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1. (WO2007001934) MOLECULAR SIEVE SSZ-56 COMPOSITION OF MATTER AND SYNTHESIS THEREOF
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WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. A molecular sieve having a mole ratio greater than about 15 of (1) an oxide of a first tetravalent element to (2) an oxide of a trivalent element, pentavalent element, second tetravalent element which is different from said first tetravalent element or mixture thereof and having, after calcination, the X-ray diffraction lines of Table 2.

2. A molecular sieve having a mole ratio greater than about 15 of (1 ) silicon oxide to (2) an oxide selected from aluminum oxide, gallium oxide, iron oxide, boron oxide, titanium oxide, indium oxide and mixtures thereof, and having, after calcination, the X-ray diffraction lines of Table 2.

3. A molecular sieve according to Claim 2 wherein the oxides comprise silicon oxide and aluminum oxide.

4. A molecular sieve according to Claim 2 wherein the oxides comprise silicon oxide and boron oxide.

5. A molecular sieve according to Claim 2 wherein the oxide comprises silicon oxide.

6. A molecular sieve according to Claim 1 or 2 wherein said molecular sieve is predominantly in the hydrogen form.

7. A molecular sieve according to Claim 1 or 2 wherein said molecular sieve is substantially free of acidity.

8. A molecular sieve having a composition, as synthesized and in the anhydrous state, in terms of mole ratios as follows:

YO2/ W0Od 15 - infinity
M2ZnAO2 0.01 - 0.03
QfYO2 0.02 - 0.05 wherein Y is silicon; W is aluminum, gallium, iron, boron, titanium, indium, vanadium or mixtures thereof; c is 1 or 2; d is 2 when c is 1 or d is 3 or 5 when c is 2; M is an alkali metal cation, alkaline earth metal cation or mixtures thereof; n is the valence of M; and Q is a trans-fused ring N,N-diethyl-2-methyldecahydroquinolinium cation.

9. A method of preparing a crystalline material comprising (1) a first oxide comprising silicon oxide and (2) a second oxide comprising boron oxide and having a mole ratio of the first oxide to the second oxide greater than about 15 and having, after calcination, the X-ray diffraction lines of Table 2, said method comprising contacting under crystallization conditions sources of said oxides and a structure directing agent comprising a trans-fused ring N,N-diethyl-2-methyldecahydroquinolinium cation.

10. The method according to Claim 9 wherein the molecular sieve is prepared from a reaction mixture comprising, in term of mole ratios:

YO2/WaOb >15
OH-AO2 0.10 - 0.50
0/YO2 0.05 - 0.50
M2/nAO2 0.02 - 0.40
H2OAO2 30 - 80

where Y is silicon; W is aluminum, gallium, iron, boron, titanium, indium, vanadium or mixtures thereof; a is 1 or 2, b is 2 when a is 1 ; b is 3 when a is 2; M is an alkali metal cation, alkaline earth metal cation or mixtures thereof; n is the valence of M; and Q is a trans-fused ring N,N-diethyl-2- methyldecahydroquinolinium cation.

11. A process for converting hydrocarbons comprising contacting a hydrocarbonaceous feed at hydrocarbon converting conditions with a catalyst comprising a molecular sieve having a mole ratio greater than about 15 of (1 ) an oxide of a first tetravalent element to (2) an oxide of a trivalent element, pentavalent element, second tetravalent element which is different from said first tetravalent element or mixture thereof and having, after calcination, the X-ray diffraction lines of Table 2.

12. The process of Claim 11 wherein the molecular sieve is substantially free of acidity.

13. The process of Claim 11 wherein the process is a hydrocracking process comprising contacting the catalyst with a hydrocarbon feedstock under hydrocracking conditions.

14. The process of Claim 11 wherein the process is a dewaxing process comprising contacting the catalyst with a hydrocarbon feedstock under dewaxing conditions.

15. The process of Claim 11 wherein the process is a process for improving the viscosity index of a dewaxed product of waxy hydrocarbon feeds comprising contacting the catalyst with a waxy hydrocarbon feed under isomerization dewaxing conditions.

16. The process of Claim 11 wherein the process is a process for producing a C2O+ lube oil from a C2o+ olefin feed comprising isomerizing said olefin feed under isomerization conditions over the catalyst.

17. The process of Claim 16 wherein the catalyst further comprises at least one Group VIII metal.

18. The process of Claim 11 wherein the process is a process for
catalytically dewaxing a hydrocarbon oil feedstock boiling above about 3500F (1770C) and containing straight chain and slightly branched chain hydrocarbons comprising contacting said hydrocarbon oil feedstock in the presence of added hydrogen gas at a hydrogen pressure of about 15-3000 psi (0.103-20.7 MPa) under dewaxing conditions with the catalyst.

