Processing

Please wait...

Settings

Settings

Goto Application

1. WO2004003071 - FLAME RETARDANT COMPOSITIONS

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

[ EN ]

Claims

1. A flame retardant molding composition formed from components comprising

A) at least one thermoplastic polyester homopolymer or copolymer or a blend of either or both of them;

B) at least one halogen-containing bisimide flame retardant;

C) at least one bromine-containing styrenic polymer having a bromine content of at least 50 wt%;

D) at least one antimony oxide flame retardant synergist; and

E) optionally, (i) a reinforcing amount of at least one reinforcing filler, (ii) an effective amount of at least one polymeric antidripping agent, (iii) magnesium hydroxide, or (iv) zinc sulfide, or any two or more of (i), (ii), (iii), and (iv).

2. A composition as in Claim 1 wherein a reinforcing amount of at least one reinforcing filler is included in said composition.

3. A composition as in Claim 1 wherein at least one polymeric antidripping agent is included in said composition.

4. A composition as in Claim 1 wherein (i) a reinforcing amount of at least one reinforcing filler, and (ii) at least one polymeric antidripping agent are included in said composition.

5. A composition as in Claim 4 wherein said reinforcing filler is glass fiber reinforcing filler, and wherein said polymeric antidripping agent is a fluoropolymeric antidripping agent.

6. A composition as in Claim 1 wherein (iii) magnesium hydroxide or (iv) zinc sulfide, or both are included in said composition.

7. A composition as in Claim 4 wherein (iii) magnesium hydroxide or (iv) zinc sulfide, or both are included in said composition.

8. A composition as in Claim 5 wherein (iii) magnesium hydroxide or (iv) zinc sulfide, or both are included in said composition.

9. A composition as in any of Claims 1, 4, 5, or 7 wherein A) is a polyalkylene terephthalate.

10. A composition as in any of Claims 1, 4, 5, or 7 wherein A) is a polybutylene terephthalate.

11. A composition as in any of Claims 1-8 wherein A) is a polyalkylene terephthalate, wherein B) is bis(tetrabromophthalimide) or 1 ,2-ethylenebis(tetrabromophthalimide), or both, wherein C) has a bromine content of at least 58 wt%; and wherein D) is antimony trioxide.

12. A composition as in Claim 11 wherein A) is polybutylene terephthalate, wherein B) is 1,2-ethylenebis(tetrabromophthalimide), and wherein C) has a bromine content of at least 67 wt%.

13. A composition as in any of Claims 1-8 wherein A) is a polyalkylene terephthalate, wherein B) is 1,2-ethylenebis(tetrabromophthalimide), wherein C) has a bromine content of at least 67 wt%; wherein D) is antimony trioxide.

14. A composition as in any of Claims 1-8 wherein C) is abrominated anionically-produced polystyrene having a bromine content of at least 67 wt%.

15. A composition as in any of Claims 1, 4, or 5 wherein (iii) magnesium hydroxide in a flow-improving amount in the range of 0.01 to 0.25 wt% based on the total weight of the composition is included in said composition.

16. A composition as in any of Claims 1, 4, or 5 wherein (iv) zinc sulfide in an amount in the range of 0.1 to 3.0 wt% based on the total weight of the composition is included in said composition.

17. A composition as in any of Claims 1, 4, or 5 wherein (iii) magnesium hydroxide in a flow-improving amount in the range of 0.01 to 0.25 wt% based on the total weight of the composition is included in said composition, and wherein (iv) zinc sulfide in an amount in the range of 0.1 to 3.0 wt% based on the total weight of the composition is included in said composition.

18. A molded article or shape formed from a composition as in Claim 1.

19. A molded article or shape formed from a composition as in Claim 5.

20. A molded article or shape formed from a composition as in Claim 6.

21. A flame retardant additive composition which comprises a mixture formed from

a) at least one halogen-containing bisimide flame retardant;

b) at least one bromine-containing styrenic polymer having a bromine content of at least 50 wt%;

c) at least one antimony oxide flame retardant synergist; and

d) optionally, (i) a reinforcing amount of at least one reinforcing filler, (ii) an effective amount of a polymeric antidripping agent, (iii) magnesium hydroxide, (iv) zinc sulfide, or any two or more of (i), (ii), (iii), and (iv).

22. A composition as in Claim 21 magnesium hydroxide is included in said composition.

23. A composition as in Claim 21 wherein zinc sulfide is included in said composition.

24. A composition as in Claim 21 wherein magnesium hydroxide and zinc sulfide are included in said composition.

25. A composition as in any of Claims 21-24 wherein c) is antimony trioxide.

26. A composition as in any of Claims 21-24 wherein a) is 1,2-ethylenebis(tetrabromophthalimide), and wherein b) has a bromine content of at least 58 wt%.

27. A composition as in any of Claims 21-24 wherein a) is 1,2-ethylenebis(tetrabromophthalimide), wherein b) has a bromine content of at least 67 wt%, and wherein c) is antimony trioxide.

28. A composition as in any of Claims 21-24 wherein b) is a brominated anionically-produced polystyrene having a bromine content of at least about 60 wt%.

29. A composition as in Claim 28 wherein a) is 1,2-ethylenebis(tetrabromophthalimide), wherein b) has a bromine content of at least about 67 wt%, and wherein c) is antimony trioxide.

