Processing

Please wait...

Settings

Settings

Goto Application

1. WO2006099283 - SWITCHED MULTIPLEXER METHOD TO COMBINE MULTIPLE BROADBAND RF SOURCES

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

[ EN ]

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. A switched multiplexer configured to combine a quantity of signal paths each covering a sub-octave in a frequency range, the switched multiplexer being configured to remove transmitter harmonics of an input signal to create a stable output impedance across the frequency range of from fmιn to fmax, the switched multiplexer comprising:
a transmit switch configured to receive the input signal and to generate a transmit signal in response thereto;
a plurality of diplexers connected in parallel with one another, each one of the diplexers being comprised of a non-adjacent pair of the signal paths connected in parallel with one another, each one of the diplexer terminating at a resistive attenuator except for the diplexer containing the signal path covering the highest pass band; and
wherein:
the quantity of signal paths is determined by the formula:
n = [log (Wfmll])]/ [Iog2]
with n being rounded up to the nearest even integer;
each one of the signal paths including a switch and a
signal path filter interconnected by one of a low-pass filter and
a high-pass filter, the signal path covering the highest pass band
omitting the signal path filter;
the pass bands of the signal path filters being arranged
to cover the frequency range with the lowest pass band being
assigned to the first signal path and the next higher pass band
being assigned to the next signal path up to the nth signal path,
each pass band having a band width equal to abouttwice the
band width of its next lower pass band;
the non-adjacent pair of signal paths assigned to each
one of the diplexers being selected such that a frequency gap
exists between the pass bands of the signal path filters of the
pair;

each one of the low-pass and high-pass filters having a
corner frequency falling between the frequency gap of the pass
bands of the signal path filters of the pair;
a power combiner connected to the diplexers and being
configured to sum inputs received therefrom and generate a
substantially stable multi-octave output impedance signal in
response thereto.
2. The switched multiplexer of Claim 1 wherein the pass bands of the signal path filters are adjacent to one another.
3. The switched multiplexer of Claim 1 wherein the pass band of the signal path filters overlap one another.
4. A switched multiplexer configured to combine first, second, third and fourth signal paths each covering a sub-octave in a frequency range of from about 2 to about 18 GHz and to remove transmitter harmonics of an input signal to create a stable output impedance across the frequency range, the switched multiplexer comprising:
a transmit switch configured to receive the input signal and to generate a transmit signal in response thereto
a first diplexer connected in parallel with a second diplexer, the first diplexer being comprised of first and second signal paths connected in parallel with one another and terminating at a first diplexer resistive attenuator, the second diplexer being comprised of third and fourth signal paths connected in parallel;
wherein:
the first signal path includes a first switch interconnected to a first signal path high-pass filter by a first filter, the first filter having a filtering capability in the range of from about 6 to about 10.4 GHz;
the second signal path including a second switch interconnected to a second signal path low-pass filter by a second filter, the second filter having a filtering capability in the range of from about 2 to about

3.5 GHz;
the third signal path including a third switch connected in succession to a third filter, a third signal path resistive attenuator and a third signal path high-pass filter, the third filter having a filtering capability in the range of from about 3.5 to about 6 GHz;
the fourth signal path including a fourth switch interconnected to a fourth signal path high-pass filter; and
a power combiner connected to the first and second diplexer and being configured to sum inputs receive therefrom and generate a substantially stable multi-octave output impedance signal in response thereto.
5. The switched multiplexer of Claim 4 wherein at least one of the first, second, third and fourth switches is configured as a single-pole-double-throw switch having at least one port terminated at about 50 ohms.
6. The switched multiplexer of Claim 4 wherein the first diplexer resistive attenuator and the third signal path resistive attenuators each have a resistance of about 3 dB.
7. The switched multiplexer of Claim 4 wherein each one of the first signal path high-pass filter and second signal path low-pass filter is configured to operate at about 4 GHz.
8. The switched multiplexer of Claim 4 wherein each one of the third signal path low-pass filter and fourth signal path high-pass filter is configured to operate at about 8 GHz.
9. The switched multiplexer of Claim 4 wherein the fourth signal path includes a fourth filter interconnecting the fourth switch to the fourth signal path high-pass filter, the fourth filter having a filtering capability in the range of from about 10.4 to about 18 GHz.
10. The switched multiplexer of Claim 4 wherein the transmit switch is configured as a single-pole-quadruple-throw switch.
11. The switched multiplexer of Claim 4 wherein the transmit switch includes a switching mechanism being configured as a mechanical relay.
12. The switched multiplexer of Claim 11 wherein the switching mechanism is configured as a diode.
13. The switched multiplexer of Claim 4 wherein the two-way power combiner is configured to operate in the range of from about 2 to about 18 GHz.

