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1. WO2005068871 - ENERGY DISSIPATING ELASTOMER DAMPER

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[ EN ]

I claim:
1. An energy dissipating elastomer damper comprising:
(a) a generally hollow housing member having an interior aperture of a predetermined cross section;
(b) a first closure member attached to one end of said housing and having a first axial aperture;
(c) a second closure member attached to radially opposed end of said housing and having a second axial aperture;
(d) a compressible force absorbing means disposed within said interior aperture of said housing; and
(e) a force transmitting means disposed within an axial aperture of said compressible force absorbing means and axially movable therein, said force transmitting means having at least one force transmitting portion of a predetermined shape disposed intermediate a first end having a first predetermined diameter and a second end having a second predetermined diameter, said first end extending through said first axial aperture of said first closure member and said second end extending through said second axial aperture of said second closure member.

2. The energy dissipating elastomer damper according to claim 1 , wherein a shape of said housing is a cylindrical.

3. The energy dissipating elastomer damper according to claim 2, wherein said housing is elongated.

4. The energy dissipating elastomer damper according to claim 1, wherein a material of said housing is metal.

5. The energy dissipating elastomer damper according to claim 1, wherein said predetermined cross section of said interior aperture is round.

6. The energy dissipating elastomer damper according to claim 1, wherein said first axial aperture of said first closure means and said second axial aperture of said second closure means are aligned.

7. The energy dissipating elastomer damper according to claim 1, wherein said force absorbing means is a resilient elastomer having a predetermined hardness.

8. The energy dissipating elastomer damper according to claim 7, wherein said resilient elastomer is a high performance engineered thermoplastic polyester elastomer.

9. The energy dissipating elastomer damper according to claim 1, wherein said first predetermined diameter of said first end of said force transmitting means and said second predetermined diameter of said second end of said force transmitting means are substantially equal.

10. The energy dissipating elastomer damper according to claim 1, wherein said predetermined shape of said at least one force transmitting portion is at least partially spherical and has a predetermined diameter.

11. The energy dissipating elastomer damper according to claim 10, wherein said predetermined diameter of said at least one force transmitting portion is greater than said first predetermined diameter of said first end of said force transmitting means and said second predetermined diameter of said second end of said .force transmitting means.

12. The energy dissipating elastomer damper according to claim 1, wherein a material of said force transmitting means is metal .

13. The energy dissipating elastomer damper according to claim 1, wherein said energy dissipating elastomer damper includes a retaining means engaging one of said first end and said second end of said force transmitting means.

14. A railway car draft gear assembly which enables the cushioning ■ of buff and draft shocks that are usually encountered in railway car rolling stock during a coupling operation of such railway car to a train consist and during normal operation of such train consist on a track structure, such buff and draft shocks transmitted by a coupler of such railway car engageable with said draft gear assembly, said draft gear assembly comprising:
(a) a yoke extending toward a front end of said draft gear assembly;
(b) a coupler follower disposed within said yoke;
(c) a rear follower disposed adjacent a rear end of said draft gear assembly;
(d) a front compressible resilient member disposed within said yoke and engageable with said coupler follower;
(e) a rear compressible resilient member disposed intermediate said yoke and said rear follower and including at least one rear elastomeric spring pad, said at .least one rear elastomeric spring pad having a pair of elastomer pads bonded to a centrally disposed steel ring plate, each of said pair of said elastomer pads has a through aperture at a center thereof;

(f) an energy dissipating elastomer damper disposed within said center aperture of said at least one rear elastomeric spring pad of said rear compressible resilient member, said energy dissipating elastomer damper including a generally hollow housing member having an interior aperture of a predetermined cross section, a first closure member attached to one end of said housing and having a first axial aperture, a compressible force absorbing means disposed within said interior aperture of said housing and a force transmitting means disposed within an axial aperture of said compressible force absorbing means and axially movable therein, said force transmitting means having at least one force transmitting portion of a predetermined shape and a first predetermined diameter disposed intermediate a first end of a second predetermined diameter and a second end of a third predetermined diameter, said first end attached to said yoke and said second end extending through said axial aperture of said first closure member and through said rear follower; and

(g) a shortening member treadably engaging said second end of said force transmitting member and abutting said rear follower.

15. The draft gear assembly according to claim 14, wherein said draft gear assembly includes a second closure member disposed adjacent said yoke and having a second axial aperture enabling passage of said first end of said force transmitting means .