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1. (WO1997010413) BOREHOLE SURVEYING

Pub. No.:    WO/1997/010413    International Application No.:    PCT/GB1996/002236
Publication Date: Mar 20, 1997 International Filing Date: Sep 10, 1996
IPC: E21B 47/022
Applicants: BAROID TECHNOLOGY INC.
NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL
SHIELLS, Gordon, Malcolm
KERRIDGE, David, John
Inventors: SHIELLS, Gordon, Malcolm
KERRIDGE, David, John
Title: BOREHOLE SURVEYING
Abstract:
A borehole survey is conducted at a drilling site (S) by a so-called Interpolated In-Field Referencing (IIFR) method in which: (a) absolute local geomagnetic field data is obtained by spot measurement of the earth's magnetic field at a local measurement site (R) which is sufficiently close to the drilling site (S) that the measurement data is indicative of the earth's magnetic field at the drilling site (S) but which is sufficiently remote from the drilling site (S) that the measurement data is unaffected by magnetic interference from the drilling site and other man-made installations; (b) time-varying geomagnetic field data is obtained by combining the absolute local geomagnetic field data with data indicative of variation of the geomagnetic field with respect to time obtained by monitoring variation of the earth's magnetic field with respect to time at a remote monitoring site (P1, P2); (c) downhole magnetic field data is obtained by monitoring by means of a surveying instrument the magnetic field in the vicinity of the borehole at a series of locations along the borehole; and (d) the orientation of the borehole is determined from the downhole magnetic field data and the time-varying geomagnetic field data. Such a survey method takes into account short-term variations in the geomagnetic field caused by electrical currents in the ionosphere and is therefore more accurate than known survey methods.