Search International and National Patent Collections
Some content of this application is unavailable at the moment.
If this situation persists, please contact us atFeedback&Contact
1. (WO1998049899) FUNGICIDES
Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

Fungicides

The invention relates to the use of compounds in combating fungi in plants

In Bull. Soc. Chim France, 1 970, ( 1 0), 3630-6, there are disclosed certain thienopyrimidines. We have discovered that at least one of these compounds has utility in combating fungi.

The invention provides the use in combating fungi of compounds of general formula I


wherein
R ^ is hydrogen, hydroxy, acyl, acyioxy, optionally substituted ammo, Ra, Ra3Sι,

RaS or RaO, where Ra is optionally substituted alkyl, optionally substituted alkenyl, optionally substituted alkynyl, optionally substituted cycloalkyl, optionally substituted cycloalkenyl , optionally substituted aryl or optionally substituted heterocyclyl,
R 2 has the same meaning as Ra or can be hydrogen;
Z is oxygen or sulfur;
M is a thiophene ring; and
R^ and R , which may be the same or different, have the same meaning as Ra or can be optionally substituted ammo, hydrogen, halogen, cyano, nitro or a group ORc or S(0)mRc, where Rc has the same meaning as Ra or is
hydrogen or acyl and m is 0, 1 or 2; or R 3 and R4 together with the atoms to which they are attached form an optionally substituted carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring;
together with tautomers of compounds where R ^ is hydrogen.

Most of the above compounds are novel, and accordingly the invention includes any novel compounds of formula I as defined above

Any alkyl group present in the molecule is preferaoly of 1 to 10 carbon atoms, especially of 1 to 7 carbon atoms, and particularly of 1 to 5 carbon atoms

Any alkenyl or alkynyl group present in the molecule is preferably of 2 to 7 carbon atoms, for example allyl, vinyl or propargyl

Any cycloalkyl cycloalkenyl or cycloalkynyl group present in the molecule is preferably of 3 to 7 carbon atoms, especially cyclopropyl, cyclopentyl, cyciohexyl or cyclohexenyl

Substituents, when present on any alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl cycloalkynyl moiety may for example be halogen, cyano, optionally substituted alkoxy, optionally substituted alkylthio, mercapto, hydroxy, nitro, optionally substituted ammo, acyl, acyioxy, acylthio, optionally substituted phenyl, optionally substituted
heterocyclyl, optionally substituted phenylthio, optionally substituted phenoxy, optionally substituted heterocyclyloxy, optionally substituted heterocyclylthio

Cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl groups may also be substituted by optionally substituted alkyl, alkynyl or alkenyl and vice versa

Substituents when present on any phenyl or heterocyclyl group may be the same or different and include Ra-(X)n-, (where Ra is as defined above, X is oxygen or sulfur and n is 0 or 1), optionally substituted ammo, hydroxy, halogen, cyano, nitro, acyl, or two adjacent groups together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached can form an optionally substituted benzo or heterocyclic ring,

The term heterocyclyl includes both aromatic and non-aromatic heterocyclyl groups Heterocyclyl groups are generally 5, 6 or 7-membered rings containing up to 4 hetero atoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur Examples of heterocyclyl groups are furyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, pyrrolinyl, pyrrolidinyl, imidazolyl, dioxolanyl, oxazolyl, thiazolyl, imidazolyl, imidazolinyl, imidazolidinyl, pyrazolyl, pyrazolinyl, pyrazolidinyl, isoxazolyl, isothiazolyl, oxadiazolyl, tnazolyl, thiadiazolyl, pyranyl, pyπdyl, pipeπdinyl, dioxanyl, isothiazolyl, oxadiazolyl, tπazolyl, thiadiazolyl, pyranyl, pyπdyl, pipeπdinyl, dioxanyl, morpholino, dithianyl thiomorpholino, pyπdazinyl, pyπmidinyl, pyrazinyl, piperazinyl, tπazinyl, thiazolinyl, benzimidazolyl, tetrazolyl, benzoxazolyl, imidazopyπdinyl, 1 ,3-benzoxazιnyl, 1 ,3-benzothιazιnyl, oxazolopyπdinyl, benzofuranyl, quinohnyl, quinazolinyl, quinoxalinyl, sulfolanyl, dihydroquinazolinyl, ben∑othiazolyl, phthalimido, benzofuranyl, azepinyl, oxazepinyl, thiazepinyl, tetrahydrofuryi, diazepinyl and benzodiazepinyl

Ammo groups may be substituted for example by one or two R^ groups, or two substituents can form a ring, preferably a 5 to 7-membered ring, which may be substituted and may contain other heteroatoms for example morpholine
thiomorpholine or pipeπdine This ring can be substituted as for heterocyclyl

The term acyl includes the residue of sulfur and phosphorus-containing acids as well as carboxylic acids Examples of acyl groups are thus -COR^, -COOR5, -CXNR5R6, -CON(R5)OR6, -COONR5R6, -CON(R5)NR6R7, -COSR5, -CSSR5, -S(0)pR5,

