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1. WO1997015171 - ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE HEATING FOR AIR CONDITIONING IN DWELLINGS AND BUILDINGS

Publication Number WO/1997/015171
Publication Date 24.04.1997
International Application No. PCT/DE1996/001941
International Filing Date 11.10.1996
IPC
C04B 41/68 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
BLIME; MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
41After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
60of only artificial stone
61Coating or impregnating
65with inorganic materials
68Silicic acid; Silicates
F24D 13/02 2006.01
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
13Electric heating systems
02solely using resistance heating, e.g. underfloor heating
H05B 3/26 2006.01
HELECTRICITY
05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
3Ohmic-resistance heating
20Heating elements having extended surface area substantially in a two-dimensional plane, e.g. plate-heater
22non-flexible
26heating conductor mounted on insulating base
CPC
C04B 41/68
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE
41After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
60of only artificial stone
61Coating or impregnation
65with inorganic materials
68Silicic acid; Silicates
F24D 13/022
FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
13Electric heating systems
02solely using resistance heating, e.g. underfloor heating
022resistances incorporated in construction elements
H05B 3/265
HELECTRICITY
05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
3Ohmic-resistance heating
20Heating elements having extended surface area substantially in a two-dimensional plane, e.g. plate-heater
22non-flexible
26heating conductor mounted on insulating base
265the insulating base being an inorganic material, e.g. ceramic
Y02B 30/00
YSECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
30Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
Applicants
  • KLUGE, Magnus [DE]/[DE]
  • SCHÜRMANN, Heinrich [DE]/[DE]
  • BRILL, Alfred [DE]/[DE] (UsOnly)
Inventors
  • KLUGE, Magnus
  • SCHÜRMANN, Heinrich
  • BRILL, Alfred
Agents
  • BORCHARD, Wolfgang
Priority Data
195 38 686.817.10.1995DE
196 00 228.105.01.1996DE
196 22 788.706.06.1996DE
Publication Language German (DE)
Filing Language German (DE)
Designated States
Title
(DE) ELEKTRISCHE WIDERSTANDSHEIZUNG ZUR RAUMKLIMATISIERUNG IN WOHNUNGEN UND GEBÄUDEN
(EN) ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE HEATING FOR AIR CONDITIONING IN DWELLINGS AND BUILDINGS
(FR) CHAUFFAGE ELECTRIQUE PAR RESISTANCE POUR LA CLIMATISATION D'APPARTEMENTS ET DE BATIMENTS
Abstract
(DE)
Die Erfindung bezweckt eine elektrische Widerstandsheizung mit einer durch Strom aufheizbaren elektrisch leitfähigen Heizschicht, bestehend aus einem Gemisch aus mit einem aushärtbaren Bindemittel versetzten Graphitteilchen, welche mit einer minimalen Oberflächentemperatur betreibbar ist. Der Erfindung zufolge ist das eine Heizschicht (11) ausbildende Gemisch auf der Basis von Graphitteilchen und einem mit Wasser verdünnbaren Bindemittel zusammengesetzt und durch Streichen, Spritzen, Siebdruck oder dergleichen unmittelbar auf eine feuchtigkeitsaufnehmende Trägerplatte auftragbar derart, daß die Flächenbelastung bezogen auf die elektrische Heizleistung der Heizschicht (11) 20 bis 60 W/m2 beträgt, wobei die Trägerplatte eine herkömmliche zum Innenausbau geeignete, rückseitig mit einer Wärmedämmschicht (4) versehene Gipskartonplatte (2), Verbundbauplatte beziehungsweise Lastverteilerschicht (204) bei einer Fußbodenheizung aufweist. Das Anwendungsgebiet der Erfindung betrifft die Raumklimatisierung mit einem homogenen Wärmestrahlungsfeld in Wohnungen und Gebäuden, bei dem eine erzwungene Konvektion der Raumluft vermieden werden kann.
(EN)
The objective of the invention is an electrical resistance heating system with an electrically conducting heating layer capable of being heated by electric current, consisting of a mixture of graphite particles and hardenable binder and capable of being operated at a minimal surface temperature. According to the invention, the mixture which forms a heating layer (11) is composed of graphite particles and a water-dilutable binder and can be applied directly to a moisture-absorbent support panel by painting, spraying, screen printing or the like in such a way that the surface load in relation to the electrical heat output of the heating layer (11) is 20 to 60 W/m2; the support panel in an underfloor heating system has a conventional sandwich plaster board (2), a composite board or a load-distributing layer (204) with a backing heat-insulating layer (4) and suitable for interior finishing. The field of application for the invention is air conditioning in dwellings and buildings, with a homogeneous heat radiation field which can prevent forced convection of the air in a room.
(FR)
L'invention concerne un chauffage électrique par résistance doté d'une couche chauffante conductrice d'électricité qui peut être chauffée par courant, qui est constituée d'un mélange de particules de graphite ajoutées à un liant durcissable et qui peut fonctionner avec une température superficielle minimale. Selon l'invention, le mélange formant la couche (11) chauffante est composée de particules de graphite et d'un liant se diluant dans de l'eau et est appliqué par enduction, pulvérisation, sérigraphie ou équivalent directement sur une plaque support absorbant l'humidité, de telle façon que la charge surfacique exercée par la puissance de chauffage électrique sur la couche (11) chauffante soit comprise entre 20 et 60 W/m2. La plaque support est constituée d'une plaque de placoplâtre (2) classique, d'une plaque composite pour la construction ou d'une couche (204) de répartition de la charge, dotée au dos d'une couche calorifuge (4) et convenant à la finition des intérieurs, dans le cas d'un chauffage par le sol. L'invention a pour domaine d'application la climatisation d'appartements et de bâtiments avec un champ de rayonnement thermique homogène dans lequel il faut éviter une convection forcée de l'air ambiant.
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