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1. (WO1997018858) METHOD AND APPARATUS TO DESTROY CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS
Latest bibliographic data on file with the International Bureau

Pub. No.: WO/1997/018858 International Application No.: PCT/US1996/016303
Publication Date: 29.05.1997 International Filing Date: 10.10.1996
Chapter 2 Demand Filed: 27.05.1997
IPC:
A62D 3/00 (2007.01) ,B01J 19/00 (2006.01)
A HUMAN NECESSITIES
62
LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
D
CHEMICAL MEANS FOR EXTINGUISHING FIRES; PROCESSES FOR MAKING HARMFUL CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES HARMLESS, OR LESS HARMFUL, BY EFFECTING A CHEMICAL CHANGE; COMPOSITION OF MATERIALS FOR COVERINGS OR CLOTHING FOR PROTECTING AGAINST HARMFUL CHEMICAL AGENTS; COMPOSITION OF MATERIALS FOR TRANSPARENT PARTS OF GAS-MASKS, RESPIRATORS, BREATHING BAGS OR HELMETS; COMPOSITION OF CHEMICAL MATERIALS FOR USE IN BREATHING APPARATUS
3
Processes for making harmful chemical substances harmless, or less harmful, by effecting a chemical change in the substances
B PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
01
PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
J
CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS, COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
19
Chemical, physical, or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
Applicants:
COMMODORE APPLIED TECHNOLOGIES, INC. [US/US]; Suite 3400 150 East 58th Street New York, NY 10155, US (AllExceptUS)
ABEL, Albert, E. [US/US]; US (UsOnly)
MOUK, Robert, W. [US/US]; US (UsOnly)
HEYDUK, Alan, F. [US/US]; US (UsOnly)
BLUM, Bentley, J. [US/US]; US (UsOnly)
GETMAN, Gerry, D. [US/US]; US (UsOnly)
STESKAL, Mark, D. [US/US]; US (UsOnly)
Inventors:
ABEL, Albert, E.; US
MOUK, Robert, W.; US
HEYDUK, Alan, F.; US
BLUM, Bentley, J.; US
GETMAN, Gerry, D.; US
STESKAL, Mark, D.; US
Agent:
ELLIS, Howard, M.; Law Offices of Howard M. Ellis Suite 104 200 John James Audubon Parkway Amherst, NY 14228, US
Priority Data:
60/006,27807.11.1995US
Title (EN) METHOD AND APPARATUS TO DESTROY CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS
(FR) PROCEDE ET EQUIPEMENT DE DESTRUCTION D'AGENTS DE GUERRE CHIMIQUE
Abstract:
(EN) Chemical warfare agents are destroyed when chemically reacted with nitrogenous base, optionally containing solvated electrons which are conveniently produced by dissolving an active metal like sodium in a nitrogenous base such as anhydrous liquid ammonia. A reactor system (10) used to carry out the process comprises reaction vessel (20) adapted to receive either nitrogenous base or a solution of solvated electrons from solvator (30) and CWA from storage vessel (40). The reactor system also incorporates condenser (50) for treating gas evolved from the reaction vessel (20), decanter (60) for receiving slurried reaction products from the reaction vessel and separate the reaction products into a liquid fraction and a solid fraction, dissolver (70) for contacting the solid fraction with water to produce a fluid mixture and oxidizer (80) for oxidizing the fluid mixture.
(FR) Les agents de guerre chimique sont détruits quand on les fait réagir avec une base azotée, pouvant facultativement contenir des électrons solvatés qu'il est commode de produire par dissolution d'un métal actif, comme le sodium, dans une base azotée telle que l'ammoniaque liquide anhydre. Un système de réaction (10) utilisé pour appliquer le procédé comprend un réacteur (20) conçu pour recevoir soit une base azotée, soit une solution d'électrons solvatés provenant du récipient de solvatation (30) et d'agent de guerre chimique provenant du récipient de stockage (40). Le système de réaction comprend aussi un condenseur (50) qui sert à traiter le gaz provenant du réacteur (20), un décanteur (60) qui reçoit les produits de réaction provenant, sous forme de boue, du réacteur et qui sépare les produits de réaction en une fraction liquide et une fraction solide. Un récipient de dissolution (70) met en contact la fraction solide avec de l'eau pour produire un mélange liquide, et un oxydateur (80) oxyde ce mélange.
Designated States: AL, AM, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BR, BY, CA, CH, CN, CU, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, GB, GE, HU, IL, IS, JP, KE, KG, KP, KR, KZ, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LV, MD, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, NO, NZ, PL, PT, RO, RU, SD, SE, SG, SI, SK, TJ, TM, TR, TT, UA, UG, US, UZ, VN
African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) (KE, LS, MW, SD, SZ, UG)
Eurasian Patent Organization (AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ, MD, RU, TJ, TM)
European Patent Office (AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE)
African Intellectual Property Organization (BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG)
Publication Language: English (EN)
Filing Language: English (EN)
Also published as:
CZPV1998-1301TR1998/00822VN3601IL124196EP0880378AR04531
CN1201399EA199800437KR1019990067157AU1997017418MYPI 96004421