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1. WO2006100526 - AEROFOIL SURFACE FOR CONTROLLING SPIN

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS

1. A craft comprising means for generating a jet of fluid and causing it to flow over a curved surface, the curved surface being shaped and positioned so as to cause diversion of the jet from a radial towards an axial direction thereby producing lift, the craft further comprising an aerofoil control surface and means for adjusting the latter to prevent or control spin of the vehicle, characterised by means for varying the effective aerofoil control surface area.

2. A craft according to Claim 1 characterised in that the means for varying the aerofoil surface includes a mechanism for moving an aerofoil through an opening in an outer surface of the craft so as to project from it by a greater or lesser amount depending on its position of adjustment..

3. A craft according to Claim 2 characterised in that the said aerofoil surface is located at a point between upstream and downstream parts of the said curved surface.

4. A craft according to any preceding Claim characterised in that the means for varying the effective aerofoil surface is designed or controlled so as to do so as a function of fluid speed over that surface.

5. A craft according to Claim 4 characterised in that the means for generating a jet of fluid includes a fan and in that a control system is included for controlling the effective aerofoil surface in dependence on the fan speed.

6. A craft having a central axis and in which lift is generated by turning a jet of fluid from a radial towards an axial direction and in which the flow swirls circumferentially over a surface of the craft to an extent which diminishes with increasing distance; characterised by at least one aerofoil surface positioned along the flow so that a change in torque caused by a change in fluid speed is at least partially balanced by an opposite change in aerofoil-generated torque caused by a change in swirl angle and hence aerofoil angle of attack.

7. A craft according to Claim 6 characterised by means for varying the effective area of the aerofoil surface in dependence on fluid speed to correct for any residual imbalance.

8. A craft according to Claim 6 or 7 characterised by means for generating a jet of fluid and causing it to flow over a curved surface, the curved surface being shaped and positioned so as to cause diversion of the jet from a radial towards an axial direction thereby producing lift, the said aerofoil surface projecting from the said curved surface.

9. A craft according to Claim 8 characterised in that the aerofoil surface projects from the curved surface at a position between upstream and downstream parts thereof.

10. A craft designed to move through or on a surface of a fluid comprising means for controlling an aerofoil surface to prevent or control spin of the vehicle, characterised by means for varying the effective aerofoil surface area.