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1. (WO2007001999) MULTILAYERED OPTICAL COMPENSATOR
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CLAIMS:

1. A multilayer compensator comprising one or more polymeric first layers and one or more polymeric second layers, wherein:
said first layers comprise a polymer having an out-of-plane (Δnth) birefringence not more negative than -0.01 and not more positive than +0.01 ;
said second layers comprise an amorphous polymer having an out-of-plane birefringence more negative than -0.01 or more positive than +0.01 ; and the overall in-plane retardation (Rjn) of said multilayer compensator is greater than 20nm and the out-of-plane retardation (Rtll) of said multilayer compensator is more negative than -20nm or more positive than +20nm, and wherein the in-plane retardation (Rin) of said one or more first layers is 30% or less of the overall in-plane retardation (Rin) of said multilayer compensator.

2. The multilayer compensator of claim 1, wherein at least two of the layers are contiguous.

3. The multilayer compensator of claim 1 , wherein all of said first and said second layers are contiguous.

4. The multilayer compensator of claim 1, wherein the second layers have a combined thickness of less than 30 micrometers. .

5. The multilayer compensator of claim 1, wherein the second layers have a combined thickness of from 1.0 to 10 micrometers.

6. The multilayer compensator of claim 1, wherein the second layers have a combined thickness of from 2 to 8 micrometers.

7. The multilayer compensator of claim 1, wherein the overall in-plane retardation (Rin) of said multilayer compensator is between 21 and 200nm.

8. The multilayer compensator of claim 1, wherein the overall in-plane retardation (Rin) of said multilayer compensator is between 25 and 150nm.

9. The multilayer compensator of claim 1, wherein the overall in-plane retardation (Rjn) of said multilayer compensator is between 25 andlOOnm.

10. The multilayer compensator of claim 1, wherein the combined thickness of the first and second layers is less than 200 micrometers.

11. The multilayer compensator of claim 1 , wherein the combined thickness of the first and second layers is from 40 to 150 micrometers.

12. The multilayer compensator of claim 1, wherein the combined thickness of the first and second layers is from 80 to 110 micrometers.

13. The multilayer compensator of claim 1, wherein the out-of-plane retardation (Rth) of said multilayer compensator is more negative than — 20nm.

14. The multilayer compensator of claim 13, wherein at least one second layer comprises a polymer containing in the backbone a non- visible chromophore group and has a Tg above 1800C.

15. The multilayer compensator of claim 14, wherein the polymer comprises pendant cycloaliphatic groups.

16. The multilayer compensator of claim 15, wherein the cycloaliphatic groups are at least one selected from the group of cyclopentane, cyclohexane, norbornene, hexahydro-4,7-methanoindan-5-ylidene, adamantane, and any of the forgoing having fluorine substitution for at least one hydrogen atom.

17. The multilayer compensator of claim 13, wherein at least one second layer comprises a polymer containing in the backbone a nonvisible chromophore containing a vinyl, carbonyl, amide, imide, ester, carbonate, aromatic, sulfone, or azo, phenyl, naphthyl, biphenyl, bisphenol, or thiophene group.

18. The multilayer compensator of claim 13, wherein at least one second layer comprises a copolymer containing (1) a poly(4,4'-hexafluoroisopropylidene-bisphenol) terephthalate-co-isophthalate, (2) a poly(4,4'-hexahydro-4,7-methanoindan-5-ylidene bisphenol) terephthalate, (3) a poly(4,4'-isopropylidene-2,2'6,6'-tetrachlorobisphenol) terephthalate-co-isophthalate, (4) a poly(4,4'-hexafluoroisopropylidene)-bisphenol-co-(2-norbornylidene)-bisphenol terephthalate, (5) a poly(4,4'-hexahydro-4,7-methanoindan-5-ylidene)-bisphenol-co-(4,4'-isopropylidene-2,2',6,6'-tetrabromo)-bisphenol terephthalate, (6) a poly(4,4'-isopropylidene-bisphenol-co- 4,4'-(2-norbornylidene) bisphenol) terephthalate-co-isophthalate, (7) a poly(4,4'-hexafluoroisopropylidene-bisphenol-co- 4,4'-(2-norbornylidene) bisphenol) terephthalate-co-isophthalate, (8) a poly(4,4'-hexafluoroisopropylidene-bisphenol-co- 4,4'-(2,2-adamantanediyl)diphenol) terephthalate-co-2,6-naphthalate, or (9) copolymers of any two or more of the foregoing.