30. A composition as in Claim 21 wherein at least one polymeric antidripping agent is included in said composition.

31. A composition as in Claim 21 consisting essentially of about 60.5 parts by weight of 1,2-ethylenebis(tetrabromophthalimide), about 16.1 parts by weight of bromine-containing styrenic polymer having a bromine content of at least about 58 wt%, and about 23.4 parts by weight of antimony trioxide.

32. A composition as in Claim 21 consisting essentially of about 60.1 parts by weight of 1,2-ethylenebis(tetrabromophthalimide), about 16.1 parts by weight of bromine-containing styrenic polymer having a bromine content of at least about 58 wt%, about 0.6 part by weight of magnesium hydroxide, and about 23.3 parts by weight of antimony trioxide.

33. A composition as in Claim 21 consisting essentially of about 58.6 parts by weight of 1,2-ethylenebis(tetrabromophthalimide), about 15.6 parts by weight of bromine-containing styrenic polymer having a bromine content of at least about 58 wt%, about 0.3 part by weight of magnesium hydroxide, about 2.8 parts by weight of zinc sulfide, and about 22.7 parts by weight of antimony trioxide.

34. A composition as in any of Claims 31-33 wherein said bromine-containing styrenic polymer is a brominated polystyrene having a bromine content of at least about 60 wt%.

35. A composition as in any of Claims 31-33 wherein said bromine-containing styrenic polymer is a brominated anionically-produced polystyrene having a bromine content of at least about 67 wt%.

36. A flame retardant additive composition which comprises a mixture formed from

1) at least one halogen-containing bisimide flame retardant;

2) at least one bromine-containing styrenic polymer having a bromine content of at least 50 wt%; and

3) optionally, (i) a reinforcing amount of at least one reinforcing filler, (ii) an effective amount of a polymeric antidripping agent, (iii) magnesium hydroxide, (iv) zinc sulfide, or any two or more of (i), (ii), (iii), and (iv).

37. A composition as in Claim 36 consisting essentially of about 78.9 parts by weight of 1,2-ethylenebis(tetrabromophthalimide), and about 21.1 parts by weight of bromine-containing styrenic polymer having a bromine content of at least about 58 wt%.

38. A composition as in Claim 36 consisting essentially of about 78.3 parts by weight of 1,2-ethylenebis(tetrabromophthalimide), about 20.9 parts by weight of bromine-containing styrenic polymer having a bromine content of at least about 58 wt%, and about 0.8 part by weight of magnesium hydroxide.

39. A composition as in Claim 21 consisting essentially of about 75.8 parts by weight of 1,2-ethylenebis(tetrabromophthalimide), about 20,2 parts by weight of bromine-containing styrenic polymer having a bromine content of at least about 58 wt%, about 0.4 part by weight of magnesium hydroxide, and about 3.7 parts by weight of zinc sulfide.

40. A composition as in any of Claims 37-39 wherein said bromine-containing styrenic polymer is a brominated polystyrene having a bromine content of at least about 60 wt%.

41. A composition as in any of Claims 37-39 wherein said bromine-containing styrenic polymer is a brominated anionically-produced polystyrene having a bromine content of at least about 67 wt%.

42. A method of increasing the flame retardancy of, and resistance to development of color at elevated temperature in, a thermoplastic polyester homopolymer or copolymer or a blend of either or both of them, which method comprises blending therewith a flame retardant amount of a) at least one halogen-containing bisimide flame retardant; b) at least one bromine-containing styrenic polymer having a bromine content of at least 50 wt%; and c) at least one antimony oxide flame retardant synergist.

43. A method as in Claim 42 wherein a) is 1,2-ethylenebis(tetrabromophthalimide), wherein b) has a bromine content of at least 58 wt%; wherein c) is antimony trioxide; and wherein said method further comprises blending magnesium hydroxide or zinc sulfide, or both, with the polyester.

44. A method as in Claim 43 wherein b) is a brominated polystyrene having a bromine content of at least 60 wt%.

45. A method as in Claim 43 wherein b) is a brominated anionically-produced polystyrene having a bromine content of at least 67 wt%.

46. A method of increasing the melt flow of a thermoplastic polyester homopolymer, copolymer or blend of either or both of them flame retarded by the inclusion therein of components comprising at least one halogen-containing bisimide flame retardant and at least one bromine-containing styrenic polymer having a bromine content of at least 50 wt%, which method comprises further including in said homopolymer, copolymer or blend a melt flow-improving amount in the range of 0.01 to 0.25 wt% of magnesium hydroxide.

47. A method of Claim 46 wherein the bisimide flame retardant is 1,2-ethylenebis(tetrabromophthalimide) and wherein the bromme-containing styrenic polymer has a bromine content of at least 58 wt%.

48. A method as in Claim 47 wherein the bromine-containing styrenic polymer is a brominated anionically-produced polystyrene having a bromine content of at least 67 wt%.

49. A method of increasing the whiteness and at least one strength property of a magnesium hydroxide-containing thermoplastic polyester homopolymer, copolymer or blend formed in accordance with any of Claims 46-48, which method comprises further including in said homopolymer, copolymer or blend an amount of zinc sulfide in the range of about 0.25 to about 3 wt%.