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1. WO1996005335 - IMPROVED NON-CHROMATED OXIDE COATING FOR ALUMINUM SUBSTRATES

Publication Number WO/1996/005335
Publication Date 22.02.1996
International Application No. PCT/EP1995/003177
International Filing Date 09.08.1995
Chapter 2 Demand Filed 14.12.1995
IPC
C01G 51/04 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
GCOMPOUNDS CONTAINING METALS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C01D OR C01F94
51Compounds of cobalt
04Oxides; Hydroxides
C23C 22/56 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
22Chemical surface treatment of metallic material by reaction of the surface with a reactive liquid, leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, e.g. conversion coatings, passivation of metals
05using aqueous solutions
06using aqueous acidic solutions with pH < 6
48not containing phosphates, hexavalent chromium compounds, fluorides or complex fluorides, molybdates, tungstates, vanadates or oxalates
56Treatment of aluminium or alloys based thereon
C23C 22/66 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
22Chemical surface treatment of metallic material by reaction of the surface with a reactive liquid, leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, e.g. conversion coatings, passivation of metals
05using aqueous solutions
60using alkaline aqueous solutions with pH > 8
66Treatment of aluminium or alloys based thereon
C23C 22/68 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
22Chemical surface treatment of metallic material by reaction of the surface with a reactive liquid, leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, e.g. conversion coatings, passivation of metals
05using aqueous solutions
68using aqueous solutions with pH between 6 and 8
C23C 22/83 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
22Chemical surface treatment of metallic material by reaction of the surface with a reactive liquid, leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, e.g. conversion coatings, passivation of metals
82After-treatment
83Chemical after-treatment
CPC
C01G 51/04
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
GCOMPOUNDS CONTAINING METALS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C01D OR C01F
51Compounds of cobalt
04Oxides; Hydroxides
C01G 51/12
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
GCOMPOUNDS CONTAINING METALS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C01D OR C01F
51Compounds of cobalt
12Complexes with ammonia
C01P 2004/03
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
PINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO STRUCTURAL AND PHYSICAL ASPECTS OF SOLID INORGANIC COMPOUNDS
2004Particle morphology
01depicted by an image
03obtained by SEM
C01P 2004/80
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
PINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO STRUCTURAL AND PHYSICAL ASPECTS OF SOLID INORGANIC COMPOUNDS
2004Particle morphology
80Particles consisting of a mixture of two or more inorganic phases
C23C 22/48
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
22Chemical surface treatment of metallic material by reaction of the surface with a reactive liquid, leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, e.g. conversion coatings, passivation of metals
05using aqueous solutions
06using aqueous acidic solutions with pH less than 6
48not containing phosphates, hexavalent chromium compounds, fluorides or complex fluorides, molybdates, tungstates, vanadates or oxalates
C23C 22/56
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
22Chemical surface treatment of metallic material by reaction of the surface with a reactive liquid, leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, e.g. conversion coatings, passivation of metals
05using aqueous solutions
06using aqueous acidic solutions with pH less than 6
48not containing phosphates, hexavalent chromium compounds, fluorides or complex fluorides, molybdates, tungstates, vanadates or oxalates
56Treatment of aluminium or alloys based thereon
Applicants
  • THE BOEING COMPANY [US/US]; M.S. 13-08 P.O. Box 3707 Seattle, WA 98124-2207, US
Inventors
  • SCHRIEVER, Matthias, P.; US
Agents
  • PRINS, Hendrik, Willem; Arnold & Siedsma Sweelinckplein 1 NL-2517 GK The Hague, NL
Priority Data
08/287,69009.08.1994US
Publication Language English (EN)
Filing Language English (EN)
Designated States
Title
(EN) IMPROVED NON-CHROMATED OXIDE COATING FOR ALUMINUM SUBSTRATES
(FR) REVETEMENT AMELIORE A BASE D'OXYDE POUR DES SUBSTRATS EN ALUMINIUM, REALISE SANS UTILISATION DE CHROME
Abstract
(EN)
An improved process that is commercially practical for forming an oxide film cobalt conversion coating exhibiting corrosion resistance and paint adhesion properties on an aluminum or aluminum alloy substrate for use in aircraft/aerospace applications (for example, an aluminum or aluminum alloy commercial airplane part), the process comprising the steps of: (a) providing an oxide film forming cobalt conversion solution comprising an aqueous reaction solution prepared by reacting the following starting materials: (1) a cobalt-II salt; (2) an ammonium salt; (3) one or more inorganic complexing agents selected from a soluble metal carboxylate, a soluble metal nitrite, or ammonia; (4) a water soluble amine; and (5) an oxidizing agent; and (b) contacting the substrate with the aqueous reaction solution for a sufficient amount of time to oxidize the surface of the substrate, whereby the oxide film cobalt conversion coating is formed, thereby imparting corrosion resistance and paint adhesion properties to the substrate. A similar commercially practical process for aluminum or aluminum alloy substrates for use in non-aircraft/aerospace applications (for example, an aluminum or aluminum alloy marine hardware part) employs the above steps, but does not include the ammonium salt in the starting materials.
(FR)
L'invention concerne un procédé amélioré applicable industriellement, pour former un film superficiel d'oxyde par conversion de cobalt, présentant une résistance à la corrosion et permettant à des peintures de bien adhérer à des substrats en aluminium ou en alliage d'aluminium destinés à des utilisations dans l'industrie aéronautique/spatiale (par exemple pour des éléments d'avions commerciaux en aluminium ou en alliage d'aluminium). Ce procédé consiste: (a) à préparer une solution de réaction aqueuse de cobalt capable de former par conversion un film d'oxyde, en faisant réagir les produits de départ suivants: (1) un sel de cobalt II; (2) un sel d'ammonium; (3) un ou plusieurs agents complexants minéraux choisis parmi les carboxylates de métaux solubles, les nitrites de métaux solubles et l'ammoniaque; (4) une amine hydrosoluble; et (5) un agent oxydant; et (b) à mettre en contact le substrat avec la solution de réaction aqueuse pendant une durée suffisante pour oxyder la surface du substrat, ce qui assure la formation du film superficiel d'oxyde par la conversion du cobalt, conférant des propriétés de résistance à la corrosion et permettant à des peintures de bien adhérer au substrat. Un procédé similaire applicable industriellement aux substrats en aluminium ou en alliage d'aluminium pour des utilisations qui ne concernent pas l'aéronautique ou l'espace (par exemple des éléments en aluminium ou en alliage d'aluminium utilisés dans des environnements marins) fait intervenir les étapes ci-dessus, mais sans l'utilisation du sel d'ammonium dans les produits de départ.
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