-S(0)2OR5, -S(0)pNR5R6, -P(=X)(OR5)(OR6), -CO-COOR5, where R5, R6 and R7, which may be the same or different, are hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, optionally substituted cycloalkyl, optionally substituted cycloalkenyl, optionally substituted alkenyl, optionally substituted alkynyl, optionally substituted phenyl or optionally substituted heterocyclyl, or R^ and R^, or R^ and R7, together with the atom(s) to which they are attached can form a ring, p is 1 or 2 and X is O or S

We have found that compounds of the invention wherein Z is oxygen are particularly effective in combating fungi

Preferred R1 groups are hydrogen, 2-oxotetrahydrofuranyl or optionally substituted alkyl In particular when R^ is optionally substituted alkyl we have found C1-C5 alkyl groups, e g methyl, to be especially preferred Preferred substituents are
alkoxycarbonyl, alkanoyloxy, cyano and phenyl, itself optionally substituted by alkyl, alkoxy, haloalkyl or halogen

R2 is preferably hydrogen or alkyl, especially C-1-C5 alkyl, e g methyl R3 and R^ can be the same or different and are preferably hydrogen, halogen or optionally substituted alkyl It is generally desirable that one of R3 and R4 is halogen, especially bromine or chlorine, and particularly bromine, and the other is hydrogen In particular when R3 or R^ IS optionally substituted alkyl, we have found C1-C5 alkyl groups, especially tert -butyl, to be most active When R3 or R4 is substituted alkyl, preferred substituents are halogen, e g tπfluoromethyl

Although good activity has been shown for each fused ring system, generally the thιeno[3,2-d]pyπmιdιne ring system is preferred

The compounds of the invention have activity as fungicides, especially against fungal diseases of plants, e g mildews and particularly cereal powdery mildew (Erysiphe graminis) and vine downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola), rice blast (Pyπculaπa oryzae), cereal eyespot (Pseudocercosporella herpotπchoides), rice sheath blight (Pelliculaπa sasakii), grey mould (Botrytis cinerea), damping off (Rhizoctonia solani), wheat brown rust (Puccinia recondita), late tomato or potato blight (Phytophthora infestans), apple scab (Ventuπa maequalis), glume blotch (Leptosphaeπa nodorum) Other fungi against which the compounds may be active include other powdery mildews, other rusts, and general pathogens of Deuteromycete, Ascomycete, Phycomycete and Basidiomycete origin

The invention thus also provides a method of combating fungi at a locus infested or liable to be infested therewith, which comprises applying to the locus a compound of formula I

The invention also provides an agricultural composition comprising a compound of formula I in admixture with an agriculturally acceptable diluent or carrier

The composition of the invention may of course include more than one compound of the invention

In addition the composition can comprise one or more additional active ingredients, for example compounds known to possess plant-growth regulant, herbiαdal, fungicidal, insecticidal or acaπcidal properties Alternatively the compound of the invention can be used in sequence with the other active ingredient

The diluent or carrier in the composition of the invention can be a solid or a liquid optionally in association with a surface-active agent, for example a dispersing agent, emulsifying agent or wetting agent Suitable surface-active agents include anionic compounds such as a carboxylate, for example a metal carboxylate of a long chain fatty acid, an N-acylsarcosmate, mono- or di-esters of phosphoric acid with fatty alcohol ethoxylates or salts of such esters, fatty alcohol sulfates such as sodium dodecyl sulfate, sodium octadecyl sulfate or sodium cetyl sulfate, ethoxylated fatty alcohol sulfates, ethoxylated alkylphenol sulfates, lignin sulfonates, petroleum sulfonates, alkyl-aryl sulfonates such as alkyl-benzene sulfonates or lower alkylnaphthalene sulfonates, e g butyl-naphthalene sulfonate, salts of sulfonated naphthalene-formaldehyde condensates, salts of sulfonated phenol-formaldehyde condensates, or more complex sulfonates such as the amide sulfonates, e g the sulfonated condensation product of oleic acid and N-methyl tauπne or the dialkyl sulfosuccinates, e g the sodium sulfonate of dioctyl succinate Nonionic agents include condensation products of fatty acid esters, fatty alcohols, fatty acid amides or fatty-alkyl- or alkenyl-substituted phenols with ethylene oxide, fatty esters of potyhydπc alcohol ethers, e g sorbitan fatty acid esters, condensation products of such esters with ethylene oxide, e g polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid esters, block copolymers of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide, acetylenic glycols such as 2,4,7,9-tetramethyl-5-decyne-4,7-dιol, or ethoxylated acetylenic glycols

Examples of a cationic surface-active agent include, for instance, an aliphatic mono-, di-, or polyamme as an acetate, naphthenate or oleate, an oxygen-containing amine such as an amine oxide or polyoxyethylene alkylamine, an amide-linked amine prepared by the condensation of a carboxylic acid with a di- or polyamme, or a quaternary ammonium salt

