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1. (WO1997017039) SELF-EXPANDING ENDOLUMINAL STENT-GRAFT
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Claims :

1. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft, comprising:
a) a self-expanding wire stent having a geometry such that when ends of said self-expanding wire stent are pulled apart, the diameter of said self-expanding wire stent decreases to between approximately one half to approximately one tenth of the original diameter of said wire stent; and
b) a tubular deformable textile material constructed of filaments and having a density and geometry such that when ends of said tubular deformable textile material are pulled apart, the diameter of said tubular deformable material decreases to between approximately one half to approximately one tenth of the original diameter of said tubular deformable material, wherein said tubular deformable material is arranged substantially coaxially with said self-expanding wire stent and is affixed to said self-expanding wire stent.

2. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft according to claim 1, further comprising:
c) an elastic adhesive between said tubular deformable textile material and said self-expanding wire stent, said tubular deformable textile material being affixed to said self-expanding wire stent by said elastic adhesive.

3. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft according to claim 1, wherein:
said tubular deformable textile material is a PET mesh.

4. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft according to claim

3, wherein:
said PET mesh is one of a warp-knit, atlas-knit, or modified atlas-knit tube.

5. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft according to claim

4, wherein:
said PET mesh is knitted from approximately seventy denier, approximately thirty-four filament, false twist fiber.

6. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft according to claim 5, wherein:
said PET mesh has a design with between one hundred and one thousand picks per squared inch.

7. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft according to claim 1, wherein:
said tubular deformable textile material is coated with a fibrous layer of polycarbonate urethane having a melting point lower than the melting point of said tubular deformable textile material, and
said tubular deformable textile material is affixed to said self-expanding wire stent by melting said layer of polycarbonate urethane .

8. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft according to claim 1, wherein:
said self-expanding wire stent is coated with a fibrous layer of polycarbonate urethane having a melting point lower than the melting point of said tubular deformable textile material, and
said tubular deformable textile material is affixed to said self-expanding wire stent by melting said layer of polycarbonate urethane .

9. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft according to claim 1, wherein:
said tubular deformable textile material is coated with a fibrous layer of polycarbonate urethane having a melting point lower than the melting point of said tubular deformable textile material,
said self-expanding wire stent is coated with a fibrous layer of polycarbonate urethane having a melting point lower than the melting point of said tubular deformable textile material, and
said tubular deformable textile material is affixed to said self-expanding wire stent by melting said layers of
polycarbonate urethane.

10. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft according to claim 1, further comprising:
c) a non-woven elastic tube, wherein
said non-woven tube is arranged substantially coaxially with said self-expanding wire stent and said tubular deformable textile material is affixed to at least one of said self-expanding wire stent and said tubular deformable textile material .

11. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft according to claim 1, wherein:
said tubular deformable textile material is affixed to the interior of said self-expanding wire stent.

12. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft according to claim 10, wherein:
said tubular deformable textile material is affixed to the interior of said self-expanding wire stent, and
said non-woven tube is affixed to the interior of said tubular deformable material.

13. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft according to claim 10, wherein:
said tubular deformable textile material is affixed to the interior of said self-expanding wire stent, and
said non-woven tube is affixed to the exterior of said self-expanding wire stent.

14. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft according to claim 1, further comprising:
c) a second self-expanding wire stent, wherein
said tubular deformable textile material is affixed to the exterior of said self-expanding wire stent and said second self-expanding wire stent is affixed to the exterior of said tubular deformable textile material.

15. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft according to claim

14, further comprising:
d) a non-woven elastic tube, wherein
said non-woven tube is arranged substantially coaxially with said self-expanding wire stent and said tubular deformable textile material is affixed to one of said self-expanding wire stent and said tubular deformable textile material.

16. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft according to claim

15, wherein:
said tubular deformable textile material is affixed to the interior of said second self-expanding wire stent, and
said non-woven tube is affixed to the interior of said tubular deformable textile material.

17. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft according to claim 1, wherein:
said tubular deformable textile material is made from approximately seventy denier PET fiber which is pulled through a bath containing polycarbonate urethane and braided on a braiding machine at an approximately 90° pick angle.

18. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft according to claim 1, wherein:
said tubular deformable textile material is made from approximately seventy denier PET fiber which is pulled through a bath containing polycarbonate urethane and wound with a
transversing shuttle onto a rotating mandril such that the angle at which the fiber crosses is approximately 45°.

19. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft according to claim 10, wherein:
said non-woven elastic tube is made from polycarbonate urethane spun on a mandril.

20. A self-expanding endoluminal stent-graft according to claim 1, wherein:
said self-expanding wire stent is coated with vulcanizing silicone rubber adhesive and said tubular deformable textile material is affixed to said self-expanding wire stent by curing said adhesive.