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1. WO1996005333 - JET PLASMA DEPOSITION PROCESS AND APPARATUS

Publication Number WO/1996/005333
Publication Date 22.02.1996
International Application No. PCT/US1995/007939
International Filing Date 23.06.1995
Chapter 2 Demand Filed 17.11.1995
IPC
C23C 4/04 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
4Coating by spraying the coating material in the molten state, e.g. by flame, plasma or electric discharge
04characterised by the coating material
C23C 4/12 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
4Coating by spraying the coating material in the molten state, e.g. by flame, plasma or electric discharge
12characterised by the method of spraying
C23C 16/26 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
16Chemical coating by decomposition of gaseous compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, i.e. chemical vapour deposition (CVD) processes
22characterised by the deposition of inorganic material, other than metallic material
26Deposition of carbon only
C23C 16/50 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
16Chemical coating by decomposition of gaseous compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, i.e. chemical vapour deposition (CVD) processes
44characterised by the method of coating
50using electric discharges
C23C 16/513 2006.01
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
16Chemical coating by decomposition of gaseous compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, i.e. chemical vapour deposition (CVD) processes
44characterised by the method of coating
50using electric discharges
513using plasma jets
H01J 37/32 2006.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
37Discharge tubes with provision for introducing objects or material to be exposed to the discharge, e.g. for the purpose of examination or processing thereof
32Gas-filled discharge tubes
CPC
C23C 16/26
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
16Chemical coating by decomposition of gaseous compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, i.e. chemical vapour deposition [CVD] processes
22characterised by the deposition of inorganic material, other than metallic material
26Deposition of carbon only
C23C 16/50
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
16Chemical coating by decomposition of gaseous compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, i.e. chemical vapour deposition [CVD] processes
44characterised by the method of coating
50using electric discharges
C23C 16/513
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
16Chemical coating by decomposition of gaseous compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, i.e. chemical vapour deposition [CVD] processes
44characterised by the method of coating
50using electric discharges
513using plasma jets
C23C 4/04
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
4Coating by spraying the coating material in the molten state, e.g. by flame, plasma or electric discharge
04characterised by the coating material
C23C 4/137
CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
4Coating by spraying the coating material in the molten state, e.g. by flame, plasma or electric discharge
12characterised by the method of spraying
137Spraying in vacuum or in an inert atmosphere
H01J 37/32009
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
37Discharge tubes with provision for introducing objects or material to be exposed to the discharge, e.g. for the purpose of examination or processing thereof
32Gas-filled discharge tubes, ; e.g. for surface treatment of objects such as coating, plating, etching, sterilising or bringing about chemical reactions
32009Arrangements for generation of plasma specially adapted for examination or treatment of objects, e.g. plasma sources
Applicants
  • MINNESOTA MINING AND MANUFACTURING COMPANY [US/US]; 3M Center P.O. Box 33427 Saint Paul, MN 55133-3427, US
Inventors
  • KOHLER, Gunter, A.; US
  • KIRK, Steh, M.; US
  • FOLLETT, Gary, J.; US
Agents
  • TRUESDALE, Carole ; Office of Intellectual Property Counsel Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company P.O. Box 33427 Saint Paul, MN 55133-3427, US
  • VOSSIUS & PARTNER; P.O. Box 86 07 67 D-81634 München, DE
Priority Data
08/291,11116.08.1994US
Publication Language English (EN)
Filing Language English (EN)
Designated States
Title
(EN) JET PLASMA DEPOSITION PROCESS AND APPARATUS
(FR) PROCEDE ET APPAREIL DE DEPOT PAR JET DE PLASMA
Abstract
(EN)
A process and apparatus (10) for the plasma deposition of a carbon-rich coating onto a substrate (75) is provided. This method includes the steps of providing a substrate (75) in a vacuum chamber, and generating a carbon-rich plasma (160) in the vacuum chamber by injecting a plasma gas into a hollow cathode slot system (40) containing a cathode made of two electrode plates arranged parallel to each other, providing a sufficient voltage to create and maintain a carbon-rich plasma (160) in the hollow cathode slot system (40), and maintaining a vacuum in the vacuum chamber sufficient for maintaining the plasma (160). The plasma is deposited on the substrate to form a carbon-rich coating.
(FR)
L'invention se rapporte à un procédé et à un appareil (10) de dépôt au plasma d'un revêtement riche en carbone sur un substrat (75). Ce procédé consiste à prévoir un substrat dans une chambre à vide, et à générer un plasma riche en carbone (160) dans la chambre à vide par injection d'un gaz de plasma dans un système de fente à cathode creuse (40) renfermant une cathode constituée de deux plaques électrolytiques parallèles, à produire une tension suffisante pour créer et maintenir un plasma riche en carbone (160) dans le système de fente à cathode creuse (40), et à conserver un vide dans la chambre à vide suffisant pour maintenir le plasma (160). Le plasma est déposé sur le substrat pour former un revêtement riche en carbone.
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