19. The multilayer compensator of claim 13, wherein the at least one second layer comprises a polyester containing 1) terephthaloyl choride, (2) isophthaloyl chloride, (3) 2,6-naphthaloyl chloride, (4) 1,5-naphthaloyl chloride, (5) 4,4'-cyclohexylidenebisphenol, (6) 4,4'-norbornylidenebisphenol, (7) 4,4'-(2,2'-adamantanediyl)diphenol, (8) 4,4'-(hexahydro-4, 7-methanoindane-5-ylidene)bisphenol, (9) 4,4'-isopropylidene-2,2',6,6'-tetrachloro bisphenol, (10) 4,4'-isopropylidene-2,2', 6,6'-tetrabromo bisphenol, (11) 2,6-dihydroxynaphthalene, (12) 1,5-dihydroxynaphthalene, or (13) any two or more of the foregoing.

20. The multilayer compensator of claim 13, wherein at least one first layer contains a polymer that comprises triacetylcellulose, cellulose diacetate, cellulose acetate butyrate, polystyrene, polycarbonate, cyclic polyolefm or polyarylate containing fluorene groups.

21. The multilayer compensator of claim 1 wherein the out-of-plane retardation (Rth) of said multilayer compensator is more positive than +20nm.

22. The multilayer compensator of claim 21, wherein at least one second layer includes a polymer which contains off the backbone a non- visible chromophore group and has a glass transition temperature (Tg) above 160°C.

23. The multilayer compensator of claim 21, at least one second layer includes a polymer which contains off the backbone a vinyl, carbonyl, amide, imide, ester, carbonate, aromatic, sulfone, or azo group.

24. The multilayer compensator of claim 22, wherein the non-visible chromophore group includes a carbonyl, amide, imide, ester, carbonate, phenyl, naphthyl, biphenyl, bisphenol, or thiophene group.

25. The multilayer compensator of claim 22, wherein the non-visible chromophore group includes a heterocyclic or carbocyclic aromatic group.

26. The multilayer compensator of claim 21, wherein at least one second layer a polymer selected from the group consisting of (A) poly (4 vinylphenol), (B) poly (4 vinylbiphenyl), (C) poly (N-vinylcarbazole), (D) polytmethylcarboxyphenylmethacrylamide), (E) poly [(I -acetylindazol-3-ylcarbonyloxy)ethylene], (F) poly(phthalimidoethylene), (G) poly(4-(l-hydroxy-l-methylpropyl)styrene), (H) poly(2-hydroxymethylstyrene), (I) poly(2-dimethylaminocarbonylstyrene), J) poly(2-phenylammocarbonylstyrene), (K) poly(3-(4-biphenylyl)styrene), (L) poly(4-(4-biphenylyl)styrene), (M) poly(4-cyanophenyl methacrylate), (N) poly(2,6-dichlorostyrene), (O)
poly(perfluorostyrene), (P) poly(2,4-diisopropylstyrene), (Q) poly(2,5-diisopropylstyrene), and (R) ρoly(2,456-trimethylstyrene), (S) brominated polyvinylcarbazole, (T) polyvinyldibromocarbazole, (U) polyacrylylcarbazole, (V) poly n-vinylnapthalimide, and (X) cellulosediacetatenapthalate, or (Y) copolymers of any two or more of the foregoing.

27. The multilayer compensator of claim 26, wherein at least one first layer contains a polymer that comprises triacetylcellulose, cellulose diacetate, cellulose acetate butyrate, polycarbonate, cyclic poryolefm, polystyrene or polyarylate containing fluorene groups.

28. A liquid crystal display comprising a liquid crystal cell, a pair of crossed polarizers located one on each side of the cell, and at least one compensator of claim 1.

