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1. (WO2004096144) COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR INDUCTION OF OPIOID RECEPTORS
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What is Claimed is:

1. A method of increasing a biological activity in response to an opioid receptor ligand, the method comprising:
contacting a cell with an amount of an opioid receptor inducing compound effective for increasing expression of an opioid receptor; and
contacting the cell with an opioid receptor ligand.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein the cell is a skin cell, a blood cell, a neuron, or a cell derived from any one of the foregoing.

3. The method of claim 1 wherein the opioid receptor comprises a μ-opioid receptor or a f-opioid receptor.

4. The method of claim 3 wherein the opioid receptor is Opioid Growth Factor receptor.

5. The method of claim 1 wherein the opioid receptor inducing compound has a molecular weight of about 1000 Daltons or less.

6. The method of claim 5 wherein the opioid receptor inducing compound comprises an imidazoquinoline amine, a tetrahydroimidazoquinoline amine, an imidazopyridine amine, a 1,2-bridged imidazoquinoline amine, a 6,7-fused
cycloalkylimidazopyridine amine, an imidazonaphthyridine amine, a
tetrahydroimidazonaphthyridine amine, an oxazoloquinoline amine, a thiazoloquinoline amine, an oxazolopyridine amine, a thiazolopyridine amine, an oxazolonaphthyridine amine, a thiazolonaphthyridine amine, or a pro-drug of any of the foregoing.

7. The method of claim 1 wherein the cells are contacted with the opioid receptor inducing compound in vivo.

8. The method of claim 1 wherein the cells are contacted with the opioid receptor inducing compound in vitro.

9. The method of claim 1 wherein the ligand for the opioid receptor comprises an opioid peptide.

10. The method of claim 1 wherein the ligand for the opioid receptor is Opioid

Growth Factor.

11. The method of claim 1 wherein the ligand for the opioid receptor comprises an antibody.

12. The method of claim 1 wherein the ligand for the opioid receptor comprises an antibody specific for Opioid Growth Factor receptor.

13. The method of claim 11 wherein the antibody is conjugated to a cytotoxic moiety.

14. The method of claim 1 wherein the opioid receptor is expressed in an alternate reading frame.

15. A method of treating a condition in a subj ect treatable by increasing expression of an opioid receptor, the method comprising:
contacting cells capable of expressing an opioid receptor with a therapeutically effective amount of an opioid receptor inducing compound; and
contacting the cells with a therapeutically effective amount of an opioid receptor ligand.

16. The method of claim 15 wherein the cell is a skin cell, a blood cell, a neuron, or a cell derived from any one of the foregoing.

17. The method of claim 15 wherein the opioid receptor comprises a μ-opioid receptor or a f-opioid receptor.

18. The method of claim 17 wherein the opioid receptor is Opioid Growth Factor receptor.

19. The method of claim 15 wherein the opioid receptor inducing compound has a molecular weight of about 1000 Daltons or less.

20. The method of claim 19 wherein the opioid receptor inducing compound comprises an imidazoquinoline amine, a tetrahydroimidazoquinoline amine, an imidazopyridine amine, a 1,2-bridged imidazoquinoline amine, a 6,7-fused
cycloalkylimidazopyridine amine, an imidazonaphthyridine amine, a
tetrahydroimidazonaphthyridine amine, an oxazoloquinoline amine, a thiazoloquinoline amine, an oxazolopyridine amine, a thiazolopyridine amine, an oxazolonaphthyridine amine, a thiazolonaphthyridine amine, or a pro-drug of any of the foregoing.

21. The method of claim 15 wherein contacting cells capable of expressing an opioid receptor with an opioid receptor inducing compound comprises:
(a) contacting cells capable of expressing an opioid receptor with the opioid receptor inducing compound in vitro, thereby generating induced cells; and
(b) administering at least a portion of the induced cells to the subject.

22. The method of claim 21 wherein the cells capable of expressing an opioid receptor are collected from the subject.

23. The method of claim 15 wherein the cells capable of expressing an opioid receptor are contacted with the opioid receptor inducing compound in vivo.

24. The method of claim 23 wherein the cells capable of expressing an opioid receptor are contacted with the opioid receptor ligand in vivo.

25. The method of claim 23 wherein contacting cells capable of expressing an opioid receptor with an opioid receptor inducing compound comprises administering the opioid receptor inducing compound to the subject.

26. The method of claim 25 further comprising administering the opioid receptor ligand to the subject.

27. The method of claim 25 wherein administering the opioid receptor inducing compound to the subject reduces pain associated with treating the condition.

28. The method of claim 15 wherein the ligand for the opioid receptor comprises an opioid peptide.

29. The method of claim 15 wherein the ligand for the opioid receptor is Opioid

Growth Factor.

30. The method of claim 15 wherein the ligand for the opioid receptor comprises an antibody.

31. The method of claim 15 wherein the ligand for the opioid receptor comprises an antibody specific for Opioid Growth Factor receptor.

32. The method of claim 30 wherein the antibody is conjugated to a cytotoxic moiety.

33. The method of claim 15 wherein the opioid receptor is expressed in an alternate reading frame.

34. A method of reducing effects of tissue damage, the method comprising:
increasing expression of an opioid receptor in cells of damaged tissue by administering an opioid receptor inducing compound to at least a portion of the damaged tissue; and
contacting the cells with an opioid receptor ligand.

35. The method of claim 34 wherein the effects of tissue damage comprise pain or scarring.

36. The method of claim 34 wherein the damaged tissue comprises skin, mucosal tissue, vascular tissue, cardiac tissue, or neuronal tissue.

37. The method of claim 34 wherein the opioid receptor inducing compound comprises an imidazoquinoline amine, a tetrahydroimidazoquinoline amine, an imidazopyridine amine, a 1,2-bridged imidazoquinoline amine, a 6,7-fused
cycloalkylimidazopyridine amine, an imidazonaphthyridine amine, a
tetrahydroimidazonaphthyridine amine, an oxazoloquinoline amine, a thiazoloquinoline amine, an oxazolopyridine amine, a thiazolopyridine amine, an oxazolonaphthyridine amine, a thiazolonaphthyridine amine, or a pro-drug of any of the foregoing.

38. The method of claim 34 wherein the opioid receptor ligand comprises an exogenous opioid receptor ligand.

39. A therapeutic combination comprising:
an opioid receptor inducing compound in an amount effective to induce expression of at least on opioid receptor; and
an opioid receptor ligand in an amount effective to modulate an opiod receptor-mediated biological activity.