19. The process of Claim 18 wherein the catalyst further comprises at least one Group VIII metal.

20. The process of Claim 18 wherein said catalyst comprises a layered catalyst comprising a first layer comprising the molecular sieve and at least one Group VIII metal, and a second layer comprising an
aluminosilicate zeolite which is more shape selective than the molecular sieve of said first layer.

21. The process of Claim 11 wherein the process is a process for preparing a lubricating oil which comprises:

hydrocracking in a hydrocracking zone a hydrocarbonaceous feedstock to obtain an effluent comprising a hydrocracked oil; and

catalytically dewaxing said effluent comprising hydrocracked oil at a temperature of at least about 400°F (2040C) and at a pressure of from about 15 psig to about 3000 psig (0.103 to 20.7 MPa gauge) in the presence of added hydrogen gas with the catalyst.

22. The process of Claim 21 wherein the catalyst further comprises at least one Group VIII metal.

23. The process of Claim 11 wherein the process is a process for isomerization dewaxing a raffinate comprising contacting said raffinate in the presence of added hydrogen under isomerization dewaxing conditions with the catalyst.

24. The process of Claim 23 wherein the catalyst further comprises at least one Group VIII metal.

25. The process of Claim 23 wherein the raffinate is bright stock.

26. The process of Claim 11 wherein the process is a process for increasing the octane of a hydrocarbon feedstock to produce a product having an increased aromatics content comprising contacting a hydrocarbonaceous feedstock which comprises normal and slightly branched hydrocarbons having a boiling range above about 400C and less than about 200°C under aromatic conversion conditions with the catalyst.

27. The process of Claim 26 wherein the molecular sieve is substantially free of acid.

28. The process of Claim 26 wherein the molecular sieve contains a
Group VIII metal component.

29. The process of Claim 11 wherein the process is a catalytic cracking process comprising contacting a hydrocarbon feedstock in a reaction zone under catalytic cracking conditions in the absence of added hydrogen with the catalyst*

30. The process of Claim 29 wherein the catalyst additionally comprises a large pore crystalline cracking component.

31. The process of Claim 11 wherein the process is an isomerization process for isomerizing C4 to C7 hydrocarbons, comprising contacting a feed having normal and slightly branched C4 to C7 hydrocarbons under isomerizing conditions with the catalyst.

32. The process of Claim 31 wherein the molecular sieve has been impregnated with at least one Group VIII metal.

33. The process of Claim 31 wherein the catalyst has been calcined in a
steam/air mixture at an elevated temperature after impregnation of the
Group VIII metal.

34. The process of Claim 32 wherein the Group VIII metal is platinum.

35. The process of Claim 11 wherein the process is a process for alkylating an aromatic hydrocarbon which comprises contacting under alkylation conditions at least a molar excess of an aromatic hydrocarbon with a C2 to C20 olefin under at least partial liquid phase conditions and in the
presence of the catalyst.

36. The process of Claim 35 wherein the olefin is a C2 to C4 olefin.

37. The process of Claim 36 wherein the aromatic hydrocarbon and olefin are present in a molar ratio of about 4:1 to about 20:1 , respectively.

38. The process of Claim 36 wherein the aromatic hydrocarbon is selected from the group consisting of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene, naphthalene, naphthalene derivatives, dimethylnaphthalene or mixtures thereof.

• 39. The process of Claim 11 wherein the process is a process for
transalkylating an aromatic hydrocarbon which comprises contacting
under transalkylating conditions an aromatic hydrocarbon with a polyalkyl aromatic hydrocarbon under at least partial liquid phase conditions and in the presence of the catalyst.

40. The process of Claim 11 , 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 21 , 23, 29, 31 , 35 or 39
wherein the molecular sieve is predominantly in the hydrogen form.

41. The process of Claim 39 wherein the aromatic hydrocarbon and the
polyalkyl aromatic hydrocarbon are present in a molar ratio of from about 1 : 1 to about 25: 1 , respectively.

42. The process of Claim 39 wherein the aromatic hydrocarbon is selected from the group consisting of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene, or mixtures thereof.

43. The process of Claim 39 wherein the polyalkyl aromatic hydrocarbon is a dialkylbenzene.

44. The process of Claim 11 wherein the process is a process to convert paraffins to aromatics which comprises contacting paraffins under conditions which cause paraffins to convert to aromatics with a catalyst comprising the molecular sieve and gallium, zinc, or a compound of gallium or zinc.

45. The process of Claim 11 wherein the process is a process for
isomerizing olefins comprising contacting said olefin under conditions which cause isomerization of the olefin with the catalyst.