29. The liquid crystal display of claim 28, wherein said liquid crystal cell is a vertically aligned cell, a twisted nematic cell, an in-plane switching mode cell, or an optically compensated bend liquid crystal cell.

30. A liquid crystal display comprising a liquid crystal cell, at least one polarizer, a reflective plate, and at least one compensator of claim 1.

31. The liquid crystal display of claim 30, wherein said liquid crystal cell is a vertically aligned cell, a twisted nematic cell, an in-plane switching mode cell, or an optically compensated bend liquid crystal cell.

32. A process for forming a compensator for an LC display comprising coating or co-casting one or more second layers that contain an amorphous polymer in a solvent onto one or more first layers that contain a polymer, and stretching the first layers and second layers such that: said first layers comprise the polymer having an out-of-plane (Δnth) birefringence not more negative than -0.01 and not more positive than +0.01 ;
said second layers comprise the amorphous polymer having an out-of-plane birefringence more negative than -0.01 or more positive than +0.01 ; and the overall in-plane retardation (Rjn) of said multilayer compensator is greater than 20nm and the out-of-plane retardation (Rth) of said multilayer compensator is more negative than -20nm or more positive than +20nm, and wherein the in-plane retardation (Rin) of said one or more first layers is 30% or less of the overall in-plane retardation (Rin) of said multilayer compensator;

33. The process of claim 32, wherein said stretching includes restraining at least one side of the first and second layers, and drying the first and second layers by application of heat to the first and second layers.

34. The process of claim 32, further comprising drying the first and second layers to remove the solvent prior to application of heat and then stretching the first and second layers.

35. The process of claim 32, wherein the out-of-plane retardation (Rth) of said multilayer compensator is more negative than -20nm.

36. The process of claim.35, wherein at least one second layer comprises a polymer containing in the backbone a non- visible chromophore group and has a Tg above 18O0C.

37. The process of claim 36, wherein the polymer comprises pendant cycloaliphatic groups.

38. The process of claim 37, wherein the cycloaliphatic groups are at least one selected from the group of cyclopentane, cyclohexane, norbornene, hexahydro-4,7-methanoindan-5-ylidene, adamantane, and any of the forgoing having fluorine substitution for at least one hydrogen atom.

39. The process of claim 35, wherein at least one second layer comprises a polymer containing in the backbone a nonvisible chromophore containing a vinyl, carbonyl, amide, imide, ester, carbonate, aromatic, sulfone, or azo, phenyl, naphthyl, biphenyl, bisphenol, or thiophene group.

40. The process of claim 35, wherein at least one second layer comprises a copolymer containing (1) a poly(4,4'-hexafluoroisopropylidene- bisphenol) terephthalate-co-isophthalate, (2) a poly(4,4'-hexahydro-4,7-methanoindan-5-ylidene bisphenol) terephthalate, (3) a poly(4,4'-isopropylidene-2,2'6,6'-tetrachlorobisphenol) terephthalate-co-isophthalate, (4) a poly(4,4'-hexafluoroisopropylidene)-bisphenol-co-(2-norbornylidene)-bisphenol
terephthalate, (5) a poly(4,4'-hexahydro-4,7-methanoindan-5-ylidene)-bisphenol-co-(4,4'-isopropylidene-2,2',6,6'-tetrabromo)-bisphenol terephthalate, (6) a poly(4,4'-isopropylidene-bisphenol-co- 4,4'-(2-norbornylidene) bisphenol) terephthalate-co-isophthalate, (7) a poly(4,4'-hexafluoroisopropylidene-bisphenol-co- 4,4'-(2-norbornylidene) bisphenol) terephthalate-co-isophthalate, (8) a poly(4,4'-hexafluoroisopropylidene-bisphenol-co- 4,4'-(2,2-adamantanediyl)diphenol) terephthalate-co-2,6-naphthalate, or (9) copolymers of any two or more of the foregoing.