The compositions of the invention can take any form known in the art for the formulation of agrochemicals, for example, a solution, a dispersion, an aqueous emulsion, a dusting powder, a seed dressing, a fumigant, a smoke, a dispersible powder, an emulsifiable concentrate or granules Moreover it can be in a suitable form for direct application or as a concentrate or primary composition which requires dilution with a suitable quantity of water or other diluent before application

An emulsifiable concentrate comprises a compound of the invention dissolved in a water-immiscible solvent which is formed into an emulsion with water in the presence of an emulsifying agent

A dusting powder comprises a compound of the invention intimately mixed and ground with a solid pulverulent diluent, for example, kaolin

A granular solid comprises a compound of the invention associated with similar diluents to those which may be employed in dusting powders, but the mixture is granulated by known methods Alternatively it comprises the active ingredient absoroed or adsorbed on a pre-granular diluent, for example, Fuller's earth, attapulgite or limestone grit

Wettable powders, granules or gra s usually comprise the active ingredient in admixture with a suitable surfactant and an inert powder diluent such as china clay

Another suitable concentrate is a flowable suspension concentrate which is formed by grinding the compound with water or other liquid, a wetting agent and a suspending agent

The concentration of the active ingredient in the composition of the present invention, as applied to plants is preferably within the range of 0 0001 to 1 0 per cent by weight, especially 0 0001 to 0 01 per cent by weight In a primary composition, the amount of active ingredient can vary widely and can be, for example, from 5 to 95 per cent by weight of the composition

In the method of the invention the compound is generally applied to seeds, plants or their habitat Thus, the compound can be applied directly to the soil before, at or after drilling so that the presence of active compound in the soil can control the growth of fungi which may attack seeds When the soil is treated directly the active compound can be applied in any manner which allows it to be intimately mixed with the soil such as by spraying, by broadcasting a solid form of granules, or by applying the active ingredient at the same time as drilling by inserting it in the same drill as the seeds A suitable application rate is within the range of from 5 to 1000 g per hectare, more preferably from 10 to 500 g per hectare

Alternatively the active compound can be applied directly to the plant by, for example, spraying or dusting either at the time wnen the fungus has begun to appear on the plant or before the appearance of fungus as a protective measure In both such cases the preferred mode of application is by foliar spraying It is generally important to obtain good control of fungi in the early stages of plant growth as this is the time when the plant can be most severely damaged The spray or dust can conveniently contain a pre- or post-emergence herbicide if this is thought necessary Sometimes, it is practicable to treat the roots of a plant before or during planting, for example, by dipping the roots in a suitable liquid or solid composition When the active compound is applied directly to the plant a suitable rate of application is from 0 025 to 5 kg per hectare, preferably from 0 05 to 1 kg per hectare

In addition, the compounds of the invention can be applied to plants, or parts thereof, which have been genetically modified to exhibit a trait such as fungal and/or herbicidal resistance

The general formula I covers thιeno[3,2-d]pyπmιdιne derivatives II,
thιeno[3,4-d]pyπmιdιne derivatives III, and thιeno[2,3-d]pyrιmιdιne derivatives IV



(ID (IV)
[3,2-d] [3,4-d] [2,3-d]
Compounds of formula lla, i e compounds of general formula II where R1 is hydrogen and Z is oxygen, but R2 is not hydrogen, may be prepared from compounds of formula V according to reaction Scheme 1 Compounds of formula V may be prepared by a number a methods, see for example references and reviews in
Comprehensive Heterocyclic Chemistry, Eds Katntzky AR and Rees C W, (4), 863- 934 and Comprehensive Heterocyclic Chemistry II, Eds Katritzky A R, Rees C W and Scriven E F V, (2) 607-678.
Scheme 1



(V)


(Ha) Eq Equivalent compounds of general formula III and IV can be made mutatis mutandis in similar manner.

Compounds of formula lib, i.e. compounds of formula II where Z is oxygen and R2 is not hydrogen, can be prepared directly from intermediate VI in Scheme 1 by reaction with R1 NH2 (See Scheme 2).
Scheme 2



(lib)
(VI)

Equivalent compounds of general formula III and IV can be made mutatis mutandis in similar manner.

