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1. WO2006093627 - POLYMER PHOTONIC CRYSTAL FIBERS

Publication Number WO/2006/093627
Publication Date 08.09.2006
International Application No. PCT/US2006/004128
International Filing Date 03.02.2006
IPC
G02B 5/30 2006.01
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
5Optical elements other than lenses
30Polarising elements
G02B 6/122 2006.01
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
6Light guides; Structural details of arrangements comprising light guides and other optical elements, e.g. couplings
10of the optical waveguide type
12of the integrated circuit kind
122Basic optical elements, e.g. light-guiding paths
CPC
B82Y 20/00
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
82NANOTECHNOLOGY
YSPECIFIC USES OR APPLICATIONS OF NANOSTRUCTURES; MEASUREMENT OR ANALYSIS OF NANOSTRUCTURES; MANUFACTURE OR TREATMENT OF NANOSTRUCTURES
20Nanooptics, e.g. quantum optics or photonic crystals
G02B 5/3008
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
5Optical elements other than lenses
30Polarising elements
3008comprising dielectric particles, e.g. birefringent crystals embedded in a matrix
G02B 5/305
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
5Optical elements other than lenses
30Polarising elements
3025Polarisers, i.e. arrangements capable of producing a definite output polarisation state from an unpolarised input state
3033in the form of a thin sheet or foil, e.g. Polaroid
3041comprising multiple thin layers, e.g. multilayer stacks
305including organic materials, e.g. polymeric layers
G02B 5/3083
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
5Optical elements other than lenses
30Polarising elements
3083Birefringent or phase retarding elements
G02B 6/1225
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
6Light guides
10of the optical waveguide type
12of the integrated circuit kind
122Basic optical elements, e.g. light-guiding paths
1225comprising photonic band-gap structures or photonic lattices
Y10T 428/2913
YSECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
428Stock material or miscellaneous articles
29Coated or structually defined flake, particle, cell, strand, strand portion, rod, filament, macroscopic fiber or mass thereof
2913Rod, strand, filament or fiber
Applicants
  • 3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY [US]/[US] (AE, AG, AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BE, BF, BG, BJ, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CF, CG, CH, CI, CM, CN, CO, CR, CU, CY, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, FR, GA, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, GN, GQ, GR, GW, HR, HU, ID, IE, IL, IN, IS, IT, JP, KE, KG, KM, KN, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, LY, MA, MC, MD, MG, MK, ML, MN, MR, MW, MX, MZ, NA, NE, NG, NI, NL, NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL, PT, RO, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SI, SK, SL, SM, SN, SY, SZ, TD, TG, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, UZ, VC, VN, YU, ZA, ZM, ZW)
Inventors
  • OUDERKIRK, Andrew J.,
  • BENSON, Olester Jr.,
  • BROTT, Robert L.,
  • FLEMING, Patrick R.,
  • LEATHERDALE, Catherine A.,
  • NEAVIN, Terence D.,
  • NORTH, Diane,
Agents
  • PRALLE, Jay R.,
Priority Data
11/067,84828.02.2005US
Publication Language English (EN)
Filing Language English (EN)
Designated States
Title
(EN) POLYMER PHOTONIC CRYSTAL FIBERS
(FR) FIBRES DE CRISTAUX PHOTONIQUES POLYMERES
Abstract
(EN)
A composite polymer fiber comprises a polymer filler material and a plurality of polymer scattering fibers disposed within the filler material. At least one of the filler material and the scattering fibers is formed of a birefringent material. The refractive indices of the filler material and the scattering fibers can be substantially matched for light incident in a first polarization state on the composite polymer fiber and unmatched for light incident in an orthogonal polarization state. The scattering fibers may be arranged to form a photonic crystal within the composite fiber. The composite fibers may be extruded and may be formed into a yarn, a weave or the like. If the filler material is soluble, it may be washed out of the yarn or weave, and the scattering fibers may then be infiltrated with a resin that is subsequently cured.
(FR)
La présente invention concerne une fibre polymère composite qui comprend un matériau de charge polymère et une pluralité de fibres de diffusion polymères disposées à l’intérieur du matériau de charge. Au moins un parmi le matériau de charge et les fibres de diffusion est formé d’un matériau biréfringent. Les indices de réfraction du matériau de charge et des fibres de diffusion peuvent être sensiblement appariés pour une lumière incidente dans un premier état de polarisation sur la fibre polymère composite et non appariés pour une lumière incidente dans un état de polymérisation orthogonale. Les fibres de diffusion peuvent être disposées pour former un cristal photonique à l’intérieur de la fibre composite. Les fibres composites peuvent être extrudées et peuvent avoir la forme d’un fil, d’un tissage ou analogue. Si le matériau de charge est soluble, il peut être éliminé par lavage du film ou du tissage et on peut infiltrer dans les fibres de diffusion une résine qui est durcie par la suite.
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