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1. WO2006099975 - TWO-DIMENSIONAL WEB MATERIAL, METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME AS WELL AS USE THEREOF

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[ EN ]

Claims

1. Two-dimensional web material made of a layer material, wherein the two-dimensional web material contains a non-woven material and first and second discrete regions, which are arranged relative to one another in such a way that they form a pattern in the form of inverted polygons and that the two-dimensional layer material has a Poisson' s ratio of < 0.2 during expansion in the machine direction.

2. Two-dimensional web material made of a layer material according to claim 1, wherein the two-dimensional web material in the first discrete regions is compressed and/or consolidated and/or bound in such a way that the first discrete regions are embodied in the shape of ligaments forming the sides of the edges of inverted polygons and that the two-dimensional web material has a Poisson' s ratio of < 0.2 during expansion in the machine direction.

3. Two-dimensional web material according to claim 1 and 2, wherein the two-dimensional web material in the first discrete regions comprises ligaments forming the sides of the edges of inverted polygons and the sides have
an aspect ratio of their length to their width of between > 2 and < 20, preferably between 4 and 10 and
are arranged at an angle of between > 0° and < 180° relative to one another and that
the two-dimensional web material has a Poisson' s ratio of < 0.2 during expansion in the machine direction.

4. Two-dimensional web material according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises second discrete regions, which are uncompressed and are embodied as inverted polygons and that the two-dimensional web material has a Poisson' s ration of < 0.2 during expansion in the machine direction.

5. Two-dimensional web material according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises second discrete regions, which are perforated and are embodied as inverted polygons and that the two-dimensional web material has a Poisson' s ratio of < 0.2 during expansion in the machine direction.

6. Two-dimensional web material according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the polygons are inverted hexagons, which contain isosceles triangles.

7. Two-dimensional web material according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the polygons are inverted hexagons, which contain non-isosceles triangles.

8. Two-dimensional web material according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the two-dimensional web material in the first discrete regions comprises ligaments forming the sides of the edges of inverted hexagons and the sides have - an aspect ratio of their length to their width of between

> 2 and < 20, preferably between 4 and 10 and
are arranged at an angle of between > 0° and < 90° relative to one another and that
the two-dimensional web material has a Poisson' s ratio of < 0.2 during expansion in the machine direction.

9. Two-dimensional web material according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises second discrete regions, which are uncompressed and are formed out of triangles, which are arranged in such a way relative to one another that they are interconnected in pairs in the region of their acute angles and form inverted hexagons and that the two-dimensional web material has a Poisson' s ratio of < 0.2 during expansion in the machine direction.
10. Two-dimensional web material according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises in second discrete regions perforations, which are formed out of triangles, which are arranged in such a way relative to one another that they are interconnected in pairs in the region of their acute angles and form inverted hexagons and that the two-dimensional web material has a Poisson' s ratio of < 0.2 during expansion in the machine direction.

11. Method for manufacturing a two-dimensional web material out of a layer material, wherein the web material contains a non-woven material, and first and second discrete regions are arranged relative to one another in such a way that they form a pattern of the form of inverted polygons and that the two-dimensional layer material has a Poisson' s ratio of < 0.2 during expansion in the machine direction.

12. Method for manufacturing a two-dimensional web material out of a layer material according to claim 13, wherein first and second discrete regions are arranged in the two-dimensional web material relative to one another in such a way that they form a pattern in the form of inverted hexagons and that the two-dimensional layer material has a Poisson' s ratio of < 0.2 during expansion in the machine direction.

13. Method for manufacturing a two-dimensional web material out of a layer material according to claim 13 [sic] , wherein the layer material is provided and it is compressed and/or consolidated and/or bound in first discrete regions and the first discrete regions are arranged relative to one another in such a way that they form a pattern in the form of inverted polygons.

14. Method for manufacturing a two-dimensional web material out of a layer material according to claim 13, wherein the layer material is provided and it is perforated in second discrete regions, which are arranged relative to one another in such a way that they form a pattern in the form of inverted polygons .

15. Method for manufacturing a two-dimensional web material according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the layer material is provided and a holt melt adhesive is applied on first discrete regions of the surface of the layer material in such a way that after the hardening of the hot melt adhesive in the first discrete regions a pattern in the form of
ligaments 'forming the sides of the edges of inverted polygons is embodied.

16. Method for manufacturing a two-dimensional web material according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the first discrete regions are created by thermobonding.

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17. Method for manufacturing a two-dimensional web material according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the first discrete regions are created by spunlacing.

18. Method for manufacturing a two-dimensional web material according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the first regions are created by airlacing.

19. Method for manufacturing a two-dimensional web material according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the first discrete regions are created by ultrasound processes.

20. Method for manufacturing a two-dimensional web material according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein in the second discrete regions of the layer material embossing points are created by thermobonding.

21. Apparatus for manufacturing a two-dimensional web material out of a layer material, said apparatus comprising at least one embossing roller, wherein the embossing roller comprises oblong elevations in the form of ligaments, which are arranged relative to one another in such a way that they form the sides of the edges of inverted polygons such that the sides have
- an aspect ratio of their length to their width of between > 2 and < 20, preferably between 4 and 10 and
a height of between 0.2 mm and 2 mm and
are arranged at an angle of between > 0° and < 180°
relative to one another.

22. Apparatus for manufacturing a two-dimensional web material out of a layer material according to claim 23, wherein the inverted polygons are embodied as inverted hexagons in such a way that the sides of the edges of the inverted hexagons have - an aspect ratio of their length to their width of between > 2 and < 20, preferably between 4 and 10 and
a height of between 0.2 mm and 2 mm and
are arranged at an angle of between > 0° and < 90° relative to one another.

23. Apparatus for manufacturing a two-dimensional web material out of a layer material, said apparatus comprising a pivoted screening drum, wherein the screening drum comprises on its surface oblong openings, which are arranged in such a way relative to one another that they form the sides of the edge of the inverted polygons such that the sides have
an aspect ratio of their length to their width of between >

2 and < 20, preferably between 4 and 10 and
are arranged at an angle of between > 0° and < 180°
relative to one another.

24. Apparatus for manufacturing a two-dimensional web material out of a layer material, said apparatus comprising a device for the application of a hot melt adhesive, wherein the device comprises boreholes and/or nozzles, which are arranged relative to one another in such a way that they form the sides of the edges of inverted polygons such that the sides have
an aspect ratio of their length to their width of between > 2 and < 20, preferably between 4 and 10 and
- are arranged at an angle of between > 0° and < 180°
relative to one another.

or more of the preceding claims in a sanitary product.

26. Use of the two-dimensional web material according to one or more of the preceding claims in a filter material.

27. Use of the two-dimensional material according to one or more of the preceding claims in a packaging material.

28. Use of the two-dimensional web- material according to one or more of the preceding claims in a geotextile.