Compounds of formula Ha can be prepared from compounds of formula VII and acid anhydride Preferred reaction conditions comprise heating VII and acetic anhydride in the presence of sulfuric acid according to reaction Scheme 3 Compounds of formula VII may be prepared according to methods disclosed by Klemm L H, Wang J, Hawkins L, Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry 32 (1995) 1039-1041
Scheme 3


(VII) (Ma)
Equivalent compounds of general formula III and IV can be made mutatis mutandis in similar manner

Compounds of formula He, i e compounds of general formula II where R^ and R2 are hydrogen and Z is oxygen, can be prepared from compound V in two steps according to reaction Scheme 4
Scheme 4



(V) (lie)

Equivalent compounds of general formula III and IV can be made mutatis mutandis in similar manner

Compounds of formula lid, i e compounds of general formula II where R^ IS hydrogen, Z is oxygen, R2 and R3 are groups inert to lithium diisopropylamide and R^ IS a substituent E, can be prepared in four steps from He according to reaction Scheme 5 wherein E is introduced using electrophilic substitution Reaction conditions for introducing substituent E involve treatment of intermediate VIII with lithium diisopropylamide followed by addition of a suitable electrophile source For example when E is -CH(R)OH, CN, bromine or methyl, the electrophile source is respectively, RC(=O)H, tosyl cyanide, Λ/-bromosuccιnιmιde or methyl iodide When the group E is CH(R)OH, elimination of water may occur to form the corresponding compound II where E is alkenyl
Scheme 5



(lid)
Compounds of formula llf, i e compounds of formula II where R"1 is hydrogen and Z is sulfur can, be made in two steps from Ha, by reaction with phosphorus oxychloπde followed by treatment with sodium hydrosulfide according to reaction Scheme 6
Scheme 6



(Ma) (llf)
Equivalent compounds of general formula III and IV can be made mutatis mutandis in similar manner

Compounds of formula llg, i e compounds of general formula II where R3 is a halogen, can be prepared according to reaction Scheme 7 When the halogen is bromine or chlonne, preferred reaction conditions comprise reacting llh with bromine or chlorine in glacial acetic acid

(llh) dig)

Compounds of formula lib, i.e. compounds of formula II where Z is oxygen, can be prepared from compounds of formula Ha, i e. compounds of formula II where Z is oxygen and R1 is hydrogen, by reacting Ha with base followed by treatment with R1X where X is a leaving group For example when R^ is alkyl, preferred reaction conditions comprise treating Ha with sodium hydride followed by an alkyl iodide (Scheme 8)
Scheme 8



("al (lib)
Equivalent compounds of general formula III and IV can be made mutatis mutandis in similar manner

Compounds of formula Hi, i.e. compounds of formula II where R1 is hydroxy and Z is oxygen, may be prepared in three steps starting from compound V according to reaction Scheme 9 Scheme 9



(V) ( IX)



(Mi )
Equivalent compounds of general formula III and IV can be made mutatis mutandis in similar manner

Compounds of formula llj, i e compounds of formula II where R^ is RaO, may be prepared according to Scheme 10 by reacting compounds of formula Ilk with a suitable base, preferably sodium hydride followed by RaX, where X is a leaving group
Scheme 10



(Ilk) (llj)
Equivalent compounds of general formula III and IV can be made mutatis mutandis in similar manner

Compounds of formula llm, i e compounds of formula II where R1 is acyioxy, may be prepared according to Scheme 11 by reacting compounds of formula Ilk with the corresponding acyl chloride Scheme 11

acyl chloride/base




(Ilk) (Mm)
Equivalent compounds of general formula III and IV can be made mutatis mutandis in similar manner

Compounds of formula lln, i e compounds of general formula II where R^ is NH2 and

Z is oxygen, can be prepared by reacting compounds of formula IX with hydrazine hydrochloride according to reaction Scheme 12 See Scheme 9 for the preparation of IX
Scheme 12



(IX) (lln)
Equivalent compounds of general formula III and IV can be made mutatis mutandis in similar manner

Compounds of formula lip, i e compounds of general formula II where R 1 is NH-acyl, can be prepared by reacting compounds of formula ilq with the corresponding acyl halide according to reaction Scheme 13
Scheme 13



dlq) (lip)
Equivalent compounds of general formula III and IV can be made mutatis mutandis in similar manner Compounds of formula llr, i.e. compounds of general formula II where R1 is -N=CHR, R2 is hydrogen and Z is oxygen, can be prepared according to reaction Scheme 14.

R is preferably an aromatic group and Rd is preferably a lower alkyl group.
Scheme 14


(V)


(Mr)
Equivalent compounds of general formula III and IV can be made mutatis mutandis in similar manner.

Compounds of Ills, i.e. compounds of general formula III where R3 is bromine, can be prepared by treating compound of formula lilt with bromine in glacial acetic acid heated under reflux for 2 hours. Continued heating for 5 hours gives the dibrominated compound lllu, where R3 and R4 are both bromine (Scheme 15).

Scheme 15



(Hlu)

Compounds of general formula lib, i.e. compounds of formula II where Z is oxygen, can be converted to the corresponding compounds llv where Z is sulfur by reaction with P2S5_ The reaction is shown in Scheme 16.
Scheme 16



(lib) (| |V)
Equivalent compounds of general formula III and IV can be made mutatis mutandis in similar manner.

Other methods will be apparent to the chemist skilled in the art as will be the methods for preparing starting materials and intermediates.

The invention is illustrated in the following Examples. Structures of isolated novel compounds were confirmed by NMR and/or other appropriate analyses.

