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1. (WO2005066275) SENSOR DEVICES CONTAINING CO-POLYMER SUBSTRATES FOR ANALYSIS OF CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SPECIES IN WATER AND AIR
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CLAIMS:

1. A sensor device comprising:

a substrate comprising a polycarbonate combined with at least one solvent resistance-imparting monomer; and

a sensor region comprising an analyte-responsive reagent having a predetermined response upon exposure to an analyte of interest.

2. The sensor device of claim 1 wherein the polycarbonate comprises structural units of the formula:

(I)

o
II
— O— — — C— ,

wherein at least about 60% of the total number of R groups are aromatic organic radicals and the balance thereof are aliphatic, alicyclic, or aromatic radicals.

3. The sensor device of claim 2 wherein R comprises an aromatic organic radical of the fonnula:

-A1-Y-A2 - (II)

wherein each Al and A2 is a monocyclic divalent aryl radical and Y is a bridging radical in which one or two carbon atoms separate Al and A2.

4. The sensor device of claim 1 wherein the polycarbonate comprises 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane.

5. The sensor device of claim 1 wherein the at least one solvent resistance-imparting monomer is selected from the group consisting of hydroquinone, resorcinol, 3 -methylhydroquinone, 3-ethylhydroquinone, 3-propylhydroquinone, 3-butylhydroquinone, 3-t-butylhydroquinone, 3-phenylhydroquinone, 3- cumylhydroquinone, 2,3,5,6-tetrafluorohydroquinone and 2,3,5,6-tetrabromohydroquinone.

6. The sensor device of claim 1 wherein the amount of solvent resistahce-imparting monomer ranges from about 2 to about 90 mol %.

7. The sensor device of claim 1 wherein the analyte-responsive reagent is selected from the group consisting of colorimetric reagents, luminescent reagents, chemiluminescent reagents, Raman reagents, surface-enhancement Raman reagents, vacuum UV absorbance reagents, UV-visible light absorbance reagents, and infrared absorbance reagents.

8. The sensor device of claim 1 wherein the analyte-responsive reagent is selected from the group consisting of organic molecules, inorganic molecules, inorganic nanoparticles, semiconducting nanoparticles, and metallic nanoparticles.

9. The sensor device of claim 1 wherein the sensor region further comprises a support matrix.

10. The sensor device of claim 9 wherein the support matrix is selected from the group consisting of polymers, sol-gels, and biomembranes.

11. The sensor device of claim 1 wherein the sensor device further comprises a protecting layer over the sensor region.

12. The sensor device of claim 11 wherein the protecting layer comprises an amorphous fluoropolymer.

13. The sensor device of claim 11 wherein the protecting layer further comprises a polyimide.

14. The sensor device of claim 11 wherein the protecting layer further comprises a hydrogel.

15. The sensor device of claim 11 wherein the protecting layer further comprises a polymer layer which is inert to both a sample solution and the substrate.

16. The sensor device of claim 1 wherein the sensor region comprises a thin film having a thickness ranging from about 0.001 to about 1000 micrometers.

17. The sensor device of claim 1 wherein the sensor region comprises a thin film having a thickness ranging from about 0.005 to about 500 micrometers.

18. The sensor device of claim 1 wherein the sensor region comprises discrete sensor spots.

19. The sensor device of claim 1 wherein the sensor is selected from the group consisting of optical sensors, acoustic wave sensors, chemical resistors, conductivity sensors, micro-electro-mechanical system sensors, and electrochemical sensors.

20. A sensor device comprising:

a substrate comprising 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane combined with at least one solvent resistance-imparting monomer selected from the group consisting of hydroquinone, resorcinol, 3 -methylhydroquinone, 3-ethylhydroquinone, 3-propylhydroquinone, 3-butylhydroquinone, 3-t-butylhydroquinone, 3-phenylhydroquinone, 3-cumylhydroquinone, 2,3,5,6-tetrafluorohydroquinone and 2,3,5,6-tetrabromohydroquinone; and

a sensor region comprising an analyte-responsive reagent having a predetermined response upon exposure to an analyte of interest.

21. The sensor device of claim 20 wherein the amount of solvent resistance-imparting monomer ranges from about 2 to about 90 mol %.

22. The sensor device of claim 20 wherein the analyte-responsive reagent is selected from the group consisting of colorimetric reagents, luminescent reagents, chemiluminescent reagents, vacuum UV absorbance reagents, UV-visible light absorbance reagents, and infrared absorbance reagents.

23. The sensor device of claim 20 wherein the analyte-responsive reagent is selected from the group consisting of organic molecules, inorganic molecules, inorganic nanoparticles, semiconducting nanoparticles, and metallic nanoparticles.

24. The sensor device of claim 20 wherein the sensor region further comprises a support matrix.

25 The sensor device of claim 24wherein the support matrix is selected from the group consisting of polymers, sol-gels, and biomembranes.

26. The sensor device of claim 20 wherein the sensor device further comprises a protecting layer over the sensor region.

27. The sensor device of claim 26 wherein the protecting layer comprises an amorphous fluoropolymer.

28. The sensor device of claim 26 wherein the protecting layer further comprises a polyimide.

29. The sensor device of claim 26 wherein the protecting layer further comprises a hydrogel.

30. The sensor device of claim 26 wherein the protecting layer further comprises a polymer layer which is inert to both a sample solution and the substrate.

31. The sensor device of claim 20 wherein the sensor region comprises a thin film having a thickness ranging from about 0.001 to about 1000 micrometers.

32. The sensor device of claim 20 wherein the sensor region comprises a thin film having a thickness ranging from about 0.005 to about 500 micrometers.

33. The sensor device of claim 20 wherein the sensor region comprises discrete sensor spots.

34. The sensor device of claim 20 wherein the sensor is selected from the group consisting of optical sensors, acoustic wave sensors, chemical resistors, conductivity sensors, micro-electro-mechanical system sensors, and electrochemical sensors.