41. The process of claim 35, wherein the at least one second layer comprises a polyester containing 1) terephthaloyl choride, (2) isophthaloyl chloride, (3) 2,6-naphthaloyl chloride, (4) 1,5-naphthaloyl chloride, (5) 4,4'-cyclohexylidenebisphenol, (6) 4,4'-norbornylidenebisphenol, (7) 4,4'-(2,2'-adamantanediyl)diphenol, (8) 4,4'-(hexahydro-4, 7-methanoindane-5-ylidene)bisphenol, (9) 4,4'-isopropylidene-2,2',6,6'-tetrachloro bisphenol, (10) 4,4'-isopropylidene-2,2', 6,6'-tetrabromo bisphenol, (11) 2,6-dihydroxynaphthalene, (12) 1,5-dihydroxynaphthalene, or (13) any two or more of the foregoing.

42. The process of claim 40, wherein at least one first layer contains a polymer that comprises triacetylcellulose, cellulose diacetate, cellulose acetate butyrate, polycarbonate, polystyrene, cyclic polyolefin or polyarylate containing fluorene groups.

43. The process of claim 32, wherein the out-of-plane retardation (Rth) of said multilayer compensator is more positive than +20nm.

44. The process of claim 43, wherein at least one second layer includes a polymer which contains off the backbone a non- visible chromophore group and has a glass transition temperature (Tg) above 160°C.

45. The process of claim 44, at least one second layer includes a polymer which contains in the backbone a vinyl, carbonyl, amide, imide, ester, carbonate, aromatic, sulfone, or azo group.

46. The process of claim 44, wherein the non- visible chromophore group includes a carbonyl, amide, imide, ester, carbonate, phenyl, naphthyl, biphenyl, bisphenol, or thiophene group.

47. The process of claim 44, wherein the non- visible chromophore group includes a heterocyclic or carbocyclic aromatic group.

48. The process of claim 44, wherein at least one second layer a polymer selected from the group consisting of (A) poly (4 vinylphenol), (B) poly (4 vinylbiphenyl), (C) poly (N-vinylcarbazole), (D)
polytmethylcarboxyphenylmethacrylamide), (E) poly [( 1 -acetylindazol-3 -ylcarbonyloxy)ethylene], (F) poly(phthalimidoethylene), (G) poly(4-(l-hydroxy-l-methylpropyl)styrene), (H) poly(2-hydroxymethylstyrene), (I) poly(2-dimethylaminocarbonylstyrene), J) ρoly(2-phenylaminocarbonylstyrene), (K) ρoly(3-(4-biphenylyl)styrene), (L) poly(4-(4-biρhenylyl)styrene), (M) poly(4- cyanophenyl methacrylate), (N) poly(2,6-dichlorostyrene), (O)
poly(perfluorostyrene), (P) poly(2,4-diisopropylstyrene), (Q) poly(2,5-diisopropylstyrene), and (and R) ρoly(2,4,6-trimethylstyrene), (S) brominated polyvinylcarbazole, (T) polyvinyldibromocarbazole, (U) polyacrylylcarbazole, (V) poly n-vinylnapthalimide, and (X) cellulosediacetatenapthalate, or (Y) copolymers of any two or more of the foregoing.

49. The process of claim 48, wherein at least one first layer contains a polymer that comprises triacetylcellulose, cellulose diacetate, cellulose acetate butyrate, polycarbonate, cyclic polyolefm, polystyrene or polyarylate containing fluorene groups.

50. A liquid crystal display comprising a liquid crystal cell, a pair of crossed polarizers located one on each side of the cell, and at least one compensator made by the process of claim 32.

51. The liquid crystal display of claim 50, wherein said liquid crystal cell is a vertically aligned cell, a twisted nematic cell, an in-plane switching mode cell, or a optically compensated bend liquid crystal cell.

52. A liquid crystal display comprising a liquid crystal cell, at least one polarizer, a reflective plate, and at least one compensator made by the process of claim 32.

53. The liquid crystal display of claim 52, wherein said liquid crystal cell is a vertically aligned cell, a twisted nematic cell, an in-plane switching mode cell, or an optically compensated bend liquid crystal cell.