Example 1
7-Bromo-2-methyl-3,4-dιhydrothιeno[3,2-d]pyrιmιdιn-4-one (compound 1 4a)
To a solution of the product from step b) (200 mg) in tetrahydrofuran (20 ml) was bubbled ammonia gas for 30 minutes at room temperature. The solvent was removed to give a white solid which was dissolved in acetic anhydride ( 1 0 ml) and the solution was heated under reflux for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool and evaporated to dryness. The residue was taken up into water and the mixture filtered to give a solid which was dried to give the title product, m.p. 271 -273 °C.

Preparation of starting materials
a) 3-Amιno-4-bromo-2-thenoιc acid
A mixture of methyl 3-amιno-4-bromo-2-thenoate (5 g) (for preparation see J. Gen. Chem. USSR, ( 1 964), 34, 961 ), aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (2.1 ml of a 46% w/v solution) and water ( 1 9 ml) was heated under reflux for 2 hours After cooling the reaction mixture was acidified with
concentrated hydrochloric acid. The mixture was filtered and the resulting solid was washed with water then light petroleum (b.p. 60-80 °C) and then dried to give the title product.

b) 7-bromo-2-methylthιeno[3,2-d] 1 ,3-oxazιn-4-one
A solution of the product from step a) (3 g) in acetic anhydride (35 ml) was heated under reflux for 6 hours. On cooling the acetic anhydride was
removed by evaporation and the solid dissolved in water and ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was separated from the organic layer, and the organic layer dried ( gSO.}.) and filtered. Removal of the solvent gave the title product.

Example 2
2-rv1ethyl-3,4-dιhydrothιeno[3 ,2-d]pyrιmιdιn-4-one (compound 7a)
A solution of 3-amιno-2-thenamιde (0.5 g) (for preparation see Klemm L H, Wang J, Hawkins L, Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry 32 (1995) 1039-1041 ) and
concentrated sulphuric acid (3 drops) in acetic anhydride (5 ml) was heated under reflux for 31/- hours. On cooling the solution was poured into water and extracted with dichloromethane (x 3) . The combined organic extracts were washed with water and dried (MgS04) . Filtration and evaporation gave a residue which was purified by silica gel chromatography eluting with ethyl acetate to give the title product, m.p. 236-238 ° C.

Example 3
6-Bromo-3,4-dihydrothieno[3 ,2-d]pyrimidin-4-one (compound 8a)
A solution of the product from step c) (0.22 g), hydrobromic acid (2 ml, 46% solution) in glacial acetic acid ( 1 0 ml) was heated under reflux for 6 hours. On cooling the mixture was diluted with water and the mixture filtered. The solid was washed with water and air-dried to give the title product, m.p. 238-240 ° C.

Preparation of starting materials
a) 4-Chlorothieno[3,2-d]pyrimidine
A mixture of compound 1 h (see Table H) ( 1 0 g) and phosphorous
oxychloride ( 1 00 ml) was heated under reflux for 5 hours. On cooling the solution was evaporated to dryness and the residue added to ice-water
(with caution) . The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate and then with dichloromethane. The organic portions were washed with sodium hydrogen carbonate solution followed by brine, dried (MgSO. ) and filtered through a silica pad. The filtrate was evaporated to give the title product.

b) 4-Methoxythieno[3,2-d]pyrimidine
To a suspension of sodium hydride (2 g 60% in oil) in dry dioxane (80 ml) at room temperature was added methanol (6 ml). When effervescence had subsided the product from step a) (5 g) was added and the reaction mixture stirred overnight at room temperature. The mixture was poured into water and extracted with ethyl acetate (x 3). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine, dried (MgSθ ), filtered and the solvent removed to give the title product, m.p. 92-94 °C.

c) 6-Bromo-4-methoxythieno[3,2-dlpyrimidine
To a solution of the product from step b) (0.5 g) in dry tetrahydrofuran (20 ml) was added lithium diisopropylamide ( 1 .53 ml, 2 M) at -78 ° C and
stirring continued for 45 minutes. A solution of Λ/-bromosuccinimide (0.6 g) in dry tetrahydrofuran (10 ml) was added dropwise at -78 °C and then allowed to attain room temperature over one hour. The reaction mixture was poured into ice-water and extracted with ethyl acetate (x 3). The organic extracts were washed with brine, dried (MgSO.;), filtered and the solvent removed. The resulting solid was purified by silica gel
chromatography eluting with light petroleum (60-80 °C)/ethyl acetate (2: 1 ) to give the title product, m.p. 1 1 1 -1 1 3 ° C.

Example 4
7-Bromo-6-methyl-3,4-dihydrothieno[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-one (compound 1 8a)
A stirred solution of compound 1 7a (see Table A) (2.1 g), bromine (0.2 ml) and glacial acetic acid (2 ml) was heated under reflux for 5 hours. On cooling, the reaction mixture was poured into water. The mixture was then filtered to give a solid which was washed with water and then light petroleum (b.p. 60-80 °C) and dried to give the title product, m.p. 320-322 °C.

