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1. WO1999056307 - IMPROVED HEATER FOR USE IN SUBSTRATE PROCESSING APPARATUS TO DEPOSIT TUNGSTEN

Publication Number WO/1999/056307
Publication Date 04.11.1999
International Application No. PCT/US1999/007594
International Filing Date 06.04.1999
Chapter 2 Demand Filed 10.11.1999
IPC
C23C 16/14 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
16Chemical coating by decomposition of gaseous compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, i.e. chemical vapour deposition (CVD) processes
06characterised by the deposition of metallic material
08from metal halides
14Deposition of only one other metal element
C23C 16/44 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
16Chemical coating by decomposition of gaseous compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, i.e. chemical vapour deposition (CVD) processes
44characterised by the method of coating
C23C 16/458 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
16Chemical coating by decomposition of gaseous compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, i.e. chemical vapour deposition (CVD) processes
44characterised by the method of coating
458characterised by the method used for supporting substrates in the reaction chamber
C23C 16/46 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
16Chemical coating by decomposition of gaseous compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, i.e. chemical vapour deposition (CVD) processes
44characterised by the method of coating
46characterised by the method used for heating the substrate
C23C 16/52 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
16Chemical coating by decomposition of gaseous compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, i.e. chemical vapour deposition (CVD) processes
44characterised by the method of coating
52Controlling or regulating the coating process
H01L 21/00 2006.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
21Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
CPC
C23C 16/14
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
16Chemical coating by decomposition of gaseous compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, i.e. chemical vapour deposition [CVD] processes
06characterised by the deposition of metallic material
08from metal halides
14Deposition of only one other metal element
C23C 16/45521
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
16Chemical coating by decomposition of gaseous compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, i.e. chemical vapour deposition [CVD] processes
44characterised by the method of coating
455characterised by the method used for introducing gases into reaction chamber or for modifying gas flows in reaction chamber
45519Inert gas curtains
45521the gas, other than thermal contact gas, being introduced the rear of the substrate to flow around its periphery
C23C 16/4586
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
16Chemical coating by decomposition of gaseous compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, i.e. chemical vapour deposition [CVD] processes
44characterised by the method of coating
458characterised by the method used for supporting substrates in the reaction chamber
4582Rigid and flat substrates, e.g. plates or discs
4583the substrate being supported substantially horizontally
4586Elements in the interior of the support, e.g. electrodes, heating or cooling devices
C23C 16/46
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
16Chemical coating by decomposition of gaseous compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, i.e. chemical vapour deposition [CVD] processes
44characterised by the method of coating
46characterised by the method used for heating the substrate
C23C 16/52
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
16Chemical coating by decomposition of gaseous compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, i.e. chemical vapour deposition [CVD] processes
44characterised by the method of coating
52Controlling or regulating the coating process
H01L 21/67109
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
21Processes or apparatus adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
67Apparatus specially adapted for handling semiconductor or electric solid state devices during manufacture or treatment thereof; Apparatus specially adapted for handling wafers during manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or electric solid state devices or components ; ; Apparatus not specifically provided for elsewhere
67005Apparatus not specifically provided for elsewhere
67011Apparatus for manufacture or treatment
67098Apparatus for thermal treatment
67109mainly by convection
Applicants
  • APPLIED MATERIALS, INC. [US]/[US]
Inventors
  • ZHAO, Jun
  • SAJOTO, Talex
  • SELYUTIN, Leonid
Agents
  • BERNADICOU, Michael, A.
Priority Data
09/067,61828.04.1998US
Publication Language English (EN)
Filing Language English (EN)
Designated States
Title
(EN) IMPROVED HEATER FOR USE IN SUBSTRATE PROCESSING APPARATUS TO DEPOSIT TUNGSTEN
(FR) GENERATEUR DE CHALEUR AMELIORE DESTINE A ETRE UTILISE DANS UN APPAREIL DE TRAITEMENT DE SUBSTRAT POUR DEPOSER DU TUNGSTENE
Abstract
(EN)
The present invention provides a simplified heater design that is scaleable for equipment processing different diameter substrates and that can efficiently and economically process substrates to meet stringent film requirements such as film uniformity for fabricating high integration devices. The present invention is particularly useful for economically and efficiently producing integrated devices using increasingly larger diameter substrates, such as 12-inch (or 300-mm) diameter and even larger substrates. According to one embodiment, the present invention provides a heater assembly for use in a substrate processing apparatus. The heater assembly includes a metal pedestal including a surface for supporting a substrate, and a resistive heating element disposed in the metal pedestal. The heater assembly also includes a purge gas channel system disposed in the metal pedestal. The purge gas channel system includes a central purge gas inlet located substantially at a center of the metal pedestal. The central purge gas inlet is for providing a purge gas. The purge gas channel system also includes multiple radial purge gas channels radiating from the central purge gas inlet out toward a perimeter of the metal pedestal, and an annular purge gas channel formed in the metal pedestal at the perimeter. The purge gas channels form a substantially symetric pattern, and each of the purge gas channels are substantially the same length. In a specific embodiment, the assembly includes an annular purge gas channel coupled to the surface via multiple holes near the perimeter to provide a purge guide ring integral to the metal pedestal. Other embodiments of the present invention are also provided.
(FR)
La présente invention porte sur une structure de générateur de chaleur simplifiée qui est mise à l'échelle pour le traitement de substrats de différents diamètres, ce traitement étant effectué de manière efficace et économique de façon à répondre aux exigences strictes relatives à des films telles que l'uniformité de ces films en vue de fabriquer des dispositifs de haute intégrité. La présente invention est notamment utile pour produire de manière efficace et économique des dispositifs intégrés à l'aide de substrats de plus en plus grands tels que des substrats de 12 pouces (ou 300 mm) de diamètre, voire plus. Selon une réalisation, l'invention prévoit un ensemble chauffant destiné à être utilisé dans un appareil de traitement de substrat. L'ensemble chauffant comprend un socle métallique pourvu d'une surface supportant un substrat, et un élément de chauffage à résistance placé dans le socle métallique. L'ensemble chauffant comprend également un système de canaux pour le gaz de purge situé pratiquement au centre du socle métallique, et comprenant un orifice d'admission pour le gaz de purge situé au centre du piédestal métallique. L'orifice d'admission central est prévu pour le gaz de purge. Le système de canaux comprend plusieurs canaux radiaux rayonnant depuis l'orifice d'admission central et débouchant vers un périmètre du socle métallique, un canal annulaire étant formé dans le socle métallique sur son périmètre. Les canaux de gaz de purge ont une configuration pratiquement symétrique, et sont presque de même longueur. Selon une réalisation spécifique, l'ensemble comprend un canal annulaire couplé à la surface par plusieurs trous adjacents au périmètre de façon à former un anneau de guidage du gaz de purge intégré au socle métallique. La présente invention porte également sur d'autres réalisations.
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