the mid wavelength light; and
the quantum dot material is further adapted to absorb a third fraction of incident light having the third spectrum.
1 23. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 22, wherein the quantum dot material is disposed within the broad bandwidth light source such that the second portion of the short wavelength light with which the phosphor material is
irradiated is transmitted through the quantum dot material before being incident on the

5 phosphor material.
1 24. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 13, wherein the

2 phosphor material includes a plurality of phosphor particles dispersed within a matrix

3 material that is substantially transmissive to the visible light.
1 25. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 24, wherein the

2 plurality of phosphor particles include at least one of ZnS:Cu-AI; ZnSiO4: Mn2+;
3 Sr3SiO5IEu2+; BaMgAI10O17: Eu2+Mn2+; SrAIO4:Eu,Dy; (YGdCe)3Al5O12: Eu; YAG:Ce;
4
(Ce, Tb)MgAI11O19; YAG:Ce; or (La, Ce, Tb)PO4.
1 26. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 24, wherein the

2 matrix material includes at least one of UV curable clear resin, thermal curable sol-gel

3 resin, UV curable sol-gel resin, polycarbonate, polystyrene, polymethyl methacrylate

4 (PMMA), polyethylene, epoxies, silicones, silica, or titania.
1 27. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 13, wherein the

2 phosphor material includes at least one of bulk ZnS:Cu-AI; bulk ZnSiO4:Mn2+; bulk

3 Sr3SiO5=Eu2+; bulk BaMgAI10O17=Eu2+Mn2+; bulk SrAIO4=Eu7Dy; bulk (YGdCe)3AI5O12=Eu;

4 bulk Sr4AI14O25=Eu; bulk (Ce, Tb)MgAI11O19; or bulk (La, Ce, Tb)PO4.
\ 28. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 13, wherein the

2 third peak wavelength of the mid wavelength light emitted by the phosphor material is

3 between about 500nm and about 600nm.
\ 29. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 13, wherein a

2 full width half maximum of the third spectrum of the mid wavelength light generated by

3 the phosphor material is less than about 150nm.

30. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 13, wherein:
the quantum dot material includes a plurality of quantum dots;
the phosphor material includes a plurality of phosphor particles; and
the plurality of quantum dots and the plurality of phosphor particles are mixedly dispersed within a matrix material that is substantially transmissive to the visible light.
31. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 13, wherein the short wavelength solid state light emitting device, the quantum dot material, and the phosphor material are configured such that the chromaticity value of the visible light emitted from the broad bandwidth light source is within an area bounded by about .01 of an x chromaticity value and about .01 of a y chromaticity value of the blackbody locus on a CIE-1931 diagram.
32. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 13, wherein the short wavelength solid state light emitting device, the quantum dot material, and the phosphor material are configured such that the color rendering index of the visible light emitted from the broad bandwidth light source is greater than about 85.
33. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 2, wherein the short wavelength solid state light emitting device, the quantum dot material, and the phosphor material are configured such that the color rendering index of the visible light emitted from the broad bandwidth light source is greater than about 90.
34. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 13, wherein the short wavelength solid state light emitting device, the quantum dot material, and the phosphor material are configured such that the color rendering index of the visible light emitted from the broad bandwidth light source has a correlated color temperature between about IOOOK and about 16000K.
35. A broad bandwidth light source according to claim 13, wherein the short wavelength solid state light emitting device, the quantum dot material, and the phosphor material are configured such that the color rendering index of the visible light emitted from the broad bandwidth light source has a correlated color temperature between about 3300K and about 3600K.
36. A broad bandwidth light source for producing visible light having a chromaticity value near a blackbody locus and a color rendering index greater than about 80, the broad bandwidth light source comprising: means for generating short wavelength light having a first spectrum with a first peak wavelength, the first peak wavelength being shorter than about 500nm;
means for absorbing and reemitting a first fraction of the short wavelength light as long wavelength light having a second spectrum with a second peak wavelength, the second peak wavelength being longer than about 600nm; and
means for absorbing and reemitting a second fraction of the short wavelength light as mid wavelength light having a third spectrum with a third peak wavelength, the third peak wavelength being between the first peak wavelength and the second peak wavelength,
wherein a third fraction of the short wavelength light, at least a portion of the mid wavelength light, and at least a portion of the long wavelength light are emitted as the visible light.