46. The process of Claim 11 wherein the process is a process for
isomerizing an isomerization feed comprising an aromatic Cs stream of xylene isomers or mixtures of xylene isomers and ethylbenzene, wherein a more nearly equilibrium ratio of ortho-, meta and para-xylenes is obtained, said process comprising contacting said feed under
isomerization conditions with the catalyst.

47. The process of Claim 11 wherein the process is a process for
oligomerizing olefins comprising contacting an olefin feed under oligomerization conditions with the catalyst.

48. A process for converting oxygenated hydrocarbons comprising contacting said oxygenated hydrocarbon under conditions to produce liquid products with a catalyst comprising a molecular sieve having a mole ratio greater than about 15 of an oxide of a first tetravalent element to an oxide of a second tetravalent element which is different from said first tetravalent element, trivalent element, pentavalent element or mixture thereof and having, after calcination, the X-ray diffraction lines of Table 2.

49. The process of Claim 48 wherein the oxygenated hydrocarbon is a lower alcohol.

50. The process of Claim 49 wherein the lower alcohol is methanol.

51. The process of Claim 11 wherein the process is a process for the production of higher molecular weight hydrocarbons from lower molecular weight hydrocarbons comprising the steps of:

(a) introducing into a reaction zone a lower molecular weight
hydrocarbon-containing gas and contacting said gas in said zone under C2+ hydrocarbon synthesis conditions with the catalyst and a metal or metal compound capable of converting the lower molecular weight hydrocarbon to a higher molecular weight hydrocarbon; and

(b) withdrawing from said reaction zone a higher molecular weight hydrocarbon-containing stream.

52. The process of Claim 51 wherein the metal or metal compound comprises a lanthanide or actinide metal or metal compound.

53. The process of Claim 51 wherein the lower molecular weight
hydrocarbon is methane.

54. A catalyst composition for promoting polymerization of 1 -olefins, said composition comprising

(A) a molecular sieve having a mole ratio greater than about 15 of (1) an oxide of a first tetravalent element to (2) an oxide of a trivalent element, pentavalent element, second tetravalent element which is different from said first tetravalent element or mixture thereof and having, after calcination, the X-ray diffraction lines of Table 2; and

(B) an organotitanium or organochromium compound.

55. The catalyst composition of Claim 54 wherein oxide (1) is silicon oxide, and oxide (2) is an oxide selected from aluminum oxide, gallium oxide, iron oxide, boron oxide, titanium oxide, indium oxide.

56. The process of Claim 11 wherein the process is a process for
polymerizing 1 -olefins, which process comprises contacting 1 -olefin monomer with a catalytically effective amount of a catalyst composition comprising

(A) a molecular sieve having a mole ratio greater than about 15 of (1) an oxide of a first tetravalent element to (2) an oxide of a trivalent element, pentavalent element, second tetravalent element which is different from said first tetravalent element or mixture thereof and having, after calcination, the X-ray diffraction lines of Table 2; and

(B) an organotitanium or organochromium compound

under polymerization conditions which include a temperature and pressure suitable for initiating and promoting the polymerization reaction.

57. The process of Claim 56 wherein oxide (1) is silicon oxide, and oxide (2) is an oxide selected from aluminum oxide, gallium oxide, iron oxide, boron oxide, titanium oxide, indium oxide.

58. The process of Claim 56 wherein the 1 -olefin monomer is ethylene.

59. The process of Claim 57 wherein the 1 -olefin monomer is ethylene.

60. The process of Claim 11 wherein the process is a process for
hydrogenating a hydrocarbon feed containing unsaturated hydrocarbons, the process comprising contacting the feed with hydrogen under conditions which cause hydrogenation with the catalyst.

61. The process of Claim 60 wherein the catalyst contains metals, salts or complexes wherein the metal is selected from the group consisting of platinum, palladium, rhodium, iridium or combinations thereof, or the group consisting of nickel, molybdenum, cobalt, tungsten, titanium, chromium, vanadium, rhenium, manganese and combinations thereof.

62. A process for hydrotreating a hydrocarbon feedstock comprising
contacting the feedstock with a hydrotreating catalyst and hydrogen under hydrotreating conditions, wherein the catalyst comprises a
molecular sieve having a mole ratio greater than about 15 of (1) an oxide of a first tetravalent element to (2) an oxide of a trivalent element, pentavalent element, second tetravalent element which is different from said first tetravalent element or mixture thereof and having, after
calcination, the X-ray diffraction lines <of Table 2.

63. The process of Claim 62 wherein the catalyst contains a Group VIII metal or compound, a Group Vl metal or compound or combinations thereof.