14. The switched multiplexer of Claim 4 further comprising a transmitter configured to generate the input signal for delivery to the transmit switch.
15. A method for removing transmitter harmonics from an input signal having a frequency range of from fmjn to fmax and creating a stable output impedance across the frequency range using a switched multiplexer as claimed in Claim 1, the method comprising the steps of:
(a) receiving the input signal at a transmit switch and generating a transmit signal in response thereto;
(b) selecting one of the signal paths for transmission of the transmit signal thereto;
(c) terminating the transmit signal at a resistive load of each one of the signal path switches of the non-selected ones of the signal paths;
(d) passing the transmit signal from the selected one of the switches to a respective one of the high-pass filters;
(e) filtering portions of the transmit signal that fall outside of the pass band of the high-pass filters; and
(f) summing inputs received from the diplexers at the power combiner; and
(g) generating the impedance signal in response to the inputs summed at the power combiner.
16. The switched multiplexer of Claim 15 wherein the pass bands of the signal path filters of step (b) are adjacent to one another.
17. The switched multiplexer of Claim 15 wherein the pass band of the signal path filters of step (b) overlap one another.
18. A method for removing transmitter harmonics from an input signal having a frequency range of from about 2 to about 18 GHz and creating a stable output impedance across the frequency range using a switched multiplexer comprising a first diplexer connected in parallel with a second diplexer and terminating at a power combiner, the first diplexer being comprised of first and second signal paths connected in parallel with one another and terminating at a first diplexer resistive attenuator, the second diplexer being comprised of third and fourth signal paths connected in parallel, the first, second, third and fourth signal paths each being configured to cover a sub-octave of the frequency range in which the switched multiplexer operates, the method comprising the steps of:
(a) receiving the input signal at a transmit switch and generating a transmit signal in response thereto;
(b) selecting one of the first, second, third and fourth signal paths for transmission of the transmit signal thereto, the first signal path including a first switch interconnected to a first signal path high-pass filter by a first filter, the first filter having a filtering capability in the range of from about 6 to about 10.4 GHz, the second signal path including a second switch interconnected to a second signal path low-pass filter by a second filter, the second filter having a filtering capability in the range of from about 2 to about 3.5 GHz, the third signal path including a third switch connected in succession to a third filter, a third signal path resistive attenuator and a third signal path high-pass filter, the third filter having a filtering capability in the range of from about 3.5 to about 6 GHz5 the fourth signal path including a fourth switch interconnected to a fourth signal path high-pass filter;
(c) terminating the transmit signal at a resistive load of each one of the first, second, third and fourth switches of non-selected ones of the first, second, third and fourth signal paths;
(d) passing the transmit signal from the selected one of the first, second, third and fourth switches to a respective one of first, second, third filters and fourth signal path high-pass filter;
(e) filtering portions of the transmit signal that fall outside of the pass band of the first, second, third filters and fourth signal path high-pass filter; and
(f) summing inputs received from the first and second diplexers at the power combiner; and
(g) generating the output signal in response to the inputs summed at the power combiner.
19. The method of Claim 18 wherein at least one of the first, second, third and fourth switches in step (b) is configured as a single-pole-double-throw switch having at least one port terminated at the resistive load.

20. The method of Claim 18 wherein the resistive load in step (c) is about 50 ohms.
21. The method of Claim 18 wherein the first diplexer resistive attenuator and the third signal path resistive attenuators in step (b) each have a resistance of about 3 dB.
22. The method of Claim 18 wherein each one of the first signal path high-pass filter and second signal path low-pass filter in step (b) is configured to operate at about 4 GHz.
23. The method of Claim 18 wherein each one of the third signal path low-pass filter and fourth signal path high-pass filter in step (b) is configured to operate at about 8 GHz.
24. The method of Claim 18 wherein the fourth signal path in step (b) includes a fourth filter interconnecting the fourth switch to the fourth signal path high-pass filter, the fourth filter having a filtering capability in the range of from about 10.4 to about 18 GHz.
25. The method of Claim 18 wherein the transmit switch in step (a) is configured as a single-pole-quadruple-throw switch.
26. The method of Claim 18 wherein the transmit switch in step (a) includes a switching mechanism configured as a mechanical relay.