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1. (WO2001033691) MODULAR BATTERY CHARGE EQUALIZERS AND METHOD OF CONTROL

Pub. No.:    WO/2001/033691    International Application No.:    PCT/US2000/041481
Publication Date: Fri May 11 01:59:59 CEST 2001 International Filing Date: Wed Oct 25 01:59:59 CEST 2000
IPC: H02J 7/00
Applicants: POWER DESIGNERS, LLC.
Inventors: KUTKUT, Nasser, H.
WIEGMAN, Herman
MARION, Raymond
Title: MODULAR BATTERY CHARGE EQUALIZERS AND METHOD OF CONTROL
Abstract:
Battery charge equalization is carried out utilizing modules (70) connectable in staggered relation between pairs of batteries (31) in a series connected string of batteries. Each module (70) is standardized and has the same construction as the other modules. The modules (70) may be constructed to provide unidirectional charge distribution down the string from a more highly charged battery to a lower charged battery and from a more highly charged last battery in the string back to a less highly charged first battery in the string, or may be constructed to provide bidirectional charge redistribution up or down the string of batteries (N). The charge equalizer modules (36) are forward-based and reduce the charging current as the voltages on the two batteries to which the module is connected equalize. A controllable switching device (71) is connected in series with the primary winding (79) between a high side terminal and a first intermediate terminal of the module. A diode (72) is connected in series with the secondary winding (80) between a low side terminal and a second intermediate terminal of the module.