64. A process for hydrotreating a hydrocarbon feedstock comprising
contacting the feedstock with a hydrotreating catalyst and hydrogen under hydrotreating conditions, wherein the catalyst comprises a
molecular sieve having a mole ratio greater than about 15 of (1) an silicon oxide (2) an oxide selected from aluminum oxide, gallium oxide, iron oxide, boron oxide, titanium oxide, indium oxide and mixtures
thereof, and having, after calcination, the X-ray diffraction lines of Table 2.

65. The process of claim 64 wherein the oxides comprise silicon oxide and aluminum oxide.

66. The process of Claim 64 wherein the oxides comprise silicon oxide and boron oxide.

67. The process of Claim 64 wherein the oxide comprises silicon oxide.

68. The process of Claim 64 wherein the catalyst contains a Group VIII metal or compound, a Group Vl metal or compound or combinations thereof.

69. A process for converting hydrocarbons comprising contacting a
hydrocarbonaceous feed at hydrocarbon converting conditions with a catalyst comprising a molecular sieve having a mole ratio greater than about 15 of (1) silicon oxide to (2) an oxide selected from aluminum oxide, gallium oxide, iron oxide, boron oxide, titanium oxide, indium oxide and mixtures thereof, and having, after calcination, the X-ray diffraction lines of Table 2.

70. A process for the reduction of oxides of nitrogen contained in a gas stream wherein said process comprises contacting the gas stream with a molecular sieve, the molecular sieve having a mole ratio greater than about 15 of (1) an oxide of a first tetravalent element to (2) an oxide of a trivalent element, pentavalent element, second tetravalent element which is different from said first tetravalent element or mixture thereof and having, after calcination, the X-ray diffraction lines of Table 2.

71. A process for the reduction of oxides of nitrogen contained in a gas stream wherein said process comprises contacting the gas stream with a molecular sieve, the molecular sieve having a mole ratio greater than about 15 of (1) silicon oxide to (2) an oxide selected from aluminum oxide, gallium oxide, iron oxide, boron oxide, titanium oxide, indium oxide and mixtures thereof, and having, after calcination, the X-ray diffraction lines of Table 2.

72. The process of Claim 70 or 71 conducted in the presence of oxygen.

73. The process of Claim 70 or 71 wherein said molecular sieve contains a metal or metal ions capable of catalyzing the reduction of the oxides of nitrogen.

74. The process of Claim 73 wherein the metal is cobalt, copper, platinum, iron, chromium, manganese, nickel, zinc, lanthanum, palladium, rhodium or mixtures thereof.
^
75. The process of Claim 70 or 71 wherein the gas stream is the exhaust stream of an internal combustion engine.

76. The process of Claim 73 wherein the gas stream is the exhaust stream of an internal combustion engine.

77. A process for treating a cold-start engine exhaust gas stream containing hydrocarbons and other pollutants consisting of flowing said engine exhaust gas stream over a molecular sieve bed which preferentially adsorbs the hydrocarbons over water to provide a first exhaust stream, and flowing the first exhaust gas stream over a catalyst to convert any residual hydrocarbons and other pollutants contained in the first exhaust gas stream to innocuous products and provide a treated exhaust stream and discharging the treated exhaust stream into the atmosphere, the molecular sieve bed characterized in that it comprises a molecular sieve having a mole ratio greater than about 15 of (1) an oxide of a first tetravalent element to (2) an oxide of a trivalent element, pentavalent element, second tetravalent element which is different from said first tetravalent element or mixture thereof and having, after calcination, the X-ray diffraction lines of Table 2.

78. The process of Claim 77 wherein the molecular sieve has a mole ratio greater than about 15 of (1) silicon oxide to (2) an oxide selected from aluminum oxide, gallium oxide, iron oxide, boron oxide, titanium oxide, indium oxide and mixtures thereof, and having, after calcination, the X-ray diffraction lines of Table 2.

79. The process of Claim 78 wherein the oxides comprise silicon oxide and aluminum oxide.

80. The process of Claim 78 wherein the oxides comprise silicon oxide and boron oxide.

81. The process of Claim 78 wherein the oxide comprises silicon oxide.

82. The process of Claim 77 wherein the engine is an internal combustion engine.
83. The process of Claim 82 wherein the internal combustion engine is an automobile engine.

84. The process of Claim 77 wherein the engine is fueled by a
hydrocarbonaceous fuel.

85. The process of Claim 77 wherein the molecular sieve has deposited on it a metal selected from the group consisting of platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, and mixtures thereof.

86. The process of Claim 85 wherein the metal is platinum.

87. The process of Claim 85 wherein the metal is palladium.

88. The process of Claim 85 wherein the metal is a mixture of platinum and palladium. ,