The following compounds of formula lla in Table A, i.e. compounds of formula II where Z is oxygen and R is hydrogen, may be prepared by one or more methods analogous to those of Examples 1 to 4.


dial

Table A

Example 5
3,6-Dimethyl-3,4-dihydrothieno[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-one (compound 82b)
To a stirred suspension of sodium hydride (0.05 g, 60% in oil) in dry
Λ/-methylpyrrolidinone (2 ml) at room temperature was added compound 17a (0.1 g) and stirring continued for 15 minutes, lodomethane (0.1 ml) was then added and stirring continued at room temperature overnight. Water was added and the mixture extracted with ethyl acetate (x3). The organic extracts were combined and dried (MgSθ4), filtered through a silica pad and the solvent removed. The residue was triturated with diisopropyl ether to give the title product, m.p. 188-190 °C.

Example 6
7-Bromo-2-ethyl-3-(-4-chlorobenzyl)-3,4-dihydrothieno[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-one (compound 70b)
A stirred solution of the starting material (2.5 g), 4-chlorobenzylamine (1.43 g), p-toluenesulfonic acid (0.05 g) in xylene (135 ml) was heated at 138 °C for 3.5 hours. On cooling, the solvent was removed and the residue was triturated with diisopropyl ether, to give a solid which was washed and dried to give the title product, m.p. 97-99 °C.

Preparation of Starting Materials
7-bromo-2-ethylthieno[3,2-d]1 ,3-oxazin-4-one
A stirred solution of 3-amino-4-bromo-thenoic acid (5.0 g) and proprionic anhydride (30 ml) was heated under reflux for 1 hour. Dilute sodium hydroxide solution was added and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic extracts were combined and the solvent removed. The residue was dissolved in hot diisopropyl ether, filtered hot and cooled. On cooling the solution was filtered to give the title compound as a solid.

The following compounds of formula I Is in Table B, i.e. compounds of formula II where Z is oxygen may be prepared by one or more methods analogous to those of Examples 5 and 6.


(lib)





Example 7
7-Bromo-3-hydroxy-3,4-dihydrothieno[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-one (compound 2c)
A solution of the starting material ( 1 .4 g) and ethyldiisopropylamine (0.65 g) in 1 ,4-dioxan (20 ml) was heated under reflux for 24 hours. On cooling the reaction mixture was acidified with dilute hydrochloric acid and water (20 ml) was added. The solution was filtered to give a solid which was washed and dried to give the title product, m.p. 244-247 °C.

Preparation of Starting Material
a) Methyl 4-bromo-3-(dimethylaminomethylene)amino-2-thenoate
A solution of methyl 3-amino-4-bromo-2-thenoic acid (for preparation see J.

Gen. Chem. USSR, ( 1 964), 34, 961 ) (5 g) and /V,/V-dimethylformamide dimethyl acetal (5 g) in toluene (30 ml) were heated under reflux for 8
hours. On cooling the solvent was removed and the residue purified by silica gel chromatography eluting with ethyl acetate : light petroleum (b.p.

60-80 °C) ( 1 :3) to give the title compound.

b) Methyl 4-bromo-3-[(hydroxyiminomethyl)amino]-2-thenoate
To a stirred solution of the product from step a) ( 1 .0 g) in methanol ( 10 ml) was added hydroxylamine hydrochloride (0.47 g) at room temperature.
After 1 0 minutes, stirring was stopped and the mixture allowed to stand at room temperature for 3 hours. The mixture was filtered to give a solid, which was washed with chilled methanol (3 ml) and dried to give the title product.

Example 8
7-Bromo-3-(4-methoxy)benzyloxy-3,4-dihydrothienθt3 ,2-d]pyrimidin-4-one
(compound 3c)
To a stirred suspension of sodium hydride (0.053 g, 60% in oil) in dry NMP (5 ml) at room temperature was added the product from Example 7 (0.325 g), and stirring was continued until effervescence ceased. 4-Methoxybenzyl chloride (0.2 g) was then added and the reaction mixture was stirred for 24 hours at room temperature. The reaction mixture was poured into water and the resulting white precipitate was filtered to give a white solid. This white solid was dissolved in dichloromethane and dried (MgS04). Removal of the solvent gave the title product, m.p. 178-180 °C.

Example 9
3-Acetoxy-7-bromo-3,4-dihydrothieno[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-one (compound 5c)
To a solution of acetyl chloride (0.234 g) in dry tetrahydrofuran (3 ml) was added a solution of the product from Example 7 (0.741 g) in pyridine (0.237 g) and
Λ/-methylpyrrolidone (5 ml) at room temperature. The solution was stirred at room temperature for 3 days and then poured into water (15 ml). The resulting precipitate was filtered, washed with water and dried to give title product, m.p. 159-162 °C.

The following compounds of formula llx in Table C, i.e. compounds of formula II where Z is oxygen, R ^ is ORa, R3 is bromine and R4 is hydrogen, may be prepared by methods analogous to those of Examples 7 to 9.




