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1. WO1997023283 - PYROLYTIC AND/OR THERMOCHEMICAL CONVERSION REACTIONS AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

Publication Number WO/1997/023283
Publication Date 03.07.1997
International Application No. PCT/NZ1996/000141
International Filing Date 16.12.1996
Chapter 2 Demand Filed 24.06.1997
IPC
C08H 99/00 2010.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
HDERIVATIVES OF NATURAL MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
99Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass
C10G 1/02 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
1Production of liquid hydrocarbon mixtures from oil shale, oil-sand, or non-melting solid carbonaceous or similar materials, e.g. wood, coal
02by distillation
C13B 50/00 2011.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
13SUGAR INDUSTRY
BPRODUCTION OF SUCROSE; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED THEREFOR
50Sugar products, e.g. powdered, lump or liquid sugar; Working-up of sugar
C13K 1/02 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
13SUGAR INDUSTRY
KSACCHARIDES, OTHER THAN SUCROSE, OBTAINED FROM NATURAL SOURCES OR BY HYDROLYSIS OF NATURALLY OCCURRING DI-, OLIGO- OR POLYSACCHARIDES
1Glucose; Glucose-containing syrups
02obtained by saccharification of cellulosic materials
D21C 11/06 2006.01
DTEXTILES; PAPER
21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
CPRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE BY REMOVING NON-CELLULOSE SUBSTANCES FROM CELLULOSE- CONTAINING MATERIALS; REGENERATION OF PULPING LIQUORS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
11Regeneration of pulp liquors
06Treatment of pulp gases; Recovery of the heat content of the gases
B01J 19/10 2006.01
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
19Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
08Processes employing the direct application of electric or wave energy, or particle radiation; Apparatus therefor
10employing sonic or ultrasonic vibrations
CPC
B01J 19/10
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
19Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
08Processes employing the direct application of electric or wave energy, or particle radiation; Apparatus therefor
10employing sonic or ultrasonic vibrations
B01J 19/26
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
19Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
26Nozzle-type reactors, i.e. the distribution of the initial reactants within the reactor is effected by their introduction or injection through nozzles
B01J 2219/00119
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
2219Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
00049Controlling or regulating processes
00051Controlling the temperature
00074by indirect heating or cooling employing heat exchange fluids
00119Heat exchange inside a feeding nozzle or nozzle reactor
B01J 2219/00123
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
2219Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
00049Controlling or regulating processes
00051Controlling the temperature
00121by direct heating or cooling
00123adding a temperature modifying medium to the reactants
B01J 2219/00162
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
2219Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
00049Controlling or regulating processes
00162controlling the pressure
B01J 2219/00166
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
2219Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
00049Controlling or regulating processes
00164controlling the flow
00166controlling the residence time inside the reactor vessel
Applicants
  • CONVERTECH GROUP LIMITED [NZ]/[NZ] (AllExceptUS)
  • SCOTT, Kenneth, Eli [NZ]/[NZ] (UsOnly)
  • ARNOUX, Louis, Auguste, Raymond [NZ]/[NZ] (UsOnly)
  • ORANGE, Paul, Anthony [NZ]/[NZ] (UsOnly)
Inventors
  • SCOTT, Kenneth, Eli
  • ARNOUX, Louis, Auguste, Raymond
  • ORANGE, Paul, Anthony
Agents
  • BENNETT, Michael, R.
Priority Data
28073921.12.1995NZ
28093102.02.1996NZ
Publication Language English (EN)
Filing Language English (EN)
Designated States
Title
(EN) PYROLYTIC AND/OR THERMOCHEMICAL CONVERSION REACTIONS AND APPARATUS THEREFOR
(FR) REACTIONS DE CONVERSION PYROLYTIQUE ET/OU THERMOCHIMIQUE, ET DISPOSITIF ASSOCIE
Abstract
(EN)
A method of producing carbohydrate complexes and/or hydrocarbon complexes from organic material(s) which comprises the steps of (i) preparing a dense mixed phase of organic particulate materials entrained with a gas (such as steam) [the entraining gas being preferably less than 1 % by weight of the total dense mixed phase and the entraining gas preferably not reacting with the organic particulate materials under the chosen operating conditions]; (ii) mixing the organic material(s) as dense mixed phased entrained particulate material(s) with a (preferably gaseous) heat transfer medium which is at an elevated temperature and allowing pyrolytic and/or thermochemical conversion to occur at elevated pressure(s) and temperature(s) to produce and oil/gas phase, and (iii) rapidly reducing the temperature of the oil/gas phase from step (ii) without any substantial mixing with a coolant to produce the carbohydrate complex(es) and/or hydrocarbon complex(es). The steps (ii) and (iii) are performed in a total time of less than or equal to 10 seconds (preferably less than 4 seconds).
(FR)
Procédé permettant de produire des complexes d'hydrates de carbone et/ou des complexes d'hydrocarbures à partir de matériau(x) organiques(s), qui comprend les étapes suivantes: (i) on prépare une phase mixte dense de matériaux particulaires organiques entraînés par un gaz (tel que de la vapeur), ledit gaz, de préférence, représentant moins de 1 % en poids de la phase mixte dense totale et ne réagissant pas avec les matériaux particulaires organiques dans les conditions d'opération sélectionnées; (ii) on mélange le(s) matériau(x) organiques(s) sous forme de matériau(x) particulaire(s) entraîné(s) en phase mixte dense à un milieu de transfert de chaleur (de préférence gazeux) qui est à une température élevée et qui permet à la conversion pyrolytique et/ou thermochimique de se faire à une ou plusieurs pressions et températures élevées, de façon à obtenir une phase huile/gaz; et (iii) on abaisse rapidement la température de la phase huile/gaz de l'étape (ii) sans la mélanger sensiblement à un agent réfrigérant, de façon à obtenir le(s) complexe(s) de carbohydrates et/ou d'hydrocarbures. On réalise les étapes (ii) et (iii) en un temps total inférieur ou égal à 10 secondes (de préférence inférieur à 4 secondes).
Also published as
Latest bibliographic data on file with the International Bureau