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1. (WO1997016692) MODIFICATION OF METAL SURFACES
Latest bibliographic data on file with the International Bureau

Pub. No.: WO/1997/016692 International Application No.: PCT/GB1996/002681
Publication Date: 09.05.1997 International Filing Date: 04.11.1996
Chapter 2 Demand Filed: 22.05.1997
IPC:
C23C 8/08 (2006.01) ,C23C 14/16 (2006.01) ,C23C 14/48 (2006.01) ,C23C 16/24 (2006.01) ,C23C 16/30 (2006.01) ,C23C 16/32 (2006.01) ,C23C 26/00 (2006.01) ,F28F 19/00 (2006.01) ,F28F 19/02 (2006.01)
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23
COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
C
COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
8
Solid state diffusion of only non-metal elements into metallic material surfaces; Chemical surface treatment of metallic material by reaction of the surface with a reactive gas, leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, e.g. conversion coatings, passivation of metals
06
using gases
08
only one element being applied
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23
COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
C
COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
14
Coating by vacuum evaporation, by sputtering or by ion implantation of the coating forming material
06
characterised by the coating material
14
Metallic material, boron or silicon
16
on metallic substrates or on substrates of boron or silicon
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23
COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
C
COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
14
Coating by vacuum evaporation, by sputtering or by ion implantation of the coating forming material
22
characterised by the process of coating
48
Ion implantation
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23
COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
C
COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
16
Chemical coating by decomposition of gaseous compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, i.e. chemical vapour deposition (CVD) processes
22
characterised by the deposition of inorganic material, other than metallic material
24
Deposition of silicon only
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23
COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
C
COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
16
Chemical coating by decomposition of gaseous compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, i.e. chemical vapour deposition (CVD) processes
22
characterised by the deposition of inorganic material, other than metallic material
30
Deposition of compounds, mixtures or solid solutions, e.g. borides, carbides, nitrides
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23
COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
C
COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
16
Chemical coating by decomposition of gaseous compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, i.e. chemical vapour deposition (CVD) processes
22
characterised by the deposition of inorganic material, other than metallic material
30
Deposition of compounds, mixtures or solid solutions, e.g. borides, carbides, nitrides
32
Carbides
C CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23
COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
C
COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
26
Coating not provided for in groups C23C2/-C23C24/87
F MECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
28
HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
F
DETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE OR HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
19
Preventing the formation of deposits or corrosion, e.g. by using filters
F MECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
28
HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
F
DETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE OR HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
19
Preventing the formation of deposits or corrosion, e.g. by using filters
02
by using coatings, e.g. vitreous or enamel coatings
Applicants:
UNIVERSITY OF SURREY [GB/GB]; Guildford Surrey GU2 5XH, GB (AllExceptUS)
ZHAO, Qi [CN/GB]; GB (UsOnly)
MÜLLER-STEINHAGEN, Hans [DE/GB]; GB (UsOnly)
Inventors:
ZHAO, Qi; GB
MÜLLER-STEINHAGEN, Hans; GB
Agent:
MATHISEN MACARA & CO.; The Coach House 6-8 Swakeleys Road Ickenham Uxbridge Middlesex UB10 8BZ, GB
Priority Data:
9522458.002.11.1995GB
Title (EN) MODIFICATION OF METAL SURFACES
(FR) MODIFICATION DE SURFACES METALLIQUES
Abstract:
(EN) A method of maintaining a high value of heat transfer coefficient for a metal heat transfer surface in which the surface energy of the heat transfer surface is reduced by ion implantation or other surface modification techniques. The reduction in surface energy of the heat transfer surface delays the onset of scale formation and additionally, reduces the adherence of any scale formed to the metal surface.
(FR) Cette invention se rapporte à un procédé permettant de maintenir à une valeur élevée le coefficient de transfert thermique d'une surface métallique à transfert thermique et consistant à réduire la tension superficielle de ladite surface par implantation ionique ou au moyen d'autres techniques de modification de surface. La réduction de la tension superficielle de la surface à transfert thermique retarde le début de formation de tartre et entraîne, en outre, une réduction de l'adhérence de tout tartre pouvant se former à la surface du métal.
Designated States: CN, JP, US
European Patent Office (AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE)
Publication Language: English (EN)
Filing Language: English (EN)
Also published as:
EP0858579JPH11514730 CN1206459