Example 10
3-Amino-7-bromo-3,4-dihydrothieno[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-one (compound 7d)
To a stirred solution of the product from step a) Example 7 (1 .1 g) in methanol (7 ml) was added hydrazine hydrochloride (0.54 g) and stirring was continued for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was filtered to give a white solid which was washed with water and dried to give the title compound, m.p. 1 81 -1 83 °C.

Example 1 1
3-Acetamido-7-bromo-3,4-dihydrothieno[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-one (compound 9d) To a stirred solution of acetyl chloride (0.1 6 g) in 1 ,4-dioxan (2 ml) was added a solution of the product from Example 1 0 (0.5 g) in pyridine (0.1 6 g) and N-methylpyrrolidinone (0.5 ml) and stirring was continued for 1 hour at room temperature. Water was added and the mixture was filtered to give a solid which was dried to give the title product, m.p. 273 °C.

Example 1 2
3-(4-Chlorobenzylidene)amino-7-methyl-3,4-dihydrothieno[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-one (compound 4d)
A solution of the product from step b ( 1 .6 g) , trimethyl orthoformate (10 ml), p-toluene sulfonic acid (catalytic) in xylene ( 1 00 ml) was heated under reflux for 2 hours. On cooling the reaction mixture was evaporated to dryness and
recrystallised from toluene to give the title product, m.p. 21 3-21 5 °C.

Preparation of Starting Materials
a) 3-Amino-4-methyl-2-thiophenecarbohydrazide
A solution of methyl 3-amino-4-methyl-2-thenoate (25 g) and hydrazine hydrate (20 ml) in butanol ( 1 50 ml) was heated under reflux for 1 8 hours.

On cooling the solvent was removed and the residue was recrystallised from toluene to give the title product,
m.p. 1 41 - 143 °C.

b) Λ/ -(4-chlorobenzylidene)-3-amino-4-methyl-2-thiophenecarbohydrazide
A solution of the product from step a) (3.4 g) and p-chlorobenzaldehyde
(2.8 g) in ethanoi (200 ml) was heated under reflux for 2 hours. On cooling the reaction mixture was filtered to give the title product.

The following compounds of formula lly in Table D, i.e. compounds of formula II where Z is oxygen and R4 is hydrogen, may be prepared by one or methods analogous to those of Examples 1 0 to 1 2


(lly)

Table D


Example 13
7-Bromo-3,4-dihydrothieno[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-thione (compound le)
A solution of 7-bromo-4-chlorothieno[3,2-d]pyrimidine (see below for preparation)

(2.0 g), sodium hydrosulfide hydrate (0.66 g) and Λ/-methylpyrrolidinone ( 10 ml) was heated at 102 °C for 1 hour. Water (500 ml) and ethyl acetate (500 ml) were added and stirred for 1 hour. The layers were separated and the aqueous phase extracted with ethyl acetate (300 ml). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (300 ml), dried (MgSθ4>, treated with activated charcoal, then filtered through a silica pad and the solvent removed to give the title product, m.p. 328 °C.

Preparation of starting materials
7-Bromo-4-chlorothieno[3,2-d]pyrimidine was prepared in analogous fashion to Example 3 step a), starting from compound la.

Example 1 4
3,4-Dihydrothieno[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-one (compound 1 f)
A stirred mixture of methyl 4-formamido-3-thenoate (see below) (3.39 g) and ammonium formate (3.4 g) in formamide (5 ml) was heated at 1 40 °C for 7 hours. On cooling, the mixture was poured into water, and the mixture filtered to give a solid which was washed with water followed by light petroleum (b.p. 60-80 °C) and air dried to give the title product, m.p. 275-278 °C.

Preparation of Starting Materials
Methyl 4-formamido-3-thenoate
A stirred solution of methyl 4-amino-3-thenoate (4 g), sodium acetate
trihydrate (2.8 g) and formic acid (27 ml) was heated at 95 °C for 1 hour.
On cooling the solution was poured into water, and the solution filtered to give the title product as a solid.

Example 1 5
5 ,7-Dibromo-3,4-dihydrothieno[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-one (compound 2f)
A solution of the product from Example 14 (0.9 g) and excess bromine (0.4 mi) in glacial acetic acid ( 1 00 ml) were heated at 1 00 °C for 5 hours until no bromine remained. On cooling the solvent was removed and the residue was dried. The residue was recrystallised from acetic acid to give the title product, m.p. > 250 °C

Example 1 6
7-Bromo-3,4-dihydrothieno[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-one (compound 3f)
A solution of the product from Example 1 4 (0.9 g) and bromine (0.3 ml) in glacial acetic acid ( 1 00 ml) were heated at 1 00 °C for 2 hours. On cooling the solvent was removed and the residue was dried. The residue was recrystallised from acetic acid to give the title product, m.p. 226-229 °C.

Example 1 7
3,4-Dihvdrothienof2.3-dlpyrimidin-4-one (compound 5q)
The product from step b) (4.38 g) and ammonium formate (4.38 g) in formamide (18 ml) was heated with stirring at 150°C for 7 hours. The mixture was cooled and poured into water. The precipitated solid was filtered, washed with water followed by dichloromethane and dried to give the title product, m.p. 256-8°C.

Preparation of Starting Materials
a) Ethyl 2-amino-3-thenoate
Piperidine (20.7 ml) was added dropwise with stirring to a mixture of 2,5- dihydroxy-1 ,4-dithiane (17.5 g) and ethyl cyanoacetate (23.7 g). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 hours and then allowed to stand
overnight. It was filtered and the filtrate evaporated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ether, filtered and evaporated to dryness. The residue was triturated with light petroleum (b.p. 60-80°C) containing a small amount of ethyl acetate. The gummy solid obtained was purified by silica gel column
chromatography and the semi-solid product was triturated with water, filtered and washed with light petroleum (b.p. 60-80°C) and dried to give the title
product.

b) Ethyl 2-formamido-3-thenoate
The product from step a) (14.6 g) was added to a mixture of acetic anhydride
(24.3 ml) and formic acid (24.3 mi) with stirring and cooling. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 hours and evaporated under reduced
pressure. The residue was dissolved in ether and cooled in dry ice. The
precipitate was filtered off and dried to give the title product.

Example 18
6-Bromo-3,4-dihydrothienor2,3-dlpyrimidin-4-one (compound 6q)
The product from Example 17 (0.75 g) was added to glacial acetic acid (10 ml) and heated with stirring until it dissolved. Bromine (0.75 ml) was then added and the mixture immediately set solid. More acetic acid was added and the mixture broken up. It was then heated at 80°C for 6! hours, cooled and poured into ice-water. The solid was filtered and washed with water followed by dichloromethane and dried to give the title product, m.p. 304°C.

The following compounds of formula IVz in Table G, i.e. compounds of formula IV where Z is oxygen, may be prepared by one or more methods analogous to those of Examples 5, 1 7 and 1 8.



(IVz)

Table G



The following compounds of formula lla in Table H, i.e. compounds of formula II where Z is oxygen and R^ is hydrogen, may be prepared by methods analogous to those of Example 17 replacing ethyl 2-amino-3-thenoate in step a) with the corresponding 3-amino-2-thenoate.


Table H


Test Example
Compounds were assessed for activity against one or more of the following:

Erysiphe graminis f sp. tritici: wheat powdery mildew
Phytophthora infestans: late tomato blight
Pyricularia oryzae: rice blast
Leptosphaeria nodorum: glume blotch
Plasmopara viticola: downy mildew of vines

Aqueous solutions or dispersions of the compounds at the desired concentration, including a wetting agent, were applied by spray or by drenching the stem base of the test plants, as appropriate. After a given time, plants or plant parts were inoculated with appropriate test pathogens and kept under controlled
environmental conditions suitable for maintaining plant growth and development of the disease. After an appropriate time, the degree of infection of the affected part of the plant was visually estimated. Compounds are assessed on a score of 1 to 3 where 1 is little or no control, 2 is moderate control and 3 is good to total control. At a concentration of 500 ppm (w/v) or less, the following compounds scored 2 or more against the fungi specified.

Erysiphe graminis f sp. tritici
3a, 7a, 1 2a, 1 b, 5b, 6b, 7b, 8b, 9b, 1 0b, 1 1 b, 1 3b, 14b, 1 6b, 24b, 25b, 26b,

27b, 41 b, 43b, 45b, 47b, 50b, 52b, 53b, 54b, 55b, 61 b, 66b, 2f, 3f and 5g.

Phytophthora infestans
1 a, 8a, 14b, 1 5b, 2d, 3f, 3h and 9h.

Pyricularia oryzae
1 a, 3a, 4a, 6a, 7a, 8a, 9a, 1 0a, 1 2a, 14a, 1 b, 4b, 5b, 6b, 7b, 8b, 9b, 1 0b, 1 1 b, 1 8b, 20b, 21 b, 22b, 25b, 26b, 27b, 30b, 40b, 41 b, 43b, 44b, 45b, 46b, 47b, 48b, 49b, 50b, 51 b, 52b, 54b, 55b, 57b, 63b, 65b, 66b, 2c, 2d, 3d, 7d, 1 e, 4g, 5g, 6g, 9g, 1 7g, 1 8g, 1 9g, 1 h, 2h and 3h.

Leptosphaeria nodorum
2b, 5b, 6b, 7b, 9b, 10b, 11b, 13b, 18b, 28b, 29b, 33b, 39b, 41b, 43b, 51b, 1f,

6g, 19g, 4h and 8h.

Plasmopara viticola
1b, 5b, 12b, 14b, 15b, 18b, 19b, 20b, 21b, 22b, 23b, 28b, 40b, 41b, 56b, 1f,

2f, 3f, 3g, 10g and 3h.